He was born in 1845/46 (2 (19 in 1865), 3 (19 in 1865)). He was born in Switzerland (3).
When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 6-1/4 inches tall, and had a fair complexion, grey eyes, and brown hair (3).
He was a substitute (1, 2). He enlisted and was mustered into service, at Pittsburgh, [Allegheny County,] Pennsylvania, on 18 March 1865 (1) or 13 March 1865 (2, 3). He was enlisted for one year, by JH Foster (2). He was mustered in as a private, in company C (1, 2, 4-5).
1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster) (John Smith)
2 Civil War Veterans' Card File, available at the Pennsylvania State Archives, searched 1 July 2004 (John Smith)
3 company C, descriptive roll, entry 142 (John Smith)
4 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (John Schmid)
5 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (John Smith)