On 2 August 1861, David Irvin mustered out, with company D of the 17th Pennsylvania Infantry.
He enlisted and was mustered into service on 11 September 1861.
He enlisted at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
He was mustered in as a private, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on 7 October 1861.
He was a private in company D.
[sources: 1, 3, 11, 12]
He worked at recruiting men for the regiment.
According to regimental records, he died of "cramp colic", at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 9 or 20 October 1861.
Joseph H Sinex testified later that he gave him a pass to go hom, and Irvin went home and died the same night.
However, according to other records, he died on 3 October 1861, of natural causes (perhaps of organic disease of the heart).
And according to his sister Catharine Keys, sudden death from a 'rush of blood to the head' ran in their family; their father and three brothers 'all died suddenly of rush of blood to the head or heart'.
He was a private, in company D.
On 5 October 1861, he was buried
in Odd Fellows' Cemetery.
He was buried from his mother's residence, Eighteenth and Olive Streets, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
[sources: 1 (20 Oct), 2 (9 Oct), 3 (20 Oct), 5, 7 (3 Oct), 8, 10, 11, 12]
After the war
On 22 May 1863, his mother, Mary Irvin, applied successfully from Pennsylvania for a pension, under the Act of 14 July 1862.
She was 82 years old, and lived in Philadelphia at 1736 Olive Street.
Horace B Faust and Joseph H Sinex testified in support.
Her application was accepted on 23 March 1868, retroactive to 9 October 1861, and she received a pension of $8 per month.
[sources: 4, 6, 8]
On 9 March 1875, Mary Irvine died, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, of old age.
She was 90 years old, and had been born in Ireland.
She died at, or was buried from, 3507 N 2nd Street, ward 25, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, which was the residence of her daughter Catharine Keys.
On 11 March 1875, she was buried in Odd Fellows Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
She had more than $150; some money was left over after the funeral expenses were paid.
After her death, Special Examiner W E Jenks investigated whether she was really entitled to a pension.
Her daughter Catharine Keys testified that before the war Thomas Irvin (who died in Spring 1861) supported her, and David actually contributed nothing.
The claim was undoubtedly a fraud[.]
The Pensioner was not dependent on her son, and it does not appear that the soldier died of disease contracted in the Army.
However, since she had died, and no one was going to collect the small remaining balance, he did not go to extraordinary lengths to find the witnesses who testified that David Irvine had supported his mother.
1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233.
(In the roster)
91860 US census, Maryland, Kent, District 2, microfilm series M653, film 477, page 933 handwritten = 107 handwritten (FamilySearch)
10 Find a grave, memorial 45286704, created by pat callahan, added 10 Dec 2009, accessed 30 November 2012
11index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania
12index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations
from the state of Pennsylvania
Sources checked unsuccessfully
1850 US census
the two plausible David Irwin's are both living in Hopewell, Washington County, PA; I suspect they're the same person, listed with his parents Richard and Elisabeth and with his employer Walter Cowan. If so, he is not my David Irvin
(a) David Irwin, 20, farmer, b. Ireland, in Hopewell, Washington, PA, with Walter Cowan et al. (microfilm series M432, film 834, page 532 recto = 1059 handwritten, FamilySearch)
(b) David Irwin, 20, farmer, b. Ireland, in Hopewell, Washington, PA, with Richard (40) and Elisabeth (40) Irwin (microfilm series M432, film 834, page 518 recto = 1031 handwritten, FamilySearch)
I found no plausible Mary Irvin (FamilySearch and Ancestry indices, accessed 30 November 2012)
Three Thomas Irvin's were living in Philadelphia, none with a Mary Irvin:
(a) Thomas Ervin, 21, weaver, b. Ireland, in ward 6, Kensington, Philadelphia, with Robert Carson et al., including William Ervin 19 (microfilm series M432, film 807, page [432 verso] = [466 [?] handwriten], FamilySearch)
(b) Thomas Irwin, 26, grocer, b. Ireland, in Cedar Ward, Philadelphia, Philadelphia, with Jane (22) and Eliza Jane (1) (microfilm series M432, film 812, page [11 verso] = [22 h/w], FamilySearch)
(c) Thomas Erwin, 35, laborer, b. Ireland, in South Ward, Philadelphia, Philadelphia, with Ann Erwin (25) (microfilm series M432, film 812, page 171 verso = 338 handwritten, FamilySearch)
the key evidence comes from the dependent's pension certificate file, abstracted below: before the war, David Irvin worked as an overseer somewhere 'south', and returned home only in April 1861
the only David Irvin I have found in the 1860 census who plausibly matches that description (limited to David Irvin's born in Ireland about 1830) is in the entry transcribed below
the five other candidates are:
(a) (apparently married) David Irwin (32, b. Ireland, farmer) in Taylor, Ogle, Illinois (microfilm series M653, film 215, page 363 handwritten = 5 handwritten, FamilySearch)
(b) (apparently living with his children) David Irwin (33, b. Ireland, dry goods packer) in NY, NY, NY ward 11 district 10 (microfilm series M653, film 800, page [794 handwritten] = 46 handwritten, FamilySearch)
(c) (apparently married) David Irwin (26, b. Ireland, shoemaker) in Providence ward 6, Providence RI (microfilm series M653, film 1209, page 341 = 189 handwritten, FamilySearch)
(d) (apparently married) David Irving (29, b. Ireland, farmer) in Decatur Twp, Washington, OH (microfilm series M653, film 1048, page 52 = 23 handwritten, FamilySearch)
(e) (apparently married) David Ervin (31, b. Ireland, farmer) in Township 5, Randolph, IL (microfilm series M653, film 221, page 44 handwritten = [628 handwritten], FamilySearch)
1870 US census
Ancestry has four David Irvin's born about 1830 in Ireland, none of whom seem plausible (and whom I did not examine carefully):
David Irwin, in New York, 42, born in Ireland (probably = (b) in the 1860 notes above))
David Irwin, in Springfield, Clark, Ohio, 44, born in Ireland
David Irwin, in McCandless, Allegheny, Pennsylvania, 46, born in Ireland
David Erwin, 34, b. Ireland in Albany, ward 10, NY
I also did not find Mary Irvin or Catherine Keys
the 1871 Gopsill's Philadelphia directory page 833 had "Knox Benjamin, butcher, 3501 N 2d" (I did not find anyone at 3507 N 2nd; no Keys lived there)
this is Benjamin Knox 42 victular [sic] born in Pennsylvania, in Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 25, district 83 (microfilm series M593, film 1412, page 85 recto = 19 handwritten)
I did not find any Keys or Irvin entries within two pages of Benjamin Knox
1880 US census
Ancestry has three David Irvin's born about 1830 in Ireland, none of whom seem plausible (and whom I did not examine carefully):
David Irwin, married to Hannah, in NY NY (52, born Ireland)
David Irwin, married to Margaret, in San Francisco CA (46, born Ireland)
David Irwin, married to Maria, in Oxford Butler OH (55, born Ireland)
1890 US census, veterans schedule
Ancestry index (accessed May 2007, and again 30 Nov 2012)
1900 US census
Ancestry index (accessed 30 Nov 12)
1910 US census
Ancestry index (accessed 30 Nov 12)
1920 US census
Ancestry index (accessed 30 Nov 12)
1930 US census
Ancestry index (accessed 30 Nov 12)
applications for headstones for military veterans, 1925-1941
FamilySearch index (accessed 30 Nov 12)
records of headstones of deceased Union veterans, 1879-1903
FamilySearch index (accessed 30 Nov 12)
Pennsylvania veterans burial cards, 1777-1999
Ancestry index (accessed 30 Nov 12)
searched David Irvine (metaphone) died 1861; David Irvine son of Robert and Mary (accessed 30 November 2012)
[1860 US census, Maryland, Kent, District 2, microfilm series M653, film 477, page 933 handwritten = 107 handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[I did not transcribe the other people in this household, headed by Josiah E Power, farmer (27, born New Jersey)]
[identification is speculative--see the notes under 'sources checked unsuccessfully' above]
[death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, David Erwin, 3 October 1861]
[this was the only plausible death certificate I found in LDS pilot index (searched 11 Oct 2008)]
RETURN OF A DEATH,
IN THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA.
1. Name of Deceased, David Erwin
2. Colour, White
3. Sex, Male
4. Age, 27 Years
6. Date of Death, October 3" 1861
7. Cause of Death, Natural causes
Anthony Conrad, Coroner
UNDERTAKER'S CERTIFICATE, IN RELATION TO DECEASED
8. Occupation, Soldier U.S. Army
9. Place of Birth, Ireland
10. When a Minor, Name of Father, [blank] Name of Mother, [blank]
11. Ward, 15th Ward
12. Street and Number, Olive [?] East of 18th
13. Date of Burial Oct 5th 1861
14. Place of Burial O F Cem
J M Hall UNDERTAKER
Residence, 1313 Vine St.
[death notice, Public Ledger 5 October 1861 page 2, David Irwin [sic]]
IRWIN--Suddenly, on the morning of the 3d [?] instant, DAVID IRWIN [sic], who will be buried from his mother's residence, Eighteenth and Olive streets, at 2 o'clock P.M., on the 5th inst.
The deceased was a member of Company D, attached to Col Gregory's Regiment.
[dependent's pension certificate file, National Archives and Records Administration, record group 15, widow's certificate number WC 110,743, Mary Irvin, mother of David Irvin]
[abstracted from 48 pages on Fold3, November 2012]
16 April 1839
Robert Irvin married Mary Gordon, in County Tyrone, Ireland, by Rev John Wilkinson (p.4)
12 March 1846
Robert Irvin, Mary Irvin's husband, died in 1846, in Ireland (p.4)
25 Apr 1861
David Irvine mustered in D 17 PA (p.14, 16)
enrolled on 18 April 1861 at Philadelphia (pp.14, 16)
2 Aug 1861
David Irvine mustered out with company (pp.14, 16)
7 Oct 1861
mustered in as private D 91 PA, at Philadelphia (p.4 [1 Sep 61], 10 [7 Oct], 15)
enrolled 11 Sep 1861 at Philadelphia PA (pp.10, 15)
9 October 1861
died of cramp cholic [sic] (pp.4 [3 Oct 61, of cramps in the stomach], 10, 15)
affidavits from Sinex and Faust show death 3 Oct 1861 of disease of heart and cramps in the stomach
13 May 1861 [sic]
Horace B Faust (captain) certified (at Camp in the field, near Falmouth VA) that David Irvin (private D 91 PA) volunteered at Philadelphia about 1 Sep 1861 'was taken suddenly sick with cramps in the stomach' and died from them on 3 Oct 1861 at Philadelphia (p.40)
22 May 1863
Mary Irvin, mother of David Irvin (D 91 PA) under the act of 14 July 1862 (p.4)
she was 82 years old and lived in Philadelphia, post office address 1736 Olive St (p.4)
attorney E O Jackson, who (on 15 December 1866) appointed Charles M Fay (Washington DC) his attorney (pp.4, 7)
witnesses Catharine Keys and Margaret Black (both of Philadelphia) (p.9)
David Irvin supported her for 6 years (p.9)
application 22,182 (p.10)
attorney: Mathews, Poulson + Co (p.11)
dated 20 May 1863 (p.4)
accepted 23 March 1868 retroactive to 9 October 1861, pension of $8 per month (pp.3, 11)
certificate dated 28 March 1868 (p.11)
2 June 1863
the Adjutant General's Office sent the above-summarized information to the Pension Office (p.10)
4 Jan 1864
the Pension Office sent circular 9 (p.13)
6 June 1865
Elizabeth Henry swore that she had known Mary and David Irvin for more than eight years, that David contributed to the support of his mother by paying rent for her house, and by buying provisions for her--she was present more than once when the rent was paid, and David told her 'that he never would get married while his mother lived as she had no means of support except him', that she has no means of support except for her friends' charity (pp.32-33)
29 July 1865
J [?] Bryan [?] Brinton certified that as a practicing physician he was called to see David Irvin, who died within 15 minutes of his first seeing him; no post mortem was conducted 'but I believe that the cause of his death was organic disease of the heart' (p.43)
17 Aug 1865
Joseph H Sinex certified that David Irvin (pvt D 91 PA) volunteered at Philadelphia about 17 Sep 1861 'died suddenly, was taken ill suddenly, and died from disease of the heart', and 'that he was apparently a sound and healthy man at the time he entered the service aforesaid' (p.41)
21 Aug 1865
the Pension Office received some response to circular 9 (p.13)
the Pension Office [sent?] a letter [letting the attorney know?] that [Irvin was] enrolled on 11 September 1861, and died on 9 October 1861 of disease, 'which, from its nature not probably contracted in service in line of duty' and that 'dep[endence] not satisfactorily proved [?]' (p.13)
9 Sep 1865
the Pension Office received some response about dependence + circular 9 (p.13)
Annie Lackey (resident of Philadelphia) swore that she had known well Mary and David Irvin more than ten years, that David contributed to his mother's support either or wholly or partly, by paying rent for her house, and by buying provision (having seen both), and he told her that 'he would not get married while his mother lived as he had her to support' (p.34)
30 Sep 1865
Joseph H Sinex wrote a letter (from Philadelphia) claiming that Irvin died suddenly 'of what I believed to be disseas [sic] of the heart. He left the rendezvous in this City on the evening previous to his death well and harty [sic] and cheerfull [sic]' (p.44)
Irvin had served in his company in the three months service, and again volunteered in D 91 PA (p.44)
'He was a stout well made and harty [sic] man and was to all appearance and in my belief a hale and healthy man when he entered the survice [sic] first and last. His death was sudden and unexpected and from a disseas [sic] quick and fatal in its effects. It is difficult to say plainly wheen [sic] it was contracted. It was however contracted in the survice [sic] of the United States and in the line of his duty during the latter part of September from exposure and his untiering [sic] efforts in obtaining recruits for said Company' (p.44)
on 30 November 1865, he swore that the facts were true (p.47)
8 Jan 1866
'Lett[er] suspended for want of proof [illegible] died dis. contracted in service +c. called for by C.9. Sept last' (p.13)
29 Dec 1866
the Pension Office [sent?] a letter to Fay about the case (p.13)
10 May 1867
a statement in pencil [was] furnished to the chief clerk and by him to Fay, about the condition and merits of the case (p.13)
5 June 1867
Claudus McCutcheon and Elizabeth McClutchen, residents of Philadelphia, swore that they knew Mary and David Irvin, that he had served in D 17 PA, that he was well known as her son and died unmarried, that she depended on him for support for more than 7 years, and that he paid her rent ($6 per month) and bought provisions for her, and that she has no property or support except her own daily labor, and that Robert Irvin (her husband and David's father) died in Ireland in 1846 (p.37)
24 June 1867
the Pension Office received some evidence about the death of the father, and dep., and [sent?] circular 14 [to the] Surgeon General, circular 14 [to the] 2nd auditor, and circular 16 [?], and circular 16 [to the] Adjutant General about the service of Lt Col Sinex (p.13; see p.18 for circular 16 about Sinex)
15 July 1867
the Pension Office received a response about Sinex, and about circular 16 from the Adjutant General (p.13)
the Adjutant General's office sent the above-summarized response (pp.15, 16)
the Adjutant General's Office reported that Joseph H Sinex was enrolled on 11 January 1863 at Falmouth VA as Lt Col and was discharged on 11 July 1864 (p.17)
in Sept-Oct 1861, Edward E Wallace was Lt Col (p.17)
6 September 1867
the Pension Office received responses from the 2nd auditor and from the Surgeon General (p.13)
4 Nov 1867
Mathews, Poulson & Co. sent the Pension Office a power of attorney (pp.25, 27)
E O Jackson placed the case in their hands; they asked what 'the condition of the case' was, and what additional evidence was needed (p.25)
20 Feb 1868
the Pension Office [sent] a letter 'as per slip to Pensioner [??]' (p.13)
26 Feb 1868
Joseph H Sinex swore that he was captain of D 17 PA, knew David Irvin well, and that the regiment was organized and mustered in at Philadelphia on 25 April 1861 and mustered out on 2 August 1861 (p.29)
the Pension Office received a response about this service in a three-months' regiment, and sent circular 16 [to?] the adjutant general for information about that service (p.13)
20 March 1868
the Pension Office received a response about his 3-months' service (p.13)
dated 16 March 1868--information summarized above (p.14)
9 March 1875
Mary Irvine died at Philadelphia PA, of old age (pp.20, 48)
she was 90 years old, born in Ireland (p.48)
she died at, or was buried from, 3507 N 2nd St, ward 25, Philadelphia (p.48)
she was buried in Odd Fellows Cemetery, on 11 March 1875 (p.48)
last paid to 4 March 1875 (by the Philadelphia Agency) (p.20)
6 Dec 1875
the Pension Office instructed the Pension Agent to sus[pend payment of the pension] (p.12)
[the card on which the suspension is reported does not report resumption of payments] (p.12)
16 March 1877
Catharine Keys swore that she was 45 years old, lived at 3507 [?] N 2nd St Philadelphia and the following (p.22)
her mother, Mary Irvin, died at 3507 N 2nd st, on 9 March 1875 (p.22)
she drew her pension at the office on Walnut Street (p.22)
she had more than $150 when she died; money was left over after all funeral expenses were paid (p.22)
Mary Irvin didn't depend on David before the war, but Thomas Irvin supported her, but died around the time the war began (p.22)
David Irvin went south about 3 years before the war, and worked as an overseer somewhere there, and never sent any money as far as she knows (p.22)
he returned in April 1861, and frequently complained that he had a hard time getting home, had no money, left all his savings in the south, and was only too glad to get home alive (p.22)
he immediately enlisted in the three-months service, and then immediately enlisted in the 91st PA (p.22)
he was well the night before he died. he had been recruiting for the regiment, came home well, went to bed, and became ill through the night 'of rush of Blood to the head and died before morning' (p.22)
this sudden death runs in her family: 'her father and three brothers all died suddenly of rush of blood to the head or heart' (p.22)
16 March 1877
Rebecca Keys swore that she was 46, lived at Coopersville, Philadelphia, PA, and the following (p.23)
Mary Irvin died at 3507 N 2nd st (residence of her daughter Catharine Keys), on 9 March 1875, and was buried in Odd Fellows Cemetery 2 days later, 11 March 1875 (p.23)
David Irvin and two of his brothers died suddenly; that sudden death 'was a common thing with the male members of the family' (p.23)
Mary Irvin's husband died suddenly in Ireland many years before Mary came to the US (p.23)
Mary Irvin left enough money to bury her (p.23)
Mary's son Tom supported her entirely for three years before the war; he died about Spring 1861 (p.23)
David was 'somewhere South' for those three years; he came home in April 1861, and enlisted immediately (p.23)
David Irvin was well the day before he died. he never married (p.23)
her husband is the brother of Mary Irvin's daughter's husband (p.23)
16 March 1877
Joseph H Sinex swore to M E Jenks that he was 57 years old, lived at Wash Av + Grey Ferry Rd, Philadelphia, and the following: (p.24)
he remembered David Irvin, who served in D 17 PA, commanded by Sinex, and his health appeared good through the three-months' service (p.24)
Irvin then enlisted in D 91 PA. he 'was taken suddenly sick in Barracks he was taken to his home or went home himself and died of as it was at that time alleged of [sic] Cramp Colic' (p.24)
Sinex gave Irvin permission to go home ('affiant distinctly remembers that he gave David Irvin a verbal pass to go to his home at the date of his death. he went home sick and died the same night' (p.24)
he died early October 1861, as far as Sinex could remember (p.24)
he undoubtedly died while in the service of the US, but Sinex could say whether the disease 'was directly chargeable to his service and line of duty' (p.24)
Irvin was not intemperate (p.24)
17 March 1877
special agent W E Jenks reported that 'the claim was undoubtedly a fraud The Pensioner was not dependent on her son, and it does not appear that the soldier died of disease contracted in the Army.' (p.20)
he didn't bother finding the witnesses because Mary Irvine died and no one was going to try to collect the small balance due her (p.20)
he did 'make reasonable effort' to find them, but couldn't (p.20)