Jackson Military Records
Jackson Family Military Records
Last updated 18.4.2004
Aaron Boyd in War of 1812
E. D. Boyd in the Civil War
Reuben Jackson, War of 1812
Muster Roll of Capt. John Harpole's Company, 2nd Regiment of Volunteer Mounted Riflemen, War of 1812; Reuben Jackson, saddler.

War of 1812

Colonel William Metcalfe's 1st Regiment West Tennessee Militia.

Served: November 1814 - May 1815.

Men mostly from: Davidson, Bedford, Franklin, Lincoln, Maury, Warren, and Giles Counties.

Captains: John Barnhart, Daniel M. Bradford, Barbe Collins, John Cunningham, Lewis Dillahunty, Alexander Hill, Bird S. Hurt, John Jackson, Thomas Marks, William Mullen, Andrew Patterson, William Sitton, Obidiah Waller.

Brief History: Part of the division under Major General William Carroll's at New Orleans, this regiment comprised the right section of Carroll's line at the breastworks at Chalmette. Muster rolls show casualties in the engagements of December 1814 and January 1815. Lieutenant Colonel James Henderson was killed in the skirmish of 28 December 1814. Captain Daniel Bradford led the elite corps known as "Carroll's Life Guard." The division reached New Orleans in mid-December 1814 after an excursion down the Mississippi River.

Source: Tennesse State Library and Archives

Civil War

Notes on the Civil War period and the Boyd family
compiled by Tara Painter

E. D. Boyd's Company Muster Roll

Esque Dillard Boyd was a sergeant in the Texas 31st Calvary Co. G (Dismounted), Confederate States of America, while his wife Martha and his children lived in Texas with other members of the Boyd family.  Both David Dillard Boyd and James Virgil Boyd, E.D.'s eldest surviving sons, were born in Dallas County, Texas in 1862 and 1866, respectively, but were back in Missouri by the end of 1867.  E.D. Boyd witnessed a legal paper for his father James Henderson Boyd in Newton County, MO on September 24, 1867. James Thomas Boyd, brother of E.D.'s mother Rosannah Boyd Boyd also moved his family to Texas for the duration of the Civil War, returning by August, 1868.

E. Dillard's regiment was organized in April of 1862.  All men, including E.D., were enlisted for the duration of the war. Colonel Trezevant C. Hawpe, a forty year old Dallas businessman, had raised the 31st primarily from Dallas County, and E.D.'s Company G was organized exclusively from Dallas County, Texas.  George W. Guess, a Dallas Attorney and alderman, became Lieutenant Colonel.  Frederick J. Malone, a Mexican War veteran and graduate of the Univ. of Mississippi, was chosen major (Barr, Polignac, 5).  While most men brought horses, Hawpe had to ask the citizens of Dallas to donate guns in order to arm the men.

On 17 May 1862 Company A hosted a picnic for the regiment and citizens of Dallas.  "A holiday air prevailed as the company drilled for its assembled well wishers.  At least one observer detected a melancholy undercurrent among those present, however, stimulated no doubt by the thoughts of leaving home to face the great unknown of war" (Barr, Polignac, 5).

In early June 1862, the regiment rode through Paris and Clarksville, Texas on its way to Little Rock, Arkansas to report to Major General Thomas Hindman.  They crossed the Red River into Arkansas on 5 July 1862, arriving in Little Rock on the 18th.  Illness began plaguing the regiment soon after its arrival in Arkansas and while marching north to Missouri, they were forced to halt temporarily south of Bentonville, Arkansas to give its men a chance to recover from an outbreak of measles that had put 88 men in the hospital at one time in late August (Barr, Polignac, 6).

Their first engagement involved detachments of the 31st and 34th at Shirley's Ford on Spring River west of Carthage, Missouri.  At 8 o'clock in the morning on 20 September 1862 they drove in the pickets of a Union Indian regiment.  They also rousted citizens encamped under Federal protection and captured some stores before a Federal infantry that had been concealed by a ravine started a cavalry-infantry counterattack, forcing the Texans to retreat.  The Confederates had 20 men killed or wounded, while the Union side had 12-20 killed and 9 wounded (Barr, Polignac, 6-7).

On September 27th, Cooper sent the 31st to Newtonia, five miles to the north of the main camp at Scott's Mill.  On September 29th Confederate patrols were engaged by Union skirmishers on the Granby road.  Cooper sent reinforcements but withdrew again on September  30, 1862.  "Union skirmishers appeared from the west and northwest less than an hour after Cooper left Newtonia to the care of the 31st Texas and a single field battery.  Hawpe placed his men dismounted behind a stone wall and again called for reinforcements.  Cooper arrived with the 34th Texas and sent them to the right below a mill where they dismounted to fight on foot...With the approach of support there also had come confusion, and out of the confusion had come a mistaken order for the 31st Texas to counterattack.  Over the wall spilled the dismounted cavalrymen into a ragged charge, which was forced back by Federal artillery fire.  Suddenly Steven's regiment galloped onto the field with two Indian battalions, striking the Union right in a column of platoons.  The Federal line wavered, than retreated under the steady pressure of Stevens' charge which swept up eighty prisoners in a four mile pursuit" (Barr, Polignac, 7).  On October 3rd, word was received that Major General John Schofield was coming to Newtonia to redeem the defeat of his advance troops.  Shelby lined up the troops at Newtonia for battle, forcing Schofield to deploy for action.  Shelby took advantage of the delay to organize a retreat along the road to Pineville, Missouri.  They continued the retreat into Arkansas.

Two of its officers were arrested for retreating without cause, and the regiment went through a series of demoralizing command changes brought about by drunkenness, illness and death.  By late October they were under the command of Colonel Jesse L. Craven and the men's behavior improved dramatically, but it was too late to save the 31st from a fate all cavalrymen fear: on 1 November 1862 Major General Hindman announced that they were "worthless as cavalry and...[ordered] them dismounted and their ponies sent to Texas" and placed them under Colonel William Bradfute (Barr, Polignac, 9).

At the battle of Prairie Grove, 7 December 1862, Lieutenant Colonel Guess reported "Our Brig. was posted on the extreme left w[ing] of the army and was not called into prominent action but a short time, but not a boy or man of them showed any disposition to flinch.  The cannon balls and shells flew and burst around them and the minnie ball whistled about their ears, but they stood calm and determined to die or win the victory" (Barr, Polignac, 10).

The retreat that followed took the brigade to the Arkansas River near Fort Smith.  "In late December morale fell to a new low and numerous desertions followed a near mutiny in the 31st Texas when Bradfute ordered a man punished by bucking" (Barr, Polignac, 11). "General Steele said at this time that the brigade was badly organized, without discipline and almost destitute of clothing and supplies.  Many of the men were unarmed.  The weather turned very cold, and the men suffered great hardships.  A detachment from the brigade was captured at Charleston, Arkansas, and at the same time all the transportation of the brigade was captured at Charleston, Arkansas, and at the same time all the transportation of the brigade was destroyed" (Henderson, Texas in the Confederacy, 132).

The 31st saw uneven action in Arkansas until May, 1863, when the brigade was ordered to Shreveport, Louisiana.  From there they were sent east of the Mississippi River by General E. Kirby-Smith.  They campaigned in Mississippi in the fall of 1863.  In the spring of 1864, Brigadier General C.J. Polignac assumed command of the brigade, and it was under his command that they fought in the Red River Campaign. The regiment participated in the battles of Mansfield and Pleasant Hill. "The brigade rendered distinguished service at Yellow Bayou. The drill and discipline were much improved under General Polignac." (Henderson, Texas, 132). Col. Harrison commanded the brigade in Arkansas and Louisiana, where they remained throughout the rest of the war, essentially out of action.

Barr, Alwyn.  Polignac's Texas Brigade, 4-11.
Henderson, Harry M.  Texas in the Confederacy, 131-132.
Texas State Historical Society.  Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Vol. 67, 1963-64, pg. 235n, 237, 420, 425, 427.
Wright, Marcus J.  Texas in the War, 1861-1865, 120.

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