Last name also given as Strang.
There is an article entitled "Covenanters and The Work of Rev. John Cuthbertson" in The National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 21, pp 17 et seq. It gives the names of those Covenantres who sailed September 5, 1685 on the "Henry and Francis," from Leith, Scotland to Perth Amboy, New Jersey where they arrived about the middle of December. The conditions were terrible and many died during the voyage. The passenger list includes Christian Strange and Janet Symington. Those two names are separated by the names of about ten other persons. There are no Christophers, Strongs or Jeannettes. The passengers were not Scotch-Irish, or Irish or Associate Reformed Presbyterians. There were Scotch (probably lowlanders), Reformed Presbyterians (Covenanters) who were being dispatched from Scotland because they refused for religious reasons to take the oath of loyalty to the government.
The following comes from Dave Strong, in an e-mail that he send to the Strong list:
"Recall that after Charles II died and was succeeded by his Catholic brother, James II, the Duke of Monmouth raised a rebellion in England. At the same time, the Scottish Duke of Montrose raised a rebellion in Scotland designed to support Monmouth. Amongst Montroses' supporters in 1685 were a large number of Covenanters... including Christopher Strong and Jeannette Symington. When the rebellion failed these Covenanters were imprisoned in Dunotter Castle south of Aberdeen and held there until the Decree of Banishment was issued in 1686. They were "sold" into the indenture of a Catholic Lord, Pitlochie, and transported to New Jersey... where, Pitlochie having died at sea and the Glorious Revolution of 1688-9 being in the offing, the Covenanters were released from their indentures by action of a court."
If this is true, how did they get back to Scotland and subsequently Ireland to parent the lineage which ultimately emigrated to South Carolina in 1771? This tends to make one believe that Christopher Strong and his wife Jeannette Symington are not the parents of John Strong, however for the time being I will list them that way.
From an e-mail from the late John R. Mayer of the Strong-L@rootsweb.com list server, John writes:
"I have lately expanded Christopher II's biography, which belongs in Extraneus, Book IX, Strange of Balcaskie and the Clans Outlandish Strang and Stronge (1996), and it contains some original text from the prisoners' published complaint. Here is how it begins: Christopher Strang II, Banished to Perth Amboy natus circa 1657, floruit 1685-1686. Supposed son of the Christopher Strang I who was hanged and mutilated on 1666/12/7. Christopher Strang II was presumably born about 1657, and apparently followed his father's example, for he joined the Convenanters in rebellion to the Stuart crown. Christopher II was later held as Prisoner at Glasgow, Dunnottar, and Leith Tolbooth. Christopher Strang was shown to be a prisoner at the tollbooth at Leith on 1685/8/17 and he was banished to the American Plantations, by a judgement rendered at Leith on 1685/8/18. He was transported from Leith to Perth Amboy, East New Jersey, by George Scott of Pitlochie aboard the ship Henry and Francis, commanded by Master Richard Hutton, on 1685/9/5.
I have never before seen a record of Christopher Strang II having left any children, so I now wonder how the Strongs of Dickson (Dickson Co., Tennessee) managed to make the connection. Christopher was not exactly an uncommon name in Glasgow, and thee was another (third) Christopher Strang (born circa 1669) at Glasgow who married first Margaret Allen, and second Agnes Grainger. I also tend to believe there were yet another person in Lanarkshire named Christopher Strong.
The story of his father Christopher Strang I (circa 1638-1666) was a little more dramatic, for he was drawn and quarted. His head was displayed at Hamilton, and his right arm was nailed to the public post of Lanark, at the very spot he had sworn the Covenanter."
The following comes from: http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Prairie/7530/rebels.html#Argyll
Amongst the many followers of the duke of Argyll who were captured following collapse of his rebellion, was a certain Christopher Strang, apparently a son or other relative of the Christopher Strang beheaded in 1666. During the summer of 1685, he and 167 other covenanters were imprisoned in the dungeon of Dunotter Castle, which is in Kincardineshire, south of Stonehaven. They were crowded into two cellars so closely that there was no room to sit down at once and they were treated with such atrocious cruelty that many of them died of their sufferings. Twenty-five finally escaped but most were recaptured and tortured by inserting burning slow matches between their fingers and in other ways. After being confined from May to September they were transported from Dunotter south to the tolboth of Leith, the port city of Edinburgh. The tolboth was a customs house or keep for the ships riding at anchor in the Roads of Leith.
While at the tolbooth, they were banished by writ of the king's privy council, sold as slaves to George Scott, who was Lord Pitlochy, and embarked on board the ship, "Richard Hutton", bound for New Jersey. The Writ of Banishment issued as follows:
"Forasmuch as the persons underwritten-- vis: John Frazer, William Oliphant, John McGehee, William Campbell, Elispeth Ferguson, Janet Ferguson, Christian Scott, Jean
Moffat, Margaret Miller, Christopher Strang, (etc.) at present prisoners in the tolboth of Leith, being convened before the Lords of his majesties privy council, at the instance of his majesties advocate for several crimes and irregularities; refusing the oath of allegiance, or to own the king's authority, or take the oath of adjuration, in manner at length libelled, and all the said persons being men,
having judicially in presence of the council refused to take or sign the oath of allegiance, and the women aforesaid, having altogether refused to own his majesties authority,or to take the oath of adjuration, the lords of this majestie's privy council have banished and do hereby banish the haill forenamed persons-- to his majestie's plantations abroad, and discharge them never to return to the kingdom hereafter without the King or the council's special license, under the pain of death to be inflicted upon them without mercy, and forthwith ordain the haill forenamed persons, as also the persons underwritten, formerly sentenced to the plantations and now prisoners in the tolboth of Leith, viz.- John Kelly, Elispeth and Janet Ferguson- to be delivered to Mr. George Scott of Pitlochie and by him transported to his majestie's Plantations in East New Jersey, in the ship lying in the road of Leith, now bounding thiether, upon his finding sufficient caution to transport the haill forenamed persons to the foresaid plantations, and to report a certificate of their landing there from the governor or deputy governor of the place, Dated in September, 1685."
Of the banished, those who were able were forced to pay their passage, and those who were not were given away as slaves to Lord Pitlochy. Amongst those given away were Jeannette Symington and Christopher Strang. The Strang, or Strong, family and the Symington family apparently intermarried both in Scotland and America. On the passage from Scotland to America, however, Lord Pitlochy died and his son-in-law, Johnston, claimed the prisoners as his property.
The captain and Johnston now concluded to take the prisoners, or slaves as they called them, to Jamaica and not to New Jersey. The reason assigned for this change in plans was
that the price of slaves in Jamaica was better than in New Jersey. The wind and waves were adverse and drove them in spite of their efforts to the shores of New Jersey. The prisoners were landed in the middle of December, 1685, and scattered all over the country.
When spring arrived, Johnston, that he might carry out his mercenary designs, set out in pursuit of his fugitive slaves. They were all gathered up and brought before the
Governor of New Jersey and a jury chosen for the purpose of trying them. The Governor and the jury decided that whatever might have been the claims of Lord Pitlochy on these individuals, Johnston had none. Consequently the prisoners were
set at liberty. In a short time, according to one account, Jeannette Symington and Christopher Strong were followed by the members of their individual families, and for a short while
remained in New Jersey.
Some time afterward one branch of the Symington family removed to Pennsylvania; in 1752 another move was made to York County, South Carolina, and a settlement made on the waters of Rocky Allison. About the time of the American Revolution, another move was made to Fishing Creek, Chester County, South Carolina, and shortly afterwards to Rocky Creek. After the Revolutionary War, the Symingtons moved to
Little River in Fairfield County. Apparently, the Strongs of Kellswater, aka Cloughwater, County Antrim, Ireland, were related to the Symingtons through Jeannette Symington and. Christopher Strang, and moved to the area with some or all of the Associate
Reformed Presbyterian congregation of Reverend William Martin.
They joined the Symingtons at Fishing Creek in 1771, just before the Revolution.
In "Strong and Allied Families, Chester County, South Carolina- The Papers of Miss Esther Strong", is the following discussion:
"From 'Highlanders in America', J.P. Maclean: 'The second great wave of emigrants from Ulster, which occurred between 1771 and 1773 grew out of Antrim evictions. In 1771, the leases on the estate of the Marquis of Donegal in Antrim expired. The rents were placed at such a high figure that the demands could not be met.' Parts or whole congregations emigrated to America under leadership of their pastors...The Reverend William Martin, Pastor at Kellswater was in the same
(note: from other related discussion, Kellswater is a parish in the Diocese of Connor, County Antrim. However, the 1980 Church of Ireland directory does not list Kells as a Parish in Connor, nor is there a Cloughwater...but there is a Cloughfern Parish in Connor.
Granted that the Church of Ireland would not list Presbyterian
congregations, there is enough name similarity between "Kells"
and "Clough" to point to a possible location for future research.)." Christopher
was born at Scotland
in 1660. He was the son of Christopher Strang
. He married Jeanette Symington
before 1685. Christopher Strong was prison term in 1685; Christopher Strong was imprisoned in Dunotter Castle and banished to New Jersey in 1685 along with his wife Jeannette Symington. This was likely due to his religious beliefs and his refusal to take the oath of loyalty. Christoperh and Jeannette were sold into indenture of a Catholic Lord, Pitochie, and transported to New Jersey. Pitochie died at sea and the Glorious Revolution of 1688-9 started, therefore the Covenenters were released from their indentures by action of a court. If Christopher was banished to New Jersey in 1685, is it likely that his son, John was born in Scotland around 1686?