The Stewarts of the South:
The Stewarts of Glenbuckie
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This web page is a continuation of the documentary analysis of Captain James Stewart's letters ca. 1815-1820, giving a thorough accounting of many of the Stewart families from southern Perthshire of that era. If you have come here from outside this website then you are advised to begin with The Stewarts of the South: INTRODUCTION, which includes an explanation of the document itself, and this analysis project, as well as an introduction to the Stewarts of Balquhidder Research Web Site.
(The author continues from the previous section. For the sake of readability we have broken the document into four major sections, however, in the original letter, the following paragraph follows directly after the concluding paragraph in PART ONE.)
"I shall finish my narration of the Ardvorlich family and give a sketch of a family whose name shall be held in esteem by me although I had but little acquaintance with any of them: Slioch an Toigh duibh ("Children of the black house") of Glenbuckie who resided sometimes there and at other times at a farm called Breachoile, [located on] Lochcatherineside [in] Callander parish, [on the] estate of Drummond of Perth.
|(What follows is a lengthy accounting of how John Glas Stewart of Benmore came into possession of the property of Glenbuckie from his brother-in-law, Alexander Stewart of Glenbuckie.)|
1st Alexander Stewart, late of Glenbuckie, sold it (the Glenbuckie estate) to John Stewart of Benmore, who was married to [Alexander's] sister. [Alexander] sold the estate when [his brother], David, was absent in France. [This] David was a doctor and was obliged to go to France after the year 1745. John Stewart of Benmore was descended of the family of Ardsheil, the most respectable Branch of Appin Stewarts. He was know by the name of Iain Glac mhac Iain mhic Alastair. (John "Glac", son of John, grandson of Alexander. His nickname "Glac" is most likely a corruption of "glas", as below, which means "grey" and is a common nickname.) [John] gathered his substance by cattle dealing, brewing whisky, and by other pieces of industry. [He] purchased Benmore in Glendochard from Drummond of Perth. [It was] formerly the property of Campbell of Coirchaorach of the same place, also Campbell of Licks [in] Killin parish.
[John Stewart of Benmore] was married first to a daughter of Ardsheil by whom he had:
[Next] John Glas married a daughter of MacNab of Iniseoain, a clever active woman, by whom he had:
Mrs Stewart married again [to] Archibald MacNab of Newton [in] Balquhidder
John Stewart [the younger] of Benmore, after his father's death, married the oldest daughter of Alexander Stewart of Glenbuckie. [She was also] sister to Duncan Stewart of [ditto] (Glenbuckie) who was murder[ed] in Lenny house [in] the year 45. Alexander Stewart who sold Glenbuckie and his brother, David Stewart, surgeon in France.... (The next sentence does not seem to follow.)
Walter Stewart, [youngest son of Alexander Stewart, 10th of Glenbuckie,] tacksman of Glaschoil, Aberfoil parish, [in the] Ldp (Lordship) of Monteith. The [Glenbuckie] estate of this friendly and hospitable family was sold by [his brother] Alexander Stewart of [ditto] (12th of Glenbuckie), being a weak and sickly person, to John Stewart of Benmore, his brother-in-law, upon account of [Alexander's] fear [that] his brother David, who was thought extravagant, when [the estate] would come to his hand, would sell it to strangers.
[John Stewart of] Benmore sold his own [Benmore] estate to [the] Breadalbane family and thought to get an overprice and bought Glenbuckie - from his brother-in-law, Alexander. [John] purchased the half of another farm called Blarcrioch [in the] Braes of Balquhidder, [which is] now the property of the late Rev'd Duncan Stewart, minister, from MacGregor of Glengoil, (otherwise [known as] MacDhuilcheir, Sir Gregor McGregor, a great grandfather).
John [Stewart] of Benmore died without issue and [his sister], Betty, became heir of Glenbuckie, [she] being [John's] father and mother's daughter. (Meaning that Betty was John's full sister.) It is said that it was [John's] intention to leave the estate to his [half-] brother, Capt Duncan Stewart, the present Glenbuckie, but was advised by some friends from doing it and he died intestate. (This was told me by the Captain's mother, the deceased Mr Alexander Macnab of Iniseoain, Glendochard. [She] told me that the only portion left Capt Stewart and his sister was �150 each and money was never better managed by a trustee than that was managed by Iniseoan for his sister's children.)
Betty [Stewart, sister of John Stewart of Benmore] married one David Stewart of the Stewarts of Glenogle, Cloichglas, or Hyndfield, -- a branch of those Garnafuaran, or Sliochd an Toighbhaoil ("Children of the House of Voil". The meaning of "Voil" is unknown, but presumably refers to Loch Voil). Glenogle is a part of the estate of Breadalbane, Balquhidder parish.
(David Stewart of Craig Ruidh, Balquhidder, sold [Craig Ruidh] to one Maclaren. Again it was sold to Macnab of MacNab. Now [it has been sold] to one Macdonald from Glenlyon. David Stewart's father had once Monachill Mor and Monachill Beg [in the] Braes of Balquhidder, now the property of Miss MacNab, grand-daughter to Archibald MacNab of Newton, as mentioned above.)
David [Stewart of Craig Ruidh, husband of Betty Stewart of Benmore, Heiress of Glenbuckie], by the extravagance of his wife, Betty, was under the necessity of enlisting as a single soldier, being but a simple good natured man and servant for seven years [to?] the late Revd Mr Maclaggan [of] Blair Athol in the 42d Regiment. After his return home rents were higher and his circumstances became more easy. And by his simplicity and short sight, he sold Wester Invernenty, Braes of Balquhidder, to the late Rev Mr Stewart whose son hath it yet also sold Blarchrich, Braes of Balquhidder, to the late worthy Capt Robert Fergusson of Stronvar. The Reverend Dunn Stewart bought Blarcroich from Capt R Fergusson's nephew, the present Provost of Cupar in Fife - which farms his estate with Wester Invernenty, Braes of Balquhidder, now the property of his son Capt Alexander Stewart of Strathgarry in Athol, of the East India Company. Mr Stewart, [the] minister, was called by many "covetous and greedy", [but] I thought this was not justice to his character. I believe he was a friendly and honourable gentleman. Many who slandered him would wish him back again.
When David Stewart of Craigruigh (Craig Ruidh) married Betty Stewart what he got by her would be now as good as seven or eight hundred pounds per annum. After [David's] death his son, John Stewart, late Glenbuckie, took loose reins altogether and was like to go through all. (That is, John was likely to waste his mother's estate's wealth.) [John's] mother, Betty, by the advice of Miss Annie Stewart, [Capt. Duncan Stewart's and her own] sister bound herself under the tutorage of [the following people:] her [half-] brother Capt Duncan Stewart, William Stewart of Ardvorlich, Commissary MacPhillip [of] Stirling, and the Revd Duncan Stewart of Balquhidder. [Betty bound herself under the tutorage of these men] as Capt Stewart had an eye in the estate [and] never took any steps to clear the debt after the death of The Revd Mr Stewart & Commissary MacPhillip, which would not permit of any misconduct. [Capt. Duncan Stewart] withdrew himself from the Trusteeship [and] the estate was advertised for sale and Capt Stewart bought it for �12500, which was thought undervalue[d] at that time. If one farm [could have been] sold the debt might [have been] be paid and the rest [of Glenbuckie] reserved.
After the sale of [Glenbuckie], the late John Stewart of Glenbuckie [son of Betty Stewart of Benmore and David Stewart of Craig Ruidh] was turned out of his maternal estate and the farm occupied by himself was let to his own tenants, which he thought more cruel than the selling of the estate itself. ( [This would be] the same as if Mr Duncan MacDiarmid would take your worthy father's place at Conichan. You know whither ingratitude he ought to do it.) But Glenbuckie Farmers shall never get such a good master. [John] offered [his uncle, Capt. Duncan Stewart] as much rent for his residing farm (that is, the farm where John was residing) as any other would give to his uncle, but was turned off, which he thought harder than selling the estate.
Whatsoever the conduct of low unprincipled villains is where no good can be expected. I think this is a slur upon this prosperous namesake of ours. This is the truth not a word being aggravated but rich people can justify their deeds whither right or wrong.
The prosperous Capt [Duncan] Stewart bought again, from Sir John McGregor for �4000, Glendubh, that was in the centre of the hills of Glenbuckie - then the grazing place of Gartnafuaran, Balquhidder, rent �200 per annum. Again bought from John Fergusson of Stronvar owing to some mismanagement in business the estate of Stronvar in Balquhidder joining his own of Glenbuckie for twelve thousand five hundred pounds - a dear purchase.
(Those Fergussons came of a low degree. The Revd Mr Finlay Fergusson's father was a Smith in Lagga maolin ("Little hollow of the bald man [or tonsured man, or priest]" in Athol. But they were worthy and respectable people in this part of the world. [The man who was] grandfather to [the present occupant of] Middlehaugh, who was married to [the daughter of] Mr Dun MacDiarmid in Conichan, was brother to Mr Finlay Fergusson. Before him, Middlehaugh was possessed by a branch of the Stewart[s] of Urachill Beg in Athol. Stronvar was possessed by one Stewart Hyndfield of [the] Gartnafuaran family [in] Balquhidder.)
Before Mr Fergusson got it last year, Capt Stewart [bought] Easter Invernenty from MacNab of MacNab for �2500. [Capt. Stewart] wants only one farm of a whole countryside. His rents amount to ten or eleven hundred pounds [from his Balquhidder estate], besides his estate in Kintyre [which are] �500 per annum. He improves his estates and [he has] but little debt which he can easily pay. And if Capt Stewart shall live any time, in all probability he shall buy the small estate left by the Revd Mr Stewart, which, annexed to the present estate, will form one of the [most complete] in the Highlands of Perth.
I proceed now to a different Branch from those called Sliochd an Nihduibh [sic. Sliochd nan Tigh Duibh, that is, the principal Glenbuckie family) who were humane generous & hospitable -- a father and guardian to their own tribe and others, for a long time laird & tacksman of Glenbuckie, [namely] Duncan Stewart 9th of Glenbuckie, [who] possessed it, having bought it from the Marquis of Athol -- his [Duncan Stewart's] progenitors having for a long period occupied it as wadsetters.
The Glenbuckie Farms
Glenbuckie consists of the following farms:
- Immireoin ("a strip of arable land named after Ewan")
- Leannach, one of the best grazings in Balquhidder
- Dailanlaggan ("Dale of the little hollow") [also known as] Bailmor ("big house") where the black house was from which they had that appellation -- a very good farm and some cottages under different names.
- Wester Invernenty (probably Inbhir nan tigh = "river confluence by the house") and one half of Blarcroich (blar = "a moor or battlefield", crioch = "boundary or frontier" thus, "The Moor on the Boundary" or "Marchfield" as it is known in English) adjacent to each other in the Braes of Balquhidder. Some years ago it would be worth �600-700 a year
- One-fourth of Glenfinglas in tack
- Brenchoil, Lochcatrineside, in tack from Drummond of Perth where he sometimes resided.
You cannot conceive what figure this family made with their little income. They were loved and honoured by their own relatives and others to excess. It's often the case that prosperity will not make people so valuable to their friends as middling circumstances -- a few exceptions may be made who hath good hearts. Many, when they prosper in the world, despise and hate their poor relatives and too much prosperity makes some people proud and haughty.
Alexander Stewart of Glenbuckie, [who] was murdered in Lennyhouse [in the] year 45 left four sons:
|(Note: the sons were listed in the original out of order as "2 Alexander, 1 Duncan, 3 David, 4 Walter.)|
**The following lines have all been identified. They represent the descendants of Duncan Stewart, 8th of Glenbuckie. They can be found HERE.**
I think the real [present] heir or representative of this ancient family is a brother's son to Duncan Stewart who wrote the history of the Stewarts. He is in America [and] was sometime Lieutenant of a man of war.
But the nearest of them in this country is one Walter Stewart, an unworthy person, [who] was son to John Stewart, [and] was [a] tacksman [of] Wester Bridge of Turk, [belonging to the] Earl [of] Murray [in] Callander parish. His grandfather, Walter Stewart, [was] son to Duncan Stewart, 12th of Glenbuckie (sic -- by our accounting this would actually be a reference to Duncan Stewart, 8th of Glenbuckie, who married Jean Graham of Duchray) [and Duncan's wife, who was] a daughter to Graham of Dochry. He was, some years ago, turned out of that farm for some misconduct or other. His mother was of Balchallan. It was for the small crime of cutting an oak tree [that] he was turned out and he denied the charge, but it was proven and no argument would prevail with the Earl of Murray to let him stay because of not letting the truth. But other people were undermining him. He had one eighth of Glenfinglas. He is now a poor cottager -- a real contrast of his progenitors, which shows the uncertainty of human affairs. He has four sons.
The next was Alexander Stewart, son to the said Duncan Stewart of Glenbuckie & Graham of Dochry's daughter. [Alexander] was Tacksman of Tomnasai near the Kirkton of Balquhidder [on] Sir John McGregor's estate, of which he was dispossessed some time before his death, by one Ronald McGregor a son to Rob Roy, when the forfeited estates were in the hands of the Barons of the Exchequer. [Alexander] left three sons:
- Alexander was a servant to the Queen of Denmark, daughter to George II, and had a pension. He left one son.
- David died unmarried had no children
- John resided in Callander. [He] was a gentleman's servant and became door keeper to the Secretary of State's Office, in the time of the Honourable Henry Dundas and Mr Pit's administration. [He] has a pension of �80 a year. He was a great favourite of [Henry Dundas,] Lord Melville and Mr. Pit. He has no family. And for all that this man traveled through Europe, his morals were not corrupted, nor his good manners were changed from what they should be, nor from what becomes an honest man. He is loved and respected by all his friends and acquaintances. He rears up and educates his brother's son as a gentleman.
Patrick Stewart, fourth son to Duncan of Glenbuckie and Graham of Dochrys daughter -- his offspring are in London. I leave their history to farther information.
This finishes the first branch of Glenbuckie.
Alastir mac Dhoal [Stewart], [a] tacksman of Duncragan [in] Callander parish, [on the Earl of] Perth's estate, [which] now [belongs to] Sir Patrick Murray of Auchtertyre. [Alastir] was of a bastard line. [He] left two sons:
- a bleacher [in the] new town of Campsie
- the other at Bonill Levenside [in] Dumbartonshire
[They] both [had] sons.
Branch 1 Post Script
I omitted to mention something about the late David of Glenbuckie's death (this being a reference to Dr. David Stewart, son of Alexander, 10th of Glenbuckie) who was lamented to desperation by those of his own family and others gentle and simple. After his death his affairs were managed by Mr Robert Stewart writer in Edinburgh -- your granduncle, commonly called Rob Uncle -- and what remained of his effects was given to his two sisters, Mrs Stewart [of] Benmore, [who] married secondly [to] Cameron of Callard, [and] the other [sister, who married] Cameron of Lundabhar. David had some natural children who died before himself.
**The following branch has been identified. They represent the descendants of John Dubh Beg Stewart, son of Duncan Stewart, 5th of Glenbuckie. They can be found HERE.**
Commonly called Sliochd Iain Dui Bheig ("Children of Little Black John"). [John was the] fifth son of Duncan [Stewart], 9th of Glenbuckie (sic - by our accounting Duncan was actually 5th of Glenbuckie) and [Duncan's wife, who was] a daughter of MacGregor of Inverlochlaraig. [John] was called Iain Du Beg ("Little Black John") in extreme from another man called Iain Du mor ("Big Black John") in the same house.
John Dubh Beg Stewart Expels the MacGregors from Glenfinglas
John Du Beg was one of the stoutest men in the country. It was him who was with Major [James] Stewart [2nd of Ardvorlich] when they drove the MacGregors from Glenfinglas - and he was the best soldier of the two. They slept in the hill and their followers deserted them. The place was between Glenbuckie and Glenfinglas. The Major was for returning back if it was not for John Beg. The MacGregors being that day burning there houses in Glenmain which was close with wood. The two came to the tree where the MacGregors had left their arms and John Du Beg asked the Major whether he would secure the arms or catch Callum Owr, the leader of the MacGregors. The Major undertook the securing of the arms and threw them into a hole full of water. John Du Beg said to Callum Owr if he would stir he would kill him and brought him [as a] prisoner to Doune where he was executed. [And Major James Beg] Stewart got the tack of the Glen [Finglas].
Rob Mac Pharick mac Iain Du Beg (Rob, son of Patrick, who was in turn son of John Dubh Beg Stewart, patriarch of this branch) was Tacksman in Lianach [of] Glenbuckie. [He] left two sons: James & Peter. (James' description follows. Peter is described in 2 Line below.)
- James Stewart had five sons:
- Duncan, [a] tacksman [at] Aldannabreg [in] Aberfoil [who] died without any sons
- James, [a] tacksman of Wester Invernenty [in] Braes of Balquhidder, again of Bohelechan [in] Drymen parish. [He had] three sons living at Drymen [and who all had] families. Duke of Montrose's work. (He works for the Duke of Montrose?)
- Alexander, [a] tacksman [in] Invernenty [in] Braes of Balquhidder. [He had] one son:
- Robt, a cottager [in] Allanabreak [in] Aberfoil who hath one son:
- a shoemaker in Callendar
- Duncan, [a] tacksman [in] Blarchroich [in] Braes of Balquhidder. [He] left two sons: Robt & Duncan
- Robert is a shepherd to Blair Drummond [in] Kincardin parish. [He had:]
- one son [who is] an honest and industrious person
- Duncan, his brother, now dead, left three sons [who are all] minors in Flanders Moss [on] Blair Drummond's estate. His wife nursed a child to Blair Drummond and hath been the means of supporting his family.
- John, [who was a] tenant [in] Lianoch [of] Glenbuckie. (John is actually recorded as #3, which does not fit with the accounting above. As written it would appear that he is a third son of Rob mac Pharick, but Rob is listed as having only two sons. It is more likely that he is actually the 5th son of James as is shown here.) [He] left one son:
- James, once tenant of Tommineoin [in] Glenbuckie, [and who is] now a crofter at Kilmahog near Callander [on] Buchanan of Lenny's estate. [He had] three sons minors.
2 & 3 Line
Patrick mac Ross mhic Pharick (Patrick a.k.a "Peter", son of Robert, who was in turn son of Patrick, whom we know from above was in turn the son of Iain Dubh Beg) had two sons called Donach Rioch & Iain Riach. (Rioch and Riach are different but similar words in Gaelic. Rioch means "to flail the skin" and riach means "to cut along the surface". Both words could be references to battle wounds. However, Rioch and Riach are also both anglicized forms of riabhach (pronounced "ree-achk") which means "brindled or greyish brown.")
- Donach Rioch, ("Duncan with the grey/brown hair") One of them, Duncan, a good soldier a Tacksman of Lianach [in] Glenbuckie left two sons
- a son [who is] a moss laird [at] Flanders Moss [in] Summerline. [He is] an industrious man [who] has two sons with himself
- a son Duncan, his brother, [who is] a workman [in the] village of Thornhill [in] Down [Doune] parish. [He has] four sons [who are all] minors.
- Iain Riach Mor ("Big John with the grey/brown hair", shown in the original document as 3 Line) lived at Camusbarron near Stirling [and] had four or five sons. I believe one of them was the same John Stewart who served and died with you when in the 42 Regt. John Riach Mor was a very good soldier.
This finishes Sliochd Iain Du Beig.
Duncan Stewart, brother to Iain Du Beg of Glenbuckie (patriarch of II Branch), had three sons.
|Initial reading of the line above would make it appear that Line 1 below are the three sons of Duncan. However, the three brothers listed below would be at least 120 years too late. It appears that the line above should really be placed at the end of the previous section, rather than at the beginning of this section. The line above refers to Duncan Stewart, son of Duncan Stewart, 5th of Glenbuckie and indicates that he had three sons, but those sons are not named. Then the text switches to the new branch as below.|
III Branch is later referred to as Sliochd Sheumais mhic Alistir mhic Dhunachy, "Children of James son of Alexander son of Duncan" -- the Duncan in question would most likely be Duncan Stewart, 5th of Glenbuckie. Thus, it is believed that the following lines all descend from James, son of Alexander, son of Duncan, 5th of Glenbuckie.
Alexander, his successor (shown in the original as 1 Line, however just whom he was successor to is unclear, likely the reference means that Alexander was the lineal heir to James son of Alexander son of Duncan after whom this branch is named). Alexander Stewart late tacksman [in] Ardcheanchnock left one son:
James Stewart formerly Tenant in Glenfinglas again of Ardcheanenock, Locheathrin [Loch Katrine] [on] Drummond's estate [in] Calander parish. They were long time foresters of Glenfinglas under [the] Glenbuckie family
John Stewart, once tacksman Ardcheanchnock now in Coircromby near Callander [which property was] purchased by the Earl of Murray from Drummond of Perth. This lot consist of Bochastill, Tarndown & Coircromby which cost �15000. [The] foresaid John [is] yet alive [and has] four sons:
John Stewart is an honest man pays �75 of rentAn unknown Stewart believed to be James Stewart was the father of the following:
There is no line 3 in the original text. The author skips to line 4.
I believe, but am not certain, that Alexander, Duncan, and John, below, are brothers.
Donald Stewart [is a] cottager [in] Aldannabreach [in] Aberfoil [on the] Duke of Montrose['s] estate. [Donald] is [a] brother to John Stewart [of] Wester Bridge of Turk:
This finishes the first Branch of Sliochd Sheumais Mhic Alastir mhic Dhunachy, a real friendly & Clanish Branch.
|The Patronymic used in the closing here means "Children of James, son of Alexander, son of Duncan. The Duncan in question is most likely Duncan, 5th of Glenbuckie.|
|III & IV Branches are sibling branches and could be considered one branch, as the sub-line system continues its numbering across the two branches, with 1-5 Lines listed under III Branch and 6 Line listed under IV Branch. This cross-numbering makes it very difficult to decipher these branches.|
Donald Stewart brother to foresaid James called "Craiglevan Stewarts" from a small farm possessed by them near Ardcheanchnockan.
|The text is quite unclear, but it is believed that the "foresaid James" refers to the previous clan, Sliochd Sheumais Mhic Alastir mhic Dhunachy. Thus, Donald would be son of Alexander, son of Duncan, 5th of Glenbuckie. The following James Stewart of Tar and the subsequent lines descend from Donald Stewart of Craiglevan.|
I give the History of James Stewart of Tar formerly (believed to mean "formerly of Tar") who had five sons [who are] all dead and the estate [has been] sold. [It was in the Lordship] of Monteith [which is] now Montrose['s] estate. I remember when he had four sons [who are] now all dead. Of his sons:
[John Dubh Stewart who is shown below to be the father of:]
This shows the variety of human affairs [as] I saw this family at [one time] friendly and flourishing [but] now all dead, except [for that] one son who is a seaman at sea.
This finishes Sliochd Dhonal mhic Alastair mhic Dhonachie ("Children of Donald, son of Alexander, son of Duncan"), called the Craiglevan Stewarts.
James Mac Alastir foresaid (This most likely refers to James, son of Alexander, son of Duncan, 5th of Glenbuckie) [who] had a son [who was] a tenant of Lorachans [on] Loch Cathrine side [in] Callander parish, [on the] estate of Drummond. [James mac Alastir's] offspring goes under the denomination of Lorachans.
Robert Stewart, [who is] brother to [the] foresaid James (believed to refer to James, the late tacksman of [L]orachans). [He] was [a] tacksman at Gartmore [in] Port [of] Monteith parish. [He] had four sons:
Alexander Stewart, [a] tacksman of Bochastaill [in] Callander parish [on the] Earl of Murray's estate [which was] bought from Drummond of Perth. [It is] one of the prettiest farms in Perthshire. [He] left five sons:
Duncan Stewart, [a] late tacksman [at] Cuilanleogail [in] Callander parish [on the] Earl of Murray's estate. [He] left three sons:
The above Duncan (patriarch of 4 Line, not his son) had a brother [who was] a baker in Dunfermline with a family.
This finishes the Lorachans.
Walter Stewart (second grandson in 1 Line), present tacksman of Lorachans, keeps as hospitable a house as any tenant I know, and so did his father before.
|The letter "v" does not exist in the Gaelic alphabet. I have corrected to spelling in the heading from Valter to Bhalter.|
|There are two possible Walters for the patriarch of this branch: Walter, natural son of Alexander, 4th of Glenbuckie, or Walter, son of Duncan, 5th of Glenbuckie. It is believed that reference to Walter as "of Glenbuckie house" refers to the principal line and indicates Walter, son of Duncan, 5th of Glenbuckie, which would follow the chronology above.|
Called Slioch Valter nan Cliugh ["Cleugh"] ("Descendants of Walter of the Ravine") of Glenbuckie house [who] was forester to the Earl of Monteith in Benvinu when that family lived in splendor in the Island of Port of Monteith.
[Iain dubh na Sroan] left three sons:
(It is believed that the following are the sons of Iain Dubh na Sroan.)
An aside on the Duke of Montrose's property
The present Duke of Montrose got the Lordship of Monteith in an unjust way. I mean his grandfather, upon condition that he would marry a daughter or a sister of Keith, the last Earl of Marshal. She was cousin to the last Earl of Monteith [who was] son to Lord Kilpont (who was killed by Major [James Beg] Stewart, [2nd] of Ardvurlich) by a daughter of Keith [of] Marshall and did not perform the articles, but married a daughter of Carnegi of North Esk, who was grandmother to the present Duke of Montrose and kept the estate of Monteith [by] hook and crook. [The estate is the] best feather in the Duke's wings. He is a better master than your Lord Breadalbane, but is not to be recommended in everything.
John Du na Sroan had three grand uncles, [the] first of them:
What is the relationship of the following line to the granduncles of John Dubh na Sroan? The author does not say. He leaves us wondering who the other two granduncles were. It is suggested that 3 Line represent the descendants of the second granduncle whose name was unknown to the author.
It is suggested that this line represents the descendants of the third granduncle of Iain Dubh na Strowan. The following are believed to be brothers. Duncan and Walter are indicated as such in the text. Donald is referred to as "3", which I am interpreting as "third brother".
It is not clear whether the following entry is 4th in the preceding family or a new branch.
Robert Stewart, tacksman of Inchry [in] Aberfoil parish [once a part of the lordship] of Monteith [and] now [the] Duke of Montrose's. [Robert] left one son:
James Stewart, or Sheumas MacPharic (James, son of Patrick), [who was a] tacksman of Inverlochlarig [in the] Braes of Balquhidder [on the] Earl of Murray's estate, left two sons:
Peter Stewart, commonly called Par na Bearla ("English Peter") [who was] a schoolmaster in Suanard [in] Argyleshire left four sons:
This finishes Sliochd Valtair nan Cliugh.
The original document gives no name or designation for this branch. Rather than calling them "the un-named branch" we have decided to refer to them as The Stewarts "of the Gaelic Bible" in honour of the contributions of two of this family, Rev. James Stewart of Killin and Rev. Dr. John Stewart of Luss who translated the bible into Gaelic.
The line headings in this branch are not present in the original document and have been added in order to make the distinction between lines clearer.
The original author does not given any indication as to how this branch connects to the main Glenbuckie line. No patriarch is given. It is just claimed that the following branch descends from Glenbuckie.
Duncan Stewart, late tenant in Duart in Glenfinglas & Coirchrom, by [the] Earl of Murray's estate, had a numerous family, none of which survived him except two sons of three marriages.
This finishes that worthy family of whom few clans can boast of such characters.
[The] Glentarken Stewarts at Lochearnside [are] a bastard race [from] far back. (They descend from an unknown, and possibly even unrecorded, natural son of a Glenbuckie. There is no way of knowing how this branch connects.)
Walter Stewart, late tacksman of Lianoch [of] Glenbuckie [who was] called Valtair Chlachain. His progenitors were tacksmen of [the] Kirkton [of] Balquhidder for a long time, but lost it by some crook at law. This man left two sons:
James Stewart, [a] tacksman [in] Auchnahard [in] Glenfinglas. [He] left four sons
This finishes [the] Glentarkin Stewarts.
The author breaks from his narrative of the Stewarts to talk at length about the family of Sir John Murray-MacGregor, chief of Clan Gregor, and his land holdings.
I shall speak something of Glencarnaig [in the] Braes of Balquhidder, since I mentioned it so often. It was purchased by the Earl of Murray's grandfather at a judicial sale from the Court of Session sixty years ago (which would be just after the 1745 Jacobite forfeiture of lands) for the sum of �3450. It consists of the following farms:
|Inverchearnaig, where there is a mill, and Inverlochlarigbeg [both] in one farm [which was] in the hands of Messrs Stewart of Auchnahaurd and Duart [in] Glenfinglas. Rent �360. [It is] now in the hands of Mr McDonald of Craigsuidh (sic Craigruidh) [in the] Braes of Balquhidder|
|Inverlochlarigmore, Drumlich Tuarach Inisheart, and Drumlichdesarach (Druimlich dh'eusurach). Rent �550, and if times were good it would be worth double. The whole is in lease to Messrs Donald and John McDonald. There was in this place once twenty six tenants. It is one of the finest grazing farms in the Highlands of Perthshire. The whole of the Braes of Balquhidder was burned and spoiled the year after forty five (the 1745 Jacobite Rising). No man can describe the cruelty of the savage soldiers|
The first of the family of Iain Oag Beg ("Little John, the Younger") who got a feu of Inverchearnaig and Inverlochlarigbeg from the Marquis of Athol -- Iain oag Beg was son to John Macgregor, forrester of Coircheich or Mamlord [in the] Braes of Glenlochay ([they were] called Sliochd Dhonaich Bhreich, Grigar Aullin and Donald Ladasach ("Children of Speckled Duncan, Gregory ? and Donald ?) -- but I have no time to tell particulars of them at present, although I know as much of them as any man in life.
Iain Oag Beg [MacGregor] made a runaway marriage with a daughter of Coirchaorach. She was called Mari nighean Eoain (Mary, daughter of Ewan) [and] by her he had three sons:
Inverchagerney in Strathfillan, once belonging to Campbell of Lochdochard, now [belongs] to MacNab of Macnab. From that place to Crianlarach, Ewan Murray went to keep the change house [on the] Lochdochard estate where he resided for a long time [and] from thence to the Inn at Lochearnhead where they lost all their property by fire from Lochearnhead to Doune. And Sir James Cohan of Luss procured him an ensigncy in the Scotch Hollanders (Highlanders?). Sir James was reckoned [as] a protector of the MacGregors at that time. Then the Grants and MacGregors were thought brothers by this marriage
With Mary MacDonald, Ewan had four sons:
Iain Oag beg [MacGregor] had another son who was a writer in Edinburgh [who] had one son who died in the East India and a daughter [who] married to Donach Maol Chronains son a clerk [in a] commercial bank [in] Edinburgh.
This estate of Inverchearnaig, they had not altogether, [but they had] only Inverchearnaig [and] Inverlochlarigbeg [whereas?] Drumlick Tuarach Inverlochlarigmore belonged to one MhacDhuail Cheir ("son of Douglas with the dark brown hair") and Drumlichbeg to a gentleman of the name of Mclaren. It is said that Sir John paid [�13000] for Lendrick when he came from India. He got the estate of Gartnafuaran from [�1500 to] �2000, and ?Dummadich for a mere triffle of �9000 from the family of Perth, and �500 for Old Tacks, �9000 to Mr Murdoch of Gartnacabber for two farms near Lendrick, �2600 for the farm of Kirkton of the estate of Annat near Doune Lodge (a real bargain!), �6000 for Gart near Callander bought from [the] Perth family, [and] some farms at Ruskie in Monteith south from Callander. Never a MacGregor had charters upon so much land before!
The estate of Lendrick once belonged to the worthy family of Haldane. (I am unable to make sense of the following sentence.) They got it in [the] time of [either] King David or James I, by a daughter of Sir John Monteith of Ruskie, who married a son of Haldane of Gleneaguis another a son of Napier of Marchiston near Edinburgh and the estate of Ruskie was divided between them. [The] farm about the estate of Napier was sold long ago in lots to different purchasers, and Haldane's share was sold to Sir John [Murray-MacGregor] which amounts to about �2200 a year. With parks and every other thing, his estate in Balquhidder is about �1200 a year, but it is one-third too dear, and not very regularly paid. All his estates may be about �3500 per annum. His motto is Rioghail mo dhream Ardchoil ("Regal is my race of Ardchoil" which is based on the clan Gregor motto of "Regal is my race") but he needs not brag much of Ardchoil.
And if I live to see you, I will tell you of Donach Ladasachd [MacGregor] and Peter Glas, his brother in Auchrioch [in] Strathfillans. They were the most iniquitous characters the earth ever produced, striving [to see] who would be the most wicked.
(The following sentence deserves a prize for run-on phrases.) Iain Oag Beg, Sir John's grandfather, came to take possession of the Braes of Balquhidder and Rob Roy Macgregor employed four of the MacGregors, some of his own low gang, to assassinate him, but he, being a cautious man, and possessed of more country eloquence, diverted them from their wicked attempt [until] they came to Rob Roy's house at Wester Inverlochlarig, where they intended to recommit the same deed, but were prevented by Rob Roy himself, who wished not for any strangers to intrude upon his own tribe, [namely] Sliochd Dhuil Cheir, the Glengyle MacGregors. There was an attack made upon him again at the farm of Inverchearnaig, of which he wished to take possession, by a tribe of MacIntyres who had been there [since] time unknown.
Notwithstanding, Sir John was the most useful to his own clan that ever was called MacGregor. And since his advancement in the world he did more for his own clan than all the Stewarts put together, for the most of them is rather ashamed to do a good turn to one another since the revolution of the years 15 and 45, when it became real fashionable by all ranks to run down the name of Stewart, which must be a real slur upon a civilized nation. Upon cool recollection, some of the Stewarts themselves, to their great shame, were as guilty as others. But this was not the case with the MacGregors, for they would stand [for] each other at the risk of their lives and fortunes.
**Robertson, in his original transcription, indicates that there is a break in the original document at this point and that it continues in what appears to be another hand.**
The patriarch of this branch is one Duncan Og Stewart ("Young Duncan" or "Duncan, The Younger"). His name can imply one of two things:
- "Young Duncan" would imply that he was the son of a father whose name was also Duncan and thus he was called "Young Duncan" in order to be differentiated from his same-named father.
- "Duncan, The Younger" implies that he was the younger brother of the contemporary laird, and thus, second in line for the estate if the older brother had no male heirs.
We can locate no suitable Glenbuckie to match either of these descriptions, which is unfortunate, because this is actually one of the most thoroughly accounted branches including four consecutive generations accounted for. Assuming a rough 30 years between generations, the patriarch, Duncan Og, should have been born ca. 1680-1700. Again, armed with such knowledge, we are unable to identify a suitable place to graft this branch onto the Glenbuckie trunk.
Commonly called "Sliochd Gleannmagaolric" (meaning uncertain, best guess is "Children of the Glen of my love's sorrow").
Duncan (Og) Stewart, tenant in Glenbuckie [in] Balquhidder Parish and [on] Capt Stewart's property, had three sons, [namely]
All [three sons are] unmarried.
(The second and third sons of Duncan, son of Duncan Og, were omitted at this point in the text and are picked up by the author at a later point, below. That later entry has been moved forward to this point where it belongs in order to improve readability.)
NB I forgot to mention the three sons of the second Duncan Stewart... (the remainder of this entry has been moved earlier to its proper place in the chronology in order to improve readability.)
This finishes the genealogy of Sliochd Glengaolric.
Though the cultivation of the moss is a real bondage, yet voluntary, however old Blair Drummond makes it as easy as possible, and is quite different from his son, who is as smooth as sweet oil; and would make everything a crime. He is indeed very like unto Squire Bramble in Humphrey Clinker or Allworthy in Tom Jones. The old man is, really, in my opinion as good a character as can be.
A natural branch from one of the Glenbuckie's who had the twelve sons. (Referring to Patrick Stewart, 2nd of Glenbuckie, who had one lawful son and eleven natural sons.)
There was one Robert Stewart, [a] tenant in Blairchoill, Loch Catharineside, [on] Burrel Drummond's [estate] in Callander Parish, who had three sons. (sic - the author later corrects this and adds a fourth son)
This farm of Offerings pays �120 Sterling, [which is] too dear. The late Mr Rob Reid, Factor to Lord Breadalbane, left the marks of his finger here as the Devil did of old on the Temple. These land surveyors are commonly the scourge and grinders of the poor and [those who employ them] are no better. I cannot make any comparison to them with anything that I have read in history except the mine searchers in Mexico and Peru.
This finishes the genealogy of the family of Glenbuckie, who were the most friendly and Clanish of all the Stewarts of that, or any other country, although some of them were accused of treachery and perhaps did not fulfill always their pretensions. They were however the first [to assist] in any emergency, and [they] far exceeded the houses of Ardvorlich (in points of courage) and Gartnafuaran. I acknowledge I am partial to the family of Glenbuckie for they certainly still retain a great share of the ancient friendship and manliness of the Clans.
This last mentioned Parish of Killearn in Stirlingshire was possessed in ancient times by a family of the name of Galbraith, [and] afterwards [by] a family of Graham of the house of Montrose, and has undergone half a dozen changes since. The Galbraith family was a branch of the ancient family of (Lord) Baldernoch, chief of that name, and was the most numerous and respectable family (excepting that of Lennox) in Stirlingshire in former times, although neglected by the gentleman who wrote the history of that county. There were such a number of families, both gentlemen and commoners, of that name in this county, that would be tedious to mention. [They] are all now extinct excepting the family of Balgair, which also may be said to be extinct being claimed lately by a person from Ireland who is not known whether he is the real heir or not, however he has made out his point.
The text continues now with Part III: The Stewarts of Gartnafuaran.
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