Part of the Acorn Archive

Hearts of Oak



Ships of Operation Performance

For Full Story of Kvarstad Ships, see


A O Andersen

was one of the partners in the Anco Group ( Norway ).

One of A O Andersen’s ships was lost in Operation Performance



31st March 1942

Operation Performance

31st March 1942

That evening ten Norwegian freighters attempt to break out from Gothenburg, to reach Leith, Scotland. British Warships FAULKNOR, ESCAPADE, ESKIMO, WALLACE, VANITY and VALOROUS were sent to assist the merchant ships to leave. German Armed Trawlers V 908, V 1604, V 1609, V 1612, V 1613 and German Submarines U 591, U 592, U 702 and U 703, together with Luftwaffe bombers were sent to prevent the ships from leaving.

The crews were taken prisoner and allowed to leave on the Swedish cruiser GOTA LEJON.


Ten ships left Gothenburg, Sweden.

Six of the ten were lost.

BUCCANEER ; A. O. Andersen Shipping Co. A/S, Oslo.

CHARENTE ; Fearnley & Eger, Oslo.

GUDVANG ; H. Gjerpen, Oslo.

RIGMOR ; Johan Stenersen, Oslo.

SKYTTEREN ; Yngvar Hvistendahl.

STORSTEN ; Rafen & Loennechen, Tønsberg.

Two of the ten made it to British waters.

B.P NEWTON ; Tschudi & Eitzen, Oslo.

LIND ; J. O. Odfjell, Bergen.

Two of the ten returned to Sweden.

DICTO ; E. B. Aaby, Oslo.

LIONEL ; Alf Mohn, Oslo.


Two of those ten ships encountered the Cornish Coast.

SKYTTEREN as SUEVIC : 17th March 1907

Split into two, off The Lizard Point.

LIND as ST GUENOLE : 1st November 1948

Total Wreck, near Penberth Cove.


Ships Lost



Built 1927  NV Scheepbouw Mij., Nieuwe Waterweg, Schiedam

Yard Nr 141

6,222 grt; 9,525 dwt

11.5 knots

8 cyl B&W Diesel; 2500 bhp

1927   Launched as the DUIVENDRECHT ; Van Ommeren

1938   BUCCANEER ; A.O Andersen Shipping Co. Oslo, Norway

1942   1st April : Lost in Operation Performance.

Fired on by German warships, the Buccaneer was scuttled by the crew, off Maseskjaer, Sweden. Position 58.05N:11.05E.


Buccaneer  as Duivendrecht



Built 1935  Porsgrunds mek. Værksted. 

Yard Nr 98

D/S A/S Garonne Fearnley & Eger, Oslo

1,282 grt; 1,800 dwt

242ft  Cargo steamship; 800hp

1942   1st April : Lost in Operation Performance.

When fired upon from a German warship, the crew scuttled her,

6 miles off Kaeringen. Position 58.05N:11.05E.




Built 1912 by Fredrikstad Mekanik, Verkstad

As steamship STALHEIM

For A/S Standard (J.B.Stang), Oslo

Yard Nr 155
1470 brt;  877 nrt;  2550 dwt.

243ft x 39ft 5ins x 17ft 4ins
3Exp. (FMV), 172 nhp
Call Sign : LEXU
1936  April : Renamed GUDVANG ; D/S A/S Gudvin (H.Gjerpen), Oslo..
1940  9th April : Secured at Göteborg
1940  April : Handed to Nortraship

1942  1st April : Lost in Operation Performance.

Fired at and sunk by a German warship, in the Skagerak. The crew were captured and sent to a German concentration camp.





Motor Tanker ( 2 masts )

Built 1931  Gotaverken, Gothenburg

For  Waages Tankrederi A/S, Oslo

9,100dwt; 6305 grt

Water line length 124.05m

128.82 x 16.76 x 9.83m

Gotaverken diesel engines; 2,800 bhp; 11.5 knots

140 rpm twin propeller, 4 blade, diameter 3.352m.

1940  Johan Stenersen, Oslo

1942  1st April : Lost in Operation Performance.

Sunk by German torpedo from a bomber.





Built 1900  Harland & Wolff , Belfast as liner SUEVIC ( sister RUNIC ).

An earlier RUNIC became Haldor Virik’s ship GUVERNØREN.

12, 531 grt; 15,600dwt

565ft x 63ft 4ins 

2x4 cylinder quadruple expansion engines; two propellers

13.5 knots

Launched 8th December 1900

Maiden voyage to Australia 23rd March 1901.

1907  17th March : Wrecked on the Maenheere rocks, off Lizard Light

          The stern section was salvaged and she was rebuilt. 

1908  4th January : She resumed commercial service on schedule.

1928  October : Renamed SKYTTEREN ; Yngar Hvistendahl,

          Finnvahl A/S of Tonsberg for £35,000.

          Converted into a whale factory ship at Fruppe's Germaniawerft, Kiel.

1942  1st April : Lost in Operation Performance.

          Fired on by German warships, and bombed, the SKYTTEREN was

          scuttled by her crew, off Maseskjaer, Sweden. Position 58.09N:11.04E.





Built 1926  Barclay Curle & Company, Glasgow; Launched 12th May.

5,343 grt; 3,114 nrt; 7,850 dwt Tanker

388ft 2ins x 52ft 8ins x 29ft

Yard Nr 613

For Rafen & Loennechen, Tønsberg; Tonsberg Rederi AS Norway

11 knots

Original Engines : 4 cylinder 2SCDA Maclagan oil engine, 24.5ins x 44ins, 2,700 bhp by North British Diesel Engine Works (1922) Ltd, Glasgow.

1928: Unhappy with the reliability of the original engine, the ship was re- engined at the builder’s expense with a conventional Doxford engine.

3 cylinder Doxford 58L3 opposed-piston oil engine, 22.8ins x 91.3ins,

2100 bhp.

1942  1st April : Lost in Operation Performance.

Bombed and struck a floating mine 32 miles S of Kristiansand.

Scuttled by crew later that day when vessel was attacked by a German patrol boat. Position 58.05N:11.05E.






Ships Escaped to Leith



Motor Tanker

Call Sign  LKLV

Built 1940  Kockums Mekaniska Verkstads A/B, Malmö, Sweden. 

For Tschudi & Eitzen, Oslo

10,324 grt; 16,000dwt

512ft 3ins x 63ft 3ins x 39ft

1,551 nhp; oil engines.

1942  1st April : Taken to England

1942  Master J.W. Calvert succeeded in reaching Leith, the designated destination, on the 3rd April, with 71 people on board; the ships BP NEWTON and LIND were twice attacked from the air and had an encounter with a small German Convoy. Chartered to the American company Gulf Oil.

1943  B.P.NEWTON ( Skibs A/S Navales ), a Norwegian tanker, was on a voyage from Curacao to Table Bay with aviation spirit. She was was torpedoed by a German submarine on 8th July, off the coast of French Guiana. The tanker caught fire and eventually sank. Twenty-two of her crew died on board and one man died of injuries soon after being picked up.


B P Newton



Built 1938  NV Scheepsbouwwerf de Groot & van Vliet, Slikkerveer, Netherlands

Yard Nr  216
461 grt, 186 nrt, 600 dwt  

168ft 4ins x 25ft 10ins x 10ft
8 cyl 4T DM single acting DM (KHD A/G, Köln), 500 bhp
Call Sign LJUT

1938  Delivered 7th March to Skips-A/S Oljetransport

          (A/S Rederiet Odfjell), Bergen
1940  9th April : Held at Göteborg.

1942  1st April : Taken to England
Managed by Anglo-American Oil Co. Ltd., London.

          and later handed to Nortraship.

1947 July : Sold to Cie. Des Transportes Maritime de Goudron, Paris, Fr.
         Renamed ST. GUENOLE
1948  1st November

It was the usual 'wreck weather' for the western cliffs; hazy with heavy ground seas, the aftermath of a hard south-west gale. Shortly after one o'clock on the morning of November 1st, 1948, the coastguard on watch at Treen saw the lights of a motor vessel emerge from a fierce squall of rain and head straight for the surf beating upon Pednevounder sands. In response to the rapid blink of his Aldis lamp, she turned eastwards and vanished round Logan Rock headland. Though she made no signal, either to acknowledge the warning or to ask for help, he called out Treen LSA company and another coastguard and went down into Penberth Cove. There was no sign of the mysterious ship, but the wind was thick with the stench of fuel oil. Suddenly he saw a young man washing about in the surf and despite almost being swept away, dragged him out and carried him to a nearby cottage. Search parties began to scour the cliffs. A lifejacket marked 'ST GUENOLE-ROUEN' was picked up on the rocks near the cove, and at dawn a vessel of about 500 tons was found bottom up beneath Gribba Point, less than half a mile away. The ST GUENOLE, a steel tar tanker owned by Cie Mar de Transport de Goudron of Rouen, bound in ballast from Nantes to Irvine on Clydeside with a crew of twelve, was a total wreck. Twenty-three-year-old Andre Fourcin, the sailor saved by the coastguard, was the sole survivor. The ST GUENOLE rusted away beneath the Penberth cliffs.




Ships Returned to Gothenburg



Built 1939  Gotaverken, Gothenburg

E. B. Aaby, Oslo

5,263 grt; 9,470dwt;  Motor cargo ship

Diesel Engines  680/1500 VG-6;  5200 ihp; 4300 bhp; 112 rpm. 

1940  In Swedish waters from April.

1942  Attempted to reach Leith April 1942, but returned to Gothenburg.

1964  Renamed ONISOLOS; Salamis Shipping (Panama) S.A., Greece

1970  Broken up in Shanghai.





Built 1926  Odense Staalskibs, Odense, Denmark. 

For A/S D/S Østlandet (Alf Mohn), Oslo

5,653 grt; Motor cargo ship
1940  In Swedish waters from April.

1942  Attempted to reach Leith April 1942, but returned to Gothenburg.

1947 A/S D/S Ostlandet (Peter Valeur, Manager)
1955 Renamed AGUANTE ;  Soc Anonyme Maritime et Commerciale

         SA Suisse, Geneva, Switzerland. Panama Registration.

1964  Sold to Thomas W. Ward Ltd. for breaking up at Grays, UK

          Arrived there on 17th March 1964.



Raymond Forward