of  the











Near Union Springs, N.Y. the residence of Caleb Winegar,

Inventor of the

Pen Telegraph, Automaton Gate, Water Elevator for Wells, &c., &c.


Middlebury, Indiana

June 25, 1855


To Mr. Caleb Winegar:


My Respected Cousin:


            I have devoted my leisure hours, of late, to collecting and arranging our Genealogical History.  I have found it to be more of an undertaking that I was aware of, and whether it will be sufficiently interesting to be considered of any value I do not know.  But according to promise I have undertaken it - and the result of my labor will soon be seen, and of course go to our relatives for what it is worth.  I could hardly conceive, before I undertook it, what a great disadvantage I have had to labor under for the want of authentic records; as well as many other things of less importance.  I have but little hope, my dear cousin, that my narrative will meet your expectations, but I have done the best I could. 

            Possibly I may so far succeed as to bring out such a chain of facts, that with the aid of them you may, with your attainments and classical advantages, be able to bring out something that will interest our very numerous kindred.  This I shall expect you to do.  I think my lack of the advantages of an education, will be a sufficient apology for all the mistakes and errors I may commit.  With these few remarks I leave the matter, and commence. 

                                                Your cousin,  IRA




            Having had it in contemplation for some time, to write out a short Genealogical History of our family, and being urged to do so by several of my esteemed relatives, I have concluded to undertake it. 

            In compiling the following, I have been materially aided by the Documentary History of the State of New York, published by order of the Legislature in 1850 - Mr. Spafford’s Gazetteer, published in 1813, and re-published in 1825 - and the History of Sharon, Connecticut, published by Charles Sedgwick, Esq., in 1839.  But by far the greatest portion of the matter collected, I am indebted to the Traditionary History I have received from the lips of my honored father, Philip Winegar4,  Ulric3, Garret2, Ulric1. 

            I proceed to the undertaking with diffidence, with such aids as I have.  I can promise nothing flowery, but will confine myself to a very plain statement of facts as I have them - and believe them to be true.  If I succeed in perpetuating the history of our humble family to your satisfaction, and more particularly to the present young and rising generation, I shall feel myself amply rewarded for all my labors. 

            I had intended, before commencing the following brief History, to make some comments on our name - its origin, meaning, pronunciation, etc.  But my research on this point have amounted to but little.  I have consulted several learned Germans, and have obtained but little satisfaction.  I am quite satisfied that we have no connection of the name in America, except those who have sprung from Ulric Winegar, our remotest known ancestor. 

            I have never been able to hear of any that both spelled and pronounced the name as we have usually done.  In the history of the Palatines the name occurs but seldom; and then, like most other names connected with that colony, spelled any and every way; as for instance, Leche or Leshe for Lasher - Deitrig for Dedrick - Henrig for Henry - Olrig for Ulric, being the most horrible spelling imaginable.  Our name was pronounced by the old Germans, Wennecker; and there are now, I am credibly informed, a number of families of German descent in Pennsylvania, who spell and pronounce their names in that way.  I am strongly of the opinion that this was the original name, and in this I am sustained by intelligent Germans.  But be that as it may, the name has been handed down to us in its present form, and has passed through so many generations that, right or wrong, we have it as it is. I see that in Doc. Hist. of New York, vol. 3, page 724, the name is spelled Winiger.

            There is, however, another matter connected with it, that comes down nearer to the present day. It is a well-known fact that many of our kindred, at the present day, pronounce the name Wine-gar, making but two syllables, and accenting heavily on the i. And this they allege, with considerable force, as the true pronunciation of the word, according to the rules of orthography. That in order to pronounce it as we generally do, it would be necessary to add another letter, as Winnegar. They, therefore, hold to pronouncing it in two syllables. For myself, I would like to see uniformity in the matter.



of the



            Olrig, or Ulric (which has been generally translated Oliver) Winegar, who was the pioneer and patriarch of the Winegar family in America, was born in Switzerland, in the year 1648, where he resided until he arrived at the age of manhood.  From there he went to Wurtemburg, in Germany, where he married a woman by the name of Arnold, or Arnoldt, (pronounced “Ornoldth” in German) by whom he had several children -- one son and several daughters.

            In the year 1710 he joined the company, or rather the colony, of the Palatines, who emigrated to America under the protection and fostering care of Anne, Queen of England.  (For a history of the Palatines, see Doc. Hist. of New York, vol. 3.)

            Soon after landing in America, he settled on a piece of land on the bank of the Hudson river, about two miles south of the present station or depot at Germantown, N. Y. on the Hudson River Railroad, and there lived several years as a tenant under Robert Livingston, the lord of the manor of Livingston, in the present county of Columbia, state of New York. [I have been on the spot, and the ruins of the cellar, etc., were pointed out to me by an old Dutch gentleman named Shultz.  This spot or piece of land has been ever since, and is to this day, (1855) known and called among the descendants of the old settlers “Wenecker’s long,” or Winegar’s land.]  Here he lived until the year 1724, with the exception of two or three years that he lived in the German camp, or what is now called Germantown.

            When the six thousand acres of land which was purchased of lord Livingston for the Palatines, by Governor Hunter, as agent for the crown -- as appears by said Doc. Hist., vol. 3, page 724 -- was divided, he drew his share; but must have sold out the same year, viz:  1724.  For, as it appears in Mr. Spafford’s Gazetteer of the State of New York, he moved to Oblong, now Amenia, Dutchess Co., N.Y. in that year.

            Mr. Spafford, in his history of Amenia, says that in 1711, Mr. Richard Sackett settled in this town, and was the only white inhabitant until the year 1724, when Mr. Ulric (or Oliver) Winegar moved there from the German camp.”  The spot where he settled in Amenia, as well as the place of Mr. Sackett, I have had pointed out to me by my father, your father’s uncle.     





INSERT PICTURE OF STONE HOUSE IN AMENIA NY (On slides in office at Willow Run)



            I regret to say that the subsequent history of the patriarch is indeed very limited. He has always been represented as a very laborious man, possessed of an iron constitution, and of great muscular power.  A number of the last years of his life were spent with his son Garret. He died in Sharon, Conn., in the year 1750, aged one hundred and two years, and was buried in the old Rowe burying-ground in the “Oblong.”  This burying-ground was sometimes called the Winegar ground, as they were the first families buried there, and the land had been at different times owned by Rowe and Winegar.  Many years ago the ground was pointed out to me.

            The exact number of the children of the patriarch Ulric Winegar I never knew.  It is well understood, however, that he had but one son, Garret, and several daughters.  One of the daughters married a man by the name of Dedrick, and another married Bastian or Sebastian Lasher, (sometimes called Lesher.”  She was the maternal ancestor of the very numerous family of that name who now live in Columbia county, N.Y., the Mohawk Valley, Stone Arabia, in Montgomery county, N.Y., etc. I have been very intimately acquainted with one of her grand-children, the late venerable George Lasher, of Clermont; and have seen Mr. John Lasher, who died some years ago at Stone Arabia.

            This brings me to Garret Winegar, the only son of the patriarch.  He was born in Germany in the year 1702, and was about eight years old when he emigrated to America with his father; and lived with him at the German camp and Livingston manor. At the age of about twenty-two, he married Catherine Snyder. She was a daughter of one of the Palatine families.  It was by this union that we became connected with the numerous family of that name.  Many of their descendants still live at Germantown. A very few years after his marriage, he moved from German camp to “Oblong,” now Amenia, Dutchess county, N.Y., where he made a permanent settlement.  By his energy and industry he soon accumulated a handsome property.

            In pursuing the further history, I shall now turn to Mr. Sedgwick’s History of Sharon, Conn. He says -- “The fertile valley of the ‘Oblong’ had early attracted the attention of the emigrants from Germany, who had settled at what was called the German camp, on the Hudson river.  The Winegar family settled near what is now called Hitchcock’s Corners.  The name of Hitchcock’s Corners is comparatively modern; it was unknown, perhaps, by that name until a little short of sixty years ago.  At that time Solomon Hitchcock commenced trading there, Ulric Winegar was the patriarch of the Winegar family.  It appears that the General Assembly of Connecticut had, in the year 1754, granted  a patent of land to one Daniel Jackson, and that in the year 1739 (the same year that Sharon was organized) he sold out his patent to Garret Winegar, who immediately built a grist mill at Hitchcock’s Corners, within the bounds of Sharon, near the site of the present woolen factory.”  Now that I may be better understood,  I will here remark that what is here called Hitchcock’s Corners lies part in Connecticut and part in New York, the line running nearly through the center. Mr. Sedgwick continues -- “It was this mill (the first ever built in the town) that ground the grain that fed the first settlers of Sharon.”  In following up the history, he further says -- “Captain Winegar was a respectable and most worthy man, and enjoyed to a great degree the confidence of the citizens of Sharon, having often been appointed to various offices.  He died in 1755.  In his last will and testament he made ample provisions for his wife and fourteen children,” (and here gives their names).

            I might have continued my extracts from said book, showing some of the various stations he held and committees he acted upon, but what I have already said will suffice to show that our honored ancestor was an intelligent and enterprising man.  I might add, I have always been told that he was possessed of great mechanical ingenuity which talent fell most profusely on some of his sons.  He was possessed of a very strong natural mind, cultivated with a decent common education, mostly in German. I have always been told he had a strong, robust, iron constitution, though he died comparatively young.  He died quite suddenly with the Bilious Cholic in his own house at Hitchcock’s Corners, (the same house in which I was born) July 22, 1755, aged about fifty-three years.  He was buried in the same grave-yard with his father. I was at his grave many years ago; it was marked by a low gray stone, and the inscription was quite plain.  He left as has been before stated a widow and fourteen children, nine sons and five daughters.  His widow survived him many years. She was afterwards married to Captain Delamater, a man much older than herself. He was great-grandfather to me on my mother’s side.  He was quite wealthy, but it seems there was an ante-nuptial contract that cut the widow off from dower.  When this became known, our grandfather Ulric and old uncle Conrad interfered and caused a separation, and embittered the remainder of their days.  She died at Amenia the day Fort Washington was taken by the British, aged about seventy-three years, and was buried by the side of her first husband.

            Their oldest son was Hendrick, and the others follow in the following order -- John, Ulric, Conrad, Hannes or Johannes, Garret, Samuel, Jacob, Gideon.  As to their daughters, I do not know the order of their ages, but they were all younger than the oldest son, and all older than the three youngest brothers.  Their names were, Susannah, Hannah, Catherine, Elizabeth, and Mary, (or Molly, as she was usually called.) Of these, aunt Molly was the only one I ever saw. Susannah married Nicholas Rowe, and always lived in the Oblong, and within two miles from where she was born.  I do not remember seeing her, although I was living in the neighborhood and was some three or four years old when she died. Hannah married Willelmus (William) Rowe; of her I know but little but I believe she died somewhere in Albany county. Catherine married Zachariah Flagler, and immediately moved to a place called the Clove, in the town of Fishkill, Dutchess county, where she died, but at what time I do not know. I have always understood that Mr. Flagler was quite a prominent man in his day, a very extensive farmer and possessed of a great amount of wealth. Elizabeth married William Mitchell; they lived many years in the “Oblong,” and moved from there to the “Nine Partners,” Dutchess county where they both died. [It has been said by some, and so says Elder Reuben Winegar in his letter to you, (Caleb Winegar) that aunt Elizabeth was married to William  This may be so; but I am strongly of the opinion it was not so, for several reasons.  One is, that I never heard such a thing mentioned by my father, or any of the old relatives.  If it was so, she must have been left a widow very soon, for it is certain that she married William Mitchell, by whom she had a large family; and there was not one of the old aunts that I have heard spoken of more frequently than aunt Betty Mitchell, as she was familiarly called.  I am very intimately acquainted with several of her grand-children, now in this county.  I talked with one of them a few weeks ago upon this point, and he agreed with me in every particular.] They had seven children that grew up, and they and their children are scattered all over the country. All with whom I am acquainted are respectable and intelligent people. Mary married Doctor Thomas Young, quite a celebrated man in his profession.  They moved to Boston before the revolutionary war, and he died there during that memorable struggle.  Soon after his death she disposed of her property, and most unfortunately took the most of her pay in continental currency, which was supposed to be good at that time, but soon depreciated on her hands and left her almost pennyless.  As I said before, she was the only one of the sisters that I remember seeing.  She was a most excellent, strong-minded woman. She returned to the Oblong, where she spent the remainder of her days, in the neighborhood where she was born.  She died in her own house, and was buried in the same yard with her father and kindred. -- How many children she had I do not know, but I think not many. I never knew but one, Susannah, who married Doctor Nace, (or Neice, as it was commonly pronounced.) After she became a widow she followed school-teaching; I attended her school when quite young. I could scarcely have loved a mother better than her. --  She died at about fifty years of age.

            Having passed through the history of our honored ancestor, Garret Winegar, and his five daughters, I will now turn my attention to his nine sons.  I am constrained to repeat what I have before hinted -- that I most sincerely regret my knowledge is so limited; and I seem to feel this the more as I approach our present time and generation.  What I have to state is mostly from memory, being the statements I have had, from time to time, from my father and my honored aunt Sophronia Karner.  But I have reason to believe the most of it to be correct: I shall endeavor, where there seems to be doubt, to note it as I pass along.  Many of the little incidents noted in the following pages, may not be very interesting to our numerous friends, but perhaps they may better be preserved than entirely lost to posterity.

            Hendrick, the oldest son of Garret, was, perhaps, by far, the most talented and enterprising of the whole family. He settled in the Oblong, on the same spot where his father and grandfather had lived, and a very few years after his father purchased the Jackson patent, he bought what landed property his father owned in the Oblong. He soon accumulated a very large property; and it has often been said that at one time he possessed more wealth than the whole family of the name put together.  He was also considered one of the most ingenious men that lived in his day.  His ingenuity run mostly in iron and brass.  One little thing I would mention -- I had it from undoubted authority. But a few years ago a rifle of his make was owned on Sharon mountain, by a man of the name of Skiff; and old as it was, homely and unfashionable as it was, he repeatedly refused Forty Dollars for it. Hendrick made every part of it, even to the lock.  There is another lasting monument to his memory still standing -- that is his mansion house. It is commonly called, in the neighborhood, the old stone house.  It is very large, two stories high besides a basement on a level with the ground. --  It was a splendid edifice in its day; built of smooth faced stone, brick around the windows and doors, with the initials of his name in large letters, and the year in which it was built, (1761) in front.  It passed out of his family nearly seventy years ago.  I saw it last winter, the same old mansion, except that it has within a few years underwent a general repair, with some of the modern improvements.  And I am sorry to say, the name and date are no more to be seen, being entirely covered by a plaster of cement.  What is not very common in the family at the present time, Hendrick was quite a military man, and served a while as an officer in the Old French War. How it happened I do not know, but I have been told that he died with very little property. He left his fourth wife a widow, and left children by his first three. He died in Kent, Conn., before my recollection.  His remains were brought to the old burying-ground, where he sleeps with his fathers, less than one hundred rods from his old mansion.  I never saw but two of his children, Garret and Zachariah.  They were both forge me; they owned a forge in Kent, where they were doing a heavy business between forty and fifty years ago. I am told they both died wealthy.  Of his daughters I know but little.  He had quite a number, and I have frequently been told they married very respectably.

            John will be next in order, and but for the great accident that befel him in freezing both his feet in a most shocking manner, which made him a cripple for life, I should, for the want of information pass him over by saying very little.  At any early day, when he was in the prime of life, he settled in the town of Lee, Berkshire county, Mass., where some of his descendants live until this day.  What particular business he followed there, whether his mechanical business or farming, I do not know.  He, like his brother Hendrick, could do or make anything he turned his mind to; but his principal trade was a millwright, at which very few, if any, excelled him in his day.  The country was new where he lived, and game plenty, and like many others he was a great hunter.  The following narrative of the calamity that befel him, I will here give as I have always heard it from my father and my worthy aunt Sophronia Karner.  He started one morning on a hunting excursion in company with an Indian.  After traveling on some distance, they separated, and were to meet again at a certain place agreed upon.  After they had separated a short time, he shot and brought down a buck; and while in the act of cutting the throat of the animal, he sprang up and made off.  John followed on his track, which was plainly marked by his blood, expecting every moment to find him.  He continued to follow until late in the afternoon, when he was compelled to abandon the chase; and when he turned his thoughts towards home, he found he was completely lost.  Then turning his attention to a resting-place for the night, he fixed a bed of evergreens, etc.; and after long and fruitless efforts to make a fire, he laid himself down to sleep.  In his exertions to start a fire, he cut out all his pockets and destroyed nearly every vestige of linen about him, and consumed nearly all his powder.  I have never understood that he was at all frozen the first night.  The next morning he started again for home, the cold increasing.  He traveled all day in the storm, and at or near night found himself at the very spot where he started from in the morning.  Exhausted with fatigue and hunger, he again laid himself on his cold bed for another night.  This was the fatal night to him.  He arose in the morning, and with what little strength he had pursued his dismal journey.  The Indian before mentioned reached the spot agreed upon, and after waiting as long as he could, returned to his home.  The alarm of his absence and supposed death spread through the settlements, and large parties started in pursuit in different directions, and fortunately, near nightfall, he was found by a party of men on horseback, some ten miles from home, so exhausted with cold, hunger and exertion that he could not travel to exceed four or five rods without resting.  It being late, the party were compelled to encamp for the night. The next  morning he was put upon a horse and conveyed home.  He was so badly frozen that both feet were taken off about midway between his ankles and toes. After intense suffering for many months, he recovered.  Of his after life I know but little, except that he lived many years, and although a cripple, followed his millwright business.  He died in Lee, but at what time I do not know.  I have always been told, however, that he was the second one (except Gideon, the infant) that died out of the family. O his wife I know nothing, and of his children but little.  I have seen two of them -- Mr. Samuel Winegar, who then lived somewhere near Oneida Lake, and Mrs. Barret, who lived and died in Ridgway, Orleans county, N.Y. [I have seen a son (Luther Barret) of Mrs. Barret; I saw him in DeRuyter, Madison county. He married a daughter of Benjamin Mitchell. -- C. Winegar.]

            Ulric, my grandfather, is the next in order; but as there will be many things to mention in connection with him, I have concluded to leave his history until the last.

            Conrad, the fourth brother, is the only one, except my grandfather, that I ever saw. He was a noble, prepossessing man, in his appearance. In feature she looked much like my grandfather, but was some three or four inches taller. He always lived in Oblong, in the same neighborhood where he was born.  He was for many years a respectable magistrate in Amenia and was known every since my recollection by the appellation of old Esquire Winegar. He died about the year 1810 or 1812, at about eighty years of age and was buried in the same old grave-yard with his ancestors. Of his wife I know nothing, except that her name was Rowe. He had but few children --  I believe but one son; his name, I think, was Garret. He died many years before his father, and before my recollection.  The only one of his children that I remember seeing, was Mrs. Boyd, wife of Captain Samuel Boyd, of Amenia. I have however seen and been acquainted with several of his grand-children, of whom Solomon Winegar, a respectable and wealthy farmer who still lives in Sheffield, Mass., is one.

            Johannes, (which translated into pure English means John) the fifth brother, I know but little of. I have always been informed that he settled at an early day, or at least many years ago, in Albany county.  He outlived all his brothers and sister, and died in Westerlo, Albany county, at eighty-four years of age.  It appears by a letter from his grand-son, Reuben Winegar, to you, (Caleb Winegar) now before me, that his wife’s maiden name was Hatch. They had nine children, four sons and five daughters.  I saw only one of his sons nearly forty years ago, in the city of Albany.  I was inquiring for my cousin Ashbel, uncle Hendrick’s son, and was directed to him through mistake. His name was Meltiah.

            Of Garret, the sixth son, like some of the rest, I know but little. While comparatively young he settled at Fort Ann. At what age or when he died, I do not know. He died before my grandfather, and, as I have always supposed, at Fort Ann; but in this I may be mistaken. I have heard something about his family: some of his descendants now live in Wisconsin -- wealthy, popular people. His son Samuel has visited at my father’s house in Herkimer county, when I was a youth, but I happened to be from home and did not see him.

            Samuel, the seventh son, after coming to manhood, settled in Sharon, on part of the old Jackson patent, where he was born; and for several years lived near and owned, with his younger brother Jacob, the old mill property of his father. The old house that he built for himself, and lived in a great many years, stood some fifteen or twenty rods north-west of the old dam, and was standing the last time I was there. When they disposed of the old mill property, it passed into the hands of Captain James Reed.  He moved to the Royal Grant, now Fairfield, Herkimer county, N.Y., where he died, but at what time I do not know.  He did not live to be very old: he was some few months younger than my father, and died some years before him.  My father made him a visit in 1801, and the next thing we heard, a few years after, he was dead. He left children, but of them I know nothing.

            Jacob, the eighth son, I know as little of, and perhaps less, then either of the others. He, as I have before stated, at one time owned a share in the old mill property; but he disposed of his interest in that when he was quite a yougerly man, and moved to Duanesburgh, Schenectady county, where he lived the balance of his life. At what time he died I do not know: he was living in 1810, but died a few years after.  He always followed his old occupation, that of a miller.  Of his particular qualifications I know but little. I believe he never acquired much property; and conclude, from all I have heard and know, that he lived and died a respectable poor man.

            Gideon was an infant, and very young, at the time of his father’s death. He died at about three years of age.

            I have thus passed through the foregoing, which, according to my arrangement, brings me to our own branch of the family, and of course nearer home. I regret, if possible, more than ever, that in this particular part of my narrative -- in which we, as a branch of this numerous family, are so much interested --  I am so destitute of authentic dates, having never seen the family record, which I have been told my grandfather kept with great care; but I shall do the very best I can, with the limited knowledge I have. [I hope that if any person who reads this, knows where the record is, he will send it, or a copy, to me, that I may give it a place in this record. C. Winegar.’

            Ulric, as I have before remarked, was the third son of Garret; -- he was born at Amenia, formerly called “Oblong,” Dutchess county, N.Y. in the year 1729; and was married quite young to Miss Ann or Mary Nase (or Neice, as it was commonly called,) a daughter of Philip Nase, who moved to the “Oblong valley,) from German camp about the time the Winegar family settled there.  He settled some six miles farther south than did the Winegars, near the present line of Dover.  His old homestead still remains in the family, and many of his descendants still live in the same neighborhood.  He had but one son, Philip, and several daughters. Philip had four sons, Philip, William, Cornelius and John, who lived near each other and joined farms -- they were quite wealthy, respectable men.  The last I heard of them, they were all dead except John; I have seen all of them. Philip Nase, the patriarch, like many of that class of people, was a frugal, laborious man, and accumulated a very handsome property.  At one time, about the year 1750, he was robbed of three hundred pounds sterling ($1500,) in silver and gold, by two ruffians, who entered his house in the night-time and threatened them with death if they resisted.  He did not live to be very old. The day he died, he saddled his own horse, intending to leave home on business, and while preparing to leave was taken ill and was a corpse in a few hours.

            Grandfather Ulric had seven children -- five sons and two daughters. The sons were Hendrick, Philip, Ashbel, Zachariah, and Samuel -- the daughters were Elizabeth and Sophronia. He settled in the Oblong, where he XXXXXXX  He buried his first wife about the year 1761, and about the year 1765 he married a second wife by the name of Howel or Hoel -- a New Haven lady.  I never knew much about her, and never saw her, although she died long since my recollection.

            From all that I have been able to learn, my grandfather Ulric was never very successful in making property; although in his younger days he seems to have been an active, business sort of a man, as may be inferred from the various real estate he owned at different times.  At one time he owned, and, it is said, might have kept, the beautiful farm since owned by Elijah Reed, Jr. He also built and owned a small but quite respectable grist-mill in Sharon, about a mile up the stream from where his father’s mill stood.  I have been on the spot, and saw the ruins of the old dam. I was told, by a very old lady who lived in the neighborhood at the time, that it was built in strife caused by a difficulty with some of his brothers about  the old mill  property.  Be that as it may, he was, ever since by recollection, and probably long before, quite poor; -- and I have every reason to believe that had it not been for the kindness of his affectionate son, my wortrhy uncle Ashbel, your grandfather, he must have come to want, and perhaps suffered, in his old age.  He served a campaign in the British army during the old French war.  He survived his son Ashbel a few years, and died with his grandchild, your father’s brother Ulric, at Nassau, Rensselaer county, N.Y., about the year 1812, aged eighty-two or eighty-three years.  Of his personal appearance I was too young to judge, but according to my recollection he was a fair-featured, fair-complexioned man, in height hardly the middle stature, tolerably thick-set, and a little stooped shoulders.

            (As my kind and universally beloved cousin Ira closes, his account of my great-grandfather Ulric, I will here add a little to his history. About twelve years ago, I visited my uncles and cousins who then lived in Butler, Wayne county, N.Y.)  While I was staying with my father’s brother, uncle Ulric, we commenced talking about our ancestors; and they related to me that some ears ago, when he lived in Nassau, they were digging a cellar at Nassau village and found a plate of iron, of half-moon shape and about six inches long, with these letters engraved upon it -- “Sergeant Ulric Winegar, 1760.”  It being the same name of my uncle, they took it to him and he preserved it.  It was, of course, the property of my great-grandfather Ulric, and is proof positive that he was in the French war, and was an officer. My uncle Ulric died some seven or eight years ago, and into whose hands the records of the family have fallen, I do not know; but I shall write to some of them, and will give the answer a place in this book. Feb. 21, 1858. C. Winegar.)

            Hendrick, the eldest son of grandfather Ulric, married in Amenia, but his wife’s maiden name I have forgotten, only that her Christian name was Alice -- everybody called here aunt Alice.  She died of dropsy about 1810 or 1812. I never knew that they had more than four children -- two sons and two daughters.  The daughters Anna and Elizabeth or Betsey. Samuel S. married for his first wife, Margaret Boyd, his second cousin, and for his second wife, Susan Chamberlain. He had several children by each, of which only two are living -- Milton by his first wife, and Betsey by his last. -- they both live in Kent, Conn. Samuel died in Sharon about 1841 or 1842, leaving a handsome property to his widow and children,.  His widow has since died. Samuel was a most excellent man, and highly esteemed by all who knew him. Ashbel married a woman by the name of Cady, in Duanesburgh, Schenectady county.  I have seen her a few times, and think her an excellent woman. I believe they are both dead.  He was a house carpenter by trade. --  I know but little of his children, but believe one of his sons is a millwright. Anna married Conrad Boyd, her second cousin, and grandson of old uncle Conrad Winegar. They both died long since. -- They never had any children, and lived and died poor. Betsey married Joseph Crane, a blacksmith, quite a man for gathering property.  I was but little acquainted with them; they are both dead.  At what time uncle Hendrick died, I do not know; he outlived all the family except aunt Karner, and died at Amenia at something over seventy years of age, in the same neighborhood where he was born and always lived.  He, jointly with his son Samuel Snyder Winegar, heired a handsome property, the real estate of old uncle Samuel Snyder.

            Philip, (my father, and uncle of your father, Philip Winegar,) second son of Ulric, was born at the Oblong, January 14, 1752 -- He was married at the age of twenty-one years, to Miss Mary Griswold, eldest daughter of Mr. Azariah Griswold, of Sharon, by whom he had seven children -- four sons and three daughters -- three of whom, one son and two daughters, died in infancy. The other four lived to have families. Zachariah, Azariah, and Oliver, the three sons, are dead; and Mary, the only surviving sister, the widow of the Rev. Datus Ensign, lives at Mechanicsville, Saratoga Co., N.Y. I am well acquainted with a number of her children. Mary, my father’s first wife, died at Sharon about the year 1789. In the year 1792, my father married for his second wife, Rebecca, daughter of Martin Delamater, of Amenia, by whom he had seven children, all of whom married and have families.  The five sons are Ira, (myself,) James, Jacob, Leonard and Gilbert; the two daughters were Ann and Margaret.  The five sons are believed to be all alive, but the sisters are both dead.  In the year 1800, my father moved from Sharon to Danube, Herkimer county, N.Y., where, in April, 1815, he was accidentally killed by the kick of a horse.  His widow, Rebecca, died in Danube, in February, 1832.  My father took an active part in the revolutionary war, and served through three campaigns.  He was a patriot, and, if he was my father, I must be permitted to say, an excellent man, and the kindest of parents.

            Ashbel, your (father’s father) grandfather, was twice married, and left children by both wives.  He lived many years at Nassau, Rensselaer county, N.Y., on a farm that he owned, where he died universally lamented by a great circle of relatives and friends, in the year 1809.  I will leave it for some of the descendants of this my most honored uncle, to write out a full history. (I will perform that duty, if spared long enough, at the end of this narrative. C. Winegar.)

            Zachariah lived, from early childhood with old uncle Samuel Snyder, who adopted him as his son and heir, he being childless.  In this, the honorable old gentleman was doomed to be disappointed -- he died suddenly at the early age of fifteen years.

            Samuel was never married.  He served his country though nearly the whole of the revolutionary war, and assisted to fight a number of her battles, which broke down his constitution, and almost destroyed his hearing.  His deafness was caused by the firing of heavy cannon.  Is it not a burning shame to say that such a man should die a town pauper, and very much neglected, in his old age? But enough of this, my heart sickens at the thought.  He had rather a weak mind.  It is certain he was in the battle of Stone Arabia, in Montgomery county, NY It seems that Major Brown was on his way to meet Van Rensselaer, and fell into an ambuscade, when he was attacked by about 1500 men, composed of Indians and Tories, led on by Sir John Johnson, and that cruel savage, Col. Brant. The brave Major Brown fell, as well as did all his forces except two, and one of the two that escaped was our ancestor Samuel Winegar. These facts are well established by tradition and authentic history. A monument was erected to Major Brown near the battle-ground.

            Elizabeth, our aunt Betty as she used familiarly to be called, married Jacob Myers, of Amenia.  She died in child-bed with her second child. Their children, James and Sarah, were kindly taken by uncle Samuel Karner and wife, (aunt Sophronia Karner,) and adopted by them as their own. James died when but nine years old, and Sarah, or Sally as she was commonly called, lived with them until her marriage with Elijah Reed, Jr.  She had a large family, and was left a widow a number of years ago.  Last winter she was living with her children, near Towanda, Bradford county, Penn.  -- Perhaps it might be considered out of place here, but be that as it may, I do consider her one of the very best of women; and of all the relatives I have in the world, there are none for whom I cherish a more warm-hearted affection.

            Sophronia, the last one of the whole number -- my most honored aunt Sophronia Karner, as I have always called her -- was taken when quite young and brought up by old uncle and aunt Snyder.  She was married when quite young to Samuel Karner, a house carpenter by trade, a man of limited education and quite an ordinary mechanic, but one of the cleverest, best-hearted men in the world.  I suppose that it is generally known among the relatives that they never had any children.  He never possessed much property, but was always in good credit, and no one lived better than he did.  He died in his own house in Amenia, the same that was owned by old aunt Molly Young in her lifetime, situated about thirty rods from the old mansion of old uncle Hendrick Winegar.  He died about the year 1820, of pulmonary consumption.  After his death, aunt Sophronia sold out her property, and spent the remainder of her days with her neice and adopted daughter, Mrs. Sarah Reed, where she died about 1834 or 1835.

(I think uncle Samuel Karner must have been quite a man, as my brother Samuel K. Winegar was named after him, and I believe my father has a letter of his. -- I will call and see him, and will give it a place in this book. C. Winegar.)

            Perhaps there are very few of our relatives that have come to years of understanding, but what have heard something of our old and most worthy kinsman, Samuel Snyder -- old uncle Snyder, as he was familiarly called.  So much has been said of him, and so many amusing anecdotes told of him, that I feel unwilling to close my narrative, without giving him at least a passing notice.  He was a son of one of the Palatine families, and it has often been said among the relatives that he was born on the passage from Europe to America, but I have ascertained, to my full satisfaction, that this is a mistake.  It was an older brother.  He was born at the German camp, in the year 1711 or 1712. Many of the descendants of Conrad, his brother, now live in Germantown, very respectable people. He was own brother to our old great-grandmother, (wife of Garret).  He married, at about thirty years of age, Miss (Sarah I think) Nase, daughter of Philip Nase, and sister to our grandmother, (wife of Ulric).  As I have before said, they were childless.  He purchased a very fine farm in the Oblong, near Hitchcock’s Corners, where he lived and died.  He was great-uncle to my father, and his wife was my father’s own aunt.  He was a simple-hearted man and one of the most honest men in the world. -- He possessed a very handsome property; and it has been frequently remarked in the family, that he strove much harder to make others happy than to make himself so.  No relative that I have in the world, or ever had, have I a more vivid recollection of, than I have of old uncle Snyder. And surely I can never forge how many times, when I was a small, mischievous chap, have I, with others like myself, used to crawl slyly into the yard to take by stealth the old man’s pears; and when he discovered us, how we had to scamper or test the virtue of the old man’s cane; and after enjoying a hearty laugh to see us pull for life, would after all call us back and give us as many pears as we wanted.  He died in his own house near the close of the year 1807, in the ninety-seventh year of his age.  I attended his funeral, being then fourteen years of age.  As I mentioned before, he left a very handsome property to uncle Hendrick, my father’s brother, and his son Samuel Snyder Winegar.

            This will close my narrative.  I have made so many excuses and apologies already, that I am ashamed to say or repeat them.  I will barely say, that you will have something to do to put what I have written, or the substance of it, in form, and will probably omit some, and add some. I shall leave it with you.

            Before I make a final close, I must beg leave to indulge in a few general remarks, which, as I have said, you may copy or not.  I happened, a number of years ago, to fall in company with one of our name, quite an intelligent young man.  I soon found him to great-grandson of old uncle Hendrick.  I remarked to him at that time, that our family had got to be very numerous indeed, and spread over the four quarters of the globe, and that I had the pleasure of an acquaintance with a great number of them.  That, as a family, I did not think them very remarkable for anything in particular -- that I had not heard of a doctor among them -- that I had never heard of a lawyer among them (for it has been but a few years since I heard that you and your brother Benjamin Franklin Winegar, who has since died, were lawyers,) and I have never heard of but one preacher -- that in the department of civil office, I never knew one to hold an office higher than Justice of the Peace, Supervisor, Coroner, or Associate Justice -- that in military matters, I never knew of one higher than captain -- that there were but few farmers among them -- and that a least four out of five were mechanics, mostly workers in iron, or millwrights.


                        Most Respectfully Yours,




            To bring this history further down, and deal fairly by all, would extend the work too much.  It was thought that each branch could better continue their own history.  The foregoing is all that will go down to our children, and to me its value is priceless.  I trust that posterity will do justice to our kind cousin Ira, who has been to great trouble and expense to gather these facts.




Ira Winegar                                                   Caleb Winegar

The Winegar Family united with the Patterson Family when Stephen Eraldo Patterson (1834-1906) married Lydia Paulina Winegar (1838-1914) the daughter of Samuel Karner Winegar (1815-1875) and Cornelia Yawger Winegar (1818-1902).  It was Lydia’s uncle, Caleb Winegar (1818-1870), who induced his cousin, Ira Winegar (1793-1879), to record for posterity the history of the Winegar Family. 

            Interest in the Winegar Family History goes back more than one hundred twenty years.  It was in 1859, after a protracted correspondence with his cousin, Ira Winegar (11793-1879)5, Philip (1752-1815)4, Ulric (1729-1812)3, Garret (1702-1755)2, Ulric (1648-1754)1 that Caleb Winegar (181-1870)6, Philip (1785-1862)5, Ashbel (1754-1809)4, Ulric (1729-1812)3, Garret (1702-1755)2, Ulric (1648-1754)1 had authorized the publication by J. B. Clarke, Printer in Union Springs, NY, of Ira Winegar’s Genealogy of the Winegar Family.

            By way of explanation, Caleb Winegar was the son of Philip Winegar (1785-1862) who had walked across the State of New York in 1815 to purchase a large portion of what is presently known as the Village of Union Springs, NY and to develop a woolen industry that was to thrive there for nearly forty years.  Caleb Winegar was a attorney, having read law with William H. Seward, the Secretary of State under President Abraham Lincoln.

            While Philip Winegar was attending to his woolen business, his cousin, Ira Winegar was moving farther westward to pioneer in the wilds of Indiana, in a town known as Middlebury.

            In the drawer of a stand in the parlor at Fairfields Farm, the family home of Stephen and Lydia Winegar Patterson, was kept a cherished copy of Ira Winegar’s history, bearing the dedication penned by Ira.  On the cover of this booklet is a woodcut of Caleb’s Union Springs home overlooking Cayuga Lake on the southern outskirts of Union Springs, NY.  The opening page bears Caleb’s presentation message to the Patterson Family, of whom Lydia Winegar Patterson was a member of Winegar lineage.  Since this well-preserve copy tells the story so graphically, it is reproduced here for all to enjoy.


Lydia Patterson Hecht

Granddaughter of Lydia Paulina Winegar Patterson



Interest in the Winegar Family History goes back more than one hundred twenty years. It was in 1859, after a protracted correspondence with his cousin, Ira Winegar, that Caleb Winegar authorized the publication by J. B. Clarke, Printer in Union Springs, NY, of Ira Winegar’s Genealogy of the Winegar Family. In his Winegar Genealogy, Ira Winegar mentioned the expectation that Caleb Winegar would bring the history of his branch of the family up to date at that time.  No record of Caleb’s having completed this project has been found. Accordingly, it remains for us to record whatever information we can with regard to the life and progeny of Philip Winegar who married Lydia Mosher.


Philip Winegar’s lineage, according to the Ira Winegar history, is as follows:


Ulric (1648-1754)


Garret (1702-1755)


Ulric (1729-1812)



|                                                                  |

Ashbel (1754-1809)                                 Philip (1752-1815)

                                                |                                                                  |

Philip (1785-1862)                                      Ira (1793-1879)


 Caleb  (1818-1870)



Philip Winegar (1785-1862), who had walked across the State of New York in 1815*, purchased with his father-in-law, Esek Mosher, a large portion of what is presently known as the Village of Union Springs, NY and to develop a woolen industry that was to thrive there for nearly forty years.

* Note:Philip traveled westward early in the nineteenth century; and undocumented information is that he spent some time in Fulton NY, subsequently coming to Union Springs, Cayuga County, NY with his family in 1816.


            Philip Winegar was born August 31, 1785 in Amenia NY and married Lydia Mosher in Chatham, Columbia Co., NY.  She was born October 23, 1785, the daughter of Esek and Sarah Mosher.  Philip and Lydia lived in Gallway NY where three of their children were born:


                        Esek Mosher born in 1809

                        Sarah M.  born April 16, 1813,

                        Samuel Karner  born July 29, 1815.

                        Philip Winegar

            Five others followed later after the family settled in Union Springs NY in 1816:

                        Caleb born February 20, 1818

                        Zachariah Story born February 25,1820

Benjamin Franklin and George Washington - Twins born September 8, 1825

                        Margaret  birth date unknown



            We are indebted to his daughter, Sarah Winegar Sleeper for her December 7, 1886 letter written from her home in Kalamazoo MI to James B.Hoff, Editor of The Union Springs Advertiser.  From this we quote: In 1887 Sarah Winegar Sleeper wrote of her father’s activities as follows: 

            “Union Springs in my early recollection was quite a different town from the present. My father bot the mill property[1] he owned so many years of James Barker, a brother of Mrs. Elihu Eldredge, in 1816, and came in August of that year to your place.  That was, of course, before my recollection, for I was but a few months past three years old.

            “I remember the pond when it was about half its present size.  My father raised the dam several times in my recollection; and it extends much farther south.  The old mill as I remember it was a one and a half story frame building, situated a little to the north of the center of the pond as it is at present, with a basement, where the fulling and dyeing was done; the big wheel that carried the machinery was there too.  The first floor above was the finishing room; the upper room was where the carding was done.  It was reached by a flight of stairs outside, on the south of the building.  The saw mill was still farther north; and the flume which carried the water to the wheel was between the buildings.

            “I can remember when there were but two streets (roads they were then called) leading east outof town, one at the head of the north spring the other leading to the Friends Meeting House.  Orrin Winegar built the firsthouse on that street.


            “The Methodists held meetings occasionally in the district school house.  It was north, in the southeast corner of John Yawger’s yard.  It was so far that I went to school there but little, but to a private school taught first by Miss Sophia Gidding, a niece of Mrs. Laban Hoskins, afterwards by Miss Cynthia Southwich, a sisterof Mrs. Hoskins.  But my brother, Esek, got all the schooling that he ever had in that old stone school house.  The district, in time, was divided and my sister and younger brothers went to school in the school house built in the south part of the town.

            “My father bought quite a large tract of land with his mill property, but considered it of but little value.[2]  Money was scarce and wheat but two and sixpence a bushel.  I heard my father say that a farmer went to Hoskins’ store to buy a piece of rope for a halter.  He would trust him for it, but would not take wheat for pay; but my father took wheat or anything he could use for his work.  One farmer wanted to bring honey and asked father how much he should bring.  Father said he wasn’t particular, ‘bring what you are a mind to’, and he brought sixty pounds.  Mother said she wasn’t troubled to dispose of it.  They had a large family and boarded all their workmen.  Father kept two sets of hands.  In the carding season the machines were kept running night and day, the same with the saw mill when there was water enough.

            “The wheat my father took for his work was stored in a long building standing on the bank about where the grist mill now is and was called the dry house; and in the winter he took it to Albany in sleighs, sold it and bought his dye stuffs or whatever he couldn’t get nearer.  When in the course of time the materials he needed to use in his business could be had at Utica he thought he was highly favored, and that would be thought slow business in these fast times.  At that time there was no canal or railroad in the great State of New York, or in fact, anywhere.  It is hard for us to realize the difference between then and now.

            “My father built the first canal boat that was built at the Springs.  It was built south of the basin (there was no basin there then,) in the year 1826, I think.  It was quite an event in the quiet town when she was launched.  Silas Ludlow was the builder.  Her name has gone from me, but the next one he built was the P. Winegar.  At that time they used sails to take them to the bridge, if the wind was right.  Otherwise, they had to pole down.  The only way to get down the river to Montezuma was to pole, until the canal was made from that place to the bridge.

            “In the spring of 1828 Dr.John Mosher and my father opened a store[3] there.  He closed his store and put his goods in the new one. He stayed but one year, after which brother Esek managed the store.  The two upper stories were used for storing grain, which our people either bought of, or stored and shipped for the farmers.

            “After farmers began to trade their wool for cloth, father began making cloth in a small way.  The first spinning-jenny he bought had eight spindles and was worked by hand.  Cousin Sepronia Winegar[4] was one of the first to spin on it, and could spin more yarn in a day than any one who ever run it.

            “Father gradually increased his facilities for manufacturing, enlarging the buildings, but in November, 1835, the factory took fire and was burned to the ground with most of its contents.  The stone factory was built the next summer, and is now doing duty as a grist mill.

            I have heard my mother say when they first lived there, the people were all on visiting terms, not calling, but neighbors took their work, spent the afternoon and stayed to tea.  But as the village increased, all this was changed.

            “My father lived in a small story and a half frame house (present postoffice building - Ed.) on the site of the Sanitarium[5], which was moved off in the spring of 1829 to make place for the new brick dwelling which was built that summer, and we moved in in October.  The next spring the old house was repaired and brother Esek moved into it, remaining there until he moved to Auburn.” [6]

            The writings of David Thomas in his book entitled Travels Through the Western Country in the Summer of 1816 [7] give a picture of the activities of the Winegar mill:

            “On the smaller spring are erected, a fulling mill, which in the present season of 1816-17, dressed 15,000 yards of cloth, carding machines which wrought into rolls, last summer, 18,000 pounds of wool, and a saw-mill (assisted in its motion by a brook turned into the basin of the spring) which sawed 60,000 feet of boards and scantling.”

            We are indebted to the reminiscences of Mrs. David Everett, edited in 1948 by Margaret P.Getman, for further information of the family:

            “Park Street, first called Fancy Street, then Burritt, and changed to Park after the village acquired the park at the head of the street from the Estate of Philip Winegar, a fine Hicksite Quaker gentleman.  He owned all the land on the south side of the street, including the Quaker Cemetery and Park which he gave to the Hicksite Quaker Society (later acquired by the village of Union Springs) .  On the north side he owned an orchard with a high fence around it which extended from the corner up to Mrs. Rorapaugh’s lot, and north covering the land now known as Seminary Street.  He built the brick building on the south corner for his residence which was later enlarged and known as the Howland School for Girls, a very select school.  He built the store on the corner of Main and Factory, known many years as the Mersereau Bros. store,”

            The remainder of Philip Winegar’s life was spent in Union Springs where he died on August 21, 1862.  His obiturary gives further information of his life:


                “DIED - At his residence in Union Springs, NY August 21st, Philip Winegar, in his 75th year, of typhoid fever.  He was born in the town of Amenia, Dutchess Co., N.Y., and removed when quite small to Nassau, Rensselaer Co.  He resided in Chatham, Columbia Co., a short time at Galway, Saratoga Co., and settled at Union Springs in the year 1816.  He was the leading business man in the place for over 30 years.


He erected the first woolen factory, and ran the first power loom in the county, and built the first canal boats.  He cleared up the land now occupied by the business part of the village, and this village is more indebted to him for its prosperity, than any other man.  His goodness of heart and exemplary moral life, endeared him to all.  His funeral will be attended at the Friends’ Meeting House, next Sabbath August 24th, at 2 P.M.”


            Apparently Lydia Mosher Winegar went to live with her daughter, Sarah, in Michigan after the death of her husband, for it is known that she died in Galesburg, MI on February 9, 1876.



* * *


            Following the example set by Ira Winegar in his Winegar Genealogy, let us meet each of Philip and Lydia Winegar’s children:

            Esek Mosher Winegar6 (1804-18__), Philip

Winegar5 (1785-1862), Ashbel Winegar4 (1754-1809), Ulric Winegar3 (1729-1812), Garrett Winegar2 (1702-1755), Olrig (Ulric) Winegar1.(1648-1754) was born in Galway, Saratoga Co., NY and married Salina.  He played an active role in the life of Union Springs, being named the first president of Union Springs in 1849 and later a trustee.  He was a trustee of the Union Springs Young Ladies’ Seminary which his daughter attended, according to the 1852 First Annual Catalogue.  He was a deacon in his church.  His son, Charles, was the first child baptized in the new Presbyterian Church.  He was engaged with his father in the woolen business and for a time conducted a retail business in his father’s store at the corner of Cayuga & Factory Streets.  He lived in the story and one half house that had been his father’s residence prior to his building the brick residence at the south-east corner of Cayuga and Park Streets and moved off the south on Cayuga Street.  In 1851, according to a newspaper advertisement, he was in woolen manufactury with his brothers, Samuel Karner, Zachariah and George Washington....  In 1851 Winegar Brothers were also operating a woolen  business in Canoga, northwest of Auburn NY..  In 1851[8] Esek was noted to be operating a lumber yard with J. S. Everett in Union Springs.  In 1854 he signed a note, along with his brothers Zachariah and George Washington, with Henry Morgan.  He was noted as living in Mount Morris.  In 1857 he moved to Syracuse NY where he was engaged with his son in “a large and extensive grain and commission trade.”[9].



Sarah Winegar Sleeper


            Sarah Winegar Sleeper6 (1813-1889), Philip Winegar5 (1785-1862), Ashbel Winegar4 (1754-1809), Ulric Winegar3 (1729-1812), Garrett Winegar2 (1702-1755), Olrig (Ulric) Winegar1 (1648-1754) was born April 16, 1813, in Galway, NY and was only three years old when she came with her parents to Union Springs. At age 23 in 1836 she married John Sleeper.  In 1842 they moved to Michigan to a farm in Comstock.  In 1849 their home was in Kalamazoo; by 1861 they had returned to the farm.  In 1865 she was a widow at the age of 52.  She apparently had three sons, Henry S., Esek W. and Lewis,  and a daughter, Eliza.  In 1884 her youngest sond died and she went to live with her daughter, Mrs. C. L. Rounds.  In 1886, at the request of J. B. Hoff, the editor of the Union Springs newspaper, she wrote of her memories of early Union Springs.  This letter has become a vital record of the early days of Union Springs. 1887 saw the sale of the family farm and in 1889 she died at the home of her daughter at the age of seventy-six.



Samuel Karner Winegar6 (1825-1895), Philip Winegar5(1785-1862), Ashbel Winegar4 (1754-1809), Ulric Winegar3 (1729-1812), Garrett Winegar2 (1702-1755), Olrig (Ulric) Winegar1 (1648-1754), was born on July 29, 1815, in Gallway, NY.  On March 14, 1837 he married Cornelia Yawger, daughter of Peter Yawger and Cornelia Mersereau. (see pictures at end of document)



                                                                  Samuel Karner Winegar      


Their first child was Lydia Winegar7 who married Stephen Patterson



Lydia Paulina Winegar   and  Stephen Eraldo Patterson


and created the thread that binds the Pattersons of Townline Road, Aurelius, NY to the Winegar and Yawger families of Union Springs.  Other children born to Samuel Karner and Cornelia Yawger Winegar were Mary Eliza Winegar7(1839-1921),   Cornelia Yawger Winegar7 (1842-1913), William Wirt Winegar7 (1846-1908), Henry Clay Winegar7 (1846-1908), Peter Yawger Winegar7 1848-1926), and Frank Karner Winegar7 (1860-1882).  Further details of these children will be found elsewhere in this manuscript.



                                                                   William Wirt Winegar                     Peter Yawger Winegar




Mary Eliza Winegar and Cornelia Winegar Conklin

(Sisters’ photographs’ identity indefinite)


            Samuel Karner Winegar is placed in 1853 on a map of Aurelius NY on the south side of Canoga Road west of the school house at a date when they were operating a woolen manufactury in Clarkesville, southwest of Auburn NY.  Samuel Karner Winegar, father of Lydia Winegar Patterson, is the patriarch of the Patterson Family of Townline Road in Aurelius NY and, therefore, details of that lineage will appear in a later section.

            Peter Yawger placed most of his children on farms in the Union Springs area and Lydia Winegar and her husband received the farm on  the road from Union Springs to Auburn, at the former junction of Connors Road, across the road from the Oak Woods (where the annual Oakwood Picnic was held. Cayuga County records of the Year 1844, Page 103, indicate that Philip Yawger took a mortgage in Lot 80 (80 Acres) from Samuel K. Winegar.  In 1859 they moved to Mount Morris, Livingston Co., NY. where he resided at the time of his death The Mount Morris obituation read:

            “Mr. Winegar was a man of wonderful endurance, a great reader, of untiring industry, and in all his business relations uniformly upright.  As a neighbor kind and highly esteemed; as a father and husband, affectionate and devoted.  During the past few years he has suffered greatly, from a disease that finally crushed out his buoyant life.  No one but those who were devoted to him through his illness can know the great trials he daily experienced. He has passed away leaving an unblemished record.  His funeral was largely attended today, Wednesday, at his late residence, about four miles south of our village. His remains will be taken to Auburn for burial in Fort Hill Cemetery.”

            The next year the family moved from Mount Morris to the vicinity of Bath NY where Cornelia Yawger Winegar lived until 1876. Bath NY records indicate that she died at the home of her son, H. Clay Winegar, near Lake Salubria, Steuben Co., NY.  She was buried in Fort Hill Cemetery, Lot 74 in the Fort Allegan Section  Auburn NY  For Details of this branch of the family, please refer to Page 15 of this genealogy section. 

Caleb Winegar


            Caleb Winegar6 Philip Winegar5 (1785-1862), Ashbel Winegar4 (1754-1809), Ulric Winegar3 (1729-1812), Garrett Winegar2 (1702-1755), Olrig (Ulric) Winegar1 (1648-1754) was born in Union Springs NY on February 20, 1818, studied law under William H. Seward who later became United States Secretary of State.[10]  Caleb Winegar became the first attorney in the Village of Union Springs.  His office was in various location in town, on South Cayuga Street, south of his father’s residence at the corner of Park and Cayuga Streets, later in a wooden building later occupied by the red brick building built as the village hall, and still later in a small house northeast of his residence at the southern outskirts of Union Springs.  His residence was listed as a farm and the house that he built is pictured on the cover of Ira Winegar’s Winegar Genealogy mentioned earlier.  He owned a substantial amount of real estate in Union Springs.  On June 3, 1847 he married Martha Elizabeth Johnson, whose mother, Amy Mosher was the daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth Mosher.  He was vitally interested in his family’s genalogical record and was the incentive and facilitator of the publishing of Ira Winegar’s reminiscences. Rose Yawger in her book, The Indian and the Pioneer, refers to him: “Caleb Winegar was a resident of Union Springs for many years, and died at ‘Lake Grove’ which was the name of his farm south of the village. Caleb was a natural mechanic and invented a pen telegraph, automaton gate, water elevator for wells, etc.  He also was greatly interested in electricity and performed many original experiments. Caleb left three children, William Johnson Winegar7 who married [Mary Hart b. 14 July 1854] Philip Winegar7, unmarried [later married Cora E. Mineah] and Ida Winegar Harrison7 who married [Judge Benjamin Harrison] and has recently died.”  Caleb Winegar and his wife are buried in the Quaker Cemetery in Union Springs NY.


                     William Johnson Winegar                             Philip Winegar                                Ida Winegar Harrison


            Zachariah Story Winegar6 (1825-1895), Philip Winegar5 (1785-1862), Ashbel Winegar4 (1754-1809), Ulric Winegar3 (1729-1812), Garrett Winegar2 (1702-1755), Olrig (Ulric) Winegar1 (1648-1754)  was born February 25, 1820 in Union Springs NY and married Hannah Hathorn of Union Springs. They had seven children: Frances M (1849-1872); Helen C. 1851-1853); Benjamin Franklin (1853-1915) who married Clara B. Elliott and was in business with his father-in-law in a hide and tallow business in Auburn, later he became Clerk of Auburn Prison, lived at 27 Garden Street in Auburn, and had two children Benjamin Franklin Jr.  and Ethel H. (married Richard Kidney & Campbell E. Hodges).

            Zachariah Story Winegar was a member of Winegar Brothers that did business in Union Springs and in Clarkesville.  The business in Union Springs was discontinued and the woolen business in Clarksville, the first of its kind in Auburn, was sold to the Hayden Firm which employed him as superintendant (1860-1870).  An advertisement for William Hayden & Co. stated that the factory was one half mile west of the State Prison on Wall Street.  The Zachariah Story Winegar Family is buried in the Fort Allegan Section, Lot 79, of Fort Hill Cemetery, Auburn NY.


George Washington Winegar

            George Washington Winegar6 (1825-1895), Philip Winegar5 (1785-1862), Ashbel Winegar4 (1754-1809), Ulric Winegar3 (1729-1812), Garrett Winegar2 (1702-1755), Olrig (Ulric) Winegar1 (1648-1754) was known as “Uncle Wash.”  and I think that we have a photograph of him in our files.  We shall review this when next in New York State.  He, with his brothers Esek and Zacharia made up the firm of Winegar Brothers who worked with their father, Philip Winegar, in the Woolen business.

            In 1854 a note drawn between Winegar Brothers and Henry Morgan of Aurora gives evidence of the fact that George Washington Winegar, one of the members of the firm of Winegar Brothers, resided in Oriskany, NY.  In 1859 he signed the adoption by-laws of the local Warren Lodge #147 F. & A. Masons.  The 1858 directory of Union Springs lists him as a teller in the First National Bank of Union Springs.  Storke’s History of Cayuga County, published in 1868, reports him as Cashier of the same bank.  In he died in Bath, NY.  Question: had he possibly been in the service during the Civil War and might have died in the soldier’s home there?

            Benjamin Franklin Winegar6 1825-1895), Philip Winegar5 (1785-1862), Ashbel Winegar4 (1754-1809), Ulric Winegar3 (1729-1812), Garrett Winegar2 (1702-1755), Olrig (Ulric) Winegar1 (1648-1754) was the twin brother of George Washington While studying law, he contracted erysipelas, an acute, inflammatory skin disease caused by a streptococcus, and died at age seventeen and was buried in the Quaker Cemetery in Union Springs NY.  In a small book of the poems[11] by Clara Walley Yawger was found a poem memorializing his life. It read in part:


He died -- he died --

                        In his manhood’s pride,

With the brightest prospects o’er him;

                        While the scroll of fame,

To receive his name,

Was just unrolled before him.


                        He died -- he died --

                        In his manhood’s pride,

                        Beloved by all around him;

                        By a sudden stroke,

                        Each tie was broke,

                        That to life so brightly bound him.


Margaret Winegar6 (ca.1825-1880), Philip Winegar5 (1785-1862), Ashbel Winegar4 (1754-1809), Ulric Winegar3 (1729-1812), Garrett Winegar2 (1702-1755), Olrig (Ulric) Winegar1 (1648-1754) married Isaac Eldredge of Union Springs where he had been in business with E. K. Eldredge.  In 1863 they moved to Chicago where he was a cattle trader in the stock yards.  They had two daughters, Sarah Elizabeth Eldredge, born 1852  who married  Dennis E. Sibley of Chicago, and Ada Margaret Eldredge, born 1857 and married John Harvey Willard of Chicago in 1891.


Mrs. David Everett, a former resident of Union Springs, is quoted as saying: “Philip Winegar had five nephews [12] and one niece, all of whom built houses on Park Street, namely those now owned by Mr. Rorapaugh [No. 17 built by Oren Winegar], Fred Vreeland [No. 8], Fred Guile [No. 20]and the two houses east of the Hazard home. One of these was known for many years as the Deborah Myers house and millinery shop [No. 12 Park].  It now houses two families, the other next door is occupied by Wm. Smith [No. 14 Park  built by Platt Winegar].  Two of these nephews built on the land extending back to Center St., the Fessenden home [No. 15 Center]and the Esek Hoff house [No. 17Center] , now occupied by his daughter Mrs. Florence Page and Mrs. Furman and her family.  The iiece built the house now occupied by Hary Stewart.  Up to this time Park Street was occupied mostly by Winegars, a clannish lot!  Philip Winegar, so closely identified with Park Street through the activities of his nephews, also had six sons, but only one built a home in Union Springs.”  He was Caleb Winegar whose home at the southern outskirts of Union Springs on the lake shore is illustrated on the cover of the 1859 Ira Winegar Genealogy. ”  The “five nephews” include Oren G. Winegar, Platt Gale Winegar who married Philip Winegar’s niece (daughter of Elizabeth Winegar, Philip’s sister).



The Samuel Karner Family


            Lydia Paulina Winegar7 Samuel Karner Winegar6 (1825-1895), Philip Winegar5 (1785-1862), Ashbel Winegar4 (1754-1809), Ulric Winegar3 (1729-1812), Garrett Winegar2 (1702-1755), Olrig (Ulric) Winegar1 (1648-1754), was the oldest of the children of Samuel Karner and Cornelia Yawger Winegar.  She was born January 6, 1838, and , according to Emma Patterson (her daughter), spent much of her girlhood days with her grandparents, Philip and Lydia Mosher Winegar in Unioin Springs.  On March 16, 1864, in Mount Morris NY she married Stephen Eraldo Patterson, son of Gallio and Abigail Walmsley Patterson.  There is a carefully preserved  note in its envelope addressed to “Mrs. Patterson & Family  - Present“ to authenticate that record.  It reads:


“Mr. & Mrs. S. K. Winegar at home

Wednesday March 16th 2 o’clock P.M.

Mount Morris March 7th 1864.”


Lydia and Stephen went to housekeeping in a house on Chamberlain Road, on part of the Patterson Farm that extended from Townline Road back to Chamberlain.[13]  It was there that their son, William Wirt, was born in 1865.  He was named for his uncle, William Wirt Winegar who was Lydia’s brother and had been awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for his bravery under fire during the Civil War.  In 18 they purchased the farm on Route 326 in Aurelius NY from Throope; but they stayed only until when Stephen’s mother, the widowed Abigail Walmsley Patterson, urged him to return to the home farm where she lived and where they remained for the rest of their lives.




                                                                                                                                                                     Cornelia Yawger Winegar




       Lydia Paulina Winegar Patterson                                        Lydia Paulina Winegar Patterson 


Mary Eliza Winegar



                        Ida Winegar Harrison                                        Benjamin Franklin Winegar

                                                                                (Which Bejamin Franklin Winegar is unknown)




William Wirt Winegar                                                       William Wirt Winegar


LIEUTENANT WILLIAM WIRT WINEGAR, winner of the Congressional Medal of Honor, was born in Springport, Cayuga Co., NY, on October 20, 1844, the son of Samuel Karner and Cornelia Yawger Winegar.  He was the grandson of Philip Winegar, one of the founders of the Village of Union Springs, NY.  At the age of eighteen he enlisted at Mount Morris, NY, his residence at the time, in Company B, 19th New York Cavalry (First New York Dragoons).  On June 12, 1864 he was wounded in the left knee by a musket ball in action at Trevilian Station.

At the April 1, 1865 battle of Five Forks, VA, while advancing in front of his company and alone, he found himself surrounded by the enemy. He accosted a nearby enemy flag-bearer, demanding the surrender of the group. His effective firing of one shot so demoralized the unit that it surrendered with flag.

Lt. Winegar was mustered out June 30, 1865, had been brevetted Captain for bravery. He was 5’10” tall, with light complexion and hair, and blue eyes. He died at his home in Bath, NY on September 3, 1916 at the age of seventy-one.



Mary Eliza Winegar and Cornelia Winegar Conklin

(Sisters’ photographs’ identity indefinite)


The Winegar Family united with the Patterson Family when Stephen Eraldo Patterson (1834-1906) married Lydia Paulina Winegar (1838-1914) the daughter of Samuel Karner Winegar (1815-1875) and Cornelia Yawger Winegar (1818-1902).  It was Lydia’s uncle, Caleb Winegar (1818-1870), who induced his cousin, Ira Winegar (1793-1879), to record for posterity the history of the Winegar Family. 


Lydia Patterson Hecht

Granddaughter of Lydia Paulina Winegar Patterson



In his Winegar Genealogy Ira Winegar mentioned the expectation that Caleb Winegar would bring the history of his branch of the family up to date at that time.  No record of Caleb’s having completed this project has been found.  Accordingly, it remains for us to record whatever information we can with regard to the life and progeny of Philip Winegar who married Lydia Mosher.


Ulric (1648-1754)


Garret (1702-1755)


Ulric (1729-1812)



|                                                                  |

Ashbel (1754-1809)                               Philip (1752-1815)

                                                |                                                                  |

Philip (1785-1862)                                      Ira (1793-1879)


 Caleb  (1818-1870)



Interest in the Winegar Family History goes back more than one hundred twenty years.  It was in 1859, after a protracted correspondence with his cousin, Ira Winegar, Caleb Winegar authorized the publication by Js. B. Clarke, Printer in Union Springs, NY, of Ira Winegar’s Genealogy of the Winegar Family.


By way of explanation, Caleb Winegar was the son of Philip Winegar (1785-1862) who had walked across the State of New York in 1815 to purchase with his father-in-law, Esek Mosher, a large portion of what is presently known as the Village of Union Springs, NY, and to develop a woolen industry that was to thrive there for nearly forty years.  Caleb Winegar was an attorney in Union Springs, having read law with William H. Seward, who later became Secretary of State under President Abraham Lincoln.


                While Philip Winegar was attending to his woolen business, his cousin, Ira Winegar was moving farther westward to pioneer in the wilds of Indiana, in a town known as Middlebury.

                In the drawer of a stand in the parlor at Fairfields Farm, the family home of Stephen and Lydia Winegar Patterson, was kept a cherished copy of Ira Winegar’s history, bearing the dedication penned by Ira.  On the cover of this booklet is a woodcut of Caleb’s Union Springs home overlooking Cayuga Lake on the southern outskirts of Union Springs, NY.  The opening page bears Caleb’s presentation message to the Patterson Family, of whom Lydia Winegar Patterson was a member of Winegar lineage.  Since this well-preserve copy tells the story so graphically, it is reproduced here for all to enjoy.


                Philip Winegar was born August 31, 1785 in Amenia NY and married Lydia Mosher in Chatham, Columbia Co., NY.  She was born October 23, 1785, the daughter of Esek and Sarah Mosher.  Philip and Lydia lived in Gallway NY where three of their children were born:


(1793-1879)5, Philip (1752-1815)4, Ulric (1729-1812)3, Garret (1702-1755)2, Ulric (1648-1754)1 that Caleb Winegar (181-1870)6, Philip (1785-1862)5, Ashbel (1754-1809)4, Ulric (1729-1812)3, Garret (1702-1755)2, Ulric (1648-1754)1


                Philip Winegar’s lineage, according to the Ira Winegar history, is as follows:, Philip Winegar5 (1785-1862), Ashbel Winegar4 (1754-1809), Ulric Winegar3 (1729-1812), Garrett Winegar2 (1702-1755), Olrig (Ulric) Winegar1 (1648-1754).



[1]  - The mill pond remains today (1997) at the foot of Basin Street in Union Springs NY.

[2]  - County records indicate that Esek Mosher and Philip Winegar purchased 96 Acres from James Barker on May 10, 1817 and 96 Acres from William Burling on August 11, 1823, for a total of 192 Acres.

[3]  - The building that housed the store remains today (1997) at the corner of South Cayuga and Factory  Streets in Union Springs and bear signs of its original use.

[4]  - It is believed that “Aunt Sepronia” was Mrs. Silas  (Sophronia) Ludlow who lived at 9 Park Street.

[5]  - The original building at the southeast corner of South Cayuga and Park Streets survived until 1963 when it was demolished to make way for a parking lot.

[6]  - This building subsequently  was used as a post office. Later it was moved to No. 1 Park Street to become the barn, or garage, that remains on the site in 1997. 

[7]  - Facsimilied by Hafner Publishing Co. 1970

[8]  - From a July 5, 1851 advertisement in the Union Springs Ledger.

[9]  - Per Charles P. Winegar obituary.

[10]  -  March 16, 1899 Union Springs Advertiser: “Postmaster Hoff has an ink stand presented to Caleb Winegar, deceased, by the late Hon. William H. Seward, in whose office Mr. Winegar studied law.

[11] - Published 1864, Auburn NY by William J. Moses.

Clara Walley Yawger was the wife of Daniel Yawger, son of Philip and Cathereine Kuhl Yawger.

 [12]  Actually the” five nephews and one niece” were first cousins once removed, children of Zachariah Winegar, cousin of Philip.

[13]  - This house and the land surrounding it were sold at a later date to Wallace and Amelia Alnutt and as late as the 1920’s , the Alnutts used to come each year to pay the interest on the mortgage. This mortgage had continued from Mary Patterson, daughter of Gallio.