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Paxson logo    Richardson   Paxson logo

Some of the descendants of Joseph Richardson
and his wife Mary Paxson
of Middletown Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania

compiled and copyright by MJP Grundy, 2002, 2015.

        This page attempts to include all the descendants of Joseph Richardson for the first three generations in Pennsylvania, and then only Richardson surname descendants in later generations. To the best of my knowledge it does not include living descendants, although those names may be available on the 1940 U.S. census.

This page is not as complete as a full-length study of the family, embedded in a great deal of historical context, published in 2016 as The Richardsons of Four Lanes' End. The book includes the English ancestors of the immigrant Richardsons, as well as related lines of Dixon and Preston, who were also immigrants to Pennsylvania and married Richardson men. See below for more information on the book.

        If you have information to correct or add to this account, or photographs you would be willing to share, please send me an e mail at . I would be very glad to hear from you.

English Ancestors

        From Quaker records the parents of our Bucks County Richardsons can be documented to be William RichardsonA who must have joined Friends some time before his marriage in 1694 to Elizabeth Lonsdale. She was the daughter of Jeffrey Lonsdale (son of John Lonsdale) and his first wife, Ann Robinson, the daughter of James Robinson of Healey in Swaledale, the North Riding of Yorkshire. More details about the Lonsdales and their experience as early Friends will be told in a forthcoming book on the Richardson family.

First Generation

1.    Joseph Richardson1, was born the 4th day of the First Month [March] 1695/6 in Swaledale, Yorkshire, England. [See an explanation of Quaker dates] He died in Middletown Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, in April 1772. He married Mary Paxson, daughter of William Paxson and Mary (Watson) Paxson in December 1732.

        This Richardson line begins in this country with a 7 Twelfth Month [February] 1723/4 certificate of removal from Richmond Monthly Meeting, held at Chantrey in Yorkshire for Joseph, Joshua, and their sisters Ann and Rachel. The certificate was received first by Philadelphia Monthly Meeting on 26 Fourth Month [June] 1724. [Albert Cook Myers, Quaker Arrivals at Philadelphia, 1682-1750: Being a List of Certificates of Removal Received at Philadelphia Monthly Meeting of Friends (Philadelphia: Ferris & Leach, 1902), 77, as seen on, 1/21/2008.] The actual document is in the Spruance Library of the Bucks County Historical Society. I would be very pleased to receive information about Joseph Richardson before he emigrated, documenting when he joined Richmond Monthly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends in Yorkshire.

         In order to maintain good order Friends' practice was to carry a certificate of removal when they moved to a new location. After such a certificate was requested, a few Friends would be appointed to look into the affairs of the individual, to see that there were no unpaid debts, wedding engagements, or other obligations that might impede leaving. They also gave an account of the individual's lifestyle, or "conversation" as it was often termed then, to see if the person was faithfully upholding Friends' witness to the world. If all was well, the meeting would approve the report and in the early years often all who were present at the meeting for business would sign it. (In later years only the clerk would sign, on behalf of the entire meeting.) Upon arrival in the new location the Friend would turn in the certificate to the new meeting, and he or she would be entered in the minutes as a member in good standing. The same process would happen, in parallel, in the women's meetings for females who were moving. When entire families went together, sometimes the move would only be recorded in the men's minutes, however. Often each child would also be named, but not always.

         Joseph and his siblings probably arrived in the new world at the port of Philadelphia. There they turned in their certificate of removal, and apparently went their separate ways. Joseph made his way to Middletown Township, Bucks County, with nothing but the proverbial flail, the clothes on his back, and a single groat in his pocket (or at least that is the family tradition).

         Joseph hired himself to thresh wheat for William Paxson that winter in Middletown. Presumably he lived with the family while working for them. Apparently he did the job so well, and ingratiated himself with the family, that some years later he married William’s daughter, Mary, who was only ten when Joseph arrived.

        However, before he married, he fully engaged in business as a merchant/shopkeeper. In 1730 Joseph travelled to Barbados on business. Although the only evidence of his trip is his endorsed certificate, we might guess that he was lining up trading partners to exchange Bucks County farm produce for rum, molasses, and sugar.

        Joseph Richardson's account book for 1733 still exists. It has a separate page for each person who had an account with Joseph. It should supply an interesting glimpse into the rural economy as well as into Joseph's finances.

        With the help of a small legacy from England Joseph bought an acre at the nearby crossroads called Four Lane’s End (now Langhorne), where in 1738 he built a fine stone house and store. While it was under construction, Joseph was warned by a visiting Friend that he be careful to reach the top of his house before he reached the bottom of his pocket.

         The Richardson store was the only one between the Durham iron works in the north, and the port of Bristol, on the Delaware to the south. He traded cordwood, deerhides, iron, lime, and farm produce in exchange for sugar, molasses, rum, and British manufactured goods.

        The building that served as store and home still stands at the intersection of Bellevue and Maple Avenues in Langhorne. Since 1919 when the Richardson family sold the house it has been restored and opened as the Langhorne Community House.

Illustration to the right is from the cover of a brochure put out by the Langhorne Community House. The photo below is from a post card ca. 1900-1910 from the collection of Paul Flack, of Furlong, Pa. The drawing on the lower right is by John Foster, in Bucks the Artists' County Cooks, © 1950 the Women's Auxiliary of Trinity Chapel, Solebury, Pa.

Notice that the door shown in the old postcard, that originally gave direct access to the store, was replaced with a window during the remodeling of the first floor to make one large community room after 1919.

        Men of substance were expected to participate in public affairs, but Joseph was not as active as some others. He served on a grand jury in June 1754 and again in March 1756. [QS&CP]

        Joseph and Mary were members of Middletown Monthly Meeting.

        Joseph signed his will 20 September 1770 and it was proved 29 April 1772. He designated himself as a gentleman, definitely a step above a yeoman. He bequeathed 319 acres in Middletown to Joshua, 150 acres to Mary, 112 acres to Rebecca, land in Northampton to William, and in Southampton to Ruth.

        Mary continued to live in Attleboro, Middletown Township, as a widow. Throughout the Revolution she was listed on the various tax duplicates. She had 30 acres, and in 1779 two cattle. By 1781 she had only one cow, and the following year none. By 1785, after the war was over, she had two cattle again. Her tax was 11 shillings and 5 pence.

        Mary signed her will 15 March 1783 and it was proved 7 April 1786. She bequeathed things to all five of her living children, and to her grand children. She divided 8 acres between two daughters, and gave 29 acres to her son Joshua along with a large Bible, £50, and Ellwood's History of the Old Testament and New Testament. The silver teaspoons and tongs went to Martha, daughter of Joshua. Two silver tablespoons apiece went to Ruth (Joshua's daughter), to Mary (William's daughter), and to Thomas Jenks (Rebecca's son). The estate inventory came to a total of £942.11.5 1/2. It included items that had been in the house when Joseph died, such as the coffee mill, watering pot, and clock. There were also notes and bonds, and money scales.[Bucks Co. Will Book 4:437, file #2016.]

        Joseph and Mary had six children, all of whom lived to adulthood. Their two sons were Joshua (1733-1800) and William (1737-1813).

2    i. Joshua Richardson2, b. 23 9m 1733; d. 27 Nov. 1800; m. 16 4m 1761 Sarah PRESTON.

3    ii. Mary Richardson, b. 25 5m 1735; d. 7 Aug. 1806; unmarried.  In the 1800 census she and her sister Ruth were joint heads of the household. Her will was dated 5 Jan. 1803, and pr. 16 June 1806. She left a sizeable estate to many relatives. In addition to her siblings and their children, she remembered her cousin Joshua PAXSON, son of her Uncle William Paxson. She left some clothes to Black Ann JOHNSON, wife of Armstrong, and her three children, Fender CARTER, Pennington and Ann Johnson "to clothe her and her children". She also bequeathed Ann £3 per year for 3 years and £15 to school her three children. The executors were her nephew by marriage, Thomas STORY and his wife, her niece Rachel Story.[Bucks Co. will file #3438.] I need to research if Armstrong or Ann Johnson had been Richardson slaves thirty years earlier.

4    iii. William Richardson, b. 3 8m 1737; d. 31 Aug. 1813; m. 1762 Elizabeth JENKS. She was the sister of Thomas Jenks, Jr. who married Rebecca Richardson.

5    iv. Rachel Richardson, b. 29 3m 1739; d. 5 1m 1763; unmarried.

6    v. Rebecca Richardson, b. 27 1m 1742; d. 17 Apr. 1808; m. 22 4m 1762 Thomas JENKS Jr. He was b. 9/10m/1738, the son of Thomas Jenks and Mercy (Wildman). Thos. Jr. d. May 1799. His estate was valued at £3,542.0.11.[Bucks Co. Will #2892.] Thomas was described as "tall and rather fleshy".Fol. 30] Thomas had a fulling mill and saw mills on the Middletown to Newtown Road. Thomas was elected to the Committee of Observation for Bucks Co. 15 Dec. 1774, but resigned for reasons of conscience 21 Aug. 1775 when the committee became more radical and began preparing for violence. He served in the Provincial Assembly in 1775. During the Revolutionary War Thomas was reported to Middletown Meeting for judging in a military affair in 1777. His acknowledgment and repentance were accepted by the Meeting. Between 1780 and 1783 he was fined a total of £9.15.0 for non-participation with the militia. He was elected to the Pennsylvania Constitutional convention held in 1790, and was the first Penna. state senator elected from Bucks County. Thomas served on 4 Bucks Co. grand juries and was foreman of 3 of them in the period after the War, between 1788 and 1795. He and Rebecca were both moderately active in Middletown Meeting. They had 9 children of whom 8 lived to adulthood and 7 were married. Rebecca had a number of fairly elegant possessions which she bequeathed to specified daughters: silver pap spoon, silver knitting bag hook, 6 enamelled china plates, silver tea pot and sugar dish, several looking glasses, old silver cream jug, half dozen silver teaspoons marked TRJ, 6 wine glasses, 2 goblets, spice mill, and books. Total value of her estate was $2,574.09.[Bucks Co. Will #3548, signed 8/5m/1807, pr 27 Apr. 1808.]

7    vi. Ruth Richardson, b. 31 8m 1748; d. 1818; m. 14 or 17 12m 1801 John DIXON (his second wife). No children. John died before Ruth, and she moved in with her sister Mary. Her will was dated June 1813 and pr. 1 Sept. 1818. Executors were her nephews Joseph Richardson and Thomas Story. Notice in the Bucks County Patriot that her land would be offered for sale on 20 Dec. 1823, it was described as 150 acre farm, 30 acres in woodland, in Southampton, then in the tenure of Edmund PLUMLEY, 17 miles from Philadelphia and one mile from the Buck Tavern on the Philadelphia-Newtown road. It was near a quarry and a kiln and thought to have limestone, then a valuable resource. There was a two-story stone house, 1-story stone kitchen, frame barn, spring house. [Bucks County Patriot, 24/4/1827 settlement in orphan's court] In December 1829 a somewhat similar notice in the Bucks County Intelligencer said the sale was necessary to settle the estate. Now it was 130 acres in the possession of tenants William and Samuel PAXSON.[Bucks County Intelligencer, 12/1829.]

Click here to see a Richardson chart.

Second Generation

2.     Joshua Richardson
2 (Joseph1) was born 23 November 1733 in Middletown Township, Bucks County, and died there in December 1800. He married Sarah PRESTON, daughter of Jonas of Providence Monthly Meeting in Chester County. They had six children before she died on 7 July 1777.

Joshua carried on his father’s mercantile business in Attleboro (as Four Lanes End came to be called). He petitioned to maintain a "public house of entertainment", posting a bond of $2,000 on 13 June 1780. This was a time of high inflation of continental currency, so it wasn't as much money as it might at first seem. 

After the battle of the Brandywine, the wounded Lafayette made his way to Middletown. In Joshua Richardson’s house he stretched out his leg on the table to have his wound dressed. The table remained in the family until it was sold in 1927 or 1928. During the winter of 1776-1777 when many soldiers were quartered in Middletown, the meeting house and school were commandeered for use as a hospital. An estimated 160 soldiers died and were buried in mass graves with two to four bodies in each 6.5 by 7 foot hole. Jane, the Richardson's eleven-year old daughter, watched from the window of their house, seeing sleds outside of the Hicks's house across the street, and coffins being drawn to the burial site. Finally on 15 May 1777 the troops departed. Many years later Jane's vivid recollections were written in the journal of her nephew, Joshua Richardson. I have not seen the unpublished journal. [From, seen 5/20/2008.] In 1991 an archaeological team found the graves in the northwest corner of the property on the southeast corner of Flowers and Bellevue avenues. [Jennifer Lea Reed, "Historic graves discovered", Montgomery County Record, 2 Oct. 1991.]

map from the Pennsylvania Archives of forfeited property

The revolutionary government seized the property of  people it deemed disloyal. A map of some of the "forfeited" property of Gilbert Hicks shows Richardson property in the southwest corner of "Four Lane's End", as the village was called, as well as north of the road leading to the Falls and southeast of the road to Bristol.

Joshua and Sarah were members of Middletown Meeting, Joshua more active than Sarah. He was appointed a trustee for the meeting house and land in 1767, continuing a family tradition. From 1772 to 1785 he served as treasurer, as his father had before him. He contributed £20 to the Middletown school fund. During the Revolution he upheld Friends testimony against taking up arms and was fined nine times. The amounts indicate the rate of inflation and the varying currencies between 1780 and 1783: £9.15.0, £9.15.0, £72. £72, £18, £1.4.0, £1.8.0, £1.8.0, £20.6.0. But after his wife died, twice Friends disciplined him for taking strong drink to excess, in 1779 and 1787. Both times he acknowledged his wrong and promised to do better. [PA; Middletown MM minutes, . For more on Middletown Meeting and the Revolutionary War, see Grundy, The Evolution of a Quaker Community (Edwin MellenPress, 2006).]

Like his father, Joshua served on two grand juries (December 1762 and June 1764) and otherwise did not hold public office.[QS&CP] He voted in the 1 October 1770 election. [#575]

Joshua signed his will 14 October 1800, and it was proved 22 December that year. He named his son Joseph and "nephew by marriage" Thomas STORY as executors. He specified certain tracts of land to be sold so cash legacies could be paid to his grandchildren. His children Jane, Ruth, and Joseph were directed to share equally the expense of supporting "bound negro Mary in case of her becoming chargeable during her servitude as she is in poor health." My assumption is that Mary was indentured for a specified number of years, rather than held in lifetime bondage. His estate inventory included six wine glasses, Fitch's map, a hot plate, and books. It was valued at £767.0.3.[Bucks Co. Will Book 6:307, file #2975.]

Joshua and Sarah (Preston) Richardson had one son and five daughters:[Middletown MM recs.]

8    i. Sarah Richardson3, b. 4 2m 1762; d. 16 9m 1828; m. 13 1m 1785 William ALLEN Jr. They had eight children of whom four lived to adulthood. William was b. 2 8m 1759; d. 8 3m 1837. Sarah received two tracts of 29 and 20 acres, a silver watch, and an old Bible from her grandfather. In 1803 they removed to Falls Monthly Meeting, returning to Middletown in 1813. After the separation in 1827 Sarah was active in the Orthodox meeting.

9    ii. Mary Richardson, Jr., b. 19 8m 1763; d. 2 11m 1799; m. 21 9m 1786 Joshua WOOLSTON (his second marriage). Joshua was b. 19 6m or 7m/1755, the son of John and Elizabeth (Wildman) Woolston; he d. 27/12m/1821. He m(1) 18/9m/1777 Mary STAPLER and had 3 children, of whom 2 survived to adulthood and married. During the Revolution he was fined 9 times for non-participation in the military effort. After the war, 9/1787 he was elected constable for Middletown, and served on grand juries in 12/1789, 6/1790, and 2/1795. Joshua and his second wife, Mary, removed to Falls Monthly Meeting in June 1796. They had six children of whom four lived to adulthood and married. After Mary's death Joshua married a third time, in 1801 Lydia JORDAN, in Horsham Meeting. They had a daughter, Lydia. He brought his family back to Middletown in May 1804. In 1817 Joshua, Lydia, and young Lydia went back to Falls. Mary (Richardson) was moderately active in the meeting. Lydia (Jordan) was recorded as a minister. Joshua's will was signed 20/12m/1820 and pr. 4 Mar. 1822. His wife Lydia received the house and lot where they lived, and another lot during her widowhood. She did not remarry. His estate was valued at $3,419.62, and included a carpet, clock, gun, patent stove, silver watch, books, 6 silver teaspoons, looking glass, and a number of bonds and notes.[Bucks Co. Will Book 10:73, #4935.]

10    iii. Jane Richardson, b. 22 1m 1766; d. 29 12m 1861; unmarried. Jane was bequeathed 20 acres by her grandfather, being the residue of land formerly belonging to the VanHorns. She also received furniture and £200. She lived alone, so appears in the tax and census records as head of household. In 1785 she was assessed on 58 acres valued at $2320. In 1810 her household consisted of one woman between the ages of 26 and 45. In 1815 she was assessed on 35 acres, her tax being 86 cents. In 1825 she had 60 acres and was taxed $6.60. In 1835 it was 35 acres and a tax of $3. In the 1850 census Jane was head of  the household which consisted of four other people, including her neice Mary D. Richardson and Benjamin Borden. Her real estate that year was valued at $2,300. Jane was occasionally appointed to small committees by the Middletown Monthly Meeting of Women, and once she was asked to help collect funds for the poor. She remained with the majority of the Meeting after the separation of 1827, so that she was a Hicksite. Her obituary appeared in the Friends Intelligencer, 18 (1862):712. She was known for smoking a pipe, and they were her recollections of the Revolutionary War burials that were written down by her nephew Joshua.

11    iv. Joseph Richardson, b. 8 9m 1768; d. 28 8m 1826; married 4m 1802 Mary DIXON. She was b. 19 11m 1777; d. 29 5m 1834.

12    v. Martha Richardson, b. 22 7m 1771; m. 2 3m 1797 Seth CHAPMAN, esq. Martha and her sister Ruth inherited from their grandmother 80 acres in Northampton, 26 acres in Middletown, six tablespoons, 8 teaspoons, tongs and cream jug (all of silver), and furniture, which was all to be divided between them. Martha and Seth removed after their wedding to Gwynedd Monthly Meeting, returning to Middletown in 1811. The following year they moved to Muncy Monthly Meeting. They had eight children: John, James, Elizabeth (who m. Charles KAY and had issue: Emily H. Kay and Charles Kay Jr.), Mary Ann, Josiah, Mary (who m. John SMITH), Anna, and Martha Chapman.

13    vi. Ruth Richardson, b. 25 8m 1773; d. 30 9m 1854; m. 11 11m 1802 Robert CROASDALE, son of Robert and Margery (HAYHURST) Croasdale. Ruth was his third wife. Robert was b. 20 2m 1763; d. 15 6m 1821. In addition to half the items bequeathed to her and her sister Martha, Ruth also received £100 from her grandmother. Ruth and Robert lived in Middletown Township, and Robert was a little active in Middletown Meeting. With his first wife, Tacy KNIGHT, Robert had three children. By his second wife, Hannah MITCHELL, widow of Henry, he had one. Robert and Ruth had five children of whom four lived. They were Mary R. Croasdale (b. 7 8m 1803, m. 3m 1828 Samuel BRIGGS); Joseph H. Croasdale (b. 8 1m 1806); Rachel Croasdale (b. 20 11m 1807, d. 9 10m 1815); Tacy Croasdale (b. 28 11m 1810, m. 3m 1833 James BRIGGS); Robert Maurice Croasdale (b. 6 2m 1812, m. 1836 Mercy M. CADWALLADER). After Robert's death their farm had to be sold to cover debts. His will stipulated that Ruth and her four minor children be given a home with Robert's son Jeremiah Woolston Croasdale. [Bucks Co. will file #4834; Pa. Correspondent & FA, 1/1823.] Ruth does not appear to have been very active in the Friends Meeting and after the separation the Orthodox disowned her, presumably for attending meeting with the Hicksites.[Middletown MM Orth. women's minutes, ]

4.     William Richardson2 (Joseph1) was born 3 October 1737, and died 31 August 1813, living in Bucks County all his life. On 23 Twelfth Month 1762 William married Elizabeth JENKS, daughter of Thomas and Mercy (Wildman) Jenks. Elizabeth was born 15 Third Month (May) 1746 and died 30 December 1808.[Middletown MM recs.] She was the sister of Thomas Jenks, Jr. who married Rebecca Richardson, sister of William.

William and Elizabeth were both very active in Middletown Meeting.

In 1777 during the Revolution, when American troops had comandeered the school, classes were held in William's house. When his team of horses was pressed into military service he sent a person to look after them. As this concern for his property compromised the pure testimony, he offered a paper acknowledging and condemning his behavior, which the meeting accepted. Between 1780 and 1783 he was fined ten times for refusing to participate in military activities. The details of items distrained give a vivid glimpse of the sufferings undergone in wartime to witness to the message of the Prince of Peace--and this list does not include the last two years of war. Some other Friends in Middletown Meeting lost considerably more. ["An Account of Friends Sufferings for the Testimony of a Good Conscience Within the Compas [sic] of Middletown Monthly Meeting", signed by Isaac Watson, Clerk, and James Moon, Clerk of Bucks Quarterly Meeting, on 30 and 31 of Eighth Month 1781. For more on Middletown Meeting and the Revolutionary War, see Martha Paxson Grundy, The Evolution of a Quaker Community (Edwin MellenPress, 2006).]



taken by John Thompson for a substitute fine of £27 - a horse
taken by John Fenton for tax by him & his order 5 1/2 bushel oats, 4 bushel Indian corn
taken by John Gregg for tax 14 bushel Indian corn
taken by John Gregg for tax 10 hundred of hay
taken by Mikel [sic] Gregg under his Brother for tax a young horse
taken by Lafford Lafford for tax 7 bushels of wheat
taken by Mikel Gregg for fine and tax 25 1/2 bushels of buckwheat
taken by John Gregg for tax 14 bushels of Indian corn
taken by Lafford Lafford for tax 4 bushels of wheat
taken by John Gregg for tax 14 1/2 bushels of wheat


William signed his will 9 November 1812, and it was proved 18 September 1813. Simon GILLAM and Joseph Richardson witnessed it. William named his sons William and Joseph to be his executors. The brief inventory included a modern ten-plate stove, looking glass, and silver and china ware. It was valued at $1,616.72 1/2.[Bucks Co. will book 8:349, file #3971.]

William and Elizabeth (Jenks) Richardson had ten children:[Middletown MM recs.]

14    i. Mercy Richardson, b. 20 Apr. 1764; d. 20 Jan. 1851; m. 9 Jan. 1783 Jacob SHOEMAKER. Mercy was mentioned in her grandfather's will, and in her aunt Ruth Dixon's will. She was given one share, specified that it could not be used as liability for Mercy's husband's debts. Her sons Jonathan and Thomas were given land and other things in trust for their mother (a necessary legal precaution when women were under couverture). She received a certificate of removal to Northern District Monthly Meeting in Philadelphia in 1781, and returned to Middletown Monthly Meeting in 1782. After her marriage she removed to Philadelphia. Her obituary is in the Friends Review, 4(1851):313, indicating her Orthodox sympathies.

15    ii. Rachel Richardson, b. 21 Nov. 1765; d. 9 Nov. 1844; m. 19 Apr. 1792 David STORY; removed 1792 to Wrightstown Monthly Meeting; her obituary is in the Friend, 18(1845):112.

16    iii. Ann Richardson, b. 12 Nov. 1767; d. 15 Oct. 1829; unmarried. She was very active in Middletown Orthodox Monthly Meeting, serving as assistant clerk, among numerous other assignments. Ann wrote her will when she was in "declining health", specifying that her share of the plantation be divided into four parts to be given to her four sisters. Other land was given to her neices and great neices. Her clock was given to her brother William. She named her brother William and nephew Thomas L. Allen as executors. Her will included a note dated 16 Seventh Month 1829, without witnesses, "This will be read when I am no more, & hope my dear sisters will not think much at my showing partiality to my sister Mary's children and grandchildren they feel to me as my own." Included in the file at the Doylestown courthouse is a note to William, "My Dear Brother upon reflecting I object to that paper being presented to the Register for filing purporting to be apart of Sister Ann Richardson will. [signed] Rachel Story" and dated First Day 15, 1829. She withdrew the objection on 9 Jan. 1830. On 27 April 1830 Samuel Comfort and John Buckman, Jr. attested to the will. Her inventory included gold sleeve buttons, 6 silver tablespoons and 6 silver teaspoons, a large Bible, looking glass, 20 shares of stock in Farmers' National Bank of Bucks County, and some personal bonds (loans she had made to others).[Bucks Co. will file #5968.]

17    iv. Elizabeth Richardson, b. 31 Jan. 1770; d. 4 Jan. 1841; m. 18 Nov. 1802 Josiah REEVE. After her marriage she removed to Upper Evesham MM in NJ. Her obit is in the Friend, 78(1905):256.

18    v. William Richardson, b. 31 March 1772; d. 5 Jan. 1832; m. 12 Oct. 1796 Anna PAXSON.

19    vi. Joseph Richardson, b. 25 Jul. 1774; d. 2 Dec. 1814; m. 1798 Rebecca NEWBOLD. They removed to Horsham Meeting in 1793, returning to Middletown in 1795.

20    vii. Mary Richardson, b. 19 Sept. 1776; d. 1848; m(1) 1797 Marmaduke WATSON and had 1 daughter, Susanna M. Watson who m. 1817 Thomas L. ALLEN; m(2) Samuel HULME, and had two children. Samuel d. 1 8m 1830.

21    viii. Rebecca Richardson, b. 13 Apr. 1780; d. 19 Sept. 1791.

22    ix. Hannah Richardson, b. 28 Feb. 1783; d. 12 Sept. 1791.

23    x. Thomas Richardson, b. 16 Dec. 1787; d. 8 Feb. 1823; m. Abigail BLACKWOOD. She d. 31 Mar. 1822.

Third Generation

11.     Joseph Richardson
3 (Joshua2, Joseph1) was born 8 September 1768. He died on 28 August 1826. Joseph married Mary DIXON in 1802. Their marriage certificate is in the possession of one of their descendants. Mary died 29 May 1834, aged 56 years, 6 months, and 10 days.[Middletown MM recs.] Mary came from England about 1784 with her parents, who settled at Peale Hall in Philadelphia. [Theodore W. Bean, History of Montgomery County (Phila.: Everts & Peck, 1884), 2:1039, as transcribed by Susan Walters and posted on usgenweb/pa/montgomery/history/local/mchb0027.txt]
. Family tradition says this chair was brought from England by Mary Dixon, 8/24/1784, and close-up of the plaque on it. However, Herb Lapp, who has studied Windsor chairs, believes that it is actually much older, being an excellent example of a 1750 Philadelphia Comb-Back, certainly made no later than 1760. [E mail, 3/2008.]

Joseph moved to Philadelphia with a certificate dated June 1802. He returned in May 1803 with his wife. [PMMM 3:669, 28/1m/1803.] He was named a trustee of the Middletown Meeting property in 1801. Mary was very active in the meeting. She served as an overseer from 1814 to 1820, and treasurer from 1821 to 1833. She was recognized as an elder in 1821. At the time of the separation she remained with the Hicksite majority.

Joseph died in 1826, leaving three minor children. Mary's will was probated 10 June 1834, and her estate was settled on 12 September 1836.[Bucks Co. will file #6643.]

Joseph and Mary (Dixon) Richardson had five children:

24    i. Joshua Richardson4, b. 6 3m [Mar.] 1803; d. 1874; m(1) 15 6m [June] 1835 Mary HUNT who died in childbirth; m(2) 1838 Mary KNIGHT. They had three children:
a. Joseph Richardson, b. 1839, who married Hannah Gillingham ROWLAND;
b. Edward Richardson, b. 1841, d. 1917; unmarried;
c. Mary Jane Richardson, b. 1844, d. 1917; unmarried.

25    ii. Mary Dixon Richardson Jr., b. 16 7m [July] 1805; m(1) 11 3m [Mar.] 1830 in Middletown meeting house Jonathan K. STACKHOUSE [his middle initial given as W. in Bucks County Intelligencer, 22 Mar. 1830.]; m(2) 13/9m/1849 Benjamin BORDEN of Darby Meeting. Jonathan was b. 28/9m/1796, son of John and Sarah (Knight) Stackhouse; Jonathan d. 17/8m/1842. He wrote his will 24 Sept. 1841 in a "delicate state of health" leaving his wife house and land "forever" (i.e. not just while she remained a widow). As they had no children, he left a 5.5 acre lot to his brother-in-law John Allen MITCHELL, $200 to his sister Margaret WILSON, and various other items to his sisters Anne PAUL, Mary STACKHOUSE, Sarah PAXSON, as well as to his nephew John S. Mitchell and brother-in-law Joshua Richardson (a horse), and nephew Rowland MATHER (another horse), and other nephews and nieces of his sister Anne Paul, and Tacy MITCHELL. The executors were brothers-in-law John A. Mitchell and Joshua Richardson. The total value came to $4,170.91.[Will file #7568.] After she remarried Mary was named an overseer in Middletown mtg. She and Benjamin removed to Gwynedd Meeting. 5m/1857. They were all Hicksite Friends. No children.

26    iii. Rachel R. Richardson, b. 27 7m [July] 1808; d. 1885; m. at the Middletown Meeting house 18 10mo. [Oct.] 1832 Thomas LIVEZEY of Plymouth Twp. [Bucks County Intelligencer.] He was b. 27 Fourth Month 1803 and d. 2 Tenth Month 1879. He was the son of Samuel and Mary Livezey, of Welsh origin, who settled in Plymouth in 1788. Rachel transferred her membership in 1833 from Middletown to Gwynedd Monthly Meeting. Thomas was a farmer and storekeeper, director of the Bank of Montgomery and of the First National Bank of Norristown. For many years he was a school director, too. In the 1850 census he owned $20,000 worth of real estate in Plymouth Township, and there were 4 Irish servants in the household. [1850 federal census for Plymouth, Montgomery, Pennsylvania; Roll: M432_800; Page: 17B.] Thomas and Rachel had 8 children: [Theodore W. Bean, History of Montgomery County (Phila.: Everts & Peck, 1884), 2:1038-9, as transcribed by Susan Walters and posted on usgenweb/pa/montgomery/history/local/mchb0027.txt]

a. Edward Livezey (b. 1833, d. 1876, m. 4/5/1866 Mary Balderston, the second daughter of Samuel F. and Martha Ann (Griffith) Balderston. In 1850 Edward worked as a clerk and attended school. Edward and Mary (Balderston) Livezey had four children and lived in Elkins Park, Penna. he was a physician;
b. Samuel Livezey, b. ca. 1835; in 1850 worked as a farmer and attended school; later he was in the packing business in Chicago;
c. Joseph R. Livezey, b. ca. 1839; in 1850 attended school; engaged in real estate in Philadelphia;
d. Elizabeth, b. ca. 1840 [not listed in Bean]; in 1850 attended school;
e. John R. Livezey, b. 1842, d. 1867, studied conveyancing with Nathan R. POTTS of Philadelphia, and had a lucrative business;
f. Henry Livezey, b. 1843; d. 1846.
g. Henry Livezey [2nd.], b. 1847; d. 1873, read law with Judge F. C. Brewster, of Philadelphia, and D. H. Mulvany, of Norristown; was admitted to practice at the Montgomery County bar, November 10, 1869, and at the time of his death he was associated with Judge Boyer;
h. Thomas Ellwood Livezey, b. ca. 1849; a farmer on the old homestead.

27    iv. Sarah Richardson, b. 22 4m [Apr.] 1812; d. 3 12m [Dec.] 1903; m. 12 5m [May] 1836 Samuel H. PAXSON. They had 5 children.

28    v. John Dixon Richardson, b. 24 1m [Jan.] 1815; d. 27 7m [July] 1842; unmarried.

Anna (Paxson) Richardson

18.     William Richardson, (William2, Joseph1) was born in 1772 and died in 1832. He married Anna PAXSON, pictured to the right. She was the daughter of Joseph and Sarah (Rodman) Paxson. [This Joseph Paxson was a grandson of the brother of Mary Paxson who married the first Joseph Richardson, above.] Anna was born 6 January 1775 and died 26 September 1863.

William and Anna lived on Mineral Spring Farm in Middletown Township. They had two children. Both children and William had died by 1835. Without heirs, the now childless widow Anna turned to some relatives. She invited Samuel Harrison Paxson, her first cousin once removed, and his bride Sarah Paxson (married in 1836) the first cousin once removed of William Richardson, to join her on her 93 acre farm. The Paxson’s five children were born and raised on Mineral Spring Farm.

The farmhouse served at least once as a stop on the underground railroad. The story has come down in the family of hiding an escaped slave in the garret, and putting the sleigh bells up against the cover of his hiding place so that he would know if anyone had come near. He was not discovered, and was able to continue his journey.

Children of William and Anna (Paxson) Richardson:[Middletown MM recs]

29    i. Sarah Rodman Richardson, b. 25 July 1797; d. 10 Jan. 1826; unmarried.

30    ii. William Rodman Richardson, b. 6 Apr. 1801; d. 31 Oct. 1835 of "a pulmonary disease"; unmarried. He was treasurer of Middletown Meeting from 1833 to 1835 and at his death the meeting owed his estate $2.26.[Middletown MM minutes] The 1825 tax assessment noted that he had one horse and was taxed 26 cents. In 1835 he was assessed on 120 acres, 4 horses, 4 cows, a carriage, $1,000 in money and $660 in bank stock. He owed county tax of $12.83 and state tax of $3.88. William was a member of the second agricultural society in Bucks County, involved in its fair in 1827. He wrote his will 12 January 1832 when he was in a "delicate state of health" and left everything to his mother. It was probated 2 Dec. 1835. His mother and uncle John Paxson were executors. His estate included bonds, bank stock, a watch and silver worth $1,485; household goods valued at $468.50; stock worth $70; farming utensils worth $215; grain on hand worth $377; a dividend on bank stock of $26.40 for a total estate valued at $3,441.90. [Bucks Co. will file #6837; death notice in BC Intelligencer].

.     Joseph Richardson, (William2, Joseph1)  was born 28 July 1774. He died 2 December 1814. In 1798 he married Rebecca NEWBOLD, the daughter of Clayton and Mary (__) Newbold, of Springfield, NJ.

The young couple removed to Horsham Monthly Meeting in 1793, returning to Middletown in 1795. His certificate noted that he was "measurably orderly in Life and conversation, frequently attending religious meetings".[PMMM3:562, 2/9m/1795.] Joseph was moderately active in Middletown Meeting. Rebecca was quite active. She was named an elder in 1811, and recorded as a minister in 1821. After the separation she was part of the small Orthodox meeting.

Joseph was a farmer and tanner.

Children of Joseph and Rebecca (Newbold) Richardson:[Middletown MM recs]

31    i.     Mary Newbold Richardson, b. 20 July 1799 [Jean Over has her b. 29 July; the Mid. Mo. Mtg. rec lists her as Mary N., b. 7m/20.]; d. 5 May 1847; m. 20 Oct. 1825 at the Middletown meeting house Jacob D. STROUD of Stroudsville [Bucks County Intelligencer, 31 Oct. 1825.]; he was b. 28 Mar. 1799; d. 13 Feb. 1832. They removed in 1826 to Stroudsburg. She was described as "mild, amiable, and accomplished". Her obituary was in the Friend, 20(1847):280.

32    ii.     William Richardson, b. 6 Jan. 1801; unmarried. His father bequeathed him 70 acres in Middletown that his father had given him, plus a tanyard in Bridgetown when he reached the age of 21 years.

33    iii.    Elizabeth Richardson, b. 14 Sept. 1802; m. ca. 4m/1842 John Peck BALDERSTON of Baltimore, b. 1806, son of Hugh and Margaret (Wilson) Balderston. They removed in 1847 to Nottingham and Little Britain MM (Orthodox) in Chester County, Penna. They had one son:

a.   Joseph Hugh Balderston, b. 1843 in Colora, Cecil Co., Md.

34    iv.    Susannah Richardson, b. 23 Oct. 1804; d. 3 June 1861, age 57, bur. Rancocas; mar. 23 Oct. 1828 Daniel WILLS, b. 26 June 1803, son of Samuel and Grace (__) Wills; removed 1/1829 to Burlington Monthly Meeting (Orthodox). In 1850 Daniel was a farmer in with $18,000 worth of real estate in Westampton Township, Burlington Co., with his 86 year old father Samuel, 5 children, and 3 others. Two of the latter, Alfred Borton (14) and Jemima J. Peters (13) attended school. The third was Margaret Brown (22). [1850 for Westampton, Burlington Co., New Jersey; Roll M432_443; p. 252B, lines 25-25.] Her obituary was in the Friend, 35(1862):344, and his 52(1879):16, Daniel d. , age 75. The family was Orthodox. Daniel was an overseer in Rancocas Prep. Mtg. Children listed in Hinshaw, 2:188, 306, Burlington MM:

a.   George W. Wills, b. ca. 1828; d. 27/8m/1844, age 16, bur. Burlington. [find a grave]
b.   Ann Wills, b. 10/3m/1830; living at home in 1850; mar. 12/11m/1856 at Rancocas Meeting house Joseph W. LIPPINCOTT, son of Joseph B. and Hephzibah (__) of Burlington Co. [Hinshaw, 2:306]
c.   William R. Wills, b. 5/10m/1831; living at home and working as a farmer in 1850;
d.   Elizabeth R. Wills, b. 20/12m/1833; d. 13/4m/1879 "of a lingering illness"; mar. 14/10m/1863 at Rancocas Meeting house George D. HILYARD, son of John and Ann W. of New York City; they lived in NYC; in her final illness, Elizabeth, "this dear Frd was permitted to pass through much mental conflict, as well as great bodily suffering, she was favored to feel an evidence of acceptance with her Saviour...". [The Friend, death notice, Vol. , p. 344.]
e.   Susanna Wills, b. 16/11m/1835; d. 31/3m/1838
f.   Clayton N. Wills, b. 21/10m/1839; attending school in 1850; granted cert. from Burlington MM to WDMM in Philadelphia 5/3m/1863;
g.   George W. Wills, b. 29/4m/1843 [Burlington & Rancocas MM Membership List, 1831] h. Hannah C. Wills, b. 14/12m/1846; mar. __ Scattergood; cert. to NDMM in Philadelphia 19/10m/1886; cert. to Birmingham MM, Penna., 6/1m/1887;

35    v.     Clayton N. Richardson, b. 20 Dec. 1806; m. Susan Gillam SLACK (1806-1868). Disowned by Middletown Orthodox Meeting in 1831. They had 7 children.

36    vi.    Hannah Richardson, b. 5 Nov. 1808; d. 29 July 1895, bur. Friends Southwestern Burial Ground, Upper Darby, Del. Co., Penna.; m. 3 Nov. 1835 Josiah Hewes NEWBOLD, b. 2 Nov. 1812, d. 23 Sept. 1893, son of Michael and Margaret (SHOEMAKER) Newbold. They removed in 1829 to Northern District Monthly Meeting in Philadelphia. In 1850 they were living in Philadelphia, Josiah was a merchant with $2,500 worth of real estate. Elizabeth CRANE (30) also lived with them. [1850 federal census for Spring Garden Ward 3, Precinct 1, Philadelphia, Penna., Roll M432_818, p. 524B, lines 24-29.] Her obituary was the Friend, 38(1863):264, and his in 67 (1894):120. Both were Orthodox. They had 5 children:[Children from Rash's Surname List, accessed 9/23/2015, dates from]

a.   William Richardson Newbold, b. 1836, m. 1858 Rebecca HEALY.
b.   Margaret Newbold, b. May 5, 1838; d. Aug. 17, 1839, bur. Friends Southwest Burial Ground.
c.   James S. Newbold, b. 1840; d. 1900, bur. Fallsington Friends Cemetery; mar. 1869 Emeline PARSONS (1841-1927, also bur. in Fallsington); attended school in 1850;
d.   Anna Newbold, b. July 27, 1843; d. Sept. 14, 1844, bur. Friends Southwest Burial Ground.
e.   Wistar Newbold, b. Aug. 29, 1849; d. Jan. 7, 1909, bur. Friends Southwest Burial Ground; mar. 1871 Josephine COOPER (1846-1929);

37    vii.   Ann Richardson, b. 28 Sept. 1810; d. 26 Nov. 1812.

38    viii.  Joseph N. Richardson, b. 7 May 1812; d. 15 Nov. 1812.

39    ix.   Joseph Richardson, twin, b. 4 Aug. 1813; d. 1 May 1814.

40    x.    Rebecca Richardson, twin, b. 4 Aug. 1813; m. William Handy BALDERSTON, b. 14 July 1815, d. 25 May 1886, son of Hugh and Margaret (Wilson) Balderston, brother of John who m. Rebecca's older sister Elizabeth. In 1829 Rebecca removed to Northern District MM in Philadelphia. Her obituary was in the Friend, 46 (1873):144. Rebecca was Orthodox. They had at least three children:

a.   Francis Balderston,
b.   Emily Balderston,
c.   John P. Balderston.

23.    Thomas Richardson3, son of William2 (Joseph1) and Elizabeth (Jenks) Richardson, was born 16 December 1787, and died 8 February 1823. Thomas married Abigail E. BLACKWOOD in Haddonfield, NJ in 1818. Abigail died 31 March 1822. She was received in Middletown Meeting on a certificate of removal from Haddonfield in 1819, along with Ann Blackwood, a minor (I'm guessing Ann was her sister). [Middletown MM minutes]

money bag of Thomas Richardson

Thomas was a merchant and farmer in Middletown. The photograph to the right shows his money bag, marked, "T. Richardson, Middletown, Bucks Co., 1821".

After his death at just two months past his 35th birthday, his house and farm were sold.

Child of Thomas and his wife Abigail (Blackwood) Richardson:

41.    i. John B. Richardson4, b. 8/8/1819; d. either before 4/2m/1826 or on 7/3m/1828 [the latter date according to Middletown MM recs].

Fourth generation

24.     Joshua Richardson4, (Joseph3, Joshua2, Joseph1), son of  Joseph and Mary (Dixon) Richardson,  was born 6 March 1803 in Attleboro, and died in the late spring of 1874. Joshua married twice. First, on 15 October 1835 he married Mary Carpenter HUNT, born 9 October 1805, the daughter of James and Mary Wyatt (CARPENTER) Hunt. [Bucks County Intelligencer, 21 Oct. 1835.] Mary died in childbirth, 18 July 1836, aged thirty years, nine months, and nine days. The baby did not survive, either. Joshua married secondly on 15 March 1838 Mary KNIGHT, daughter of Joshua and Jane (BUNTING) Knight of Lower Makefield. Joshua Knight was the son of John and Margery (PAXSON) Knight.[Davis, Hist. of Bucks Co., 3:256.] The photographs below are of Joshua Richardson and Mary (Knight) Richardson. On the map of Attleboro (Langhorne) in 1860, unfortunately, it is a bit hard to decipher the Richardson holdings.

Joshua attended the Friends school in Attleboro, and helped work his father's farm. He liked farming, and continued it as his life occupation. [Davis, Hist. of Bucks Co., 3:255-6.]

In the 1850 census Joshua was enumerated as a 47 year old farmer on real estate worth $3,400 with hs wife Mary (39), three children all in school, and 20 year old Mary MONEY from Ireland, presumably a servant. [1850 federal census for Middletown Twp., Bucks Co., Penna., roll M432_758, page 326B, lines 15-20, seen 11m/7/2014. By the 1860 census the farm was valued at $6,000 and Joshua also had $6,000 worth of personal property. Son Joseph was now an "Assist. Farmer", and 95 year old Jane Richardson lived with the family. Ann ETTINGER, a 27 year old nurse, lived there, too, presumably caring for Jane.[1860 federal census for Middletown Twp., Bucks Co., Penna., roll M653_1085, page 462, lines 35-40, and p. 463, line 1, seen 11m/7/2014.

Apparently Joshua kept a journal, although as far as I know it has never been published. It is apparently in the Historic Langhorne Association archives.

Joshua signed his will on 13 May 1873, naming his wife Mary, children Joseph, Edward, and Mary Jane Richardson. He also mentioned his grandson Joshua and his brother Samuel.

Mary was enumerated in the 1880 US federal census as a 69 year old widow, keeping house for her son, Edward, who was a farmer in Langhorne. Mary's daughter Mary J., age 36, was also living there, along with an African-American servant, 25-year old Lottie ANTHONY. [1880 census as transcribed on, NA Film T9-1106, page 318A, seen 7/31/2007.]

Mary signed her will on 17 April 1882. She described herself as the widow of Joshua, living in Langhorne Borough. She remembered her four grandchildren: Margaret, Mary R., Samuel, and Joshua, all the children of Joseph and Hannah G. Richardson. She also mentioned her three children, Joseph, Edward, and Mary J. Richardson. Her sons Joseph and Edward were named executors. It was witnessed by Jonathan W. GILLAM and John S. MITCHELL. The will was proved 8 March 1883. [Thomas G. Myers, Bucks County Pennsylvania Will Abstracts, 1870-1900 (Westminster, Md.: Willow Bend Books, 2002), 194, citing Bucks Co. Will Bk. 22, p. 26, file #15811.]

The children of Joshua and Mary (Knight) Richardson: [Middletown MM recs.]

42    i. Joseph Richardson5, b. 14 Mar. 1839; listed as "in school" in 1850, and as "Assist. Farmer" in 1860; married 16 Feb. 1865 Hannah Gillingham ROWLAND; 4 children.

43    ii. Edward Richardson, b. 4 Apr. 1841 [Davis sez b. 21 Apr.]; d. 3 Jan. 1917; unmarried. Edward attended the Friends School and the Bucks County Academy in Langhorne, listed as "in school" in 1850 and 1860. He was a farmer.[Davis, Hist. of Bucks Co., 3:256] Living with his sister and mother in 1880 census. By 1900 Edward was a bachelor farmer in Middletown with his unmarried sister keeping house. [1900 federal census for Middletown Twp., roll 1385, ED 23, page 13A, lines 33-36, seen 11m/8/2014.]

44    iii. Mary Jane Richardson, b. 7 Mar. 1844; d. 12 Jan. 1917; unmarried. Attended the Friends school and Bucks County Academy, listed as "in school" in 1850 and 1860.[Davis, Hist. of Bucks Co., 3:256.] Living with her brother Edward and mother in the 1880 census, and keeping house for her brother in 1900.

          Edward Richardson                           Mary Jane Richardson

Sarah Richardson Paxson

27.     Sarah Richardson4, (Joseph3, Joshua2, Joseph1), daughter of Joseph and Mary (Dixon) Richardson, was born 22 4th Month 1812 and died 3 12th Month 1903. On 12 Fifth Month 1836 Sarah and Samuel H. PAXSON were married. They were invited to live at Mineral Springs Farm in Middletown Township, by Anna (Paxson) Richardson, Samuel's aunt.

In the 1880 federal census, Sarah was a 68-year old widow living in Langhorne with her widowed daughter, 37-year old Anna PALMER, and granddaughter, 15-year old Sarah E. Palmer. [ 1880 census as transcribed on, NA Film T9-1106, page 316B, seen 7/31/2007.]

Children of Samuel H. and Sarah (Richardson) Paxson:

i. Mary Richardson Paxson5, b. 18 Mar. 1837; d. 12 Oct. 1867 at the age of 30; unmarried; slightly active in Middletown Meeting.

ii. John Paxson, b. 27 Mar. 1841; d. 3 June 1907 in Newtown; m. Tacie Long; a physician; res. Newtown. His obit is in Friends Intelligencer, 64:398; hers 85:801. She d. in 1928; John does not seem to have transferred his membership to Newtown Meeting. They had no children.

iii. Anna Richardson Paxson, b. 27 Apr. 1843; d. 23 Oct. 1898; m. 22 Oct. 1863 Joseph Palmer. He was b. 23 Oct. 1840; d. 23 May 1872. Anna was asked to serve on 5 meeting committees. They had a daughter, Sarah ("Sallie") Palmer who m. Thomas L. ALLEN.

iv. William Rodman Paxson, b. 16 Apr. 1846; d. 15 Aug. 1894; m. 30 Apr. 1874 his distant cousin from Solebury, Catharine Paxson, the daughter of Howard and Mary (Small) Paxson. Had three children.

v. Sarah Paxson, b. 17 Aug. 1851; d. 24 Apr. 1864.

28.    John Dixon Richardson4, (Joseph3, Joshua2, Joseph1), son of Joseph and Mary (Dixon) Richardson,  was born 24 January 1815, and died 27 July 1842. He never married. John was a physician. A tiny daguerreotype of him has come down in the family.

He signed his will in July 1842, and it was probated 12 August that year.[Bucks Co. will file #7724]

photograph of Clayton N. Richardson 35.
    Clayton Newbold Richardson4, (Joseph3, William2, Joseph1), son of Joseph and Rebecca (Newbold) Richardson, was born 20 December 1806. [Phila. YM Records, "Births 1728-1935", FHL, MR Ph301.] He died in Philadelphia on 6 February 1893 at the age of 89 and was buried the next day in Mount Vernon Cemetery. ["Pennsylvania, Philadelphia City Death Certificates, 1803-1915." Index. FamilySearch, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2008, 2010. From originals housed at the Philadelphia City Archives. "Death Records." seen 11m/7/2014.] He was married in December 1829 to Susan Gillam SLACK, both of Middletown, by William Milnor, Mayor. [Bucks County Intelligencer, 28 Dec. 1829.]

His father bequeathed Clayton the farm he had been living on, plus 16 acres purchased from John WATSON. In an effort not to have to sell the land in order to make cash distributions, Clayton was to pay $2,000 to his mother, and once he came of age, to pay her $100 per year as long as she remained a widow. His brother William was also to pay her $100 a year.[Bucks Co. Will Book 8:443, file #4063.]

Clayton was disowned by the Orthodox Middletown Meeting in 1831 for hitting a man in anger, apparently with an axle. The story is that the man he struck had refused to take off his hat to Clayton's wife. Clayton was about 25 years old. Thereafter he disappears from Friends' records and it becomes more difficult to trace him.

This photograph of Clayton was taken later in his life. My thanks to Jean Over for it.

On 25 March 1835 Clayton and Susan, with the permission of his mother Rebecca, sold to John WATSON the land that Clayton's father had inherited. Presumably this was either the farm on which Clayton was raised or the 16 acres Joseph had purchased from John Watson and bequeathed to Clayton -- or both. The indenture is on vellum, witnessed by Mordecai Y. BRYANT, Rebecca Richardson, and Preston C. FIRTH, is in the FHL at Swarthmore. [My thanks to Jean Over for this information.]

In the 1850 census Clayton was listed as a tanner in the "District of Penn", in Philadelphia, with $3,000 worth of real estate. He and Susan were 44, and their 7 children were living with them. [1850 census for Penn, Philadelphia, roll M432_820, page 94B, lines 10-18, seen 11m/8/2014.]

Something interesting was going on by the 1860 census. Clayton was absent. The head of the house was 23 year old William N. Richardson, a merchant with $500 worth of personal property. His mother Susan E. was 56, listed as a Domestic. The other children were present, only Rachel and Susan still in school, and 19 year old George not listed with any occupation. [1860 federal census for the 4th Ward, West Division, Philadelphia, roll M653_1154, page 934, lines 22-28, seen 11m/8/2014.] Had Clayton succumbed to Gold Fever and gone off to California searching for riches? In 1861 he had enlisted as a fifer in the 26th Regiment, Pennsylvania Infantry. By the 1870 census he was 60, living in a boarding house at 4803 Frankford Ave., Philadelphia. [1870 federal census for the 23rd Ward, District 4, Philadelphia, 2nd enumeration, roll M593_1438, page 601A, line 32, seen 11m/8/2014.] Susan, meanwhile, with $300 worth of personal property, was living with Rachel (23), George (29, a carpenter) and married daughter Rebecca d'ESTONAUVILLE (37) and Rebecca's son Fred (5, whose father was not born in the USA). Annie ASKAN, a 23 year old "Saleslady" born in England rounded out the household. [1870 federal census for the 13th Ward, District 39, Philadelphia, 2nd enumeration, roll M593_1438, page 601A, lines 33-38, seen 11m/8/2014.]

In the 1880 federal census, Susan G. listed herself as widowed or divorced (there was only a single category for both on the census form). She was 74, living with her youngest daughter in New Castle, Delaware. Susan was 31, her husband Henry B. NONES was 49, a Chief Engineer USW. Next door lived Anna Rachel NONES, his widowed mother, Mary W. Ralston (32) his sister, and Wash. W. Ralston (14, in school) her son, and Annie SHOCKLEY, a 25 year old black servant. [1880 federal census for Wilmington, New Castle County, Del., roll 119, ED 15, page 381A, lines 12-18, seen 11m/8/2014.] At the same time, Clayton Richardson was enumerated as a 73-year old married gardener, living in the 23rd Ward of Philadelphia with three unmarried sisters, Anna (age 52), Martha (age 47), and Rachel R. SHADE (age 43). Two single men in their 20s who were printers also lived there, Sprague D. HOLDEN and John NASH. Clayton's father was listed as having been born in Pennsylvania, and his mother in New Jersey, which computes. But how or why he ended up in a Philadelphia boarding house is unclear. He considered himself still married but Susan did not. [1880 census for 23rd Ward, District 15, Philadelphia, as transcribed on, NA Film T9-1182, page 195A, seen 7/31/2007.] At the time of his death in 1893 his occupation was listed on the death certificate as "farmer". ["Pennsylvania, Philadelphia City Death Certificates, 1803—1915." Index. FamilySearch, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2008, 2010. From originals housed at the Philadelphia City Archives. "Death Records." seen 11m/7/2014.]

Children of Clayton N. and Susan Gillam (Slack) Richardson:[Information on Elizabeth has been kindly sent to me by their descendants, Nancy and Ted Over; the others are from the census.]

45    i.    Elizabeth Newbold Richardson5, b. 15 Oct. 1830; d. 12 Mar. 1893, bur. Ivy Hill Cemetery, Philadelphia; mar. 8 Mar. 1861 Louis Randall MERSHON, son of Randall and Henrietta (Clemens) Mershon of Philadelphia, by the Rev. John A. McKean. [Bucks County Intelligencer, 9 July. 1861.] Louis was b. 4 Oct. 1828., d. 1918. A Louis Mershon was stationed at Fort Randall, Nebraska Territory (South Dakota), in Sept 1863. In the 1880 US Census, Philadelphia in District 591, Louis was living with his wife Elizabeth, Jenny, Laura, Susie Mershon (half-sister) Amelia Richardson (cousin) and William Smith (something other than a direct relation). Occupation given as "Contractor". In the the 1890 Philadelphia City Directory Randall was a foreman and lived at 4848 Pulaski Ave., Germantown. That block in Germantown was rebuilt with detached homes in 1930. [My thanks to Jean Over for this information.] They had two daughters:
a)    Elizabeth Richardson Mershon, called Jenny, b. 1861 in Newtown; d. 26 Aug. 1936 in Wyncote; m(1) 24 Sept. 1884 George William PUGH (b. 13 Feb. 1858 in Kidderminster, Worcestershire, U.K.; d. 1895 in Phila. of scarlet fever), had 4 children; m(2) Edgar S. KIDDER 4 Oct. 1904 (he was b. ca. 1859 and d. ca. 1929 in Phila. The Kidders had a foster son, Almon Kidder.

b)    Laura Mershon, b. 1864 in Newtown; d. 22 Feb. 1958 in Virginia Beach, Va.; m(1) Frederick Clifton Vail (b. 31 July 1875) and had two children: Lawrence Vail and June Vail. At one point Frederick was a phys. ed. instructor at George School. After his death Laura m(2) George Stroud VAIL (b. 29 Apr. 1865, d. 4 May 1914 in San Francisco, Calif.; they had one child, Theodore Herbert Vail, b. 17 July 1899, d. Mar. 1984.
46    ii.    Rebecca N. Richardson, b. ca. 1833; d. 30 June 1929 in Lausanne, Switzerland, interred 17 Oct. 1929 in Woodlands Cemetery, Philadelphia; mar. (1) 15 Mar. 1864 to Frederick H. D'Estimauville, U.S.N., by the Rev. George Bringhurst at All Saints Church. [Bucks County Intelligencer, 22 Mar. 1864.] He was b. in 1835 in Canada, and d. 1865. They had a daughter. Rebecca mar. (2) James Wyllie, Jr. 19 Jan. 1874 in the Episcopal Church of the Ascension in Philadelphia. He was b. 1858(?) in Calcutta, India, and d. 1883. In the 1900 census Rebecca was a widow living with her daughter in Haverford Twp. She lived in Lausanne, Switzerland from 1910-1915. In 1918 she was living at 224 S. Euclid Ave., Pasadena, Calif. [Pasadena City Directory for 1918, p. 482.] She applied for a new passport in 1919 in San Francisco to go to Switzerland.
a)    Jeanne D'Estimauville, b. 20 Dec. 1864 in Philadelphia; d. Dec. 1939, bur. Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, Kings Co., N.Y. [] In the 1900 census Jeanne was living with her widowed mother in a boarding house in Haverford, Penna. She was a teacher, unmarried. [US federal census for 1900, Haverford Twp., Delaware Co., Penna., roll 1405, ED 170, p. 1A, lines 31-32.]
47    iii.   Joseph Richardson, b. ca. 1835; "in school" in 1850; in 1880 census Joseph was enumerated as a salesman aged 46, at 1042 Cooper St., Camden, NJ, with his wife Dora born in Germany, and children William (9), Susan (7), Amelia (6), Amanda (3), and Antanett (8 mo.). The last named was born in NJ, the rest in Penna. [1880 federal census for Camden, NJ, roll 1254773, ED 43, page 120B, lines 15-21, seen 11m/8/2014.] Is there a descendant who can help me with additional information?

48    iv.   William Richardson, b. ca. 1837; "in school" in 1850; a 23 year old merchant in Philadelphia in the 1860 census; did he marry? What became of him?

49    v.    George Richardson, b. ca. 1840;

51    vii.  Susan Richardson, b. 5 Jan. 1849; d. 23 Jan. 1929; m. 1871 Benjamin Henry NONES (b. May 1830); no children. In 1900 they lived in 7th Ward, Wilmington, Del., she was 51, Henry B. was 70, a retired naval officer, and 20 year old Mary LEE, a servant/cook born in Ireland. [1900 census for Wilmington, Ward 7, New Castle Co., Del., roll 155, ED 28, p. 3A, lines 9-11.] In 1920 Susan was a 71 year old widow living in what was some sort of boarding or apartment house at 1303 Jackson St., Wilmington. [1920 census for Wilmington, Ward 7, New Castle Co., Del., roll T625_203, ED 71, p. 11B, line 68.]

Fifth Generation

42.    Joseph5 Richardson (Joshua4, Joseph3, Joshua2, Joseph1) son of Joshua and Mary (Knight) was born 14 March 1839, and died 17 July 1910. He married at the residence of her father by Quaker ceremony on 16 February 1865 Hannah Gillingham ROWLAND, daughter of William D. and Margaret G. Rowland of Middletown. [Bucks County Intelligencer, 14 Mar. 1865.]

Joseph attended the Friends School and Bucks County Academy in Langhorne, and Foulk's boarding school in Gwynedd. At the age of 21 the 1860 census listed him as an assistant farmer, presumably on his father's farm. He was a farmer the rest of his life. [Davis, Hist. of Bucks Co., 3:256.]

The 1870 census valued his land at $6,000. He and Hannah had 3 small children. Farm laborer Zebulon DACRE (37), and domestic servant Susan HIGGS (18) helped with the work. [1870 federal census for Middletown Twp., Bucks Co., Penna., roll M593_1313, page 364A, lines 11-17, seen 11m/7/2014.]

In the 1880 US census for Middletown Township, Bucks County, Joseph was enumerated as a 42-year old farmer living with his 40-year old wife Hannah. Their four children were living with them: Margaret (14), Mary R. (13), Samuel (12) and Joshua (7). The younger three were in school. The household also included 24-year old Sarah WORTHINGTON, a Pennsylvania-born servant, and Samuel P. PRICE, a 14-year old African American, also born in Pennsylvania, who worked on the farm. [1880 census as transcribed on, NA Film T9-1106, page 361B, seen 11m/8/2007.]

In 1900 Joseph was 61, still farming. Hannah was 58, married 35 years, and had borne 4 children, all of them still living. Unmarried 32 year old daughter Mary R. lived with them as did Hannah's 86 year old widowed mother, Margaret ROWLAND. [1900 federal census for Middletown Twp., roll 1385, ED 23, page 13A, lines 33-36, seen 11m/8/2014.]

In the 1910 census Joseph (71) was retired, living on South Bellevue Avenue in Langhorne with his wife Hannah G. (68) and his daughter Mary R. (42) and her husband Edwin S. PARRY (45) and John E. Parry (76) marked as Joseph's brother-in-law, but clearly his daughter's father-in-law. Edwin was a merchant with a General Store, and John was a clerk in the store. [1910 federal census for Middletown Twp., Bucks Co., roll T624_1320, ED 23, page 7A, lines 10-14, seen 11m/8/2014.]

Joseph died 17 July 1910 in his daughter and son-in-law's house where he and Hannah had been living. Hannah died the following year.

Joseph and his wife Hannah had four children: [Davis, Hist. of Bucks Co., 3:256; the first three also in Middletown MM recs.]

52    i.    Margaret R. Richardson6, b. 23 Feb. 1866; d. 10 Sept. 1932; m. 23 Jan. 1890 Newton May COMLY; they had 6 children who all attended public schools in Bustleton. [Children from, seen 5/27/2008. This link no longer seems operable, 6/2015.]
a) Rowland Richardson Comly, b. December 23, 1890;
b) Bessie May Comly, b. Feb. 1892;
c) Edith Rosier Comly, b. 17 July 1894;
d) John Byron Comly, b. 17 June 1896;
e) Mary Richardson Comly, b. 14 July 1897;
f) Helen Maud Comly, b. 18 February 1899;

53    ii.     Mary Rowland Richardson, b. 13 July 1867; d. 18 Aug. 1915, bur. Newtown Cemetery, Bucks Co., Penna.; m. Edwin L. PARRY (1862-1916), son of John E. Parry; Edwin's first wife was Sara HILLBORN, daughter of Cyrus Hillborn of Newtown, d. in 1900 of burns; their only daughter d. ca. 1906. He was a shopkeeper in Langhorne and postmaster for two terms, a trustee of the fire company, director in the building and loan association, borough auditor, and Republican County committeeman. After the death of his second wife Mary, Edwin's health collapsed. He killed himself 25 Feb. 1916. [undated newspaper clipping on find-a-grave, seen 10/28/2015.]

54    iii.    Samuel R. Richardson, b. 25 Feb. 1869; d. 18 Oct. 1951; m. Sarah HIBBS.

55    iv.    Joshua Richardson, b. 12 Nov. 1872; d. 19 Nov. 1945; m. Marian OSMOND; attended Pierce's Business College in Phila.; had some children.

Sixth Generation

Margaret Richardson Comly

52.    Margaret R. Richardson6, the daughter of Joseph5 (Joshua4, Joseph3, Joshua2, Joseph1) and Hannah Gillingham (ROWLAND) Richardson, was born 23 February [Davis sez 3 Feb.] 1866 and died on 10 September 1932. She married on 23 January 1890 Newton May COMLY of Philadelphia. He was born 31 January 1865 in Bustleton, Philadelphia County, the son of John and Emaline (RIDGE) Comly. He died 28 February 1922, age 57 years, 1 month, buried in W,. Penn Cemetery, Bustleton. [Byberry Mo. Mtg. Records.] My thanks to Ginger Johnson for the photographs of Margaret and Newton.[e mail 2/2014]

Margaret attended public school and the Friends School in Langhorne.

Newton May Comly

In the 1900 census Newton was a farmer on Ashton Road, in Philadelphia's Ward 35, with his wife, 6 children, and a large staff. Florence LEE (18) was the children's nurse, Annie SHARP (55) had come from Ireland 20 years earlier, had given birth to 14 children of whom 6 were living (but not with her). There were four farm laborers: Gotlieb GREEN, 33, from Germany 4 years earlier; John CRAVEN, 35, from New York, Maxwell WINKLER 33, from Germany 10 years, Paul WOLF, 27, from Austria 3 years; there were two florists, Hiram MARTIN 47, born in Penna,, and Fred G. ELY, 21, from Germany 2 years earlier. [1900 federal for Philadelphia County, Penna., roll 1477, ED 909, page 5B, lines 96-100, and next page, lines 1-11.]

Children of Newton May and Margaret R. (Richardson) Comly, all born in Bustleton. [Birth dates from Exeter Mo. Mtg. Records, Berks Co., Penna.; spouses from Rash's Surname Index unless otherwise stated.]

i.   Rowland Richardson Comly, b. 23 Dec. 1890; attended the Manual Training School in Philadelphia; m. 7 June 1922 Frances S. FLEMMING. [Davis, Hist. of Bucks Co., 3:256.]

ii.   Elizabeth May "Bessie May" Comly, b. 11 Feb. 1892; m. 1916 Wayne Standley EVANS; attended George School in Newtown, Pa.; had 4 children:[My thanks to Kelsey Sullivan, e mail, 1/31/2007; and for corrections from Wayne Standley Evans, e mail 11m/7/2014.]
a) Rowland Comly Evans, b. 14 June 1921; d. 28 Dec. 1975; m. Henrietta Harvey LATTA; had 3 children;
b) Wayne Standley Evans, Jr.; m. Helen Ida SCHERNECK; had 6 children, all boys;
c) Anne S. Evans;
d) Samuel W. Evans III.
iii.   Edith Bosler Comly, b. 17 July 1894; d. 1987, bur. William Penn Cemetery; unmarried.

iv.   Joseph Byron Comly, b. 17 June 1896; m. 18 Jan. 1919 Anna F. HARDING; had children born in Bustleton:
a) Joseph Byron Comly, Jr. [listed as Byron J. in 1920 census], b. 29 Jan. 1920; d. 9 Sept. 2008 in Schwenksville, Penna.; m. June Rose EAVIS. Joseph attended public schools in Bustleton; staff sergeant in the Army Air Corps during World War II. They owned the Comly Flower Shop in Bustleton until retiring in 1981 when they moved to East Greenville; member of St. Luke's Episcopal Church [My thanks to Ginger (Comly) Johnson, e mail 4/24/2007, for Joseph's correct name.]
b) Margaret Richardson Comly, b. 4 Oct. 1921; m. Allen BEAUMONT; in 2008 resided in Englewood, Fla.
c) Edward Harding Comly, b. 6 Aug. 1921; d. 25 Apr. 2012; m(1) Anne CURRY (24 Feb. 1924 - Sept. 1971); m(2) June (__) VADERS 6 May 1924 - 23 Jan. 1996); life-long member of the Memorial Church of St. Luke; in the US Army in World War II; 3 sons and a step-daughter.
v.    Mary Richardson Comly, b. 14 July 1897, bur. William Penn Cemetery, Philadelphia; m. Frank SHALLCROSS; attended George School in Newtown, Pa.;

vi.   Helen Margarete Comly, b. 18 Feb. 1899; d. 1999, bur. William Penn Cemetery, Philadelphia; m. 1921 Thomas Ford BIDDLE (b. 30 Aug. 1895; d. 6 June 1970, bur. William Penn Cemetery), son of George W. and Sarah Ann (Ford) Biddle. Helen attended George School in Newtown, Pa.. Thomas was a farmer in Bustleton. They had 3 sons:
a) Thomas F. Biddle, Jr., b. Oct. 1922
b) William Biddle, b. Dec. 1924
c) James Biddle, b. Dec. 1925

Sam Richardson

Samuel R.6 Richardson, son of Joseph5 (Joshua4, Joseph3, Joshua2, Joseph1) and Hannah Gillingham (ROWLAND) Richardson, was born 25 February 1869, and died 18 October 1951. He married Sarah HIBBS.

Samuel attended public schools and the Middletown Friends School in Langhorne, completing 8 years of school.[Davis, Hist. of Bucks Co., 3:256.] He was 14 years old when his grandmother, Mary (Knight) Richardson died and remembered him in her will.

Samuel and Joshua took on as housekeeper Catherine Paxson, a widowed cousin who needed a place. On 5 June 1900 the federal census enumerator listed her there. Her two daughters were listed as boarders, Marion employed as a school teacher and Anna was "at college". Samuel was unmarried, 31 years old. His brother Joshua was 27, also unmarried. Included in the household was Joseph HENZEY, a 24 year old "servant-farm laborer". [1900 census, enumeration district 23, sheet no. 5, as shown on] The boys' mother lived with their sister in Langhorne.

Samuel married Sarah Hibbs in 1910.

In the 1920 federal census Samuel was living in Newtown, Bucks County, with his wife Sarah (age 55), her sister Mabel W. HIBBS (age 52), and 15 year old J. Conard WATSON, a farm laborer. [1920 census for Newtown, roll T625_1542, ED 41, page 7B.]

It appears that Samuel and Sarah (Hibbs) Richardson had no children, or no surviving children.


6 Richardson, son of Joseph5 (Joshua4, Joseph3, Joshua2, Joseph1) and Hannah Gillingham (ROWLAND) Richardson, was born 12 November 1872, and died in 1945. When he was 37 he married Marion D. OSMOND; she was 25.

Joshua was eleven years old when his grandmother, Mary (Knight) Richardson, died and remembered him in her will.

Joshua attended public schools and the Middletown Friends School in Langhorne. He graduated from Pierce's Business College in Philadelphia. [Davis, Hist. of Bucks Co., 3:256.]

Joshu married Marian Osmond in 1910 and in the census that year the young couple were living with her parents on a rented farm on the Langhorne-Newtown Road. Joshua was listed as farming on his own account, while Franklin Osmond (48) was just listed as a farmer, and their hired man, German Paul Smith, worked for wages. [1910 US census for Middletown Twp., Bucks Co., Pa., roll T624_1320, ED 28, p. 9A, lines 6-10.]

In the 1930 federal census for Langhorne, Joshua was an inspector for the Highway Department, and Marion was District Manager for a silk underwear firm. Their three sons lived with them, all attending school. Marion's widowed father, 68 year old Frank C. OSMOND lived with them. He was employed as a caretaker for a private estate. The family lived in a rented house at 115 E. Maple Avenue. It cost $20 a month. [1930 census for Langhorne, Bucks Co., Penna., roll 2007, ED 33, page 5B.]

Children of Joshua and Marion D. (Osmond) Richardson:

56    i.     Joseph Rowland Richardson7, b. ca. 1912;

57    ii.    F. Earle Richardson, b. 20 July 1915; d. 23 July 2000 in Cumberland Co., Penna. [US Social Securiity Death Index, accessed 10/10/2015.]

58    iii.   V. Malcolm Richardson, b. ca. 1920;


An expanded hard-copy book about the Richardsons of what used to be called Four Lane's End, in Middletown Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, is available from, a print-on-demand company. It includes information on the Dixon and Preston families that connect to the Richardsons. The price is exactly the cost of printing and binding; I make no money on a sale.

'Yarrow', blockprint by Anne E. G. Nydam
"Yarrow", block print by Anne E.G. Nydam
copyright 1996, used with kind permission

See the Index of Collateral Lines.
Go to Paxson family home page.
Go to the top of this page.

Last updated 10m/17/2016.

If you have corrections and additions please let me know