Part of the Acorn Archive
Hearts of Oak
Pre-Anco Parcel Tanker Service
HALDOR VIRIK SHIPS
Haldor Virik was born in 1880;
he established his A/S Eskimo Shipping Company in 1910.
A/S Oceana had owned a series of barques and whalers; JASON, HERTA, CASTOR, POLARSTJERNEN, CITO, FRANKLIN, PENDA, ARIES, ELIDA, FORTUNA and FREMAD. On the 20th December 1909 six of these ships were purchased by Haldor Virik; ARIES, CITO, FRANKLIN, FORTUNA, FREMAD and HERTA complete with the business, stock and yard, for the sum of 215,000 krone, and so A/S Oceana passed to Haldor Virik. He opened his new company of sail ships in seal and bottlenose hunting and named it A/S Fortuna.
This was renamed in 1910 as A/S Eskimo, with the same ships.
In 1912 he formed A/S Hvalfangerselskapet Odd, with steamships ODD, SOBRAON and three smaller boats. Later incorporating A/S Hvalfangerselskapet Normanna, with a steamer NORMANNA and sail ships. NORMANNA was sunk by a Uboat. Then he added the steamer GUVERNØREN to A/S Odd.
In 1921, GUVERNØREN was wrecked in fog off the Falkland Islands.
Business was falling and, in 1926,
he disposed of all stock of the company.
Knowing the nature of modern business markets,
Haldor Virik turned to tankers, and purchased
NORMANNA (2), which was lost in a fire,
and FRANGO, which was sold.
He then purchased SANDAR (torpedoed in 1942)
and HERBJØRN (which he renamed SANDEFJORD),
which was captured by the ADMIRAL SCHEER.
After WWII, his first ship purchase was KATTEGAT, renamed SANDAR
and another, for carrying lubricating oil, was delivered, the SANDEFJORD.
Built 1910 Nylands mek.Verksted, Oslo, Norway
Yard Nr 220
For A/S Odd (Haldor Virik), Sandefjord
177 brt; 63 nrt
111ft x 20ft x 11ft 10ins
Triple expansion; 84 bhp; by shipbuilder.
1916 Sold ; Thor Dahl, Sandefjord
1917 Transferred ; Bryde & Dahls Hvalfangerselskab A/S (Thor Dahl), Sandefjord
1922 Renamed THOR SENIOR.
1924 Renamed ANADYR ; Hvalfangerselskapet A/S Vega
(H. A. Christensen A/S), Sandefjord.
1927 Renamed DELFIN ; Cia Argentina de Pesca, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
1928 21st February : Sunk outside Bahia Langara.
Built 1889 Sunderland
Norwegian whale factory ship
1912 Purchased by Haldor Virik
1914 Renamed ORION (A. Andersen, Chile).
Steel barque built as QUILPUÉ
Built 1890 Russell & Co., Port Glasgow
Yard Nr 249
For F.H. Vaughan, Liverpool.
1910 ROALD AMUNDSEN ; A/S Laboremus (T. Dannevig & Co.), Sandefjord.
1912 Renamed MIMOSA.
1913 Sold ; Haldor Virik, Sandefjord.
1915 Sold ; Cia de Pesca N. do Brasil (T. Rynning, Sandefjord), Pernambuco.
1916 Sold ; Fritz S. Klem, Sandefjord.
1916 May : Sold ; A/S Dansk Svovlsyre og Superfosfatfabrik, Copenhagen.
1916 30th May : Sold ; Rederi AB Mimosa (Harald Schüssler), Stockholm
Swedish Reg. No. 5810 ; Call Sign JVQH.
Remeasured :225ft x 36ft x 21ft 6ins
1,408 grt; 1,286 nrt; 2,200 dwt.
1924 5th December : Sold ; Rud. Neugebauer & Co., Hamburg. For scrapping.
Built 1885 Sir W.G. Armstrong, Mitchell, Newcastle as HAJEEN
For Bedouin Steam Navigation Co. of Liverpool (
Manager W & R Thomson ).
A/S Normanna v/Haldor Virik A/S, Sandefjord
310ft 6ins x 39ft
1900 Renamed BERRIZ ; Aznar y Cia , Bilbao.
1907 Renamed BELGIAN PRINCE ; Wallsend Slipway & Engine Co.,
Engines repaired ( Management James Knott ).
1910 Renamed NORMANNA ; Haldor Virik,
Hvalfangerakties Normanna, Sandfjord.
1911 Rebuilt as a whaling factory ( Framnæs Mek.Verksted, Sandefjord )
1917 22nd February : Torpedoed by Uboat U-21, off the Isles of Scilly.
Some survivors were picked up by a Scillonian sloop.
On 22 February 1917 a small convoy of seven Dutch merchant ships, EEMLAND, JACATRA, NOORDERDIJK, ZAANDIJK, MENADO, BANDOENG and GAASTERLAND, left Falmouth Harbour, bound for the Netherlands. They had been sheltering in Falmouth; the German Government had guaranteed their safety. International Law required a warning and examination of papers before any action was taken.
At 15.30 hours the convoy spotted two boats, with survivors of the NORMANNA; they approached to pick up the survivors. U-21 surfaced and demanded that all the ships of the convoy had to be abandoned. One of the captains rowed towards the submarine, to show his papers; before he had reached the submarine, three merchant ships had been torpedoed.
After the crews had left, the other ships were set with time bombs.
The survivors headed towards Isles of Scilly in their boats and were seen by the Bishop Rock Lighthouse keepers, who at once signalled for the lifeboat. The St. Agnes lifeboat CHARLES DEERE JAMES went off and found two boats full of men. A lifeboatman was put in each to pilot them to safety, and she then searched farther afield, finding one more boat, bringing the total of men the lifeboat had saved to 47. The St Mary’s lifeboat found others and piloted them into St Mary’s harbour.
More men were assisted by trawlers. All 300 returned safely.
The MENADO was towed back to Falmouth by a trawler.
The full story of this drama of treachery against
a Neutral European Country can be read HERE.
Built 1889 as RUNIC, a livestock carrier, by Harland & Wolff, Belfast
Launched New Year's Day 1889.
1889 21st February : Maiden voyage Liverpool to New York.
Call Sign : MJGB
430ft 8ins x 45ft 3ins x 30ft 4ins
For the White Star Line.
Designed to carry 1,000 head of live cattle or general cargo.
Accommodation for 48 passengers.
1895 Renamed TAMPICAN ; West India & Pacific Steamship Company.
1899 Transferred to Leyland Line.
1912 Sold to H. E. Moss & Co, Liverpool.
1912 Renamed IMO ; South Pacific Whaling Company, Oslo, Norway.
Converted to a Whaling Factory ship.
1917 6th December : Incident in Halifax Harbour, where IMO collided
with MONT BLANC ( French Line ), causing a massive explosion.
IMO was leaving Halifax in ballast, chartered to the Belgian Relief Committee. She collided with the inbound MONT BLANC in the Narrows of Halifax Harbour. Sparks from the collision ignited MONT BLANC's cargo, leading to the massive explosion which devastated the North End of Halifax. MONT BLANC, was carrying 2,800 tons of munitions, which exploded. The blast ripped through the Richmond district of the city. It was felt 270 miles away. Around 1,600 people were killed, 2,000 more were missing and never found, 9,000 injured and 25,000 were made temporarily homeless. Over 1,600 buildings in a 16 mile radius were destroyed and 12,000 more were damaged. The total property loss was estimated at $35m. The explosion also caused a 13 foot tidal wave that destroyed buildings and damaged warships. All of the crew of the MONT BLANC had survived; fearing that the vessel would blow up straight away after the collision, they had taken to their lifeboats. MONT BLANC was obliterated, not a scrap was found. IMO had been driven across the harbour, by the blast, beached on the Dartmouth shore. The blast wrecked her upper works, killing most of those on the bridge (her captain the pilot and five of her crew members), sparing those below decks, as her hull had sustained relatively light damage.
1918 Bought and Repaired by Haldor Virik. Renamed GUVERNØREN.
Remained as a Whaling Factory ship for A/S Odd.
1921 30th November : Went aground on a reef, in fog, twenty miles from
Port Stanley, Falkland Islands. Total loss.
The wreck still sits with her rusting bows above water.
Guvernøren as Runic
NORMANNA (2) Built as WALKURE
Built 1908 William Doxford & Co., Sunderland.
Yard Nr 395
349ft 2ins x 49ft x 24ft
Triple expansion Dixford steam engine.
For Rederi A.G. Oceana (Manager H.H. Schmidt), Hamburg
1914 12th August : Captured by French gunboat LA ZELEE
Port Lenao, Makatea.
1914 22nd September : Sunk by SMS SCHARNHORST
at Papeete. Sold to John A. Hooper, USA.
1914 15th December : Refloated and repaired.
1916 Renamed REPUBLIC ; John A. Hooper, San Francisco.
1917 Chile S.S. Co., Inc., New York.
1924 Renamed NORMANNA ; Haldor Virik, Stavanger.
1925 21st February : On fire, with a cargo of paper pulp, en route
Gothenburg to Rio de Janiero. Grounded at Teneriefe.
1925 19th June : Sold to shipbreakers.
1925 17th August ; Arrived at Rotterdam under tow, for scrapping.
Built as Turbine Steamer GOLAA (cylindrical tanks)
Built 1917 Chester Shipbuilding Co., Chester, Philadelphia, U.S.A
Yard Nr 339
Delivered 17th May 1917 to US Shipping Board.
Then to Fr. Siegwarth, Tønsberg.
Chester records show 5,500grt; 8,750dwt.
5,672 grt; 4,547 nrt; 8,220 dwt
401ft 10ins x 54ft 4ins x 30ft 3ins
Handed over to D/S A/S Golaa (C. Wildhagen & Co.), Sandefjord
1927 C. Wildhagen, Sandefjord
Renamed FRANGO ; A/S Frango (Haldor Virik & Co.), Sandefjord
Converted to a whaling factory ship, of 6,400grt
1930 Sold to Bryde og Dahl - The American Whaling Co., Inc.
(A/S Thor Dahl, Sandefjord), Wilmington, Delaware, USA
Engines replaced by a triple expansion steam engine,
built by Lilleshall Engineering Co., Oakengates, Staffs
1940 December : Renamed CLIFFORD ; Frango Corporation, Panama
(A/S Thor Dahl, Sandefjord).
1941 Captured by Japanese Navy.
Renamed HAKKO MARU ; Teikoku
Senpaku KK, Japan
1944 4th January : Torpedoed and sunk by USS BLUEFISH.
Position 07.10N : 108.25E, about 200 miles N of Great Natuna Island
Included are details of the
JAN WELLEM and ELSA ESSBERGER.
Though they are not Virik Ships, they have a relevant history.
SANDEFJORD 1937 was captured by the ADMIRAL SCHEER
following the attack on Convoy HX84.
Built 1928 for Haldor Virik
12,000 dwt; 7624grt
2nd May 1942 : At 2253, the unescorted Sandar ( voyaging from Trinidad to Gibraltar ) was hit amidships by two torpedoes from U-66 but still continued at slow speed although the midships section caught fire. She was hit in the aft part by a coup de grâce at 2310 and sank by the stern after 10 minutes. Position 11.42N : 61.10W. The survivors abandoned ship in the port lifeboat and the motorboat because the starboard boat had been destroyed. The first mate and the boatswain were lost. The U-boat surfaced and questioned the survivors in the boats and provided them food, first-aid material and the course and distance for land before leaving the area. The survivors were picked up the next day after being spotted by an aircraft by the American merchantman ALCOA PILOT about 25 miles north of Port of Spain. The master, who had been terribly burned was immediately admitted to a hospital in Port of Spain but died shortly afterwards.
SANDAR ex KATTEGAT
Built 1928 by F. Schichau, Danzig, Germany
Tanker 6031 grt
For Ol -Transport GmbH (John T. Essberger) Germany
1939 German Navy requisitioned as OLSCHIFF 2
1940 Accompanied by JAN WELLEM, en route to Narvik with oil supplies for the invasion fleet on 9th April, she took refuge in the Glåmfjord south of Bodø, fearing mines in Vestfjord. She was discovered, Norwegian warship NORDKAPP opened fire. KATTEGAT was scuttled by her own crew. Position 58.26N : 17.25E.
10th April 1940 : The JAN WELLEM had arrived at Narvik on the afternoon
of the 8th April; wondering why the KATTEGAT had not arrived, a search was sent out at 1045 hours, by Marine Command and they discovered that, on the 9th April, 34 of the crew had been captured, and five had escaped into the surrounding hills. NORDKAPP had found her laying at anchor, at Sandågbukta Neverda. The crew refused to abandon ship and so scuttled her. The captain explained why KATTEGAT was laying at anchor, he had been given intelligence as to the British minefield in Vestfjorden.
1940 Raised 14th June : Repaired in July; Renamed BODØ; Norwegian flag. Under way to Tromsø she was attacked and damaged by German aircraft.
1940 September : Salvaged and repaired, she again sailed for Germany;
Renamed KATTEGAT; John T Essberger.
1944 She was damaged in an RAF raid, and ran aground and was
stranded near Sandefjord 10th November.
1945 2nd April : Whilst in dock for repairs at Framnæs Mek.Verksted,
Sandefjord, KATTEGAT was bombed and further damaged by
RAF aircraft fire. Docks and ships were severely damaged.
1945 May : Sandefjord Docks and KATTEGAT repaired.
1945 6th September : KATTEGAT Awarded to Norway.
1946 17th July : Purchased as KATTEGAT; Renamed SANDAR;
Viriks Rederi A/S, Norway; Haldor Virik.
1959 Arrived at Antwerp, Belgium, 13th November for demolition.
Sandar ex Kattegat
Built 1921 Bremer Vulkan, Vegesack
As Passenger/Cargo steamer WURTTEMBERG
For Hamburg America Line, Hamburg.
Deutsche Walfang Gesellschaft, Hamburg
1936 Renamed JAN WELLEM ; Henkel & Co. GmbH, Wesermunde.
Converted to Whale Factory Ship, remeasured 11,776 grt.
1939 November: Requisitioned by the Kreigsmarine as a base ship and
converted into a tanker.
1940 Arrived at Narvik, 8th April, having left KATTEGAT behind.
Scuttled 28th April at Narvik to avoid capture by British forces.
1940 Refloated August ; badly burned-out forward and amidships,
1943 Repaired and recommissioned April, as a base ship, at Libau.
1946 Wrecked, beached 6th June ;
At Heikendorfer Bucht, position 54.22N : 10.11E.
1947 Broken up at Blyth by Hughes Bolckow
There has been a suggestion that KATTEGAT had been renamed
as EMPIRE TEGEBYA – I believe this confusion has arisen out of the
name of another J T Essberger ship, the ELSA ESSBERGER as she became renamed EMPIRE TEGENYA. Also, Haldor Virik records show that KATTEGAT was purchased in the name KATTEGAT.
Built 1930 Deutsche Werft, Hamburg
1172 tons; 235ft x 37ft
LISA ESSBERGER ; J.T.Essberger,
1940 Requisitioned by the German Navy.
1945 Seized by Allies at Copenhagen.
1945 EMPIRE TEGENYA ; MOWT.
1947 LISA ESSBERGER ; J.T.Essberger, Hamburg
1960 OLSTAUER ; R.C.Eckelmann, Hamburg.
1964 ATTIKI ; C.Diamantis, Greece.
1968 PELOPONNISIS ; Greek Tanker Shipping Co.
1979 Scrapped at Kynossoura, Greece.
[ Sister ship of Yard Nr 425 STORAAS ]
Built 1929 A/B Gotaverken, Gøteborg, Sweden
Yard Nr 415
12,000 dwt; 8,038 grt; 4,549 nrt
559ft 6ins x 59ft x 35ft
Call Sign : LDIF
1937 Sold to Haldor Virik A/S, Sandefjord.; Renamed SANDEFJORD.
ADMIRAL SCHEER attacked Convoy HX84 on 5th November 1940,
off Newfoundland, position 52.45N : 32.13W, and then sailed south.
1941 18th January : On voyage from Cape Town to Freetown with a
cargo of 11,000 tons of crude oil, SANDEFJORD was captured
by ADMIRAL SCHEER. Position 6.29S : 4.25W.
A prize crew was placed on board and she was sent south to
position 11S : 02W ; later, sent south again to rendezvous.
1941 26th January : At Point, Codename "Andalusien" 15S : 18W,
ADMIRAL SCHEER and captured Norwegian tanker SANDEFJORD
met German ships THOR, PINGUIN, EUROFELD and NORDMARK;
and another captured ship, the DUQUESA.
More than 200 prisoners were transferred to SANDEFJORD,
which was taken to France by the prize crew.
1941 27th February : Arrived Bordeaux in occupied France.
1941 17th March ; Renamed MONSUN ( German flag ).
1943 Set fire in an RAF bombing raid at Nantes, 25th September.
1944 Scuttled at Nantes on 10th August, used as a blockship.
1945 Raised in March, and repaired.
1946 Renamed BRIÉRE ; Societe Anonyme Courtage et Transports, Le Havre.
1954 Renamed CAPE MOUNT ; Transoceanic Transport. Co., Liberia
1955 Renamed CEDAR TRADER ; Trader Line Ltd, Hamilton, Bermuda.
1964 Laid up at Hong Kong, 4th May. Driven aground at Hong Kong,
5th September, by Typhoon "Ruby". Re-floated, 20th October and
subsequently sold to Hong Kong Breakers in a damaged condition.
SANDEFJORD became ANCO SAILOR
Built 1950 AB Gotaverken, Gothenburg.
415ft x 55ft 2ins x 31ft 9ins
6cyl 2s. csa diesel by shipbuilders.
Call Sign : LHRH.
For Haldor Virik, Viriks Rederi A/S, Sandefjord.
1964 ANCO SAILOR ; Virik`s Rederi A/S, Norway
1966 TAIPIENG ; Ocean Tramping Co. Ltd, London; Hong Kong
1970 TAIPIENG ; Nan Yang Shipping Co., Somali Republic
1977 TAIPIENG ; Fortune Sea Transport, Panama.
1978 TA CHING Nr 410; China Ocean Shipping Co, China
1980 DA QING Nr 410 ; China Ocean Shipping Co, China
Deleted from Lloyds Register 1992