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Nicotiana tabacumHoward Nicotiana tabacum

compiled and copyright by MJP Grundy, 2002
Nicotiana tabacum, from Chambers's Encyclopædia: A Dictionary of Universal Knowledge for the People
(Phila.: J. B. Lippincott Company, 1885), 9:462.

This page tells the story of four generations of Howards that are the direct line from Matthew (ca. 1609-ca. 1658) to Rachel (d. 1750) who married Charles Ridgely.

Some have said that our line traces back in fifteenth- and sixteenth-century England to Lord Thomas Hatton and his wife Lady Margaret Douglas. After Thomas's death, Margaret married Mathew, Earl of Lennox. Lord Hatton's grandson was Philip HowardA, who married Joan MARRIOTT.[1] However, not only is there NO proof for all this, there are documents that conclusively disprove it. I only mention it here in order to try to set the record straight. I am indebted to Meg McGath for the following: "Lady Margaret Douglas, the daughter of Archibald and Margaret Tudor, did not marry a Lord Thomas Hatton. It was thought that she married, in secret, Lord Thomas Howard. Margaret never had any children from her trysts with the Howard's. Her only known children were by Matthew Stuart, Earl of Lennox; one being the father of James I of England." Matthew was a great great grandson of James II of Scotland; Margaret was a niece of Henry VIII of England; both were Roman Catholic; their son Lord Darnley married his first cousin Mary, Queen of Scots.[2] None of these people are our ancestors in this line.

At least part of the mystery surrounding Matthew Howard's ancestry was the use by his son John Howard of a wax seal affixed to his 1695 will. To quote Fredric Z. Saunders, who has done a lot of research on this, the seal was identical to

the undifferenced arms of the HOWARD family of England, from which descended the Howard family of the Duke of Norfolk. The arms were on an escutheon, a bend between six cross crosslets fitchee. Illegal use of arms was a problem, both in England and America. The purpose of the Herald's Visitations in England in the 16th and 17th centuries were to determine those who did have right to display arms. Little, if any, effort was made by colonial governments to enforce laws regarding Heraldry. Contemporary with when John HOWARD wrote his will, a Mr. Gore, a carriage painter in Boston created arms for socialites there. Undifferenced usage of arms passed at death to a man's eldest son, other sons being allowed to use a differenced version of the arms. In that John HOWARD used the undifferenced, pre-1513 arms of the Ducal HOWARDs his usage was illegal according to the laws of Heraldry. Whether the Howard family of MD was entitled to use a differenced version of the Ducal arms is unknown.[2a]

If any reader spots errors on this page, or can provide new and documented information about the lives and immediate families of Matthew, John, John Jr., or Rachel, I would be very grateful if you would e mail me at .

Immigrant Generation

Our Matthew Howard1 was presumably born in England perhaps ca. 1609 and died in Maryland about 1658. However, no proof of his parentage has been found.

A Matthew Howard emigrated to Virginia in the 1630s. There are a few traces of him in surviving records. In 1635 he sued a Mr. EVANS. In May 1638 Matthew and his wife Ann were granted land in Lower Norfolk County, Virginia, on the western branch of the Elizabeth River, bounded on the north by Broad Creek. In the immediate vicinity were grants to Robert TAYLOR, Edward LLOYD, Richard OWEN, and Cornelius LLOYD. The year before, Matthew Howard had with him "two persons unnamed", one of whom might have been a 17 or 18-year old Edward DORSEY. In 1645 he was executor for the will of Richard HALL, Virginia merchant. Richard Hall signed his will in Virginia 1 August 1648; it was proved 16 November that year. In it Richard left practically everything to Matthew Howard and his children.[3] Presumably this Richard Hall had no wife or children to inherit his estate. map of Severn River area showing some early settlers' holdings

Eventually a Matthew Howard and his wife Ann moved on to Middle Neck Hundred, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, apparently with their friend Edward Lloyd. Whether or not this is the same Matthew who was living in Virginia has not yet been proved. Anyway, a Matthew received a certificate to lay out 650 acres named "Howard" on 3 July 1650 on the southside of the Severn River, near a creek called Marsh's, beginning at a place called "Howard's Hollow". He also got another tract with 3,500 acres "running with Howard's Swamp". But it was not patented. The story is made somewhat more complicated by the fact that there are records of seven different men named John Howard who emigrated to Maryland between 1641 and 1679.[4]

Several of the Howards' friends and neighbors became Friends after 1655, although I have not found evidence that Matthew and Ann did. However, some of their children married Friends. Son Samuel married Catherine, the daughter of John and Elizabeth (Harris) WARNER. Unfortunately for the desire to be related, there is no compelling proof that this Elizabeth HARRIS was the Friends minister who first established Quakerism in Maryland.[5]

As usual, traces of community networks can be found in legal documents of the time. Matthew and William HOPKINS appraised the estate of Abraham DAWSON in Anne Arundel County on 9 April 1677. Matthew's loans showed up after the borrowers died. He had lent money to Quinton PARKER (estate inventoried in June 1676), Abraham Dawson (April 1677), and George Norman (1 September 1677).[6]

Matthew died about 1658 in Anne Arundel County. Cornelius LLOYD witnessed his will, in which he left property to his wife Ann, and to Elizabeth, John, Samuel, Matthew, and Cornelius Howard, his children. Philip was born posthumously. In 1659 Edward LLOYD surveyed a tract on the Severn, "Howardstone" for Philip Howard, orphan.[7]

Children of Matthew Howard, perhaps incomplete, order uncertain. The Biographical Dictionary lists males first, in this order, Samuel, John, Cornelius, Matthew, and Philip, followed by the females, Elizabeth, Ann, and Mary. I have put them in the order in which Fredric Saunders placed them, based on Richard HALL's will:[8]

  1. Elizabeth Howard2, b. ca. 1639; d. by 1672; m. Henry RIDGELY (d. 1710), b. in Devonshire and emigrated as a free adult in 1659. He m(2) ca. 1672 Alice SKINNER. Henry was illiterate, planter, merchant, Anglican who was a major contributor to building the church in Queen Anne's parish, Prince George's Co. He was a justice and served in the Lower House 1692-93. He was capt., major, and finally lt. col. from 1694-99. His estate was valued at �3,186.12.6 and included 32 slaves.[9]

  2. Matthew Howard, Jr., b. ca. 1641; d. 1691/2; m. Sarah DORSEY, sister of our John Dorsey of Hockley-in-the-Hole, Anne Arundel Co. Matthew signed his will 3 Oct. 1691 and it was pr. 12 Jan. 1691/2 in Anne Arundel Co.; in it he mentioned John, Jr. Children of Matthew and Sarah (order uncertain):[10]
    a) John Howard3, b. ca. 1666; d. 6 Dec. 1702, bur. St. Margaret's, Westminster Parish, Anne Arundel Co.; m. Susannah ROCKHOULD; she m(2) William CROUCH. John had two sons: Lemuel Howard4 (d. 1759) and Abner Howard (b. 28 Feb. 1700/1, d.y.). Lemuel mar. twice and had a son Benjamin Howard5 who m(1) 7 Oct. 1755 Sarah Bond, sister of Hannah Bond, and had a daughter Anne Howard (1758-1832). [My thanks to Trish Holford for information on the Bond/Onion families, e mail 12m/2/2014.]

    b) Samuel Howard, b. ca. 1668; d. between 1687 and 1691.

    c) Matthew Howard, b. ca. 1675?; d. 1750; res. in Kent Co.; m(1) 26 Oct. 1714 Mary (__) widow of both __ KENNARD and George BROWNING; Mary d. 1736; Matthew m(2) Elizabeth __, a Quaker. Matthew Jr. was a Protestant, carpenter, vestryman 1727-29, and served in the Lower House 1732-34. His estate was valued at �446.16.4 current money and included books, eight enslaved people, and one servant. His widow Elizabeth m(2) William REDGRAVE; m(3) William DELEHUNTE; Matthew had children: James, John, Susan, Hannah, Martha, and Ann, as well as stepchildren from Mary's previous marriages.

    d) Sarah Howard, b. ca. 1672; m(1) Capt. John WORTHINGTON (1650-1701), who had emigrated to Md. prior to 1675, via Virginia. John purchased "Greenberry Forest" from Col. Nicholson GREENBERRY, and lived there a short time. He was a planter and merchant, coroner and justice in Anne Arundel Co., and represented the County in the Lower House. He was appointed to a special commission on relations with the Indians. John was Protestant, called a "halfe churchman" and accused of being "very great with the Quakers" in 1700. A week before he died he gave his wife and children twelve enslaved people. He died 9 Apr. 1701, holding 1,900 acres; his estate was valued at �638.18.8. Sarah m(2) John BRICE (d. 1713, bur. Westminster Parish), probably immigrated from England as a free man in 1696; Anglican; planter, factor and agent for Benjamin Halsey & Company of England in 1706; merchant; served in the Lower House from Anne Arundel Co. 1709; justice; coroner; d. Dec. 1713, with estate of £4,496.14.11 sterling including 10 enslaved people; owned over 2,543 acres; had a son John who m. Sarah, daughter of James FRISBY (1684-1719); daughters Ann (1708-1765) m. 1721 Vachel DENTON; and Rachel (1711-1781) m. Philip HAMMOND (1697-1760).[11]

  3. Cornelius Howard, b. ca. 1643, probably in Virginia; d. 1680; m. Elizabeth __; emigrated as a free adult in 1659 from Virginia to Anne Arundel Co. He was Protestant, planter, justice, elected to the Lower House from Anne Arundel Co. 1671-1674/5. He was an ensign in the militia 1661. He had 420 ac. "Howard's Heirship" on Lord Baltimore's Rent Roll, 26 Jan. 1662. Cornelius signed his will 15 April 1680 and it was pr. 15 Oct. in Anne Arundel Co. His estate was settled 28 Oct. 1680, valued at 53,515 lbs. of tobacco and included 2 servants and over 1,370 acres. The list of debts included Andrew NORWOOD, Charles STEVENS, Philip HOWARD, and Richard WARFIELD.[12] The children of Cornelius and Elizabeth included (order uncertain):
    a) Cornelius Howard, Jr.3 (ca. 1670-1717) who m. his first cousin Mary HAMMOND; member of Middleneck Parish vestry, Anne Arundel Co., 1693-1717;

    b) Joseph Howard(1676-1736) who m(1) Hannah DORSEY; m(2) Anne __; m(3) Margery __; member of St. Anne's Parish vestry, Anne Arundel Co., in 1713;

    c) Sarah Howard;

    d) Mary Howard;

    e) Elizabeth Howard, who m (1) Andrew NORWOOD; m (2) Andrew WELLSLEY; m (3) Charles KILLBOURNE.[13]

  4. John Howard2, b. ca. 1645; m(1) Susannah NORWOOD, widow of Charles STEVENS; m(2) Elinor (__), widow of John MACCUBIN. John inherited from his father 160 ac. "Howard's First choice", commonly called "Howard's Quarter Plantation", half of 500 ac. "The Adventure", and half of 500 ac. "Poplar Plain".[14]

  5. Samuel Howard, b. ca. 1647; m. Catherine WARNER, daughter of James and Elizabeth (Harris) Warner, who were Friends. Warrant for 100 acre "Howard's Hope" surveyed in Anne Arundel Co. 26 Jan. 1662; 900 ac. was patented to him; Catherine then m(2) Thomas TALLY, or Tolly, also a Friend. Samuel's daughter Susan m. John MACCUBIN, whose second wife m. John Howard. Samuel signed his will 28 Feb. 1702 and it was pr. 9 Nov. 1703 in Anne Arundel Co.; it included bequests to "cousins" Eliza NORWOOD and John HOWARD.[15]

  6. Henry Howard, of Anne Arundel Co., is not included in the Biog. Dic. of Md. Legislature list. Henry mentioned John in his will of 1683; or, perhaps he was the Henry who d. 1686 in Maryland, and bequeathed to Matthew his seal with coat of arms.[16]

  7. Ann Howard, m. James GRENLIFFE (d.1701).[17]

  8. Mary Howard, d. by 1678; m. Maj. Gen. John HAMMOND (1643-1707) who was born in the Isle of Wight, Eng., and emigrated in 1655 with his father and brother to Anne Arundel Co. They became Friends, but in the late 1680s John converted to the Church of England. He was a merchant and planter, often travelling to England on business. John was a justice in the county and provincial courts, served in the Lower and Upper Houses, and eventually became a capt. in the militia. His estate was valued at �1,8710.1.6 [sic] and included 22 slaves. Their daughter Mary m. Cornelius HOWARD (ca. 1670-1717), son of Cornelius.[18]

  9. Philip Howard, b. ca. 1649; m. Ruth BALDWIN, daughter of John Baldwin, an early convert to Quakerism.[19] Philip signed his will 25 July 1701 and it was pr. 24 Feb. 1701/2 in Anne Arundel Co.

Second Generation

John Howard2 was born between about 1635 and 1645 in Lower Norfolk County, Virginia, and died in 1696 in Maryland. Presumably he is the person mentioned in the will of Richard HALL in 1648 in Virginia. Later, John and his four brothers emigrated to Maryland, possibly after their father's death there. Cornelius, Samuel, and John patented land near Round Bay. Philip and Matthew Jr. settled on North Severn. John's tract was "Howard's Interest". John inherited from his father 160 acre "Howard"s First choice" (commonly called "Howard's Quarter Plantation"), half of the 500 acre "The Adventure", and half of the 500 acre "Poplar Plain".[20]

John was a surveyor. In 1663 with Charles STEVENS he took up "The Woodyard" and "Charles Hills" on the south side of the Severn. When Charles died, John married his widow Susannah NORWOOD, daughter of Captain John Norwood.[21] Their only child was John Howard Jr.

"Howard's Interest", with no acreage specified, was listed under John's name in Lord Baltimore's rent roll for Anne Arundel County, 28 January 1662.[23] John took up "Timber Neck" at the mouth of the Whetstone, which later became part of Baltimore City. He also took up land in what became Harford County (established in 1773).[24]

John wrote his will when he was sick and weak in body on 30 December 1695. It was proved 13 May 1696 in Anne Arundel County. He described himself as a planter, and left his plantation whereon he lived, about 220 acres, with all its buildings, to his son John after the death of his "loving wife Elinor". John Jr. also received about 92 acres at the head of Round Bay in the Severn River, 200 acre "Timber Neck" at the head of Middle Branch on the north side of the Patapsco in Baltimore County. His grandson Orlando GRIFFITH got the upper half while John got the lower half of "Timber Neck", a 200 acre tract on the Middle Branch running up by the Little Falls. John bequeathed 5/ each to his brother Samuel and wife Catherine and brother Philip and wife Ruth with which to buy themselves a pair of gloves. In her own right Elinor was given a 50 acre part of 150 acre "Woodyard" and 50 acre "Howard's Shekel" adjoining it. She was named executrix. The estate was inventoried 29 July 1696 with a value of �193.10.8 plus 4,036 pounds of tobacco. Elinor filed the administration 15 May 1697 with a total value of 12,405 pounds of tobacco.[25]

Elinor died 10 July 1711.[26]

Children of John and his first wife Susanna (Norwood) Stevens Howard:

  1. John Howard3, Jr., b. 1667; d. 1703/4; m(1) Mary WARFIELD; m(2) Katharine GREENBURG, daughter of Hon. Nicholas Greenburg, Deputy Gov. of Md. Katharine was the widow of Col. Henry RIDGELY, justice and member of Assembly. John and Katharine had a daughter who m. Orlando GRIFFITH and left lots of descendents.[27]

Children of John's second wife, Elinor (___) and her first husband, John Maccubin:

  1. Samuel Maccubin

  2. William Maccubin

  3. Zachariah Maccubin, m. Susanna NICHOLSON and had a son, Nicholas Maccubin who m. 1747 Mary Clare CARROLL, res. at "Carroll Mansion" in Annapolis, and assumed the surname of Carroll in order to inherit from Charles Carroll (1723-1783) the "Barrister".[28]

  4. Moses Maccubin

  5. John Maccubin

Third Generation

Col. John Howard, Jr.3 was born in 1667 and died in 1703/4. He married first in 1695 Mary WARFIELD, daughter of Richard and Eleanor (Browne), and sister of Richard Warfield (ca. 1677-1755) and Alexander Warfield (1678-1740) who both served in the Maryland legislature. Mary's brother Richard's daughter Lydia WARFIELD married as her second husband, Charles RIDGELY (ca. 1705-1772), whose first wife had been Rachel HOWARD, daughter of John and Mary.[29]

John inherited three tracts from his father: 92 acres at the head of Round Bay, Severn River; 200 acre "Timber Neck" at the head of the Middle Branch on the north side of the Patuxent, Baltimore County; and half of a 200 acre tract lying on Little Falls.[30]

John married secondly, Katherine (GREENBURY) Ridgely, widow of Henry RIDGELY (1669-1699/1700), son of Henry Ridgely (d. 1710). She brought with her their four children.[31]

John died in early 1704 (New Style). His will was signed 29 December 1703 and proved 23 February 1703/4 (Old Style). He made provision for his various minor children. Rachel was to be with her Aunt Elinor "if she be kind to her till she is 16 or Day of Marriage but if she should not be kind to her then my will is" that the executor take her away and put her where they think best. Benjamin was to live with Uncle Richard WARFIELD, Absolute with Uncle Alexander Warfield, Katherine to live with Aunt GOULDSBOROUGH.[32] The boys were to be "larned to read and write and siffer well". The orphans of Henry RIDGELY were to be given their portions as provided in their father's will, plus an additional �20 to each when they reached 21 or got married. In addition, "my son" Charles Ridgley was to be given "Howard's Luck" at Huntingdon in Anne Arundel County. Elinor Howard received 25/ to buy a ring. Joshua DORSEY was given "my silver-hilt sword" which his father Dorsey had given to John. Three gold rings were to go to Anne Ridgley, Betty, and Rachel, with a fourth one made to match them for Katherine Howard. He gave his wife a ring, and left 20/ to buy a ring for Mrs. Eleanor Howard. Executors were the brothers of his first wife, Richard and Alexander Warfield, overseers were brother and brother-in-law of his second wife, Charles GREENBURY and John HAMMOND. Each was given 30/ to buy a ring "to wear for my sake". John advised them to patent all his lands in the names of his orphans, and to give "honorable satisfaction" to his friend, Mr. Edward RUMNEY "for any trouble I may be when I draw my last breath." There were seven codicils.[33]

Children of John and his first wife Mary (Warfield) Howard:

  1. Benjamin Howard4, b. 1696; d. 1737; m. Catherine BUCK; inherited his father's silver-headed cane and dwelling plantation and adjacent land, 121 ac. "Howard's Cove" at the head of Round Bay, plantation at head of Patapsco purchased from James GREENIFF, 400 ac. "Howard's Harbour" near the head of Bush River on branches of Deer Creek, and half of "Howard's Chance".[34]

  2. Absolute Howard, inherited his father's silver tobacco box with his name on it and "Yates Inheritance", "Howard's Point", "Howard's Cattle Range" on the south side of Patapsco on Mill Branch, and "600 and odd" ac. "Howard's Purchase" on branches of the Bush River. d.s.p.[35]

  3. Rachel Howard, d. 1750; m. 1721 Charles Ridgely. She inherited from her father 300 ac. "Howard ___", and half of "Timber Neck" at the mouth of the Whetstone.[36]

Children of John and his second wife Katherine (Greenbury) Howard:

  1. Katherine Howard; m. Orlando GRIFFITH (b. 1688), son of Sarah (Maccubin) and William Griffith. Katherine inherited from her father 116 ac. that was part of "Uwing's Contrivance" on Bush River, and half of "Howard's Timber Neck" (divided with Rachel).[37]

Children of Katherine (Greenbury) Ridgely and her first husband, Henry Ridgely, Jr. These children became part of the large household of John Howard.

  1. Henry Ridgely, d. 1750; m. Elizabeth WARFIELD; he inherited from his step father "the other" silver tobacco box with his father's name on it.

  2. Nicholas Ridgely, b. 1694; d. 1755.

  3. Charles Ridgely, inherited from his step-father "Howard's Luck" at Huntingdon, Anne Arundel Co.

  4. Anne Ridgely, m. Joshua DORSEY.

  5. Elizabeth Ridgely, d. 1734; m. Thomas WORTHINGTON (ca. 1691-1752/3) who served in the Md. legislature.

Fourth Generation

Rachel Howard4, daughter of John and his first wife Mary (Warfield) Howard, died in 1750. She was married in 1721 to Charles Ridgely.

Rachel inherited from her father 300 acre "Howard ___", and half of "Timber Neck" at the mouth of the Whetstone. Since she was so young when she was orphaned, she was placed in the care of her aunt Elinor WARFIELD.

In 1721 Rachel married Charles Ridgely, who had also been orphaned at a young age. In 1725 the couple resided on "Timber Neck". She and her husband patented these 470 acres that she had brought into the marriage.[39]

Rachel died in 1750.[40] Charles then married Elizabeth __, and thirdly, after Elizabeth's death, he married Lydia (WARFIELD) Stringer, the widow of Samuel STRINGER (Samuel died in 1747). Lydia was a first cousin of Rachel's.

Children of Charles and Rachel (Howard) Ridgely, all born in Prince George's County, Maryland:[41]

  1. John Ridgely5, b. 14 June 1723; d. by 1 May 1771; m. Mary DORSEY, daughter of Caleb; 10 children.[42]

  2. Pleasance Ridgely, b. 24 Nov. 1724; d. 1777; m. Lyde GOODWIN (d. ca. 1755).[43] Pleasance and her husband were given 300 ac. by her father in 1742-53.

  3. Charles Ridgely, b. 21 Apr. 1727; d.y.

  4. Achsah Ridgely, b. 22 July 1729; d. 12 Mar. 1789; m(1) Robert HOLLIDAY; m(2) John CARNAN; m(3) Daniel CHAMIER; received 1,025 ac. from her father.

  5. William Ridgely, b. 10 May 1731; d. without heirs.

  6. Charles Ridgely, b. 17 Sept. 1733; d. 28 June 1790 in Baltimore Co.; m. 18 Nov. 1760 Rebecca DORSEY (1739-1812), daughter of Caleb Dorsey and sister of Mary who m. Charles's brother John. Charles was a Captain in the militia. He represented Baltimore County in the Lower House for 18 years. Charles was given 2,000 acres by his father on which he built the estate "Hampton", with terraced gardens and clipped borders of English boxwood. Rebecca was a Methodist and opened "Hampton" with a prayer meeting, while Charles had a card party for his fellow officers in the attic. Charles left "Hampton" to his nephew Charles Ridgely CARNAN and his son, to his nephew William's son Charles, to Lyde GOODWIN's son Charles, and to John STERRET's son Charles, on condition that they assume the Ridgely name. Charles was a Captain in the militia. He represented Baltimore County in the Lower House for 18 years.[44]

  7. Rachel Ridgely, b. 5 Dec. 1734; d. 1813; m. 15 Nov. 1764 Capt. Darby LUX, who d. 1795 intestate. Rachel's dower was �1,090.0.0, and included 23 enslaved humans and 64 oz. of plate. Darby was b. in Anne Arundel Co.; he resided till 1765 in Barbados, then in Baltimore Town. By 1778 he was styled Esq. He was Anglican, in St. Paul's parish, Balt, Co. Darby was a merchant in Barbados, then by the late 1760s was part of the firm Ridgely, Howard, and Lux. He was also involved in the Ridgely family ironworks. Charles Ridgely named Darby trustee for one third share of the ironworks he left to his own daughters Rachel, Pleasance, and Achsah. In 1785 Darby and the Ridgelys and others purchased 4,740 ac. plus slaves in Balt. Co. that had been confiscated from Nottingham Forge, whose owner was accused of being a Loyalist; in 1785 they bought 900 ac. confiscated from Principio Co., under the same accusation. Darby was also involved in lead mining and had a sizeable home plantation. During the Revolutionary War he was a Colonel in the Gunpowder Battalion, Baltimore Co. militia, 1777-1779. His estate was inventoried with a value of �1,027.19.5 "current money", including 24 enslaved people and 42 oz. of plate. He probably owned 2,067 acres in Baltimore County.[45]

  8. Benjamin Ridgely, b. 23 July 1739; d. without heirs.

Children of Charles's third wife, Lydia (Warfield) and her first husband Samuel STRINGER:

  1. Samuel Stringer

  2. Richard Stringer, m. 1762 Elinor DORSEY

  3. Ann Stringer, m. 1752 William COALE

  4. Lucy Stringer, m. 1752 Greenbury RIDGELY (1726-1783); he served in the Md. legislature.

To continue the story of this family, go to the Ridgely and Holliday pages.

Nicotiana tabacum

If you have additions or corrections to this web page, I would be delighted to hear from you. Contact me via e mail at .

The Howards and their colonial Maryland relatives and ancestors are described in The Southern Connection: Ancestors of Eleanor Addison Smith Holliday Price. It delves into the social system, economics, religion, and politics that developed in colonial Maryland. The white elite considered themselves the pinnacle of civilization, while their wealth and power were dependent upon a horrifically brutal racist enslavement system. This hardback print-on-demand book provides the context for Eleanor's colonial Maryland plantation elite ancestors, inclyuding fur generations of the Howard family. The book is available at Click on the title, then on "preview" to see the table of contents and a few sample pages. The price is the cost of printing and binding, plus shipping. I make nothing on it.

See some other colonial Maryland families that link one way or another with these Howards: AddisonBaleBrookeBrowneDentDorseyEly,   HallHattonHollidayIsaacMoltonNorwoodOwingsRandallRidgelySimSmithStoneTaskerWarfield,  and Wilkinson.  All of these are included in The Southern Connection.

Go to the index of Other Lines that are included in this website (not all of them have been posted yet).

Go to the Paxson home page.

Return to the top of this page.

This page was posted 8/24/2014, and updated most recently on 12m/2/2014.


The full bibliographical citation is given the first time a source is mentioned, but is not repeated each time that source is cited. Scroll up til you find the first mention and there you will find the complete citation.

  1. The story linking Matthew through Philip to Lord Hatton is repeated by Harry Wright Newman, To Maryland From Overseas: A Complete Digest of Jacobite Loyalists Sold into White Slavery in Maryland, and the British and Continental Background of Approximately 1400 Maryland Settlers from 1634 to the Early Federal Period with Source Documentation (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. 1985), 96. The citation given by Newman is Moss, Providence Ye Lost Towne at Severn, which has no proof at all. The list of Philip's children does not include a son named Matthew. I thank Peggy Keigler for bringing this to my attention, e mail, 6m/5/2004. See also Fredric Z. Saunders, the ancestry of Matthew Howard (rev. 2010, seen 10/2011)--my thanks to Meg McGath for sharing this information and source, e mail 10m/5/2011.

  2. Meg McGath helpfully supplied the following sources: "Lennox, Margaret Stewart, countess of" in John Cannon, Oxford Dictionary of British History (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001, 2009), 392 (parts are available on google books); Kimberley Schutte, A Biography of Margaret Douglas ; "Douglas, Lady Margaret" in Dictionary of National Biography; "Margaret Douglas" in Kathy Lynn Emerson, "A WHO'S WHO OF TUDOR WOMEN: D" on the web; Elizabeth Cooper, The life and letters of Lady Arabella Stuart: including numerous original and unpublished documents Vol. 1 (London: Hurst and Blackett, Publishers, 1866), 1-16 (Arabella was the granddaughter of Lady Margaret); George Edward Cokayne, ed., Complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant . . . (London: George Bell & Sons, 1887), 1:98, on the web; Sir Henry Eillis, ed., Original Letters Illustrative of English History: 1074-1525 (London: Richard Bentley, 1846), 3rd series, Vol. 3, 135, on the web; and, Fredric Z. Saunders, the Howard-Arundell Theory (2001, seen 10/2011).

          2a, accessed 6/13/2013.

  3. Robert Henry McIntire, Annapolis Maryland Families (Baltimore: Gateway Press, Inc., 1980)J. D. , 342; Warfield, The Founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland (Baltimore: Regional Publishing Company, 1980, orig. 1905), 68. The will is transcribed in Sharon J. Doliante, Maryland and Virginia Colonials: Genealogies of Some Colonial Families: Families of Bacon, Beall, Beasley, Cheney, Duckett, Dunbar, Ellyson, Elmore, Graves, Heydon, Howard, Jacob, Morris, Nuthall, Odell, Peerce, Reeder, Ridgley, Prather, Sprigg, Wesson, Williams, and Collateral Kin (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1991), 366.

  4. Warfield, The Founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, 30, 67; Hester Dorsey Richardson, Side-Lights on Maryland History with Sketches of Early Maryland Families, 2 vols. (Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins Company, 1913), 1:328, 2:212; Gust Skordas, The Early Settlers of Maryland: An Index to Names of Immigrants Compiled from Records of Land Patents, 1633-1680, in the Hall of Records, Annapolis, Maryland (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1968), 240.

  5. Kelly assumes she is, J. Reaney Kelly, Quakers in the Founding of Anne Arundel County, Maryland (Baltimore: The Maryland Historical Society, 1963), 78-82. Carroll thinks she is not, Kenneth L. Carroll, "America's First Quakers--Where, When, and by Whom?", in Quaker History, Vol. 85, no. 2 (Fall 1996), 54-56.

  6. Barnes, Colonial Families of Anne Arundel County, 104; Skinner, Abstracts of the Inventories and Accounts of the Prerogative Court of Maryland, 1:33, 44, and 47.

  7. Newman, To Maryland From Overseas, 96; Warfield, The Founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, 68.

  8. Edward C. Papenfuse, Alan F. Day, David W. Jordan, and Gregory A. Stiverson, A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature, 1635-1789 (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1979) 2 vols., 1:465;; Alice Granbery Walter, Lower Norfolk County, Virginia Court Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1995), 87.

  9. Biog. Dic. of Md. Legis., 2:687; McIntire, Annapolis Maryland Families, 342. See also Fredric Z. Saunders, who cites: "Deposition of Rachel Freeborne, Tiverton, Devon, England, Baptist Church Records 1695-1915, FHL microfilm 1,526,426, item 3. Her 1727 deposition stated that Alice Skinner had come to MD about 56 years ago, and married within a year to Henry Ridgely. Henry's first wife Elizabeth Howard had to be deceased by that date."

  10. Biog. Dic. of Md. Legis., 1:468; 2:913-14; Doliante, Maryland and Virginia Colonials, 361; Holland, Old Homes and Families of Howard County, Maryland, 410. See also Maryland wills 2:222-224, FHL microfilm 0,012,841, as cited by Fredric Z. Saunders, who also cites "Will of Joshua Dorsey, Maryland wills 6:8, FHL microfilm 0,012,843. He made bequests to "cousins" (i.e. nephews) John, Samuel and Matthew Howard, [children of Matthew Howard.]".

  11. Biog. Dic. of Md. Legis., 1:165. Fredric Z. Saunders cites these sources: F. Edward Wright, Anne Arundel County Church Records of the 17th and 18th Centuries, (Westminster, Md.: Family Line Publications); Matthew Howard (Sr.) account, Maryland inventories and accounts 25:54-55, FHL microfilm 0,012,923; and Matthew Howard's will, Maryland wills 2:222-224, FHL microfilm 0,012,841.

  12. Richardson, Side-Lights on Maryland History, 1:329; Maryland wills 2:107-110, FHL microfilm 0,012,841 (my thanks to F. Saunders for this FHL citation).

  13. Biog. Dic. of Md. Legis., 1:465; Skinner, Abstracts of the Inventories and Accounts of the Prerogative Court of Maryland, 2:27. His will is transcribed in Doliante, Maryland and Virginia Colonials, 367.

  14. Maryland Calendar of Wills, 2:47-48.

  15. Kelly, Quakers in the Founding of Anne Arundel County, 81; Lord Baltimore's Rent Roll, in Richardson, Side-Lights on Maryland History, 1:329. Tally's land was adjacent to Matthew Howard's, Kelly, Quakers in the Founding of Anne Arundel County, 27. Maryland Calendar of Wills, 3:25. The will is transcribed in Doliante, Maryland and Virginia Colonials, 373. Fredric Z. Saunders adds this: "The Maryland Calendar of Wills has a confusing abstract of Samuel HOWARD's will. The abstract states he left to 'cousins John HOWARD, Eliza: NORWOOD, Sarah BRICE, Hannah HAMMOND, Cornelius and Joseph HOWARD and John HAMMOND, Jr., personalty.' The abstract later states that trustees were 'cousins John HOWARD and John HAMMOND, Jr., afsd.' The abstract is correct (but easily misread) in that in the recorded will book copy, those names through Joseph HOWARD were called 'cousins'. John HAMMOND, Jr., appearing after a second 'and' in the Maryland Calendar of Wills was not included in being called a 'cousin.' In the will book copy, the plural 'cousins' was used to refer to John HOWARD and John HAMMOND, Jr. as trustees. The original copy of Samuel Howard's wills states: 'I give to my Cozen John HOWARD Twenty Shillings to buy a Ring. I give to John HAMMOND Junr: Twenty shillings to buy a Ring. I give and bequeath to my Cozin Elizabeth NORWOOD Fifteen shillings. I give to my Cozen Sarah BRICE fifteen shillings to buy a Ring. I give to my Cozen Hanah HAMMOND fifteen shillings to buy a Ring. I give to my Cozen Cornelius HOWARD Tenn shillings. I give to my Cozen Joseph HOWARD Tenn shillings.' While the others are called 'cozens' [nephews and nieces] John HAMMOND, Jr. is not. Later the will states: 'I leave my Cozen John HOWARD and John HAMMOND, Junr as my Trustees.' The recorded copy in the Maryland wills changed the spellings to 'cousin' in the various phrases, and changed 'cousin' to plural in regard to the two trustees. The implication from the singular 'cozen' in the original will is that in naming the overseers, only John HOWARD and not John HAMMOND, Jr. was a 'cozen' [nephew] to Samuel HOWARD. In that the 'evidence' as provided by WARFIELD for John HAMMOND having married Mary HOWARD was based on Samuel HOWARD's will, and that the will did NOT indicate any relation between John HAMMOND, Jr. and Samuel HOWARD, it appears WARFIELD was in error. John HAMMON[D], Sr. married between 26 Oct. 1677 and 1 Nov. 1678 to Mary, the widow of Thomas ROPER. As John HAMMOND had sons who married by the early 1690s, Mary (widow ROPER) was apparently a second wife. The mother of the four sons John HAMMOND named in his will is unknown."

  16. Doliante, Maryland and Virginia Colonials, 361; not listed in McIntire, Annapolis Maryland Families, 342. Richardson, Side-Lights on Maryland History, 2:146.

  17. McIntire, Annapolis Maryland Families, 342. The will of James Grenliffe is transcribed in Doliante, Maryland and Virginia Colonials, 371. See also James Greneff's will, Maryland wills 2:215-216, FHL microfilm 0,012,841 and Maryland wills 7:79-80, FHL microfilm 0,012,843. Mentions wife Ann, "brother John Howard" and "brother Samuel Howard. My thanks to Fredric Z. Saunders who includes this on his web page.

  18. McIntire, Annapolis Maryland Families, 342; Biog. Dic. of Md. Legis., 1:393. Mary may not be a daughter of Matthew and Ann at all. See Fredric Z. Saunders, "There are claims that Matthew HOWARD had a daughter Mary who married John HAMMOND. The earliest mention I have found of this is by J. D. WARFIELD in 1905.22 He claimed that since Matthew's son Samuel in his will made a bequest to his "cousin" [nephew] John HAMMOND, Jr., this proved that John HAMMOND, Sr.'s wife Mary was nee HOWARD, the daughter of Matthew."

  19. Biog. Dic. of Md. Legis., 1:465. In 1662 John Baldwin and Nicholas Wyatt were fined for refusing to bear arms in the county militia. Kelly, Quakers in the Founding of Anne Arundel County, 21.

  20. The earlier date goes better with being in Hall's will in 1648, McIntire, Annapolis Maryland Families, 342. The later date is in Doliante, Maryland and Virginia Colonials, 361, and Sauder's account. Warfield, The Founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, 30; Maryland Calendar of Wills, 2:47-48.

  21. Warfield, The Founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, 69; Doliante, Maryland and Virginia Colonials, 361.

  22. Warfield, The Founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, 177.

          22a. My thanks to Fredric Z. Saunders for clarifying this.

  23. Richardson, Side-Lights on Maryland History, 1:329.

  24. Warfield, The Founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, 69.

  25. Maryland Calendar of Wills, 2:104-5; Doliante, Maryland and Virginia Colonials, 370. The latter names the 50 ac. tract to Elinor, "Howard's Luck". Skinner, Abstracts of the Inventories and Accounts of the Prerogative Court of Maryland, 3:45, 51, citing Liber 14, fol. 43, 113. For the use of a wax seal affixed to John's 1695 will, and its "undifferenced" arms of the Howard family, see Fredric Z. Saunders. My thanks to Meg McGrath for bringing this to my attention, e mail 10m/5/2011.

  26. Her will is transcribed in Doliante, Maryland and Virginia Colonials, 370. See also, McIntire, Annapolis Maryland Families, 342.

  27. Richardson, Side-Lights on Maryland History, 2:146.

  28. Biog. Dic. of Md. Legis., 1:201-2. The connection between this grandson of John Maccubin and Nicholas (Maccubin) Carroll is unproved, according to Barnes, The Green Spring Valley, 2:17.

  29. Doliante, Maryland and Virginia Colonials, 362.

  30. Doliante, Maryland and Virginia Colonials, 370.

  31. Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature, 1:373; Richardson, Side-Lights on Maryland History, 2:146.

  32. Elizabeth Greenberry married Robert Goldsborough or Gouldesborough.

  33. His will is printed in Doliante, Maryland and Virginia Colonials, 374-75. See also Warfield, The Founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, 69-70; Maryland Calendar of Wills, 3:27.

  34. Doliante, Maryland and Virginia Colonials, 362.

  35. Doliante, Maryland and Virginia Colonials, 362.

  36. Doliante, Maryland and Virginia Colonials, 362.

  37. Doliante, Maryland and Virginia Colonials, 362.

  38. Doliante, Maryland and Virginia Colonials, 362; Harry Wright Newman, Anne Arundel Gentry: A Genealogical History of Some Early Families of Anne Arundel County, Maryland 3 vols. (Annapolis, Md.: published by the author, 1979), 3:98.

  39. Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature, 2:682.

  40. Maxwell J. and Jean Muir Dorsey and Nannie Ball Nimmo. The Dorsey Family: Descendants of Edward Darcy-Dorsey of Virginia and Maryland For Five Generations and Allied Families (Baltimore: authors, 1947), 147.

  41. IGI; Robert W. Barnes, comp., Baltimore County Families, 1659-1759 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., 1989), 543.

  42. For more on John, see Barnes, Baltimore County Families, 543.

  43. The Compendium of American Genealogy, 7:706, says Godwin died before 1772; The Biog. Dic. of Md. Legis., 2:682-83, says he died ca. 1755.

  44. Richardson, Side-Lights on Maryland History, 2:213. His obit. in the Maryland Journal and Baltimore Advertiser of 29 June 1790, in Robert W. Barnes, Gleanings from Maryland Newspapers, 1776-1785 (Lutherville, Md.: Bettie Carothers, 1975), 49.

  45. Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature, 2:555-56.

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