He was born in 1820/21 (3 (40 in 1861)).
He was enlisted and mustered into service, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 11 October 1861 (1, 3, 4). He was mustered in as a private in company I (1, 3, 5).
He was not on the muster-out roll (1, 3). He was a private, in company I (5). According to the pension index card, he also served in company A of the 19th Veterans' Reserve Corps--but the index to compiled service records doesn't refer to his service in the VRC (4, 5).
On 9 February 1882, he successfully applied for a pension (4).
1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster.)
3 Civil War Veterans' Card File, available at the Pennsylvania State Archives, searched 31 March 2005 (Charles Shilling)
4 pension index, by regiment, 91st PA Infantry, company I (John Wood)
5 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (John Wood)