Many records exist for children and men learning a trade. Guilds, some dating from the Middle Ages, evolved to protect members of a particular trade (first) and the public (second). The Statute of Apprentices of 1563 required an individual to qualify in his trade by serving an apprenticeship. The apprentice would typically serve a period of seven years' training before being admitted to the guild. The apprenticeship indentures were signed by the guild master and the apprentice's father or guardian. Many of these indentures survive and not just for the famous London livery companies. Check records held at SoG, the CROs (including the LMA) and see what exist on microfiche or film in the FHLC at your nearest FHC.


LONDON City Apprenticeships Extracts  1442 - 1840

Prentis, Robert, son of Henry, Wetherby, Yorkshire, smith(deceased), to John Banckes, 18 Dec 1571, Brewers' Company

Prentis Edward, son of Simon, Kingham, Oxfordshire, yeoman, to William Gillett, 4 Dec 1688, Armourers' and Braziers' Company

Prentis John, son of William, Horton, Buckinghamshire, yeoman, to Francis Grace [in Ms 'Houlton'], 12 Feb 1690/1, Broderers' Company

Prentis Thomas, son of Thomas, Rainham, Essex, butcher, to Nicholas Carlyon, 5 Jul 1705, Gunmakers' Company

Prentis Daniel, son of Daniel, St Bartholomew the Great, London, tailor, to Benjamin Oldroyd, 1 Nov 1743, Tinplate Workers' Company

Prentis Walter, son of Edward, Maidstone, Kent, gentleman, to Peter King, 24 Dec 1759, Ironmongers' Company

Prentiss William, son of William London carman (deceased), to Samuel Baker, 6 Sep 1764, Carmens' Company


John Thomas son of John Bond Street, Westminster, Vintner to Thomas Middleton 5.6.1783


John James son of John Barking Essex Carpenter to William Bentley 14.2.1748/9

Edward son of Simon of Kingham Oxon Yeo to William Gillett 4.12.1688



Martin son of John of St. Luike, M/sex Labourer to Joseph Pratt 17.2.1743/4

Walter son of Edward of Maidstone, Kent Gent to Peter King 24.12.1759


Prentice Edward 1698 Salmon Robert Carpenter ( Maidstone Freeman Index 1694-1734)

1719 George Jun of St. Giles/Fields to Henry Beck of St. Mary le Bone carpenter  


1723 19 June Henry son of Henry citizen and weaver of London

1726 May 6 Ralf son of Thomas of Pauls Walden Yeoman

1711 Daniel late of St. Albans maltster deceased to Samuel Thomson barber 5

1718 Henry Jun of Caudington Beds. to William Wilson wheelwright

1722 Henry weaver to Isaac Harris wheelwright

1725 John Richard of Nayland to William Bedwell of Ipswich joiner

1725 Freeman Thomas of Walden Herts to William Lucas of Hitchin draper

1735 John of London victualler to John Burrell of Thetford cordwainer 9

1741 Robert Jun to John Keen of Debenham Grocer 48

1743 Daniel to Benjamin Oldroyd tin plate 7-12

1743 Robert Jun of Thetford to Arthur Bidwell woolcomber

1745 Thomas Jun to Richard Fisher of N. Lopham, Norfolk Grocer

1751 Archibald to Thomas Caldwell of Stone Heap Scotland mason 15

1754 Edward to Robert Pine of Maidstone Kent surgeon 40

1755 John to Calton Sussum of Diss cordwainer 6

1765 Charles to Joseph Roberts of Harlow, Essex blacksmith 2

1765 David to John Risker of Thorpe Essex cordwainer 6

1765 Isaac to Richard Prentice of Steeple Aston, Oxon tallow chandler 5

1765 Robert to Edward Dennis of Brancaster cordwainer 5-10

1766 John to Richard Prentice of Steeple Aston Oxon

1767 Robert to William Caldwell of Glasgow wright 10-10

1767 John to Peter Daniel of Colchester attorney 200

1768 William to Thomas Matgetts of Ipswich wool 12

1770 Thomas to Samuel Clayton of Finningham grocer 44

1771 Robert to John Deeker of Gt. Coggleshall curr 10

1771 Samuel to William Johnson of Bury St. Edmunds yarnmaker

1771 John to John Beeton of Stow Suffolk bricklayer 3-3

1772 Isaac to Richard Wright of Little Coggleshall Essex wheelwright 5







Copyright ...Kerry Prentice.2003