He was born in Pennsylvania, in 1830/31, perhaps to Patrick O'Connor and Elizabeth [unknown family name].
date: 5 (32 in 1863), 6 (32 in 1863), 12 (18 in 1850), 13 (25 in 1860).
place: 5, 6, 12, 13.
In 1850, he may be the William OConner who was living in Washington Township, Butler County, Pennsylvania.
He was living with Patrick and Elizabeth OConner (presumably his parents), and with Dennis and Elizabeth OConner (presumably his siblings).
He was a farmer, and had attended school within the year.
On 25 March 1852, he married Mary Bigley.
She was born in 1835/36, in Pennsylvania.
They were married by Justice of the Peace John D Cunningham.
They had two known children:
Isabella O'Connor (born 14 January 1854, PA)
Sarah Elizabeth O'Connor (born 17 March 1856, PA)
[sources: 9, 13, 14]
In 1860, he was living in Washington Township, Butler County, Pennsylvania.
He was living with his wife Mary and their children Isabel and Sarah E.
He was a farmer, and owned $300 in real estate and $100 in personal property.
When he enlisted, he was a laborer.
When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 8 inches tall, and had a dark complexion, blue eyes, and dark hair.
[sources: 5, 6 (5'6")]
During the war
He was drafted.
He enlisted and was mustered into service on 16 July 1863 in the 62nd Pennsylvania Infantry.
He enlisted for three years.
His service was credited to the 23rd congressional district.
He was in company M.
[sources: 1, 5, 6, 8]
He was wounded in action on 8 May 1864, near Spottsylvania Court House
He had a severe gunshot fracture of the left humerus involving the head of the bone, which required excision of the head and resection of the shaft.
He died on 10 May 1864 of wounds received in action.
He had last been paid on 29 February 1864.
[sources: 1, 4 (Jun 64), 8, 9]
He was transferred from company M of the 62nd Pennsylvania to the 91st Pennsylvania.
On 21 July 1864, he, and the other members of companies L and M, were assigned to company G.
On 22 July 1864, they were transferred to company K, following brigade orders to assign them to the smallest company.
He was then absent, as a private.
He was a private in company K.
[sources: 1, 2, 3, 4 [transferred as sick), 8, 9, 15]
At the end of June 1865, the regiment reported him absent in hospital.
He was a private, in company K.
[sources: 7, 15]
After the war
On 14 February 1865, his widow, Mary O'Connor, successfully applied from Pennsylvania for a pension, under the Act of 14 July 1862.
On 18 November 1867, she applied for the additional benefits for minor children, under the Act of 25 July 1866.
She was living in Venango County, Pennsylvania (post office Wesley, Pennsylvania).
Her application was accepted on 3 March 1868, and she received $8 per month and $2 additional per month for each child less than sixteen years old, retroactive to 10 May 1864.
[sources: 9, 10, 11]
In 1870, his widow, Mary Conner, was living in Pine Township, Mercer County, Pennsylvania.
She was living with their children Isabella and Sarah E.
On 22 July 1872, Mary O'Connor died, in Venango Township, Butler County, Pennsylvania.
On 24 August 1880, Isabella Davis and Sarah E Anderson applied for a minors' pension.
THey were living in Hilliards, Butler County, Pennsylvania.
On 15 April 1881, the Pension Office informed their attorney that they were not entitled to the pension due her at her death since they were then more than sixteen years old.
1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233.
(In the roster)
[1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Butler, Washington Township, microfilm series M653, film 1087, page 833 = 29 handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is probable, since the (apparent) spouse's and childrens' names and ages match the names and ages in the widow's pension certificate file abstracted below]
[1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Mercer County, Pine Township, microfilm series M593, film 1373, page 420 verso = 12 handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is probable; see the note on the 1860 census above]
- Sarah E
Real estate value
Personal estate value
" [sc. Pennsylvania]
Father foreign born
Mother foreign born
Birth month if born within year
Marriage month if married within year
Attended school past year
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.
Male US citizen at least 21 years old
Male US citizen at least 21 years old who can't vote ...
[abstract of widow's pension certificate file, National Archives and Records Administration, record group 15, certificate number 109,619, widow's class, Mary Bigley widow of William O'Connor]
[abstracted from 28 pages on Fold3, November 2012]
25 March 1852
William O'Connor married Mary Bigley, by Justice of the Peace John D Cunningham (pp.4, 7)
2 children living, under 16, at time of pension application: Isabella (born 14 Jan 1854) and Sarah Elizabeth (born 17 March 1856) (pp.4-5, 7, 12, 24)
drafted; served in M 62nd PA (p.9)
29 Feb 1864
last paid (p.10)
10 May 1864
William O'Connor died of wounds received 8 May 1864 (p.9)
1st division 5th Corps Field Hospital records show William Conner [sic] wounded in battle near Spottsylvania court house between 8 and 16 May 1864 (p.19)
severe gunshot fracture of left humerus involving head of bone, [requiring] excision of head and resection of shaft (p.19)
12 May 1864
reported absent wounded (p.10)
William O'Connor transferred to 91st PA per S.O. 159, 2 July 1864, and S.O. 176, 20 July 1864, HdQrs 5 AC (pp.9, 10)
16 Nov 1864
Mary O'Connor, of Butler County, 28 years old, made a declaration for pension under the act of 14 July 1862 (p.4)
she was the widow of William O'Connor (M 62nd PA), killed on picket or skirmish duty near Spottsylvania Court House Virginia on or about 14 May 1864 (p.4)
witnesses Charles Heckathan [?] and Hiram Heckathan [?] (p.5)
attorney R M McClure of Butler County PA (p.6)
25 Mar 1865
the Pension Office [requested information from?] the Adjutant General's Office (p.17; see p.20 for circular 16 requestion information)
3 Apr 1865
the Adjutant General's office sent the above-summarized information to the Pension Office (p.10; see p.16 for the request)
14 April 1865
the Pension Office [requested information from?] the Adjutant General's Office (p.17)
19 May 1865
the Medical Director, Army of the Potomac reported that Pvt W Conner [sic] 62nd PA was wounded at Spotsylvania Court House on 12 May 1864 (description as above), and was sent to the Depot Hospital at Frederickburg VA (p.21)
23 October 1865
the Pension Office [sent circular] 9 [requesting information about O'Connor's death] (p.17)
8 Jan [1866?]
the Pension Office asked the Adjutant General's Office and the Surgeon General's Office for the hospital record, and requested clarification of the discrepancy in the name of the minor child, Sarah (p.17)
18 Nov 1867
Mary O'Connor, widow of William O'Connor (M 62nd PA) applied for a pension under the acts of 14 July 1862 and 25 Jul 1866 (pp.3, 23 [only the 2nd page of the declaration is included])
resident of Venango County PA, post office Wesley PA
attorney Black + Fleeger, Butler PA (p.14)
application 82,954 (p.9)
approved 3 March 1868, retroactive to 10 May 1864, for $8 per month + $2 per month additional for each child less than 16 (pp.3, 14)
certificate 109,619 dated 9 March 1868 (p.14)
Pittsburgh Agency (p.14)
17 Dec 1867
Isabella OConner and Lydia A Miller, residents of Washington Township, Butler County, PA, testified supporting Mary O'Connor's application (p.12)
8 January 1868
the Pension Office sent circular 14 requesting information about William O'Connor's death (allegedly at Fredericksburg VA on 14 May 1864 of wounds) (p.18)
on 14 Jan 1868, the Surgeon General's office replied with the above summarized information, and no information from the death records (p.19)
9 Jan 1868
the Adjutant General's office sent the above-summarized information to the Pension Office (p.9)
24 [?] Jan 1868
Mary O Connor, of Irwin Township, Venango County, PA, swore that Sarah's name was sometimes written 'Sarah', but 'Sarah Elizabeth' is the correct name; she is sometimes called 'Sarah', and sometimes 'Elizabeth' (p.24)
also that her post office address is Wesley, Venango County, PA (p.24)
Thomas Hudalson [?] and Isabel Hudason (residents of Venango) testified supporting her claims (pp.24-25)
24 August 1880
Isabella Davis and Sarah E Anderson made a 'declaration for childrens [sic] restoration', stating amont other things that Mary O'Connor died in Venango Township, Butler County, PA, on 22 July 1872, and was last paid to 4 Mar 1872 (pp.26-27)
the pension wasn't claimed because no guardian was appointed (p.27)
attorney Geo Bancroft + Co, Washington DC (p.27)
post office address: Hilliards, Butler County, PA (p.27)
Sarah M O'Connor, Hilliards Butler County PA, and William A Ferguson [?], Butler PA, testified in support (pp.27-28)
15 April 1881
the Pension Office informed Bancroft + Co that the children were not entitled to the pension due Mary O'Connor at her death because they were more than 16 years old (p.15)