He was born on 8 June 1842 (8, 9, 14; 3 (19 in 1861), 9 (82 at death in 1924), 10 (8 in 1850), 11 (18 in 1860), 12 (28 in 1870), 13 (38 in 1880), 14 (57 in 1900), 15 (66 in 1910), 16 (77 in 1920)). He was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (3, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16). He was born to Joseph S Miller and Lallie Vachre (9).
In 1850, he was living in ward 3, Spring Garden, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (10). He was living with Joseph and Ann Miller (presumably his parents), and with Franklin and Samuel Miller (presumably his brothers) (10). He had attended school within the year (10).
In 1860, he was living in ward 13, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (11). He was living with Jos and Sarah Miller, with Franklin, Samuel, and Anna Miller, and with Mary Donlan (11). He was a clerk (11).
When he enlisted, he was a clerk (3).
When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 7 inches tall, and had a light complexion, blue eyes, and light hair (3).
He enlisted and was mustered into service on 20 August 1861 (1, 3, 4, 5, 7). He was enlisted for three years, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by Captain Starr (3). He was a private in company A (1, 17).
According to the pension index and the 1890 census, which do not mention any service in the regular army, he was discharged on 15 December 1862 (4, 5).
In 1862/63, he married Anne E [unknown family name] (14). They had one child (14, 15):
He began working in the Adjutant-General's office in 28 August 1866 (7).
In 1870, he was living in Washington, DC (12). He was living with his wife Annie E and his daughter Ada (12). He was a clerk at the War Department (12). His wife owned $5,000 in real estate and $1,500 in personal property (12).
On 15 June 1878, he was working in the Adjutant-General's Office, War Department, Washington, DC (7). Two other men who had served in the 91st were also working there: John McNeil and Franklin B Miller (7).
In 1880, he was living at 338 Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, DC (13). He was living with his wife Annie and daughter Ada (13). He was a clerk at the War Department (13).
In 1890, he was living in Lincoln Post Number 3, Washington, DC (5).
On 20 October 1890, and on 8 February 1907, he applied from Washington DC for a pension (application 931,978), which he received (certificate 661,069) (4, 6).
In 1900, he was living at 3123 14th Street, Washington, DC (14). He was living with his wife Anne, his daughter Ada, Ada's family, and several others (14). He was a government clerk, and had not been out of work in the previous year (14).
In 1910, he seems to have been living in the Soldiers Home, Washington DC (15).
In 1920, he was living at 3112 Mt Pleasant, Washington, DC (16). He was living with his daughter Ada and her family, and several lodgers (16). He was a clerk for the US Government (16).
He died on 23 June 1924, at Washington, DC (4, 8, 9). On 25 June 1924, he was buried in Glenwood Cemetery, Washington, DC (8, 9). He was buried with his spouse Ann E Miller (1839-1908) (8). He was a clerk in gov[ernment] service (9).
1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster) (Joseph S Miller)
2 register of transfers, company A (Joseph Miller)
3 company A descriptive roll, entry 42 (Joseph S Miller Jr)
4 pension index, by regiment (Joseph S Miller)
5 1890 US census, veterans' schedule, Washington DC, Lincoln Post No 3, supervisor's district (Joseph S Miller)
6 pension index, by name (Joseph S Miller)
7 Employees of the War Department: Letter from the Secretary of War ..., page 7. House of Representatives, 45th Congress, 2nd session, Executive Document Number 99 (in Serial Set volume 1809)
8 Find a grave memorial 40201197 (accessed 25 September 2010)] (Joseph S Miller) [identification is based on the pension index card date of death] [note that the tombstone picture clearly has Joseph S Miller born 8 June 1842 and died 23 June 1924 [sic]]
9 District of Columbia deaths and burials, 1840-1964, extract on LDS Pilot site (accessed 25 September 2010) (Joseph S Miller) [identification is based on the pension index card date of death, and the Find a grave memorial, listed above]
10 1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Spring Garden, ward 3, precinct 1, microfilm series M432, film 818, page 525 (Joseph S Miller Jr)
11 1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 13, microfilm series M653, film 1163, page 595 = 175 handwritten (Jos S Miller)
12 1870 US census, Washington DC, ward 4, microfilm series M593, film 124, page 865 = 447 handwritten (J S Miller)
13 1880 US census, Washington DC, supervisor's district 17, enumeration district 64, microfilm series T9, film 123, page 394 = 51 C handwritten (Joseph S Miller)
14 1900 US census, District of Columbia, Washington, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 13, microfilm series T623, film 158, page 48 = 13 A handwritten (Joseph R [?] Miller)
15 1910 US census, Washington DC, Soldiers Home, supervisor's district 31, enumeration district 224, microfilm series T624, film 155, page 164 = 8 B handwritten (Joseph M Miller)
16 1920 US census, Washington DC, supervisor's district 40, enumeration district 284, microfilm series T625, film 212, page 198 = 6 A handwritten (Joseph S Miller)
17 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Joseph S Miller Jr)
|Name||Joseph S. Miller||Ann M. Miller||Franklin B. Miller||Joseph S Miller Jr||Samuel C. Miller|
|Occupation of males over 15 years||Sadler [sic]|
|Real estate owned||1.600 [?]|
|Birthplace||" [sc. Pennsylvania]||"||"||"||"|
|Married within year|
|Attended school within year||1||1|
|Over 20 & can't read/write|
|Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.|
|Name||Jos Y [?] Miller||Sarah "||Franklin "||Jos S "||Saml C "||Anna M "||Mary Donlan|
|Occupation||Surg Inst Maker||Clerk||"||Domestic|
|Value of real estate owned||2500|
|Value of personal estate||500|
|Place of birth||" [sc. Penna]||"||"||"||"||"||Ireland|
|Married within year|
|Attended school within year||1|
|Cannot read & write||1|
|Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.|
|Name||Miller, J.S.||" Annie E||" Ada|
|Occupation||Clk War Dept||At home||" "|
|Real estate value||5,000|
|Personal estate value||1,500|
|Birthplace||" [sc. Penna]||D.C.||"|
|Father foreign born|
|Mother foreign born|
|Birth month if born within year|
|Marriage month if married within year|
|Attended school past year|
|Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.|
|Male US citizen at least 21 years old||1|
|Male US citizen at least 21 years old who can't vote ...|
|street name||Pennsylvania Avenue|
|dwelling visit #|||
|family visit #|||
|name||Miller Joseph S||- Annie||- Ada|
|month born if born in year|
|married during year|
|occupation||Clerk War Dept||At Home||At Home|
|school this year|
|[I have not transcribed the mark in Joseph's row under 'can't write', because apparently all males on this page have a mark there]|
|birthplace||Penn||Dist of Col||Dist of Col|
|father's birthplace||Penn||Dis of Col||Penn|
|mother's birthplace||Penn||Penn||Dist of Col|
|name||Burks [?] Samuel||- Ada M||- Lelian [?] C||- Samuel C||Miller Joseph R [?]||- Anne E||Darrag [?] Samuel||- Katherine||Lewis, Willie|
|relationship||Head||Wife||Daughter||Son||Father in law||M in law||Cousin||Cousin||Servant|
|birth date||Mar 1855||Feb 1864||July 1883||Sep 1886||June 1842||Sept 1839||Mar 1875||Apr 1879||July 1874|
|# years married||19||19||37||37|
|mother of how many children?||3||1|
|# of children living||2||1|
|birthplace||Virginia||Dist Col||Dist Col||Dist Col||Pennsylvania||Dist Col||Pennsylvania||Dis Col||Virginia|
|father's birthplace||Virginia||Dist Col||Virginia||Virginia||Pennsylvania||Dist Col||New York||New York||Virginia|
|mother's birthplace||Virginia||Pennsylvania||Dist Co||Dist Col||Pennsylvania||Pennsylvania||Pennsylvania||Pennsylvania||Virginia|
|# years in USA|
|occupation||Govt Clerk||At School||At School||Govt Clerk||[illegible] paper (Law)||Servant|
|# months not employed||0||0||0||0|
|# months in school||9||9|
|free or mortgaged|
|# of farm schedule|
|name||Miller, Joseph M|
|#years present marriage|
|mother of # children|
|mother of # living children|
|nature of industry etc.|
|out of work 15 Apr 1910?|
|# weeks out of work 1909|
|school since 1 Sep 09|
|owned free or mortagaged|
|nr on farm schedule|
|civil war vet||UA|
|deaf & dumb|
|dwelling visit number||41|
|family visit number||109|
|name||Shehan [??] Daniel M||- Ada M||- Joseph B||Miller Joseph S||Morgan [?] Frank V||- Alice|
|free/mortgaged (if owned)||F|
|age at last birthday||56||55||22||77||36||25|
|year of immigration|
|year of naturalization|
|attended school since Sept 1919||yes|
|birth place||District Columbia||District Columbia||District Columbia||Pennsylvania||District Columbia||Virginia|
|father's birthplace||District Columbia||Pennsylvania||District Columbia||Pennsylvania||Ireland||Virginia|
|father's native language||English|
|mother's birthplace||District Columbia||District Columbia||District Columbia||Pennsylvania||Virginia||Virginia|
|mother's native language|
|can speak English||yes||yes||yes||yes||yes||yes|
|industry, business||general||U.S. Govt||Telephone Co||U.S. Govt|
|number of farm schedule|
|[numbers in the last column seem to be counting entries, and obviously do not refer to entries on a farm schedule]|
|Name.||Organization in which served.||Length of service.||Discharged for disability contracted in service.||Date of entry in office.|
|Miller, J.S. ...||A, 91st Pa., and general service.||Aug. 20, 1861||Mar. 31, 1864||...||Aug. 28, 1866|