He was born in 1820/21 (5 (40 in 1861)).
He enlisted and was mustered into service, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 14 October 1861 (1, 5 [14 Nov 61]). He was mustered in as a private, in company F (1, 5, 7-8).
He was transferred on 4 December 1861 to company D (1, 5 [from co.H to co.D], 6). He was a private (1).
1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster) (Daniel Murphy)
2 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 10 March 1863 (Daniel Murphy)
3 e-mail, Denny Carroll (Daniel Murphy)
4 company D, register of men discharged, entry 16 (Daniel Murphy)
5 Civil War Veterans' Card File, available at the Pennsylvania State Archives, searched 9 August 2004 (Daniel Murphy)
6 company F, register of men transferred (Daniel Murphy)
7 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Daniel Murphy)
8 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (David Murphy)