He was born in 1842/43 (10 (18 in 1861)). He was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (10).
When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 9 (?) inches tall, and had a dark complexion, blue eyes, and black hair (10).
He enlisted and was mustered into service on 23 September 1861 (1, 10, 12). He was enlisted for three years, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (10). He was a private, in company H (1, 15-17). He had gun number 67 (10).
On 10 September 1863, he was either at Camp Parole, or Convalescent Camp, Alexandria, Virginia (2).
On 6 October 1863, he returned from hospital (8).
He reenlisted as a veteran volunteer (1).
On 3 July 1864, he and four other men in company H asked their captain, James Closson, to be transferred to a newly forming battalion of sharpshooters (3). Closson passed their request on to the regimental adjutant (3), but none were transferred.
He mustered out on 10 July 1865 with his company (1, 12). He was a sergeant, in company H (15-17).
On 15 June 1894, he applied unsuccessfully from Pennsylvania for a pension (11, 12).
1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster)
2 letter, Sinex to Adjutant General, 10 September 1863
3 letters, Fraley et al. to Closson, and Closson to Tayman, 3 and 4 July 1864 (John Somers)
4 special order 104, HQ 91st PA, 5 November 1864 (John Sommer)
5 special order 31, HQ 91st PA, 31 May 1865
6 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 7 May 1863 (Private Sommers)
7 enlisted men's furloughs (Summers)
8 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 6 October 1863 (Pri Somers)
9 company H, list of non-commissioned officers (John Sommers [2 entries])
10 company H, descriptive roll, #14 (John Sommers)
11 pension index, by name (John Sommers)
12 pension index, by regiment, 91st PA Infantry, company H (John Sommers)
13 'The ninety-first Pennsylvania volunteers', Philadelphia Press, Wednesday 13 May 1863, page 2 (John Somers)
14 'The Ninety-first Pennsylvania at Chancellorville', Philadelphia Inquirer 13 May 1863, page 8 (John Somers)
15 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (John Sommers)
16 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (John Somers)
17 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (John Summers)