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He was born in 1837, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to James and Eliza Ann Scott.
They were married on 20 September 1833, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
date: (4 (24 in 1861), 5 (29 yrs 6 mos at death in Aug 1866), 6 (29 at death), 10 (25 in 1863).
place: 4, 5, 10.
parents: 6, 10]
In 1850, he was living in ward 3, Kensington, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
He was living with his parents James and Eliza Scott, and with others (including probable siblings and a probable grandmother).
He had attended to school within the year.
On 8 July 1857, his father, James Scott, died, in Philadelphia.
On 12 July 1857, he was buried.
Thomas became crucial to the family's support; he regularly gave his mother $5 each week (and sometimes more), for the next four years.
He and Albert M Steelman 'were boys together and often were together and visited each other often'.
In 1859, they worked in the same shop, making saw handles.
(This is probably notAlbert W Steelman, given Steelman's pre-war occupation makes this uncertain, and his moving to Michigan in 1868, before Albert Steelman testified from Philadelphia in 1869.)
In 1860, he was living in ward 20, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
He was living with his mother Eliza, and (probable) siblings William, Isabella, Elsie, and Robert.
He was a clerk.
They lived in a small house, and paid about $12 rent per month.
[sources: 8, 10]
He worked for Robert J Walker, in a dry good furnishing business, about 1860-1861.
He received $1.50 per day 'or whatever the regular wages were at that time.
Walker said that he 'was a remarkably steady and industrious young man, and anxious about his mother and about her getting along'.
When he enlisted, he was a cle[rk].
According to his sister Isabella, he had been out of work for a little while.
[sources: 4, 10]
When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 6 inches tall, and had a light complexion, blue eyes, and brown hair.
[source: 4, 10 (5'5-1/2")]
During the war
He enlisted and was mustered into service as a private on 31 October 1861, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
He was enlisted for three years, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by Captain Casner.
On 3 December 1861, he was mustered in as a private in company K.
[sources: 1, 4, 10, 11-12]
In May 1862, he had his first attack of bilious remittant fever.
He developed acute pneumonia, which (allegedly) led to phthisis pulmonalis.
He was discharged on 7 December 1862, at camp near Fredericksburg, Virginia, on surgeon's certificate of disability, because of lung hemorrhage (resulting from phthisis pulmonalis).
He was then commissary sergeant.
He had been unfit for duty fourteen days in the previous two months.
His discharge was approved by acting surgeon John Young, and by I D Knight, who was the medical director of Humphrey's Division.
[sources: 1 (Feb 1863), 3, 10, 11-12]
After the war
On 1 August 1866, he died, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, of consumption of lungs.
He died at, or was buried from, 1450 North 4th Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, his mother's residence.
He was a clerk.
On 5 August 1866, he was buried, at Monument Cemetery.
[sources: 5, 6, 10]
His mother applied successfully from Pennsylvania for a pension on 19 May 1869, under the Act of 14 July 1862.
She lived at 1424 Pink Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Her application was supported by Charles W Houghton, and Captain John F Casner.
Her application was approved on 19 October 1869, and she received $8 per month retroactive to 2 August 1866.
[sources: 3, 9]
On 16 December 1875, the Pension Bureau instructed the Pension Agent to suspend payment of Eliza's pension.
This was undoubtedly because her attorney had executed documents improperly.
On 24 January 1876, the Pension Bureau instructed the Pension Agent to resume paying her pension.
In 1879, Eliza A Scott applied for the arrears of pension due her under the Act of 25 January 1879.
Her post office address was 2137 Thomson Street, Philadelphia.
On 3 October 1879, the Pension Bureau rejected her application for arrears, under the Act of 25 January 1879 and the Act of 4 March 1879.
On 28 May 1881, they again rejected arrears.
On 3 June 1890, they approved an arrears settlement of $12.40.
However, on 9 July 1890, the Pension Agent returned the arrears settlement, and the Pension Bureau sent it to the Secretary of the Interior for a requisition.
1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233.
(In the roster)
[1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Kensington, ward 3, microfilm series M432, film 806, page 133 verso = 266 handwritten = 30 handwritten]
[identification is confirmed by the parents' and Isabella's names in the mother's pension certificate file abstracted below]
[1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 20, north of Market Street, microfilm series M653, film 1171, page 668 = 166 handwritten]
[identification is confirmed; see the note on the 1850 census entry transcribed above]
[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 21 March 2015, from Fold3]
[Fold3's digitization has two copies of this card]
Scoot Thomas B
Co. K F+S, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Com Sgt.
Original filed under
Scott, Thomas B
GENERAL INDEX CARD.
[card 2, transcribed 22 Mar 15]
Scott Thomas B.
Co. K F+S, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt. | Com Sgt.
See also [blank]
[abstract of dependent's pension certificate file, WC 135,801, 19 May 1869, Eliza A Scott, mother of Thomas B Scott]
[abstracted from 37 pages on Fold3, 7 June 2014]
20 Sep 1833
James Scott married Eliza Ann, at Philadelphia, by Rev George Chandler (p.4)
8 July 1857
J+ames Scott, Eliza's husband died at Philadelphia (p.4)
Thomas contributed $5 or $10 per week to Eliza's support (p.4)
31 October 1861
enrolled in co. K at Philadelphia PA (pp.4, 7, 17)
3 Dec 1861
Thomas B Scott mustered in (p.7)
first had billious [sic] remittant fever
muster roll for co. K reports him as 'Pvt. Transfd to Reg'tl. Staff May 25 /62' (p.7)
'took cold' while on duty, followed by acute pneumonia, which led him to develop phthisis pulmonalis
7 Dec 1862
Thomas B Scott discharged at Fredericksburg VA for hemorrhage of lungs (consequent upon phthisis pulmonalis) (p.7)
he was commissary sergeant (p.17)
he was born in Philadelphia PA, was 25, 5' 5-1/2" tall, and had a light complexion, blue eyes, brown hair, and was a clerk when enlisted (p.17)
unfit for duty 14 days of last two months (p.17)
signed by BJ Tayman, Adjut, camp in the field 2 Dec 1862 (p.17)
John Young acting surgeon certified that he was disabled by 'Hemorrhage of the lungs consequent upon Phthisis Pulmonalis' (p.17)
discharged 7 Dec 1862, camp near Fredericksburg VA (signed EM Gregory) (p.17)
approved I D Knight, Med Directory, Humphreys Division 4 Dec 62 (and others) (p.18)
1 Aug 1866
died of phthisis pulmonalis (pp.10 (consumption), 19)
20 April 1869
Dr David P Boyer, practicing at 39 North 6th St, Reading, Berks County, PA (formerly of Philadelphia) swore that he attended Thomas B Scott from 19 April to 23 May 1863, and at various times later; Scott had phthisis pulmonalis with pulmonary hemorrhage, and died on 1 August 1866 of that disease; he had 'Great debility, with Hoemorrhage [sic] from the Lungs' (p.19)
received 19 May 1869
24 April 1869
[received 19 May 1869]
Charles W Houghton, 1513 N 7th St, Philadelphia, swore that he was Assistant Surgeon of the 91st, that he knew Thomas B Scott, who at Alexandria about May 1862 was disabled: 'Thomas B Scott first suffered from a severe and protracted attack of Billious [sic] Remittant fever after which and whilst in the discharge of his duties, took a sever [sic] cold followed with Acute Pneumonia from the effects of which Phthisis Pulmonalis was developed.' (p.12)
before enlisting, Scott's health was good as far as Houghton knew (p.12)
26 April 1869
[received 19 May 1869]
John F Casner, 1404 Ellsworth St, Philadelphia, swore that he was captain of co. K 91st PA, knew Thomas B Scott, who was disabled in the line of duty at Alexandria about May 1862: 'Thomas B. Scott was first attacked with Billious [sic] Remitting Fever about March 15th /62 at Camp Stanton near Washington D.C. while in the discharge of his duties after which took a severe cold followed with acute pneumonia' (p.13)
before enlisted Scott's health was good to the best of Casner's knowledge (p.13)
19 May 1869
Eliza A Scott, 51 years old, mother of Thomas B Scott, widow of James Scott, applied for a pension under the act of 14 July 1862 (p.4)
resident of Philadelphia, post office address 1424 Pink St, Philadelphia (p.4)
she had had no property since 1857 'except the furniture in a couple of rooms where she lives with a daughter unmarried [?] and a minor son who is learning a trade' (p.4)
dated 17 May 1869 (p.4)
application 175,362 (p.10)
attorney: Francis Register, Philadelphia (p.4)
witnesses: Mary L Snow and Julia C Snow (both residents of Philadelphia) (p.4)
admitted 19 Oct 1869, for $8 per month retroactive to 2 Aug 1866 (pp.4, 8)
certificate dated 25 Oct 1869 (p.8)
examining clerk: S E Dickey (p.3)
8 June 1869
the adjutant general's office sent the Pension office the above-summarized information (p.7)
10 June 1869
pension bureau received a response to circular 16, and received the certificate of disability, and [sent?] circular 16 for [illegible] surgeon Houghton and Major Casner (p.11; see p.15 for the request)
25 June 1869
the pension bureau sent a letter to the adjutant general asking for service records for Houghton and Casner (p.11)
9 July 1869
the pension bureau received a response from the adjutant general about Houghton and Casner (p.11)
John F Casner was in service as a Captain, and Charles W Houghton as Assistant Surgeon, during March, April, May, and June 1862; the regiment was then stationed at Alexandria VA (p.16)
Casner was mustered in as major of the 91st to day 3 April 1865 (p.16)
15 July 1869
Dr David P Boyer, of Reading Berks County PA, swore that he had known Eliza Ann Scott and her family for about 12 years, and saw him almost every day until he enlisted in the Army, that he was a near neighbor for 10 or 12 years before his enlisting, and knows that Scott was in good health, and was remarkably healthy, that Scott had consumption when he was discharged, and continued to suffer from it until his death (p.21)
16 July 1869
John Fisher, 1993 N 6th St Philadelphia, swore that he knew James Scott and his family well, for about 20 years before he died, that he died on or about 8 July 1857, at Philadelphia, and was buried by deponent on 12 July 1857 (pp.35, 36)
23 July 1869
Albert M Steelman, 2015 Ogden St, Philadelphia, swore that he and Thomas 'were boys together and often were together and visited each other often prior to the War of 1861' (p.24), and that 'he and the said Thomas B. Scott worked in the same shop at Saw handle making in the year 1859 in Philadelphia aforesaid at numbers 67 and 69 Laurel Street, and ... he never saw him pay money to his mother, but ... the family of the said Scotts consisted of the mother, the said son, an unmarried daughter and two younger children going to school (one of which latter has since died, and the other is now learning a trade) and that they were poor and it required the constant labor of the said son and the said daughter to support the family, and that the principal [sic] support was upon the son', and 'the general reputation neighborhood, and among acquaintances and friends was that the said son was the main support of his mother after the death of his father, which occurred in 1857' (p.24)
27 July 1869
John M Snyder, 635 Jefferson St, Philadelphia, swore that he was the Scott's next door neighbor from about 1858 to about 1866 (in Jefferson Street), that he believes Scott was his mother's principle support after his father's death (as long as he was acquainted with them), that the Scott's were poor and lived in a small house, at a rent of about $12 per month, and that Scott regularly gave his mother money, that all the family had to work, and that he Thomas B Scott 'was a young man of good habits and was industrious' (p.23)
29 July 1869
Robert J Walker, 1724 Park Avenue, Philadelphia, swore that he knew Eliza Ann Scott and her family since about 1852, including Thomas, and 'employed him for a while at the Dry good furnishing business about the year 1860 or 1861 - he cannot remember the exact time as he kept no wages back at that time and he paid him he believed one dollar and a half a day or whatever the regular wages were at that time', and 'that he heard the said Thomas B. Scott speak about the support of his Mother and the family being then up on him the said Thomas B. Scott', and that after James Scott's death 'the family was very poor and the said Thomas B Scott deponent believes was the main support of his Mother and the family at that time', and that Thomas 'was a remarkably steady and industrious young man, and anxious about his mother and about her getting along' (p.25)
9 August 1869
the pension bureau [sent? received?] a letter 'as per slip' (p.11)
5 October 1869
Isabella Scott, 1424 Park Street, Philadelphia, swore that after her father (James Scott) died, Thomas was their mother's main support, that James left no property of any value, 'and the family afterwards being in an humble way', and Thomas regularly gave his mother $5 per week, and sometimes more, until he enlisted, that Thomas had been out of work 'a little while when he enlisted', and that he regularly sent her money after enlisting, sending at different times $20, $15, $25, and others (p.28)
Mrs Emma Armstrong, back of no. 939 New Market, Philadelphia sowre that she has known Eliza Ann Scott and her family for twenty years, was next-door neighbor for about nine years in Fifth Street above Jefferson Street, and then a near neighbor on 6th below Jefferson (for two or three years before the war and several years after the war started), with Eliza Scott living on Jefferson, above 6th street; they met 'about every day', and she saw Thomas give Eliza $5, as many as a dozen times, and at the end of 1861 Eliza received $25 and $20 from Thomas (p.28)
16 Dec 1875
pension agent to suspend (p.9)
24 Jan 1876
pension agent to resume (p.9)
Eliza A Scott applied for the arrears due her under the act of 25 January 1879 (p.32)
post office address 2137 Thomson St, Philadelphia (p.32)
3 Oct 1879
pension bureau rejected arrears under acts of 25 Jan and 4 Mar 1879 (p.9)
28 May 1881
pension bureau again rejected arrears (p.9)
3 June 1890
approved arrears settlement of $12.40 (p.9)
9 July 1890
pension agent returned arrears settlement and sent to secretary of the interior for requisition (p.9)
[death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1 August 1866, Thomas B Scott]
RETURN OF A DEATH
IN THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA.
1. Name of Deceased, Thomas B. Scott
2. Color, White
3. Sex, Male
4. Age, 29 years + 6 months
6. Date of Death, August 1st 1866
7. Cause of Death, Consumption of Lungs
S. R. Stine M.D.
Residence 1303 N. 4th St.
UNDERTAKER'S CERTIFICATE IN RELATION TO DECEASED.
8. Occupation, Clerk
9. Place of Birth, Phila
10. When a Minor, --
11. Ward, 17th Ward
12. Street and Number, 1450 Nth 4th St.
13. Date of Burial, Aug 5th 1866
14. Place of Burial, Monument Cemetery
Jos P Fisher Undertaker.
Residence, Laurel + Canal St.
[death notice, Philadelphia Inquirer 4 August 1866, page 4, Thomas B Scott]
SCOTT.--On the 1st instant, THOMAS B., son of Eliza Ann and the late James Scott, in the 29th [?] year of his age.
His relatives and friends and those of the family are respectfully invited to attend his funeral, from the residence of his mother, No. 1450 N. Fourth street, on Sunday afternoon, at 1 o'clock. To proceed to Monument Cemetery.