The Golden Falcon
Chapter XIII/3 - Neptune
During the reign of Charles II, Charles Somerset's father Henry, 1st duke of Beaufort (1689-1699) was King's Lieutenant, Lord Lieutenant of Gloucestershire, Governor of Chepstow, Monmouth and St. Briavels Castles, Master of the Game in Gloucester, Hereford and Monmouth, Knight of the Garter, Privy Councillor, Lord President of the Council of Wales and of the Marches. It was his Catholic steward, Charles Price, whom William Bedloe, a Chepstow man, had tried to implicate in the Titus Oates Plot.
The 1st Duke of Beaufort fell out of favour when William of Orange arrived but not his son or son-in-law, the earl of Ormond.
Blathwayt retired to Dyrham in 1711 and died in 1717. His and his descendants funeral hatchments (coats of arms) are listed in "Hatchments in Britain - Gloucestershire" (pp.75-7) as follows:
1. Dyrham "All black background. Or, bends engrailed sable" (Blathwayt). In pretence: sable a fesse and in chief a crescent ermine". Crest: "on a rock proper, an eagle rising sable" Mantling "gules & argent". No motto.
For William Blathwayt, of the City of London, Secretary of State to King William III, who married in 1686, Mary, daughter and heir of John Wynter and died August 1717. She died November 1691.
The Winter arms were borne by William's descendants:
2. William Blathwayt (d. 1742) = Thomasina, d. of Jonathan Ambrose of London. "Dexter background black. Quarterly 1st Blathwayt, 2nd Wintour, 3rd azure, a lion rampant argent crowned or" (Gerard of Trent) and 4th "argent, a saltire". In pretence "or, 3 dice sable each charged with an annulet or" (Ambrose). Motto was "Mors janua vitae".
3. William Blathwayt (d. May 1787) = (1) Penelope, d. of Sir Robert Jenkinson, Bart in 1747 - "Dexter background black. Quarterly of 6. 1st & 6th Blathwayt, 2nd Ambrose, 3rd Wyntour, 4th Gerard of Trent, 5th Gerard impaling 6th azure, a fess wavy, argent, charged with a cross formy gules, in chief 2 estoiles or" (Jenkinson). He married (2) Elizabeth le Pepre (nee Clark) in 1758, her arms: "argent, on a bend engrailed gules, a bezant between 2 swans proper "& (3) Mary Creighton of London (d.s.p. 30.11.1823 aged 100), arms "argent, a lion rampant azure" (Creighton). Motto "In coelo quies".
4. William Blathwayt (d.s.p. May 1806) = in 1790 Frances, d. of William Scott of Great Barr, Staffs. "Dexter background black, Quarterly as 2 but Gerard of Trent within a bordure ermine, impaling, argent on a fess gules cotised azure between 3 Catherine wheels sable, 3 sheep argent (Scott).
5. George William Blathwayt (d. 14.5.1871) = 1822 Marianne, d. of Rev. Thomas Vesey "Quarterly as 2 "impaling or, on a cross sable a patriarchal cross or" (Vesey) Motto "Virtute et veritate."
6. "Quarterly of 6, 1st & 6th argent, 3 ermine spots between 2 bends engrailed sable, each bend charged with 3 cross crosslets fitchy or, all between 2 buglehorns sable stringed gules (Blathwayt), 2nd, Ambrose, 3rd Wynter, 4th Gerard of Trent, 5th Gerard impaling azure, on a fess cotised or, 3 lions rampant sable" (Taylor). For William Blathwaty, son of Jeremiah Crane & Penelope Blathwayt who took the name of Blathwayt. William = Frances, d. of James Taylor.
Porlock was one of the Somerset manors bequeathed to Mary Winter by an uncle (Porlock MSS). Blathwayt left the manor of Dyrham to his son John.
The Dyrham collection was sold at Sothebys on 12.11.1912. MSS from Dyrham are in the John Ryland's Library in Manchester, many others are in private hands.
William Blathwayt's descendants, the Blathwayt-Winters inherited Dyrham which passed to the National Trust.
Blathwayt's descendants exist up to the 20th century. Christopher George Wynter-Blathwayt (d. at Bath 3.4.1990, funeral 10.4.1990, bur. Dyrham) was born on 8.1.1912, eldest son of Major Henry Wynter-Blathwayt, RFA who was killed in action at Cambrai in 1917. He married in 1948 Gillian Butcher by whom he had 3 sons. Christopher was educated at Eton and Corpus Christi, Oxford, graduating in Latin, History and Constitutional law and in 1938 qualified as a chartered account in London. He joined the TA Regiment KRRC. He became a Catholic in 1939 (his sister was Abbess of the Poor Clares at Arundel) and forfeited his right to the family estates at Dyrham and Porlock which he inherited in 1936, in favour of his younger brother. They were restored to his eldest son Mark.
During World War II Christopher Blathwayt was seconded to Operation Jedburgh and Special Forces. He was parachuted to Brittany in July 1944 to organise resistance to the Germans in South West Finisterre. He wrote to the Germans informing them if they did damage to the town of Douarenenez or ill-treated civilians or prisoner they would all be shot as criminals. Blathwayt was awarded the Military Cross for his part in the operation and later the Croix de Guerre. A Breton contingent attended his funeral. After the Liberation of Paris he served with the SOE in Burma, Thailand and Indo-China.
was an accomplished painter, a talent inherited by his second son
Benedict, who writes and illustrates children's books.
(Obituary in the "Independant"
In August 1994 his son Mark Blathwayt and the villagers of Porlock confronted the National Trust in an attempt to save Porlock Bay from encroachment by the sea. As a result of his campaign, the National Rivers authority and the Exmoor National Park agreed to provide funds for shingle to shore up defences.
Another family claimed descent from Sir William Winter possibly through the Clapton branch.
- Delap Winter.
John Winter (b. 1618, d. 1645), son of William > John Winter (d.1650) > John Winter (d. 1685) > son married the niece of the Duke of Ormond and styled himself Count de l'Epée > John de l'Epée Winter (1751-1818) = Elizabeth Townley >:
Andrew Winter (b. 1781 d. 21.1.1834 on board ship at Bristol) > Dr.
Winter (b. 6.6.1819, d. 12.5.1876 at Chiswick) = Betty Bramhall on
Westbury Church nr Bristol (his cousin) > Dr
Walter Essex Winter (b. 5.5.1860, d.
5.1.1945 at Bartholomew Manor, Newbury) obsp.
John Winter (b. 10.1.1772, d. 1830) = Elizabeth Hazel in 1792-3 at
Somerset or St. Paul's, Bristol >:
1. Elizabeth Winter (b.
20.3.1802, d. 21.4.1843 at Clifton) = John Sykes
Bramhall on 20.3.1827) > Betty Bramhall = her cousin Andrew Winter.
2. Dr William Winter (d.
13.5.1857 at Sloane Street, London) = Fanny Kift
12.1.1826 at St.Nicholas, Bristol >:
A. William Henry Winter
(b. 24.10.1880) = Fanny Chaney > Sir Ormond de
l'Epée Winter (b. 15.1.1875, d.
Feb. 1962 ) = Marjorie Effie Pinder née
Bowes-Lyon (obsp. 1927), grand daughter of the 13th earl
and aunt of the Queen Mother whose father was the 14th
B. George Kift Winter
(d. 17.1.1898 at Madras) = Sarah Florence Bliss >:
(1) William de Lappe Winter (b.17.10..1830 at Bangalore, India d.
19.5.1939), at Harrow & Grantchester, Cambridge) = Bertha Mary
Fisher on 24.10.1910 at Bamford) > descendants up to 1980s.
(2) Ernest Charles Winter (b.1893 d.1935) = Madeline Fisher
d. 1976) > descendants up to 1940s.
William de Lappe Winter, son of G. K. Winter was listed as an Indian entry in 1884 in Harrow School registers.
Ali Dehir Akel
Anthony Meynell 23.7.1952
Rachel Meynell 27.6.1917
Winter - Dinghy racer and designer of the trapeze [6.7.2002
Kift Winter, sailor and engineer: born Cambridge 4.8.1911; married 1941
Rachel Meynell (died 1998; two sons, one daughter); died Dereham, Norfolk
8.6.2002. The international 14 class of sailing dinghies has been at
the leading edge of sailing technology since the early 20th
century. John Winter was at
the forefront of this revolution in dinghy design.
Perhaps the most perfect example of his work was “Thunder
and Lightning”, the 14-footer he jointly
owned and raced in the 1930s with Peter Scott (later knighted for his
contributions to wildlife conservation).
It was on this boat that Winter first devised the trapeze,
catapulting the pair to victory in the Prince of Wales Cup of 1938.
It was also on “Thunder
and Lightning” that they modified a
primitive version of what is now known as the kicking strap, today a
standard fixture on every yacht and sailing dinghy.
in Cambridge in 1911, John Kift Winter was the eldest of three sons of
William de Lappe Winter and Bertha Fisher.
His father, an engineering coach in Cambridge, died young, leaving
John to take responsibility for his brothers and their education.
Money was tight, and an extreme care in financial matters remained
with him all his life.
days were spent on the river Cam messing about in boats and fly-fishing
and fostered a fascination with wind and water.
John attended St Faith's Preparatory School in Cambridge and then
Rugby School, where he worked hard and was a fine athlete.
He won an exhibition to Trinity College, Cambridge, where he read
Natural Sciences and Engineering.
important than his academic achievements were the friendships he made at
Cambridge, the most influential of which was with Peter Scott.
It was a companionship of opposites: Winter provided a practical
foil to Scott's impulsiveness. Patient,
good-natured and with striking good looks, Winter was an excellent subject
for Scott to draw and paint, testament to which are some of Scott's finest
great friend was Stewart Morris, two or three years Winter's senior and
the leading force behind the new university sport of dinghy sailing.
He spotted Winter's talent and together they ran the Cambridge
University Cruising Club. In
1934 Winter, Scott, Morris and David Beale, with the boat builder and
designer Uffa Fox as team manager, formed the UK International 14-footer
team to compete against Canadian and American teams on the Canadian Lakes.
The British team won five of the six races.
he was a quiet and unassuming young man, Winter's determination to win was
absolute. The International
14 Class was a restricted but not a "one design" class,
which meant that design and innovation were of paramount importance,
within permissible parameters. Length,
sail area and mast height were normally constants, while the beam and
shape and size of sails were variables to be manipulated and played around
with. Winter would spend
hours rigging his boat before a race, and one of his many secret weapons
was to coat the hull of the boat with egg whites, so that she would glide
serenely through the water. His
perfectionism paid dividends, and between 1934 and 1938 alone he clocked
up 34 first-place wins; in fact he got an unprecedented 62 guns out of a
total of 83 starts.
spent many years competing against each other in their International 14s,
Scott in “Thunder”
and Winter in “Lightning”,
they decided to join forces. With
detailed specifications, “Thunder
and Lightning” was built by Uffa Fox.
She was to have a wooden- rather than the usual lead- or bronze-
ballasted centre-board and a reinforced wooden mast (in 1938 reinforced
translated to "painted aluminium") to take the added
compression of the trapeze.
this partnership, Winter and Scott became notorious and won more than
their fair share of trophies. They
alternated between being helmsman and crew, often within the same race -
the physical effort of sailing a pre-war racing dinghy of this type is not
to be underestimated. It
became the role of the crew to decide upon the tactics of a race; enabling
the helm to concentrate his efforts fully on sailing the boat.
This system, of which Winter and Scott were the originators, is now
used in team racing.
minutes of “Thunder
and Lightning's”: being launched from Uffa
Fox's boatyard at Cowes in 1938, Winter and Scott were sailing her to
victory and a week later won the premier yachting trophy, the Prince of
Wales Cup, off Falmouth. This
race also marked the birth of what is now known as the trapeze.
had developed the model in secret, but it was inspired by an idea Beecher
Moore had used on his Thames Rater, in which the helmsman and crew could
place their weight right out of the boat - thus keeping the hull totally
flat in the water, however strong the wind or hard in the sails.
This early trapeze, affectionately known as the "King
George's Jubilee Truss", was well ahead
of its time and, said Scott in his autobiography, “The
Eye of the Wind” (1961), “when
Winter swung out on the trapeze, it was a startling sight even to me”.
To the other competitors the spectacle was irresistible.
At an important time a great many of them gave their attention to
our trapeze at the expense of sailing their own boats.
Winter and Scott's monumental victory, by four minutes, its use was banned
in the International 14 class. Furthermore,
it was Winter who was persuaded to draw up the rules by which it should be
banned. It did not reappear
in competition until it was adopted by the Flying Dutchman class in 1951. It is now standard equipment for most racing classes,
including the International 14 class.
1936 Winter was beaten by Scott in the Olympic trials, Stewart Morris went
to Berlin as team manager, and Scott won a silver medal.
By a curious twist of fate, Grantchester produced two Olympic
athletes that year, Peter Ward (running) and Ran Laurie (rowing), but
Winter didn't quite make it a hat trick.
Cambridge boys were not simply content with winning cups, they also shared
their passion for dinghy sailing and helped to promote the considerably
Twelve" class, launched in 1937, which
was a scaled down one-design based on the International 14.
After the Second World War they were also central to the launch of
the Fox- designed Firefly class in 1946.
Both these boats were designed for mass production and for those on
a tighter budget, and were aimed at bringing younger people into the
sport. The Cambridge group
were a driving force behind the Yacht Racing Association (later the RYA)'s
enlightened fostering of dinghy sailing.
Winter was on the first dinghy committee of the RYA.
interest winter shared with Scott was in wildfowl and wildfowling.
One of the activities that sparked this interest in geese and
wildfowl was participation in the ancient sport of punt gunning -
traditional for generations in the fen country.
Killing large numbers of birds with a large-bore gun might seem at
odds with the desire to study and conserve these creatures.
But punt-gunners held their prey in great respect - seeing them as
a formidable adversary - and were as likely to take home and care for an
injured bird as to take pleasure in a stalk in which they were outwitted.
group of adventurous young men saw wildfowling as a challenge, but also
tried to explain why they loved it. Certainly
the books written by Scott, Michael Bratby and Haig Thomas about
wildfowling, in which Winter features heavily, are regarded as classics
today, and it was from this love and respect of wildfowl that Peter Scott
went on to form the Wildfowl Trust and later took part in the founding of
the World Wildlife Fund.
Winter's profession was as an engineer, and when war broke out in 1939 he
had a "reserved
occupation" with the Universal Grinding
Wheel Company in Stafford, which he had joined in 1934.
He was to stay there for the whole of his working life and played
an important part in the rise of the small company into an international
group, of which he later became group managing director.
not able to go abroad on active service during the war, Winter remained in
correspondence with Scott, during which time they discussed ways of
improving camouflage for the destroyers and torpedo boats of coastal
command and buildings, much of which was top secret, and it seems
extraordinary that they used such crude forms of communication.
Their experience of using camouflage in punt-gunning rendered them
well-qualified and, as part of their experimentation, they painted the
exterior of the Universal Grinding Wheel Company.
Winter set up his punt gun in the entrance to the factory, pointing
at the door.
remained a passion throughout Winter's life and, in his eighties, he won a
sailing race that he had first won as an 18-year-old, when Burnham Overy
Staithe was known only to a handful of keen dinghy sailors and fishermen.
Even in his 90th year, he sailed his mirror dinghy,
single-handedly, in the old north Norfolk haunts.
In 1989, “Thunder and Lightning” was presented to the National Maritime Museum and is to be a central exhibit in the National Small Boat Collection when it opens in Falmouth this autumn. Any sailing enthusiast visiting the 2002 Earl's Court Boat Show could not fail to remember the historic boat, and marvel at the craftsmanship of the 1930s: the golden age of dinghy racing. [From: "Linda Vallee"[email protected]]
Dr Walter Essex Wynter of Bartholomew Manor, Newbury wrote on 29.5.1942 that the first John Winter at the head of his family tree (b. 1750, d. 1818) who appeared in the Bristol Parliamentary voting list in 1792, was a manufacturer of high decorative combs in the Empire period and no doubt transferred from Madrid where he was brought up.
surname Winter seems to have existed in Spain, settled by Flemings who
came with Philip "le Bel"
of Hapsburg, Duke of Burgundy (king of Spain by right of his wife Juana "la Loca") and also during later reigns because the
Spanish Hapsburg inherited the Netherlands.
On 4.2.1562 Arnold Berde alias Wynter, a Spanish subject, paid
customs of 6s.8d as an alien in England.
(Calendar Patent Rolls, Elizabeth 1560-1563).
Dr. Winter thought his branch of the family settled in Armagh either in Elizabethan or Cromwellian times and was associated with the Duke of Ormond in the Pretender's risings in 1715 or 1745.
There was a marriage of John Delap and Anne Winter at Richmond Hill, Ballyhagen, Armagh on 8.5.1745 ("Irish & Scotch Irish Ancestral Research"- Margaret Dickson Falley, FSG America from records of French Huguenot churches in Ireland & "The French Settlement at Youghal, Co. Cork" - Rev. Sam. Hayman) and there is a monument to John Delap Halliday in Halesowen, Worcestershire so perhaps the Delappes or de l'Epées were Walloons originally from Flanders where the surname L'Epée survives.
The Huguenot family of Delappe went to Youghal in Ireland (Huguenot Records, Guildhall library) where they they became one of the principal families, recorded in the Irish church and their ranks in military records (1689-91). They thought highly of one of the Dukes of Ormond (Butler) who helped them.
An old Miss Winter from Armagh told Dr Winter's aunt Emily Webb (then a child a 100 years ago) never to forget that she was a Butler.
Webb family were members of the Ballyhagan Quaker meeting around 1705, the
Winter family were also members of Ballyhagan Quaker meeting from 1665.
There is still a large house a few miles away at Causnagh,
Loughgall, Co Armagh, known as Webb's big house.
The Webb's are first mentioned as having settled at Achamon, Seagoe,
Co Armagh in 1684. Roger Webb
was a wheelwright turner and came from Lancashire; the family would appear
to have married into very well to do families such as Hoope, Brownlow and
Allen. Richard Webb married 1st
Sarah Brownlow of Lurgan, 2nd Jane Macan or Malone they had one
child born James Webb 1720 died 1802, he was a farmer and weaver belonging
to Ballyhagan meeting they had about 7 children.
There is an Emily Webb born 2.2.1839 died 1919 unmarried but they
had been living in Dublin.
Deacon Richard Butler (d. 1684 USA) b. about 1608, Braintree, Essex) said to have sailed to America on the ship Hector in 1632 with his brother William, leaving two sisters in Essex. One sister, Jane, m. a West and the other m. a Winter. Richard's first wife's name is not known, but his second wife was Elizabeth Bigelow. Richard and William went to Cambridge, Mass. before following Thomas Hooker (The Braintree Group) to Hartford, Connecticut where they became original proprietors and are listed on the founding monument. [(DS20) Butler Society ([email protected] - webmaster]
There were several Butlers in the Jacobite court, some of whom received Spanish orders or had connections with Spain where the surname still exists. The family of Butler of Spain, originating in Ireland, settled in Cádiz - arms “Or, an oak vert, on a chief gyronny argent”. The barony of Cahir was held by the Dukes of Ormond since 1392 and there were descendants of Lord Cahir in France.
The most important member of the Butler family at the Jacobite Court was James Butler, 2nd duke of Ormond, Baron Dingwall, created Knight of the Thistle on 8.4.1716. On 14.2.1717 he was appointed Plenipotentiary to the Court of Sweden and on 22.5.1732, 2.2.1740 and 25.10.1745 Captain-General and Commander-in-Chief of all His Majesty's forces in Great Britain and Ireland. On 126.96.36.1992 and 22.5.1732 he was appointed to be one of the Lords Regent during the King's absence with the power (5 making a quorum) to add four to their number.
Ruvigny in his "Jacobite Peerage" gives the following:
Appointment of Abbe Christopher Butler, Doctor of the Sorbonne, now in
Rome, near relation of the Duke of Ormond to be Archbishop of Cashel and
Dr James Butler to be his coadjutor.
Declaration of noblesse of Frances Christian Butler, daughter of James
Butler of Killicop, nearly related to Lord Cahir and to Butler of Killeagh,
distinguished at the time of the revolution to King James and passed into
France with the rank of Major of the Irish Cavalry Regiment of Sheldon,
afterwards commanded by the Duke of fitzJames in which he served as Major
and Colonel with distinction.
James fitzJames, James III's half-brother [being son of James II by his mistress Arabella Churchill, sister of John, Duke of Marlborough] became a French subject. FitzJames’s son became the Duke of Liria in Spain from whom descends the present Duchess of Alba, Maria del Rosario Cayetana fitzJames Stuart y Silva.
Declaration of noblesse of Edmund Butler, Major in Nugent's Regiment of
Horse, he being descended from Lord Cahir's family.
1692: Colonel Butler in the list of field Officers to whom subsistence was
paid by the King's order.
the appointment of Theobald Butler, Knight
of the Spanish Order of St. James [Orden
Militar de Santiago, founded in the kingdom of Leon in 1161 during the
reign of Fernando II]
to be a Gentleman of the Privy Chamber.
Piers Butler, first earl of Newcastle to be Gentleman of the Bedchamber,
created Knight of the Garter in 1714.
Richard Butler LL.D. appointed to be Master in Chancery.
Richard Butler (1727-17-) created Baron Butler by James II and VIII with
remainder to heirs-male of his body.
He was probably Richard Butler "the
son of gentle parents of Co. Kilkenny" who
had a declaration of his noblesse from James III and VIII on 23.3.1703 or
the one "residing
at St. Malo and descended from the old and gentle house of Paulstown, Co.
who had a similar declaration on 18.7.1712.
In the St. Germains Register is a note of the baptism on 26.10.1692
of James Francis Richard, son of Captain Richard Butler, the Prince of
Wales being sponsor.
Butler created knight and baronet on 2.3.1743 by James III and VIII for
special service in that country.
Rietstap in his "Armorial General" lists 18 Winters named in the Noblesse du St. Empire 7.9.1790 and several de l’Epées.
Noble of the Holy Roman Empire (7.9.1790) in Belgium, presumably from
Lorraine, possibly John Winter (b. 1751) or his father.
General, Vol. 2. Rietstap).
De l’Epée (Lorraine 1549): "D'azur,
a la bande d'or. Charge:
d'une etoile du champ". (Armorial
General, Vol. 2. Rietstap).
De l’Epée de Stuyvenberghe (Brabant), conformation de nobilite on
21.11.1736: "Sable, a un
etrille d'or, casque: couronne. Charge:
un tete de licorne d'argent, supportant de sa poitrine, une epée d'argent
passe en bande". (Armorial
General, Vol. 2, Rietstap).
De l’Epée ou del Epée (Brabant), Chevalier du St. Empire, 10.7.1713.
"De sable, a un epée
d'argent, garnie d'or passes en bande la pointe en bas. Casque: couronne.
Charge: un tete et col de boeuf d'or bouclée du meme posée enter
des plumes d'autriche d'or, de sable et de gueles". (Armorial
General, Vol. 2. Rietstap).
De l’Epée (Normandie): "d'azur
a deux epées d'argent garnies d'or passée en sant."
General Vol. 2, Rietstap).
de l’Epée (Normandie): "de
geules a deux epées d'argent passess en sautoir les point en bas
accompangne en pointe d'un lion leoparde d'or."
(Armorial General, Vol. 2. Rietstap).
de l’Epée (Lorraine): "d'azure
a un epée garnie d'or accompagne en chef de deux croix recroisette au un
pied fiche du meme, a la fas ce du second brochant sur l'epée". (Armorial
General, Vol. 2,. Rietstap).
L'Espée, Legende: d'Heer Baldvin l'Espée d.15.7.1673.
Legende the tenth: Marie Therese van
Heghelsom. A marriage to a
female holder would confer the title to an eldest son.
When she died on 6.7.1705 she had 8s.2d.
Baldvin died 12.9.1674, eldest son Jean François. ("Mereaux
- Bethune p. 419).
Brigadier General Sir Ormond de l’Epée Winter (1875-1662), KBE, CB, CMG, DSO married Lady Margaret Effie Bowes-Lyon (1890-1982), grand daughter of the 13th earl of Strathmore & Kinghorn (relative of the Queen Mother whose father was the 14th earl) in 1927 but had no issue. His Will made 154.4.1951 was proved 24.5.1962. His brother Colonel Clifford Boardman Winter (1869-1930) had 3 daughters. The Brigadier published a book "Winter's Tale".
Sir Ormond l'Epée Winter's career was truly worthy of a descendant of a medieval mercenary and of the family of which 3 members fought the Spanish Armada, not forgetting a leaping cavalier. His obituary in "The Times" dated 15.2.1962 reads:
Ormond Winter - A spirited military career.
Brigadier-General Sir Ormond de l’Epée Winter, KBE, CB, CMG, DSO
who died in a Worthing nursing home on Tuesday at the age of 87, was a
gunner officer and, for a long period, very prominent as a gentleman rider
in Indian racing circles. Of
dapper appearance and striking personality his devotion to horses was
allied with marked capacity in his profession; during the First World War,
he served in the Dardanelles, in Egypt, and on the Western front,
commanding in turn a battery, an artillery brigade and the artillery of a
son of W. H. Winter of Chiswick, he was born on January 11th 1875, and
went to Cheltenham before passing into the Royal Military Academy.
He was gazetted second lieutenant in the Royal Artillery in
November, 1894, got his first step three years later, was promoted captain
in February, 1901, and reached the rank of major in July, 1911.
He saw no active service during these years, which were almost
wholly spent in India where he became so well known on the Turf.
the outbreak of the First World War, he was commanding the 10th Battery,
RFA at Barrackpore and brought it home to England to be included in 29
Division and sent to the Dardanelles.
Thus he was at the landing on the peninsula and served throughout
the Gallipolli campaign, acting as GS02 on the staff of 13 Division from
October 1915 until the evacuation and being awarded the DSO.
11 Division was moved from Egypt to France in July 1916, he accompanied
RFA having received his regimental promotion to lieutenant-colonel in
April. He served in the later
stages of the Somme offensive of 1916, and in the Flanders offensive of
the following year, at the end of which he was appointed to command the
artillery of 11 Division with the temporary rank of brigadier-general;.
During the final victorious advance in September 1918, he was
called upon to command the division itself for a month, leading it at the
Battle of the Canal du Nord and the Battle of Cambrai.
Upon his share in these operations, he was wont to look back with
July 1917, he was awarded a bar to his DSO for extinguishing at great
personal risk with the aid of another officer, a blazing ammunition dump,
thereby saving many lives. He
was created CMG in 1917 and his services were mentioned 6 times in
dispatches. He received his
promotion to colonel in April 1920.
next appointment took him to Ireland in 1920 as Deputy Chief of Police and
Director of Intelligence and while employed in this thankless and uneasy
work, he was shot at and wounded. After
the recognition of the Irish Free State at the beginning of 192, he served
under the Irish Office as Director of Resettlement, being created KBE in
that year. In January 1923,
he went on half-pay and retired from the Army with the honorary rank of
brigadier-general in February of the following year.
1938-39 he was director of communications on the International Board for
Non-Intervention in Spain. The
following year he joined the British contingent of the International
Volunteer Force for Finland and proceeded to Finland in March.
Ormond published a volume upon the shoeing of horses and his "History
of Racing in India"
contained the fruits of nearly 20 years experience there as an amateur
jockey. In 1955 he published
his autobiography "Winter's
a forceful and highly readable account of a spirited career.
married Mrs Marjorie Effie Pinder, second daughter of the Hon. Ernest
Bowes-Lyon in 1927".
Another tribute in "The Times" dated 20.2.1962 this time from a colleague read:
Ormond de l’Epée Winter - Lieutenant-General Sir Thomas Hutton writes:
one who served for some time in France as a battery commander under Ormond
de l’Epée Winter pay a brief tribute to his memory? He was, I think the bravest man I have ever known, he really
seemed to enjoy war and yet was one of the most considerate of commanders.
In the attack he usually arrived on the final objective before his
FOO (forward observation officer) and is reported on one occasion to have
led an infantry attack in trench warfare mounted on a horse.
Sometimes his brigade headquarters was to be found practically in
the front line, but there was always an excellent meal and a bottle of
wine for his visitors, besides some very good if somewhat Rabelaisian
attitude to his superiors was nonetheless fearless and on one occasion, he
obtained the cancellation of a suicidal attack on uncut wire by refusing
to fire his guns in support of it, hence perhaps his failure to secure the
high promotion he deserved.
of his proudest boasts was that in his youth he had been tried for murder
and needless to say, acquitted. He
went to Ireland during the troubles with the avowed intention of avenging
the cold-blooded murder of one of his best friends, an action very typical
of his nature. He had many of
the qualities of a gentleman adventurer of the Middle Ages, who feared
neither God nor man, who had no mercy for his enemies but who would die
happily for a friend or a cause in which he believed.
With all these qualities he combined a brilliant and original mind
which made him a most inspiring commander and gained the affection and
respect of all who served under him".
The "Weston Mercury" of 24.10.1980 had an article about Ellen Winter (d. 1940) aged 90, cousin of Sir Ormond and of Dr. Essex Winter of Newbury. She was the youngest of 7 daughters of John Seagar Winter and had one brother.
The family of Delappe Winter or de l’Epée Winter may be descended from the Winters of Dyrham not through William Winter of Clapton-in-Gordano but from his brother Benedict:
The following family which claimed descent from the Winters of Clapton-in-Gordano may have some connection with John Delap who married Anne Winter of Armagh on 8.5.1745:
- Winter of Armagh & North Carolina.
Geoge Winter of Dyrham (1530-4) = Anne Brayne > John Winter of Dyrham (1563-5) = Mary Brunkard > Benedict Winter (b. 1597) = Alice Burnam >:
Thomas Winter (b. 1627 at Long Crendon, Bucks)
William Winter (.b. 1637 "
Richard Winter (b. 1627) at Long Crendon, Bucks = Joan (?) at Upton-cum-Chalsey,
Richard Winter (b. 1655 Upton-cum-Chalsey, Bucks)
(b) Thomas Winter (b. 1658 " " " " ) = Hester (?)
John William Winter (b. 1773 at Armagh = Mary (?)
Samuel Edward Winter (b. 1776, bur. N. Carolina) = at Armagh.
William Winter (b. 1654 at Upton-cum-Chalsey, Bucks = Hester (?) >:
A. Richard Winter (b.
B. John Winter (b. 1688
at East Yarston, Berks).
C. Robert Winter (b.
D. William Winter (b.
1690 at East Yarston, Berks).
E. Joseph Winter (b.
1696 at East Yarston, Berks).
F. Francis Winter (b.
1709 at East Yarston, Berks).
G. Charles Winter (b.
1702) = Elizabeth (?) at Upton-cum-Chalsey, Bucks >:
1. Francis Winter (b.
1734 at Upton-cum-Chalsey, Bucks).
2. George Winter (b.
1793 at Upton-cum-Chalsey, Bucks).
Edward Winter (b. 1736 at Upton-cum-Chalsey, Bucks) moved
Francis Robert Winter (b. 1770 at Armagh bur. N. Carolina) = 1778
Mitchell > descendant John H. Winter of N. Carolina.
by John H. Winter of North Carolina).
Fayetteville in North Carolina had a large settlement of Highland Scots where Flora MacDonald (who hid Bonnie Prince Charlie) went until 1783 when she returned to Skye.