He was born in 1842/43 (3 (18 in 1861)). He was born in Philadelphia Pennsylvania (3).
When he enlisted, he was a confectionary [?] (3).
When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 8 inches tall, and had a light complexion, blue eyes, and light hair (3).
He enlisted and was mustered into service for three years as a private in company E on 20 August 1861, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (1, 3, 8). He was enlisted by Captain Lentz, and mustered into service by Colonel Reiff (3).
On 3 June 1862, he received a letter from his father, who reported 'that the girls are greatly anxious to hear from us' (7).
He died of wounds received in action while charging the enemy on 3 May 1863 at Chancellorsville, Virginia (1, 2, 3, 5 [missing], 6 [missing]). He was a private, in company E (8). He was reported missing in action on 7 May 1863 (4). [Note: Bates (1) lists him as killed in action, while the company E death list (2) lists him as having died of wounds received in action. Perhaps Bates required longer survival for the latter category. The descriptive roll (3) lists him as "Killed at the Battle".]
1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster)
3 descriptive roll, company E, entry 49
4 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 7 May 1863 (Robert R Miller)
5 'The ninety-first Pennsylvania volunteers', Philadelphia Press, Wednesday 13 May 1863, page 2 (Robert B Miller)
6 'The Ninety-first Pennsylvania at Chancellorville', Philadelphia Inquirer 13 May 1863, page 8 (Robert B Miller)
7 letter, H G Mathes to his mother, 4 June 1862 (Bob Miller)
8 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Robert Miller)