1935 DIARY

by

Minnie Gladwyn Conklin

F O R E W O R D


(Witten by Granddaughter - transcriber/website host)


The year was 1935. The diary you are about to read represents life on a farm just outside a village in Northern New York.



The following diary was written by Mrs. Minnie A. Gladwyn Conklin, who lived in the Town of Hounsfield in Jefferson County, N. Y. She was born near Sackets Harbor on 27 November 1867 and lived 30 years in Dexter, N. Y., before her marriage in 1897 to Herbert Conklin of the Town of Hounsfield. The couple settled on the Conklin farm near what is now Evans Road and, there remained until their deaths.



In 1905 the couple adopted William Henry Bell, the son of Harry and Emma Stanley Bell, of Watertown, N. Y., formerly of Canada. In 1924 William married Doris Hasner, daughter of George and Cora Putnam Hasner of Glen Park, N. Y. William and Doris made their home in one-half of the double farmhouse, where they raised their five children. During the depression year of 1935, the diarist's household included three of those children, Elaine, Leonard and Roland (Rolla).









Another simple record of local events and family affairs. The last two mornings of the old year were sunny and beautiful but the thermometer registered 20 degrees below zero. The year was eventful and never to be forgotten yet it leaves us in fairly good health and I hope with more faith to meet the future. Friends have been kind and family associations bring us pleasure. The children Leonard (6), Elaine (10), and Roland (4) bring us pleasure. Thanksgiving, William's family and ourselves spent at Rosamond's. Christmas, William and family, Grandma Gladwyn, Bessie Walts, Wilfred Chapman and Bert Gilmore were with us for dinner.

December 31 Last evening Doris and William entertained the Cozy Corner Class. Covers were laid for 20 and the children. After the class "tree" they attended a watch night service at the church

Tuesday, January 1, 1935 Windy, blustery, about freezing - a rise of nearly 50 degrees since yesterday. William, Doris and family and Bert Gilmore with us for dinner. Am too full of mistakes to make New Year resolutions but wish I might be more patient, kind and helpful -- more "trusting." The snow plow went through at 6 P. M. Bert listened to a part of the football game at the Rose Bowl, Pasadena. The score stood Alabama 29, Stanford, 13. Played for championship.

Wednesday, Jan. 2 A below zero morning. Elaine and Leonard started for school on the bus but it was stalled in the snow in sight of the house and had to return. Snow plow came through about 2 P. M. Mail and milk truck came. Rec'd nice letter from Ida Sprague, Fowlerville, Mich. This is Bert Gilmore's 45th birthday. Hauptmann case begins today.

Thursday, Jan. 3, 1935 Just below freezing but unpleasant because of strong wind. Children went to school on the bus. Busy preparing for tests. Snow plow went through three times. Bert did the washing - sent me to bed. Wm. & D took Mr. Lloyd to the hospital to see Gerald. Sent jelly, candy and nuts to him. Congress opens today. Democrats have 2/3 majority. Gov. Lehman takes the oath of office from his brother, Judge Lehman, as Governor of N. Y. State. Sold 5 doz. eggs for $1.45.

Friday, Jan. 4 About 20 degrees below zero, we think. In the forenoon Bert ironed. I made out state cheese factory rep't. In the afternoon made out federal cheese factory report. Doris made ice cream - very nice. Rolla ate with us today. "His turn," he said. Pres. Roosevelt delivered his message to congress at noon today. Colonel and Mrs. Lindbergh took the witness stand in the Hauptmann kidnapping case.

Wed., Jan. 9 - 1935 Rain continued all night and today. Freezing tonight. Baked bread, etc. Elaine here for the usual meals and Rolla for dinner. Children went to school as usual. Dr. Condon (Jafsie) testified at the Hauptmann trial today for the prosecution. Michael Thomas passed away a year ago today.

Thursday, Jan. 10 Cloudy until 3 P. M. Sun came out. Temperature above freezing. Bert did the washing with a little of my help. Wm. went to Watertown. Sent 6 doz. eggs. Rec'd 30 c a dozen cash. Ladies' Aid supper at Masonic Hall tonight. Listened to a 15th anniversary program of the League of Nations. Speakers were Prof. Manley O. Hudson of Harvard law school. Carrie Chapman Scott, Nicholas Murray Butler and Senator Post, Idaho, who spoke from Washington all favored U. S. entry into the League.

Friday, Jan. 11 - 1935 A pretty day, but cold wind. We did the usual house and farm work, and the ironing. Bert not feeling extra well or Doris either. Doris made ice cream.

Sunday, Jan. 13 A little warmer than yesterday. Snowing a little and blowing. At home. Communion service at church. Doris went to see Dr. Gates last eve. Bert is feeling some better. Does his work as usual. Wrote to Jennie Thomas. Elaine here as usual. Rolla for dinner. Carl, Rosamond, and Jean here for a while in the afternoon. Coming for dinner next Sunday.

Tues. Jan. 15 Weather continues cold. A few inches of snow. Bert feeling better. Doris went to see Dr. Hoyt last evening. Dec. Hygienic milk check $75.06. Test 4.7. Price $2.015.

Newspaper Clipping -

Little Falls -- Jan. 12 -- "Mr. and Mrs. Edgar Liendecker announce the marriage of their daughter, Miss Irene Liendecker, to Raymond F. Shaver, son of Mr. & Mrs. John Shaver, at a ceremony performed at 8 p.m., Thursday at St. Martin's rectory, Port Leyden, with Rev. F. P. Diviney officiating. The attendants were Raymond Liendecker, a brother of the bride and Miss Geraldine Shaver, a sister of the groom. Members of the immediate families of both the bride and groom were present...."

Raymond Shaver worked for us and was a fine boy we thought and we surely wish him well. Major Doolittle broke the Trans U. S. speed record January 15 by 4 minutes flying from Los Angeles to New York in 11 hours 59 minutes.

Newspaper clipping datelined:

Dexter, Jan. 14 -- "Mrs. Anna Morgan, widow of Dr. A. L. Morgan, will observe her 84th birthday on Thursday, Jan. 17, but no special observance of the day will be made...Dr. A. L. Morgan died May 19, 1929, after practicing medicine in this village and vicinity for many years. Dr. and Mrs. Morgan were married March 26, 1874 in Joliet, Ill., and came to Dexter in the summer of 1883...Three children were born to them, J. Frank Morgan of this village, Will C. Morgan of Watertown and Mrs. Grace Morgan Smith, of Winsted, Conn."

Dr. and Mrs. Morgan were friends of my father and mother in Dexter for many years and he was our family physician.

Jan. 16, Wed. Beautiful and cold. Bert went to B'ville. Paid tax on cheese factory, $8.64. Rate, 90 cents.

Jan. 17, Thurs. Bad storm. Elaine went to school. Bus couldn't get through in the afternoon and were bringing some of the children to Brownville. Wm. met the bus on the Dexter-Brownville road and brought Elaine home--also three Mott girls and Bobbie Richardson, who stayed at William's all night. Bert Gilmore came up in the evening.

Jan. 18, Friday Snow plow came early but couldn't get through. Bus took the children to school via B'ville. Snow plow broke the road in the afternoon.

Sat., Jan. 19 Warmer - windy. Carl, Rosamond, Jean, Sally, Aunt Lou, William, Doris, Elaine and Leonard and Rolla here for dinner. Doris served ice cream and cake about 3 P.M. Very enjoyable time.

Monday, Jan. 21 Rainy, washed and hung the clothes upstairs. A cold storm is coming across the continent. Chicago 40 degrees above at noon. Zero tonight. Due us tomorrow P. M. Elaine is sick tonight.

Tuesday, Jan. 22 The threatened storm did not come though it is colder. Wm. and Doris went to Watertown yesterday and Doris bought an alarm clock for Wm's birthday. We liked it so well, we sent for one like it today. Bert got a white shirt and a work shirt for William - sent for them by Doris.

Wed., Jan. 23, 1935 This is Bessie's birthday. Sent a card. Zero temperature. A piercing wind - a little snow. Elaine went to school though she has a little cold. Heard Dr. Jos. Jastrow give a talk on mental complexes.

Thursday, Jan. 24 Still zero weather but wind changed from N. E. to W. in the P. M. Elaine had tests at school today. The boys have colds.

Friday, Jan. 25 We haven't felt the storm here as they have in many places. Several degrees below zero this forenoon, but not storming. Windy and warmer tonight. Bert G. here. Elaine had tests.

Saturday, Jan. 26 Clear and cold. Heard Geraldine Farrar on the radio in Romeo & Juliet.

At this point in the diary there were several newspaper clippings pasted into the diary, each dealing with weather disasters throughout the country. The diary continued:

There has been death and disaster in the wake of the storm. Red Cross lends aid. 117 passengers and crew rescued: 15 passengers and 31 members of the crew drowned or frozen. New York traffic was paralyzed by 18 inches of snow, costing $100,000 to remove it. The worst since 1888 when Roscoe Conklin died as the result of exposure trying to get home in the deep snowstorm.

Sunday, Jan. 27 21 degrees below zero here at 8:30 this morn. Milk truck driver said it was 40 degrees below at Brownville. Heard Dr. Codman on "The rich man and Lazarus," and Will Rogers on "The World Court: Opposed."

Monday, Jan. 28, 1935 Below zero morning. Roads drifted some. William went with the bus with the car when the children went to school. Later went to LaPointe's store to pay our taxes, amounting to $87.27. Elaine's tests were: Arithmetic, 100, geography 100, music 100, spelling 96, reading 100, english 95, history 84, nature study 91. General average not including general work was 95-2/3. Leonard's were all A except music, B. Heard the Army band from Wash.

Tuesday, Jan. 29 A fine winter's day. Wm. and Doris went to Watertown. Got the license for the Pontiac and a couple of cheap batteries for car, radio & general use. Card from Berdi. Elaine had nice letter from Glenn, Miami, recently. Good radio offerings were gospel songs by Evangelist Edward McCue, Boston. Also, Winston Churchill, London, favoring British control of India and our joining the World Court. Father Coughlin opposing and Mrs. Roosevelt favoring, have asked the public to send telegrams to their senators.

Wed., Jan. 30 - 1935 Another 20 degree below zero morning and zero all day. Snow plow went through A. M. and P. M. - drifts in places. Sunny. This is Grandma Gladwyn's 70th birthday. Wrote a letter this A. M. instead of sending a card to her. Doris is making a suit for Leonard for school and it looks very nice. Miss Birkhead (mentioned in an accompanying newspaper clipping) tells of Princess Marianna's wedding and the wreck of the Titanic when she did her first reporting. Pres. Roosevelt and many others including Postmaster Gen. Farley favored the proposal which is before the States before being voted on by Congress. (Child Labor Amendment) Harriet Hartman is my cousin's daughter.

Newspaper clipping datelined:

Depauville Jan. 29 - "Miss Harriet Hartman, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Jay Hartman and Gerald Gould, son of Mr. and Mrs. William H. Gould, were married Saturday evening at the parsonage of the Methodist church by Rev. Clark A. Robinson. They were attended by Miss Edna Gould, sister of the bridegroom and Lyle Hartman, brother of the bride..."

This is President Roosevelt's 53rd birthday and many birthday balls are being held throughout the nation - proceeds to go for infantile paralysis. 70% local, 30% for research work. Party lines were broken in the vote (re Senate's rejection of the proposal for American adherence to The Hague court) though Pres. Roosevelt favored adherence. A flood of telegrams is said to have influenced the vote. Many radio speeches by nationally known men were made for and against. I cannot say which were right.

Several news clippings were pasted on this page, most of which dealt with international affairs with the exception of two.

An obit notice followed:

ZIMMERMAN - At Brownville, Jan. 29, 1935, Herbert Zimmerman of Brownville, aged 65 years. Burial at Brownville cemetery.

Another small clipping:

Empsall's conducts a knitting school each afternoon from 1 to 5 with the exception of Saturday with Mrs. Carl J. Hynes as instructor.

The diarist's continues with commentary:

Mr. Zimmerman passed away from heart trouble. Rosamond is quite a knitting expert and makes many nice pieces of knitted work. Miss Sternberger gave her idea of ways to preserve peace as peace in our own land, employment, friendship with other countries, but not participation in their disputes. Good. (a radio review) This, I am trying to do during these weeks when there is little outside entertainment. William went to Watertown Fri. and had two aching teeth drawn and has been feeling badly before and since. The cold wave broke Fri. night and today.

Sun, Feb. 3 - is hardly freezing. Candlemas Day was cloudy. Tomorrow was the day for William's 32nd birthday dinner but we had it today on account of the school. Had an enjoyable time. Bert G. here. Wm. & Doris were invited to Grandma Gladwyn's for a birthday supper tonight but he wasn't able to go. My father's birthday was Feb. 10th and the two Williams always used to celebrate together. The last time was six years ago. They always had a birthday cake with their name. Grandma Gladwyn sent William 1/2 of the cake she had ready for supper tonight.

Monday, Feb. 4 - 1935 This is Wm's 32nd birthday. Also, Col. Lindbergh's 33rd birthday he spent it in the courtroom at Flemington, New Jersey. We did not see the eclipse yesterday because of clouds. It is a wonderful thing that it could be foretold with accuracy 48 years ago. And the accuracy of the heavenly bodies fills us with wonder and praise to the Creator. Charlie Phillips (Emerson) was a schoolmate and his wife, a friend of mine in Dexter (Minnie Nichols).

An obit notice followed:

PHILLIPS -- At Adams Center, Feb. 4, 1935, Charles Wesley Phillips, aged 73 years....Burial will be made in the Dexter cemetery.

Before a clipping denoting a birthday announcement the diarist wrote:

Mrs. Leonard was another fine neighbor of ours and Mrs. Ash (Lutie McAfee) who married Mr. Ash in 1915 is a good friend.

Dexter, Feb. 4 -- Mrs. Lucy Gilmore Leonard observed her 83rd birthday, but due to her health no special observance of the day will be made.



An obit notice for Rev. Ash:

Dexter, Feb. 5 -- Rev. Albert M. Ash, the only surviving Civil War veteran in this community, will be 93 years old Friday...

Wed. Feb. 6 Cold again yesterday and today. 15 degrees below in the morning. William's face is painful where the teeth were drawn and he went to W to see Dr. Harrington again. Doris went to W.

Thursday, Feb. 7 A beautiful winter day. Bert is still doing the work alone. William not feeling well. To date there have been 25 days of sub-zero weather this winter. The coldest day was Jan. 27th - 30 degrees below zero.

Feb. 8 Pres. Roosevelt gave a radio address to the boy scouts -- 25th anniversary. Bert was not feeling well and we didn't sit up to hear it. Wilfred & Bessie at Wm's.

Sunday, Feb. 10 My father's birthday born at Antwerp, 1846. This is a beautiful day. Wanted to go to church but a frozen pump and delay in getting the stock watered made it too late to go. All feeling pretty well.

Mon., Feb. 11 - 1935 Fine. Keen north wind. Bert and Wm. worked in the woods awhile -- P. M. Heard Samuel W. King, delegate to Congress from Hawaii, speak over the radio. Subject: Statehood for Hawaii.

Tues., Feb. 12 February 12 - 1809 Lincoln's birthday. Heard an address by the commander of the American Legion at the grave of Lincoln, Springfield, Ill. Ralph Christopher came. The men dressed 2 pigs for home use.

Wed., Feb. 13 The Lindbergh kidnapping case, which began Jan. 2 at Flemington, N. J., closed and case went to the jury at 11:15 this A. M. Edward J. Reidly, chief defense counsel, gave his summing up to the jury Monday. Atty. Gen David T. Wilentz gave his closing address yesterday. Supreme Court Justice Thomas W. Trenchard gave an able charge to the jury this A. M. Jury was still out at latest reports over the radio this evening.

Monday, Feb. 14 - 1935 Received the news by radio this morning at 8 o'clock that the jury at 10 last evening brought in a verdict of guilty of murder, first-degree, against Richard Bruno Hauptmann. A sad but just verdict, we think. Justice Trenchard pronounced the sentence of death for the week beginning March 18th. Wm. and Doris attended a class meeting and valentine party at Mrs. J. H. Lingenfelter for the Cozy Corner Class. Elaine & Leonard made valentines for teachers and friends at school.

Friday, Feb. 15 Rainy. Missionary meeting today at Mrs. B. G. Miller's. Did not go. Sent by Wm. & D. for a new canner or cooker yesterday. Canned 14 qts. of pork today. Mrs. Evans here for a call. Rec'd. letter from Minnie Gladwin, Los Angeles, Calif.

Saturday, Feb. 16, 1935 Lillian Allison was here and spent the day. Her people are moving soon from the J. Gilmore farm near us to a farm seven miles beyond Watertown. Her 10th birthday will be March 17th so we called it a birthday dinner today and Wm. and family ate here. Wm., Doris took the children to Watertown and to the park to see the animals and they enjoyed it. Richard Hauptman was taken to Trenton prison early this morning. Doris & I finished canning meat today.

Sunday, Feb. 17 Colder. Snowing a little. At home. Heard Dr. Codman. Sub.: What is man. Wrote to Ida Randall, Bowmanville, Ont., an old and dear friend whose birthday is Tues., age the same as mine and who has been confined to her bed for several months. Mrs. Slate was once our next door neighbor.

A newspaper clipping followed:

Mrs. Lela Slate, 13 Renick Parkway, Lockport, has announced the engagement of her daughter, Miss Frances H. Slate, to Floyd L. Shean, son of Mr. and Mrs. John P. Shean of 323 Church street, Lockport. The Slate family formerly resided in Watertown and vicinity.

Tuesday, Feb. 19 - 1935 Pleasant. Richard Buckminster here helping cut wood in the woods. Bessie here last eve. She & Wilfred at Doris' for supper. Bert G. here. Nice letter from Pearl Robinson telling about the Boy Scout banquet and other things in the church circle. Chief Justice Hughes read the awaited decision of the U. S. Supreme Court -- 5 to 4 -- that congress has the power to deal with currency, sustaining Pres. Roosevelt. Decision sustains "new deal" on gold. Mr. Bryan died just before the debate of heart trouble. Am glad the Tennessee house did not repeal the anti-evolution law (in reference to a newspaper clipping):



Nashville, Tenn., Feb. 19 (UP) Members of the Tennessee house today voted 67 to 20 to kill a bill repealing the anti-evolution law which provoked the William Jennings Bryan-Clarence Darrow "monkey trial" at Dayton., Tenn., in 1925.

Feb. 21 Made mince meat yesterday. Had about 14 pts. Bought apples and cans. Wind and snow storm today. Mail late. Plow breaking the roads. Am reading Good Earth, written by Pearl S. Buck -- a Pulitzer prize story.

Feb. 22, Friday -- 1935 No school because it is Washington's birthday 203 yrs. ago at Pope's Creek, Va. Mrs. B. G. Miller's birthday. Sent her a card. Zero weather all day. Attended this (referring to a newspaper clipping) teacher's institute at Watertown 50 yrs. ago -- preparing to teach the spring term of school on Pillar Point as I did the year before.

The clipping followed:

50 Years Ago Today February 22, 1885

The Jefferson County Teachers' institute will be held in this city beginning March 16, with Dr. French and Professor Johnson as conductors.

The diary continued:

Was attending Dexter school at the time of this storm:

50 Years Ago (date unknown)

The snow blockade on the Rome road has not been raised. Trains are running between Ogdensburg and Philadelphia, and between Norwood and Dekalb. The Cape branch is also open. But south the trains are not moving and all plows and locomotives are busy trying to clear the tracks.

The diarist commented:

There was also a considerable snow at Institute time. Came home in a cutter with Fred Everett.

Two death notices were also included on this page -- they follow:

PEARSE -- At Dexter, Feb. 22, 1935, Franklin Pearse of Dexter, aged 81 years. Private funeral services Sunday afternoon at the home of Mrs. Maude Jones, Dexter. Burial in Dexter Cemetery.

and:

THOMPSON -- In Dexter, Feb. 22, 1935, Wilbur A. Thompson, aged 74 years. Burial in Dexter Cemetery.

Sunday, Feb. 24 Mild -- windy. Beryl and family at William's for dinner. This is Brotherhood Day. Heard short talks last evening by John Finley, Chas. H. Tuttle and Rabbi David.

Monday, Feb. 25 - 1935 A cold storm. Bert attended an auction at the Leonard Allen farm, Hounsfield. I busied myself by putting snap shots of family and friends in an album. Enrico Caruso was born 52 years ago today. Heard the fine tribute paid to him as a singer and as a man by several who sang in opera with him, especially kind to young singers. (a newspaper clipping regarding this tribute was pasted into the diary)

Thursday, Feb. 28 Month ended cold. Rec'd letters from Mrs. B. G. Miller and Jennie Thomas. Sent a card to Nellie Lamphear for her birthday, Feb. 29th.

Friday, March 1st Dawned clear and a little warmer. Snow plow went through. Roads heavy. Children came home from school via B'ville. Heard Mrs. Roosevelt speak on the subject: Is woman's place in the home.

Newspaper clippings followed:

BIGWOOD -- In Dexter, March 1, 1935, Miss Alice M. Bigwood, aged 70 years. Funeral services from the home of her sister, Mrs. Burt W. Alverson.



The diary continues:

Many years ago I heard Alice Bigwood give this testimony in our church --

"In his closing hours Christ said, I have finished the work thou gavest me to do. I would like to be able to say the same."

Another clipping, perhaps taken from a religious journal, followed.

Followwing an extended illness, Mrs. Rachel Potter Ernst passed away from suffering into the Eternal Presence on February 6 at her home in Rome. The deceased was born at State Bridge, N. Y., on December 1, 1853; and on March 1, 1882, she was united in marriage to the Rev. George Ernst, who died four years ago....Three sisters and two brothers survive.

The diary continues -- Rev. George Ernst was our pastor at Dexter & Brownville more than 40 yrs. ago. We were close friends with them and the family, including Mrs. Ernst's brother and sister Rolla and Jennie Potter. Stayed there when Mr. Ernst went to the Exposition at Chicago - 1893.

Sunday, March 3 Pleasant, icy. Bert, Elaine and I attended church and S. S. Rev. B. G. Miller preached from Acts 4:13 last clause. Revealing Christ.

Obit notice for a Mrs. Taylor followed:

TAYLOR--At Glen Park, March 3, 1935, Mrs. Fannie A. Taylor, widow of Frank D. Taylor, Glen Park, 73 years...Burial in the Brownville cemetery.

The diarist continued:

Mrs. Taylor was a fine, quiet woman, a member of our W.F.M.S. in B'ville. A rainy day for funeral.

Friday, March 8 A change in the weather. Severely cold but sunny. Have been repairing and re-arranging my music in the cabinet. Bessie here in the evening. The World Day of Prayer was observed by union services in many towns around us. Heard the service conducted by Mrs. Boole Simple and (it was) good. Also heard Mrs. R - the Walter Damrosia (?) orchestra, etc.

Sunday, Mch. 10 Dr. Codman spoke in Watertown, Friday, at the first Lenten Service (Union) but we could not go to hear him. Heard him this morning over the radio which of course isn't like attending one of his services. His subject this monring was (blank) from inner errors. William, Doris, Elaine and Leonard went to S. S. and that is better than going ourselves.

Tuesday, Mch 12 Mr. Relyea here yesterday on cheese factory business. Wm. went to Adams in the evening to take a carload of boy scouts. Four carloads went, taking 20.

Wednesday, March 13, 1935 This is Rosamond's 33rd birthday. Sent her a card and two homemade handkerchiefs. Bessie's work. It doesn't seem so long since she was a tiny girl living here.

Thursday, March 14 Paid our insurance on buildings, etc. Reduced it from $8.250 to $4.900. Doris' Uncle Ed Hasner came for a visit. Elaine has been out of school -- measles. Four teachers are denied contracts for next year in the Dexter school, including B. W. Alverson, principal.

Sat., March 16 Uncle Ed. Hasner returned to his daughter's at Evans Mills today. He expects to go to his home in California soon. An interesting man. Bert attended a stockholders' meeting of the Brownville cheese factory today. He was re-elected treasurer and myself, secretary.

Sunday, March 17 All at home. Wm. has a cold. Weather turned suddenly colder after a rainy forenoon. Heard Dr. S. P. Codman. Subject: Heavenly Bread.

Monday, March 18, 1935 Sunny, cold. Bert saw a dozen robins this morning. Must have come in the night. Wm. has a hard cold.

Thursday, March 21 Mild, cloudy, rainy in the morning for the first day of spring. Bessie was here last evening. J. Bigwood and J. Lingenfelter here yesterday on church business. A boy selling notions here for supper.

Friday, March 22 Bert attended Patron's cheese factory meeting at Brownville. Have been arranging old postcards of pleasant memory in an album. European nations are concerned over Germany's announcement of an increase in armament.

Sunday, March 24 Pleasant. At home. Uncomfortable from neuralgia. Heard Dr. Codman. Subject: Religion and happiness. William's folks went to Beryl's in the afternoon.

Tuesday, March 26, 1935 Pleasant. A little cold. Doris & Wm. attended C.C.C. meeting and supper at the church. Children ate with us in the usual order and had a cup of toddy in the evening. Word has been received in B'ville that Maybelle Warnick has a son.

Firday, March 29 A little rainy yesterday and today. Our folks thought there was dust in the air and on the west windows from the midwest dust storms. Bessie here in the evening. Mrs. Addie Gilmore is another one of the Dexter people whom I have known since childhood.

(birthday article followed):

Sunday, March 24, Mr. and Mrs. Malcolm Eveleigh gave a family dinner party in honor of the 79th birthday of Mrs. Addie Gilmore with whom they live. She was born in this village March 24, 1856, the daughter of Mr. Edgar and Mary Ann Huntington Leonard. On July 27, 1876, she was married to James A. Gilmore, by the late Rev. H. M. Dodd, then pastor of the Dexter Presbyterian church. Five children were born to them one of whom now survives, Charles J. Gilmore, of Phoenix, Arizona.

The diarist reflects: Also remember Rev. H. M. Dodd who used to call at the home of my father and mother. Father worked for the firm, Leonard and Gilmore for 17 yrs.

Two newspaper clippings of local importance were also pasted on this page.

Washington, March 29 -- The postoffice at Limerick, Jefferson County, N. Y. will be closed April 30, regardless of protests that have been lodged with the postoffice department, Representative F. D. Culkin, was advised today by the first assistant postmaster general.

Also:

Washington, April 12 -- Patrons of the postoffice at Limerick, Jefferson county, N. Y., have won out in their fight to have the postoffice continued.

At the top of the next diary page is another religious tribute:

The death of the Rev. H. J. Carey, Pastor at New Haven, at the age of sixty- three, occurred on March 5 from pneumonia. Following his training at Drew TechnologicaSeminary, Bro. Carey was received on trial in 1902. During his ministry he served eight charges with great acceptability. He was useful in improving church property and a faithful pastor....He rests in the cemetery at New Haven, and is survived by Mrs. Carey, to whom he was united in marriage in 1910, and also by a brother and sister.

The diarist expresses her opinion about the above article: Have been waiting for a suitable memorial to our former pastor and friend, Rev. H. J. Carey, to put in my diary. An obit -- disappointed in this. His home was at Bath, also Mrs. Carey's home was there. They were greatly beloved in Brownville for their genial qualities and devotion to the church, especially the work among the young. Mr. Carey was a "peacemaker."

Sunday, March 31 The month ended pleasant. At home. Sorry not well enough to attend church. Heard Dr. Codman. Saw Martin Hasner's, Walter Farmer's at William's. Leonard has quite a fever. Prayer: "Grant unto us the grace of forgetting the old sorrows in whose shadows we linger. Cleanse our memories of yesterday's shadows and turn our faces toward tomorrow's light. Amen." God of forgiving mercy. By Gaines (?) Glenn Atkins.

Monday, April 1, 1935 Rainy. The youthful peddlar was here for lunch again today.

Tues., Apr. 2 Snow. Washed curtains, etc. Leonard still sick, ear discharging. Medicine from Dr. Gates.

Thurs., Apr. 4 Leonard's other ear painful. Wm. went to Dr. Hoyt for medicine. Pleasant, chilly.

Friday, Apr. 5 Have written letters this week to Blanche Seeber & Ida G. Butler and a card to Minnie Gladwin. Rec'd a letter this A. M. from Mabel Fulton about the next W.F.M.S. meeting.

Sat., April 6 Doris is sick with grip. Leonard's other ear broke about suppertime. Rec'd a lovely letter from Ida Randall. She has been in bed since last May 24th at her home at Bowmanville, Canada. Had a stroke and one side is paralyzed but she is cheerful and "thankful."

April 7, 1935 Doris and Elaine quite sick with grip. Have helped out with "eats." Bessie here a few minutes in the P. M. and Carl and Rosamond here an hour or two. Wrote to Mabel. Jimmie Gilmore and family arrived home from Alabama Friday eve.

Tuesday, April 9 Leonard came over for dinner today for the first time since he was sick. Have taken several meals to him. Elaine went to school. Doris is better.

Wed., April 10 Pleasant. This is Bert's 66th birthday. Carl and Rosamond invited us there for supper tonight but couldn't very well go. Elaine was here for breakfast, as usual. Leonard for dinner and Leonard and Elaine for supper. Elaine had an average of 96 in her tests. Bert went down to see J. Gilmore and family who have just returned to Bert G's from Alabama. They served ice cream. Virginia has measles.

Saturday, April 13, 1935 Have had two rainy days and have cleaned the kitchen. Children not real well yet. Mr. Walker brought over bills for the cheese factory.

Palm Sunday - April 14 Also Communion Sunday. Bert, Elaine and I went to church and S. S. and enjoyed it. Pleasant.

Tues., April 16 A little snow yesterday and today. Wm. took Leonard to Dr. C. C. K. Phelps yesterday and had a tooth drawn. W. & D. went to Watertown today and bought new lineoleum for the kitchen. Elaine went to Dexter on the school bus tonight to attend a school entertainment.

Thursday, April 18 Attended W.F.M.S. meeting at Nettie Brown's. Elaine stayed all night with Dorothy Adams last night and attended a school entertainment. Elaine played at school yesterday in a duet. The Isle of Capri. Bert painted the kitchen ceiling and wall.

Easter Sunday, April 21, 1935 Fine day. Bert, Elaine and I went to church and S. S. Our teacher, W. Bigwood, is sick. Had a birthday dinner for Bert (66) and Rolla (5) together. Doris made the birthday cake. Glenn came last night from Miami. We gave Rolla suits, knife, and money for his birthday. William's family gave Bert a weigela (?) shrub and a leather pocketbook.

Thursday, April 25 Wm., Doris and Elaine attended Rev. B. G. Miller's lecture and pictures of the St. Lawrence River last evening at the church. Today, Wm., Doris, Glenn went to Watertown. Sears & Roebuck opened a store there today. Sent for shrubs - a pink hydrangia & honeysuckle. Bert and Wm. bought oats in the lump (?) for $19.00 at the Parker farm and had them ground for feed.

Friday, April 26 Henry Roacher was taken to the hospital to have a finger amputated for infection.

Sunday, April 28 Last Sunday of the conference year. At home. Wm. & family went to Beryl's. Carl, Mr. Ford, Mr. Banford and Bert G here during the day. Curly had 11 puppies yesterday. Mr. and Mrs. B. Alverson and Mr. & Mrs. ---kin have been to Washington. Mr. & Mrs. Ed. Fulsom have been calling on Dexter friends since coming from Calif.

Tuesday, April 28 Roy Conklin and son, Roy, came for Glenn to finish settling his mother's estate. Drop in temperature of 40 degrees.

Sat., May 4, 1935 A cold week. Some rain and hail. Figured the first sale of cheese today. Price, 15-1/4 - Net 1.38. 30 years ago today William came to be our boy. Came from E. Evans here. He worked on a tractor there today.

May 5 Cool. Rain. Conference Sunday. Held at Carthage. Nellie Ford is our delegate. B. G. Miller, our pastor, is the musical director. C. M. Smith led the love feast this morning. Bishop McConnell.

Tuesday, May 7 Rained hard all day until 6 P. M. Received the reports from conference. Our pastor, Rev. B. G. Miller, retires. Mr. & Mrs. Miller are the finest of people. Rev. Albert Abbott, Dexter, goes to Utica -- Dryer Memorial Church. Attended school meeting. William was elected trustee again and they voted to continue the school bus another year. Both rec'd 100% vote.

Wed., May 8 Fine day. Bert & Glenn worked in the woods. Wrote to Mrs. Miller this morn. Figured a sale of cheese. Net 1.22, price 14-3/4. The Hygienic Co. paid a hundred for Apr.

Regarding cheese prices, under the Watertown Daily Times "50 Years Ago Today" column the following appeared and was pasted into the diary:

Some of the best read and most observant dairyman hereabouts are not enthusiastic about the cheese outlook. They say the prospects look bad and that prices will be low. One man believes the price will go as low as five cents a pound. Over production is said to be the cause. Competition from Minnesota is looked for- ward to as the worst from any state.

May 9 Wm. & Doris attended a Cozy Corner Class meeting at Alfred Soper's last evening and met our new pastor, Rev. H. Harrison. They are a young couple; have been located at Sacket H. He is a graduate of Syracuse University and Cazenovia Seminary, I think. Has just finished with honors his 4 yrs. church study and was ordained elder.

Friday, May 10, 1935 This was my dear mother's birthday 94 years ago. Her last birthday in life was 34 yrs. ago. Yet -- I miss her very much and often recall past years and wish that I had done more to show my appreciation of her tenderness and care.

Sat., May 11 Rec'd a lovely letter from Mrs. Miller from Brownville. They expect to go to their home at Lyons next week. Mr. Miller preaches at Depauville tomorrow. Allan Ball and family were at William's last evening. Wm. & D. gave me a very pretty glass sugar bowl and cream pitcher for Mother's Day.

Sunday, May 12 Mother's Day. A wonderful day. Bert & I and the children went to Depauville to hear Mr. Miller preach. Text -- Isaiah 66-13. Fine. Sat with Mrs. M. Wm., Doris and Glenn went to the cemetery. All went to Berdi Brady's for dinner. Carl came to invite us there for dinner next Thursday night.

Mon., May 13 Bert, Doris and Glenn worked in the yard and flower beds in the A. M. Doris set out the shrubs we bought. Wm. fitted land on the hill with tractor.

Thurs., May 16 Leonard sick with a cold. Bert sowed oats on the hill. Carl came for us about 4 P. M. and went home with him for dinner and evening. Jean and Sally have whooping cough. Dr. and Mrs. Van Doren there.

Friday, May 17 Went to Grandma Gladwyn's for dinner and the missionary meeting. Met our new minister. Grandma, Bessie and Wilfred came in the evening. Brought me some spoons that were once my mothers, also some fancy dishes, plate, cracker jar, salt & pepper shakes. Mr. and Mrs. Jimmie Gilmore and Virginia here in the evening. Cool.

Sunday, May 19, 1935 Cool. Bert, Elaine and I attended church and S. S. Mr. Harrison preached a fine sermon based on the book of Esther. Subject: Long views of life. Mrs. Isaac Cleveland married Uncle Alson Rounds and through her we know other members of the family. The following article was pasted into the diary:

Mrs. Eugene Atwood celebrated her 88th birthday today at the home of her son-in-law and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. Fred E. Ladd, 119 Thompson boulevard, who tendered her a luncheon. Four friends of Mrs. Atwood were guests and the total ages of the five were 400 years. Besides Mrs. Atwood there were present Mrs. Alzada Phippin, 84, city; Mrs. Lucy Cleveland, 79, Brownville; Mrs. Emma Pelton, 70, Brownville and Miss Flora Cleveland, 79. Mrs. Atwood was born in the town of Brownville, May 14, 1847, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Isaac H. Cleveland, pioneer settlers on the Sackets Harbor road. Her mother was one of the last to have woven one of the Tyler's covers. To do so she had to set up her own loom.

The diary continues....

Once spent several days with Emogene Atwood at her home at Clayton in company with Uncle Alson and wife and my future husband.

Another obituary listing concerns Lillian Backus:

BACKUS--In this city, May 17, 1935, Mrs. Lillian McKnight Backus, aged 55 years, 256 Coffeen street. Funeral services Monday afternoon at 2 from the home of her daughter, Mrs. Fred Bacon of Chaumont. Burial in Cedar Grove cemetery, Chaumont.

The diary continues:

Mrs. Backus' first husband was our cousin Elias Wallace.

The next pasted notice follows:

Born: Monday morning, May 6, to Mr. and Mrs. Ealy Ackerman, a daughter at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Bert Ackerman. Before their marriage Mrs. Ackerman was Miss Ella Englehardt of Sebewaing, who was bookkeeper in the office of J. C. Liken & Co. Mrs. Charles Williams, Mrs. Carrie Ackerman and Mrs. Dan Hermann accompanied Mr. Olin Ackerman to Detroit to visit relatives and friends.

Mrs. Conklin's diary continues:

Bert Ackerman, my cousin. Spent several months there the years that I was 10 and 20 years old. The next page was consumed by a lengthy obit for Mrs. Conklin's cousin, Eugene Ackerman, age 72 years, a pioneer of Akron, Michigan. Its reproduction is among the Family Group Sheets for the Wallace family, I have transferred that typescript for use here:

The following obit was found in the 1935 diary of Mrs. Minnie Gladwyn Conklin. As Mrs. Conklin explains it, "Eugene" was a son of her mother's sister, Mahala Wallace.

EUGENE ACKERMAN
   PIONEER OF AKRON

Dies From Sequel of a Stroke at the Age of Seventy-three Years.

Mr. Eugene Ackerman, age 72 years, 9 months and 9 days, who had been ailing for four years, and twenty months ago suffered a stroke of paralysis confining him to his bed, died Friday morning, May 2, 1935.

Eugene Ackerman was born in Jefferson county, New York, July 24, 1862, and was one of four children born to Mr. and Mrs. Cyrus Ackerman, who came to Michigan in 1867, locating in old Geneva township, later combined with Akron township.

March 20, 1887, he united in marriage with Miss Carrie Luther, a daughter of a pioneer teacher, Mary Eliza Hinson Luther.

To them nine children were born four of whom survive with the widow. They are: Truman, who resides on the old homestead and Olin of Detroit; Laura, Mrs. Dan Herman; and Lela, Mrs. Charles Williams of Jacksonville, Florida, and one brother, Mr. W. B. Ackerman in Tuttleville district who lives on his father's homestead. Mr. Ackerman's only sister, Mrs. Ida Gilbert Butler died April 2, at Port Angelus, Washington. Eight grandchildren are left.

Mr. Ackerman was a good neighbor esteemed by all that knew him. He had served his school district as a member of the board. He had high school ideals for his children and all gradu- ated from U. H. S. He served his township as highway commissioner and was always an efficient officer.

Among those from out of town who attended the funeral of Mr. Eugene Ackerman were: the Misses Edna and Vivian Herman of Ypsilanti, Mr. John Strelke of Detroit, Mr. and Mrs. Orrie Luther and Mr. and Mrs. Smith Luther and daughter, Rebecca of Flint, and Mrs. Martha Hubbell-Bacon of Saginaw, Mr. and Mrs. John Luther, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Luther, Mr. and Mrs. Will Luther and Mr. and Mrs. Will Enos, all of Fairgrove and Mr. and Mrs. Frank Arnold and Mrs. Lena Fairman of Caro.

Mrs. Williams came from Floirda on the Greyhound bus line arriving here Sunday morning. 65 automobiles followed the hearse to the burial plot.

The diary continues:

Eugene Ackerman was a son of my mother's sister, Mahala Wallace. She and her husband and another sister, Delia Wallace Adams and husband, left for Mich. by boat a short time before my birth. I visited them last with Bert in 1903. Aunt Mahala was then living. Aunt Sally's son, Bert (?) and wife, Cohoctah, Mich., accompanied us.

Sunday, May 26, 1935 Fine and warm after a month of cool weather. Bert, Elaine, Leonard & I attended church & S. S. Memorial Sunday. Legion present. Mr. Harrison preached a fine sermon from the subject: The Hope for Civilization. Text, Let there be light.

Tuesday, May 28 Rain - gentle and welcome. Figured cheese - net 1.125. This is Eva Hall's and Ella Giles' birthday. 51 years old. Glenn went away yesterday. Wm. finished tractor work for C. K. Parker. Bert sowed grain. Doris set out tomato and cauliflower plants, etc. Today, Doris and Wm. went to Watertown and bought paper for the living room and Elaine's room. Wm. bought a gasoline lantern for fishing, etc.

May 29, Wed. Glenn came last eve with a new suitcase -- packed his clothes and went away this morning. Rainy night. Doris went to Depauville to the cemetery and took us to the Dexter cemetery. Set out pansies, geraniums and two roses (dwarf white). Catherine Zimmet. It seems so little. Grandma Gladwyn sent flowers, tulips and narcissus.

Thursday, May 30 (June has kittens) Memorial day has come and gone. Wm. and family went to Martin Hasner's cottage at Fisher's Landing. Bert and I took our box of geraniums out- of-doors and arranged small plants and a hanging basket on the porch. Decoration day has been our day to make flower beds, etc.

Friday, May 31 The men are working preparing the land to sow grain in what has been the lower woods. Grandma Gladwyn here in the evening. Had a nice visit about church affairs, etc.

Sat., June 1 (a Pitmann Shorthand entry) Milk went to the cheese factory this morning, getting about 340# daily. Martin Hasner and family and Fred Warn were at Doris' for supper. Mrs. Greene was a sister (referring to an obit) of John Hamburg, lived the first house below ours for many years.

An obit notice follows:

GREENE: In this city, May 31, 1935. Mrs. Elizabeth C. Green, 412 Stone street, aged 73 years. Funeral services will be Sunday afternoon at 2 from the home. Rev. Walter C. Middleton, rector of Trinity Episcopal church will officiate. Interment in North Watertown cemetery.

Sunday, June 2 Our 38th wedding anniversary -- a fine day. Also Children's Day. S. S. marched to the church led by Lawyer Kilborne's band. Elaine and Rolla marched. Doris went to church. Nellie asked Bert and I there for dinner but didn't accept today. Subject of Mr. Harrison's sermon was What Ails Our Youth. Motto: Be loyal to the royal within you. Elaine took part in the Children's Day exercise in the evening.

Monday, June 3 Bert was quite sick in the night. Was worried about him, but he seems better tonight. Sent to W by Doris for paper for our halls and she is going to put it on. Wrote to cousins, Mr. and Mrs. Basil Gilbert, Port Angeles, Wash., R. l.

Wed., June 5, 1935 Bert went to the Muscalonge cemetery meeting and was elected treasurer. He and Doris papered our hall -- looks nice. I have washed chamber curtains, figured cheese, etc.

Sun., June 9 Busy days for all. Bert and I and the three children attended church & S. S. today. Subject of Mr. Harrison's sermon, Why Be Good? Lawyer is our school bus driver and friend of the family.

(this, in reference to a marriage notice which followed):

KILBORNE-BELL -- At All Saint's church, Syracuse, June 9, 1935. Lawyer M. Kilborne and Miss Bernice M. Bell, 807 Coffeen street.

Newspaper article follows:



Four men were killed instantly at 6 Sunday night when an airplane nosed with bullet-like speed into 16 feet of water 1,000 feet off The Elms, Henderson bay, from a height estimated by eye-witnesses at 500 feet. The plane's engine sputtered and died just before it zoomed straight down. The Dead: Archie V. Laverty, 42, pilot for and secretary of F. H. Taylor Airways, Inc., resident at 236 Mullin street. Francis E. O'Reilley, 26, Taylor Airways pilot and Mr. Laverty's brother-in-law, 148 Academy street. Gerald F. Conway, 27, proprietor of a repair garage at 671 Mill street, resident of Evans Mills and Benjamin D. Baxter, 28, employe of Conway's garage, resident of 615 Burlington street.

The diarist comments:

Mrs. Elizabeth O'Reilley, 69, mother of Francis and mother of Archie Laverty's wife, passed away Friday, June 14, of heart trouble.

June 15, 1935 Saturday night again. A busy week for all -- The children at school with tests -- Bert planting potatoes, Wm. fitting ground. Doris with garden work and 100 little chickens -- myself cleaning upstairs, cheese work, etc. There was a "friendship night" at the church -- did not go. Cozy Corner Class met at Soper Cottage. Wm. & D. did not go.

Sunday, June 23 Have been sick for a week but better. Doris did cleaning upstairs. School closed. Elaine averaged 91. Leonard was promoted. Picnic Thursday at Washington Park. Charlie Corp was here looking for antiques. Sold one of my childhood treasures, a fancy china dish for $.75. Grandma Gladwyn here one evening. Mr. & Mrs. Fulton, last eve. Union bac- calaurate service today at the Episcopal church.

Mon., June 24 Made strawberry jam. The rest, except Wm. & Rolla, went field strawberrying. Hired Elaine to do my last week's ironing. They got about two milkpails of berries on the stems.

June 27, Thursday 1935 Rec'd a letter today from Clara Cook telling me of the death of my dear friend, Ida Randall. (clipping followed)

RANDALL - At Bowmansville, Ont., June 25, 1935 Miss Ida Randall, formerly of Dexter, aged 68 years. Funeral services at Bowmansville, Thursday afternoon. Interment at Dexter cemetery at 2 Friday afternoon.

Again, the diarist reflects into the past and contemplates the present:

So one by one the old friends are going and I often wonder why I, the poor healthed one of the bunch, am spared. Perhaps it is for Bert's sake. Faith tells us we shall meet again mid fairer scenes, though fairer scenes than this beautiful June are past our fancy to conceive. But the care and work and mistakes, the failures to do and to be, we can understand, will make a happier life if these are exchanged for physical, mental, and moral completeness. What a wonderful thing that would be. Dear Lord, take up the tangled threads where we have wrought in vain.

June 28 Doris took me to the cemetery to Ida's burial service and was very glad that I could go. Quite a number from Bowmanville (sic) & Clayton were there. Few from Dexter. They opened the casket at the grave.

Sunday, June 30 At home. Feeling better but not well enough to go to church. Wm.'s folks went for a picnic dinner to Cape Vincent. Mr. Smith and Mrs. Brasie were here when we re- turned from Ida's burial. Ruth Farmer went with us. Grandma Gladwyn brought pie plant that evening & canned it for us. The Christopher family were also here. William saw Glenn today at Bertie Brady's. He has been there three weeks.

Monday, July 1 Figured a sale of cheese. Doris did our washing in the machine. Bert mowed, commencing the haying. Doris went to Watertown, got a blue and white dress for me that I had selected from samples and is going to make it for me. Joe LaPointe was taken to the hospital for an operation.

Tuesday, July 2 - 1935 Wilfred and Bessie here last evening. They attended the open air service at Pillar Point, Sunday eve. 122 went from Brownville, 17 cars going together. Roger Williams, Chaumont, preached. Sackett's Harbor church led the operation. Doris took Mrs. L to the hospital this A. M.

Another friend passed away -- her obit followed:

FREEMAN--Funeral services for Mrs. Isora M. Freeman, 87, of the Travelers hotel, widow of Peter D. Freeman of Dexter, will be held Tuesday at 2 p.m. at the Northam & Fox funeral home....Burial at Dexter.

And the diarist comments:

Mrs. "Ite" (?) Freeman lived just across the road from the Dexter cemetery, had a daughter, Mattie.

Wed., July 3 Joe LaPointe passed away this A. M. at the hospital. My own dearest mother departed this life 34 years ago this A. M. A sad day for us and we certainly sympathize with Mrs. LaPointe and her family of children.

Thursday, July 4 Wm. & family, Wilfred Chapman and Bessie Walts went to Montario Point for a picnic dinner. Figured a sale of cheese, net 1.22. Bert picked a few field strawberries. Have canned 10 quarts, 6 pints, 19 glasses of jam. Bert raked and drew hay. Warm.

Sat., July 6 A pleasant and we think, a fine man. (referring to Mr. La Pointe)

LA POINTE--At the Mercy hospital, July 3, 1935, Joseph A. LaPointe, Brownville, aged 40....Burial at Glenwood cemetery.

The diary continues with comments about a happier occasion:

Mrs. Calkins is a daughter of the late Mr. & Mrs. Frank Taylor. (marriage notice followed):

WILSON-CALKINS--In this city July 3, 1935, at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. L. H. Rutherford, 1211 Madison avenue, by Rev. Charles M. Smith, retired Methodist Episcopal pastor of Brownville. James A. Wilson of Brownville and Mrs. Martha T. Calkins of Glen Park.

The diary continues:

The hot wave that started Wed., P. M. continues. Doris canned 1-1/2 dozen pineapples yesterday and I canned 1/2 dozen. Mrs. Evans called today, brought me flowers.

Sunday, July 7 Bert, Elaine, Rolla, Leonard and I went to church and S. S. The sermon and also the temperance program were good. Began raining during the service and continued throughout the day. Serious storm in many places.

Monday, July 8 Rain continued until this morning. Bert and I canned 5 qt. cans of swiss chard. Doris canned peas. Bert has sown buckwheat. B. Q. Gilmore came for signatures to get the office of town assessor again. Nellie Ford gave me a pretty bouquet of perennial sweet peas at church yesterday. It is raining again tonight.

Wed., July 10 How fast the summer is going. Busy days for all. Doris finished the blue and white voile she made for me. Pretty. She is canning a crate of strawberries today. Elaine is helping me iron. Sent a card to Jennie Thomas in answer to a nice letter, also cards to Minnie Gladwin and to Cornell for canning, etc. leaflets. Mr. and Mrs. Hanson formerly lived near Brownville. Came to our church. Were fine people. (these statements in reference to the Hanson obit notice which followed):

HANSON--In Adams, July 9, 1935, Barney N. Hanson, aged 76 years. Funeral Thursday at home of Mrs. George B. Talcott, 41 Spring street, A Adams.....Burial at Calcium.

Friday, July 12, 1935 Rainy. Canned peas and 2 pts. swiss chard. Wm. & family went to Watertown. Elaine got a book of music, instrumental selections for 3rd grade. Bought it with money that she has earned helping us. Had fresh blackcaps for supper. Figured cheese yester- day. 1.23-1/2.

Sunday, July 14 Bert, Elaine & I attended church and S. S. Doris drove us over and came for us. Communion service -- it was Mr. Harrison's first communion as an elder. Mr. Smith assisted. Anna, W. C. and Bessie went to the cemetery & came here. Anna had white madonna lilies in church in memory of my father.

(The page was flanked with four newspaper clippings, which followed)

Mrs. Maude Jones gave a birthday dinner party at her home July 2, in honor of her mother Mrs. S. Shimmel's 87th birthday; table was set for seven, center piece of red roses decorated the table. A beautiful birthday cake was made by Mrs. Belle Goodfriend. Those at the dinner table with Mrs. Shimmel were her sister, Mrs. S. Hilliker, Mrs. Grace Alverson, Mrs. Shimmel, Mrs. Maude Jones, Mrs. Alice Allen, Mrs. Rose Pietro, Mrs. Belle Goodfriend.

Second clipping:

Miss Alice M. Bigwood, of this village who died March 1, left an estate of $5,180.66, all of which is personal property, according to the petition for probate of her will filed with Judge Fred A. Grant, surrogate. Clara Anken, and Addie B. Alverson, both sisters, are given each one-third. The other third is to be divided equally between J. Wallace Bigwood, Brownville, brother, and Evelyn B. Harrington, Watertown, sister. The will was ex- ecuted December 3, 1928, name (sic) executrix, and was witness (sic) by Grace H. Alverson and Sarah A. Hilliker.

Third clipping:

Elizabeth J. Adams, Laura A. Pope, Arabella A. Bowman, Frank G. Adams and Maud O. Adams, His wife, town of Brownville, and Hazel A. Laing, Buffalo, to Frederick A. Miller and Rose N. Miller, his wife, city, parcel town of Brownville.

Fourth clipping, headed by the diarist's writing, in pen:

"A saying of Aunt Lottie's"

Now, we are pleased to see that the wild strawberry has made its impression on many a man of letters. We wonder if Dr. William Butler was not speaking of the wild variety when he said, "Doubtless God could have made a better berry, but doubtless God never did." It was this statement which Izack Walton quoted in "The Complete Angler."

Wed., July 17 Mr. & Mrs. Congdon and Pearl were here and spent the evening. Enjoyed it very much. We talked about church affairs at Dexter & B.

July 19, Friday Little Sally Hynes 3rd birthday. Uncle B. and I sent her $1.00 to spend as she pleases. Rosamond and the children came down this P. M. for a little while. Mr. & Mrs. L. Otis Fox were also here. They are going to locate in B. They go to Fort Yates, N. D. tomorrow morn- ing to close his practice there. There was a total eclipse of the moon Mon. night, said to be the finest in 50 years.

Sat., July 20 Bert, Doris & the children went to the missionary picnic at Nellie Ford's cottage. They made (blank) for the W. F. M. S. Didn't feel able to go. Wm. & Doris went to Cozy Corner Class picnic at the Lingenfelter cottage in the evening. Elaine went too.

(The next page contained several articles about a windstorm)

During the severe electrical storm Monday afternoon lighting (sic) struck one of the large popular (sic) trees in front of the home of Charles Avery on Bronson street and burned out all the fuses in the house. A large piece was taken out of the trees.

Mrs. Conklin has something interesting to add here:

My father set the tree at our old home more than 40 years ago. It was white, cut leafed birch (not legible).

Next article:

Philadelphia, July 20 -- Masses of wreckage on the ground nearby and empty foundations today marked the spot where the $10,000 Earl Drake farm stood before 3:30 Friday afternoon when a tornado twister struck it, killing a woman and injuring three girls, one seriously, after reducing three of the four substantial buildings to matchwood. The black, writhing twister, coming out of the south- west, struck one spot four miles southwest of here on the Evans Mills-Oxbow county road, claimed its toll and then disappeared in the northeast after dipping once more to slip off the top of a roadside tree three miles from here.

About the fatality:

WOMAN MEETS DEATH

Mrs. Earl Drake, 41, was killed instantly in a mangled mass that a few minutes before was her home. The injured: Miss Lorena Drake, 19, the dead woman's daughter, who sustained a broken back and minor injuries. She is in the Mercy hospital. Miss Marjorie Drake, 12, another daughter, shock and body bruises, she is in Theresa hospital. Edith Cullen, 7, of New York, a fresh air child, shock and minor bruises and a fractured rib. The girl is in the Theresa hospital.

Sunday, July 21 Had a slight (a Pitmann Shorthand phrase followed) this morning. Bert and Wm. went to see the wreckage left by the tornado. A terrible sight. Hundreds of people going to see it, many of them are making small gifts of money to the family. Lorena Drake died the day of the accident. Double funeral Monday A. M. About $2600 has been donated for the family up to July 29. Mrs. Cullen from New York came for her daughter -- read of the tragedy in a newspaper.

Wed., July 24, 1935 Grandma Gladwyn here last evening. Had a nice visit about the picnic, church, etc. Feeling some better.

Sat., July 27 Bert, Wm. & Doris are busy haying. Fine weather. Our S. S. picnic was held today at Jefferson Park. A Mrs. King, Glen Park, called yesterday selling the Rutherford books.

Sunday, July 28 Wm. and Doris took a trip today with Lew & Beryl Buckminster. Went to Utica & Rome via Boonville. Cooler. The three children had dinner and supper with us. Doris furnished celery, muskmelon. Beryl sent sweet peas. Bert was tired.

Mon., July 29 Rain had made it too wet for haying and Bert, Wm., D & Leonard went to Worth after wild raspberries but found none this year.

Thursday, Aug. 1, 1935 A fine day for Aug. 1st. Bert has been mowing. Hester, Elsie & Virginia Gilmore came in the afternoon. Maybelle has a fine boy 4 mos. old, named Howard James Warnick. Mrs. Soper went to Ogdensburg Tuesday for treatment.

Friday, Aug. 2 Wm., Doris went to Clayton to a Fiddlers' contest. Lawyer Kilborne, who was one of the judges, and wife went with them. They thought Frebe Lee of Dexter much the best player, especially his rendition of The Mocking Bird. However, Shaw (Orleans) and 4 others won the prize. Grandma Gladwyn, Bessie and Wilfred were here and spent the evening. They took home swiss chard for canning. Martin Hasner's family, Buckminster's, Clarence Peck & Ethel and B. Brady, Birde were at Clayton to hear the contest. Glenn is still at Birde Brady's.

Sunday, Aug. 4 Bert and I were at home -- had a nice rest. A fine summer day. Wm. & Doris and Mr. & Mrs. Lawyer Kilborne went to Selkirk Beach and spent the day. Took the three chil- dren and they enjoyed it very much. They gave us watermelon, salad and cake from the picnic lunch. There was to have been an open air service at our church tonight but have just had a little shower of rain that may prevent it. God bless our church pastor and people.

Monday, Aug. 5 Figured a sale of 171 cheese -- 12 days, net $1.06. Milk plant prices are also low. Bert finished mowing on the hill. Have about an acre more to mow. Fine day. Feeling fairly well. Elaine helps me out every day in little ways. A darling girl, we think.

Tuesday, Aug. 6 Finished haying tonight except a few scatterings. 70 acres. 55 to 56 loads. Our pastor, Mr. Harrison, came. Elaine and I entertained him or he, us. The rest were haying. Had a fine visit. A man called buying old gold and silver for the government.

Wed., Aug. 7, 1935 Rev. C. M. Smith & Mrs. Brasie called in the afternoon. Enjoyed their coming. The Christopher family and 8 mos. old grandson, Bobby, came last evening. Gerald wrote all of their names in my birthday book. Nellie Lamphear came this evening alone, drove her car, brought me some handwriting paper made at the mill today.

Thurs., Aug. 8 Ethel Peck, Flora Booth and Jennie Allen came to see Doris today and I also had a pleasant visit with them.

Friday eve., Aug. 9 Grandma Gladwyn & family came for a short visit; then Wilfred and Bessie went with Wm. & Doris to the open air concert, etc. at Clayton. The boys stayed with us as usual when they go away.

Sat., Aug. 10 Elaine stayed with Grandma Gladwyn last night. Came home this morning. Our men have started harvesting. Rainy in the afternoon. Gen. Grand (sic) passed away 50 years ago this summer. He was in the Adirondacks for awhile suffering from cancer of the throat. He wrote his memoirs to help out financially, having lost his small fortune in speculation. Remember well the time of this picnic (in reference to an accompanying clipping) at Campbell's Point. Could have attended if I had not been foolishly self-conscious with myself and my kind friends. It would seem strange now to go to a public or even private picnic with horses.

The clipping followed:

August 9, 1885 It is reported that no teams or horses will be allowed on the picnic grounds at Campbell's Point on Wednesday, when the big band picnic will be held.

Another clipping followed, undated, also concerned a band picnic -- not clear if it is a contemporary event or one honoring the anniversary of the 1885 picnic:

The band picnic and reunion at Campbell's Point yesterday was a great success. There were over 4,500 persons present. About 16 bands participated in the concentration. The 12th In fantry band from Madison Barracks and the Adams band took first and second prizes, respectively.

Sunday, Aug. 11 Fine day. Bert, Elaine and I attended church and S. S. Doris took us over. Mr. Harrison preached from the text: Am I My Brother's Keeper? We enjoyed the service. A good congregation.

Thursday, Aug. 15 - 1935 Quiet days. Bert reaping. Wm. setting up grain. Children happy. Milk net 1.14 price 14-1/2. Doris went to get a bank draft for our Equitable Life Insurance premium, $121.14. Rec'd card from Emma Schmidt - Buffalo. Her son, Wm., is married and son, Michael, has finished his studies for the ministry in the Evangelical-Lutheran church. Grandma Gladwyn came in the evening with Wilfred & Bessie. Had a nice visit with her. She invited us to the Getman reunion Sunday at Grassy Knoll but don't expect to go.

Sat., Aug. 17 This is Leonard's 7th birthday, but had the dinner here yesterday because Bert & Wm. had to thresh at Lew Buckminster's today. Doris made the cake. Used the cake board and red candles. Had lunch with Doris and the boys today. Elaine went to Beryl's. Ralph C here -- working at C. C. C. camp. Very warm.

Two obit notices appeared on this page:

ADAMS -- At the House of the Good Samaritan, Aug. 13, 1935, Frank B. Adams of Chaumont, aged 74 years.

Also:

KIMBLE -- At Branchville, N. J., Aug. 12, 1935, Mrs. Naomi Dafoe Kimble, wife of Frank E. Kimble, formerly of Brownville, aged 40 years.

Two articles concerning Wiley Post and Will Rogers were pasted on this page:

Point Barrow, Alaska, Aug. 16 (U.P.) -- Wiley Post and Will Rogers were killed at 8:18 p.m. Thursday (1:18 a.m. Friday at E. S. T.) when their plane crashed 15 miles south of here. Lost in a fog and with the engine missing, Post nosed the plane into the tundra, strking frozen hummocks of moss. Its right wing was broken and the engine driven into the cabin. The crash instantly killed both occupants.

Also concerning the tragedy:

Seattle, Aug. 19 (AP) -- The curtains of its passenger cabins closely drawn, Pilot Joe Crosson's plane bearing the bodies of Will Rogers and Wiley Post south from their tragic air crash deaths in Alaska arrived here at 9:15 a.m. (PST) from Vancouver, B. C.

Sunday, Aug. 18 Bert, Elaine, Leonard and I attended church and S. S. Leonard's birthday Sunday and he dropped seven pennies. Mr. Harrison's subject was Decadent Homes. Subject of S. S. lesson: A home that attracts Jesus -- Mary and Martha. A fine service. Extremely warm. Mr. Skinner -- Arlene's grandfather was buried today.

Tuesday - Aug. 20 Wm. took Bert to Watertown to attend the funeral of Mrs. Waite. She was a sister of Berdi Brady who notified us of her sister's death.

The obit notice for Mrs. Waite followed:

WAITE -- At the Mercy Hospital, Aug. 17, 1935, Mrs. Grace E. Waite, wife of Ara H. Waite, 712 Davidson street, aged 45 years....Northam & Fox... Garland Rebekah Lodge service.

Wed., Aug. 21, 1935 Bert took Elaine, Leonard & Rolla to the county fair at Watertown today. Rained about 10 a.m. but all had a good time. I figured a sale of cheese net 1.15.

Sat., Aug. 24 Elaine was sick after attending the Fair -- better today. Grandma Gladwyn here last evening and enjoyed it. Weather cool. Alvin and George Hasner are here helping draw grain so Wm. will go with them to the State Fair.

Sun., Aug. 25 Weather continues cool -- 45 degrees this morning. Bert, Elaine, and I attended church this morning and S. S. Subject of sermon: The Church and Society. Good. Rev. Harrison's mother has charge of the service this evening. She will render The Road To Heaven and other selections. A fine appearing woman.

A newspaper clipping followed:

Five army planes will participate in night flights over Philadelphia and vicinity on Sunday evening. This spectacle will last until 9 p.m. Flares will be dropped and planes will fly in the upper as well as lower strata. The powerful search lights of the coast artillery will be used by the troops below to "spot" these flying ships.

The diarist, who lived behind the Watertown airport, followed with this comment:

These planes are from our airport where 40 planes and 700 men are stationed awaiting action. They drop flares in the field below our house and sometimes turn on the search light.

Aug. 26 John Roberts married Maria Hamburg, a neighbor girl of ours. (This statement referred to the following death notice:)

ROBERTS -- In this city, Aug. 23, 1935, John S. Roberts, 810 Washington street, aged 75 years.... burial in the Brownville cemetery.

Doris had the threshers and I helped. 5 extra for dinner, 3 for supper and Virginia Gilmore. The Gilmore's did our threshing. 144 bags oats, 4-1/2 bags wheat. Attended this (referring to the ensuing newspaper clipping in 50 Years Ago Today) term of school at Lowville 50 years ago and took music and shorthand.

The fall term of the Lowville academy will open Sept. 1, with the same corps of teachers as before.

The diary continues:

We did not attend the services (again, referring to a clipping) but saw the aerial demonstration by 30 planes given over the airport for one hour following the services. Saw it from our home. We could also see this "bombing" of Watertown and the search light defense and it was wonderful. They also gave a magnificent display at 9:30 in the field below us. Bert & Wm. visited the airport Thursday & saw the planes, etc. They leave tomorrow.

The clipping spoken about above follows:

Aug. 27 (1935) After impressive dedicatory services Wednesday afternoon at 5 under the auspices of city and army authorities, the Watertown municipal airport will be officially known as Scherer-Laverty field. Three army observa- tion planes gleamed in the beams of six anti-aircraft searchlight batteries here last night as the First army of the United States tossed out a spectacular parting salute to Watertown and vicinity in concluding a series of three air defense demonstrations by the gun and light batteries of the 62nd Coast Artillery and the 97th Observation squadron.



The following notice concerned a circus of the past (Aug. 29, 1885), undoubtedly from the 50 Years Ago Today column of the Watertown Daily Times:

Barnus (sic) circus will arrive here early in the morning, and the rain today will keep the dust down during the parade tomorrow noon.

The diarist writes:

Think I attended this circus at Watertown the "first and only" that I remember attending.

Wed., Aug. 28, 1935 Wm., Doris and Elaine attended the State Fair in company with Alvin Hasner and family. Saw Glen (sic) Conklin at the Fair. Boys stayed with us.

Sunday, Sept. 1 Rainy in the morning. Cool throughout the day. Bert, Elaine & I attended church & S. S. Taught the class in the absence of the teacher, Mr. Bigwood.

Mon., Sept. 2 Wm. & Doris went to (blank). The children stayed with us. Wrote to Minnie Gladwin, Los Angeles, and sent clippings about the army maneuvers and airship displays at Pine Plains and the local airport.

Tuesday, Sept. 3 The three children started school this morning. Rolla, I; Leonard, second; and Elaine, VI; ages 5, 7, and 10. Doris went to introduce Rolla and I went with her and met their teachers, Miss Sills, Miss Wiley and Mr. Lamon, also the new principal, Mr. Sterling. "My old school home."

Wed., Sept. 4 Rainy. Figured a sale of cheese, price 15 & 15-1/2, net 1.19 per hundred.

From the 50 Years Ago Today column of the local newspaper the following clipping was saved and pasted along this page:

The Brownville factory cheese, 88 boxes were sold at 6-1/2 cents to Hungerford & Fosgate. The price speaks well for the factory and the cheesemaker.

The next item, a current item, concerned Rev. Sargent, a gentleman whom this transcriptionist believes was brought up in the neighborhood where the diarist lived:

Rev. Cassius J. Sargent observed his tenth anniversary as minister of Hope Presbyterian church on Sunday. The anniversary service also marked the re-opening of the church for the fall program.

Mrs. Conklin made the following comment:

Mr. Sargent and his first wife, May McWayne, were old schoolmates and warm friends.

Old Home Day at Brownville was written about as follows:

Brownville, Sept. 9 -- The Old Home day celebration at Brownville opened with a parade on Saturday afternoon. The prize of $5 was given to St. Paul's church for the best float, a prize of $3 to the Happy Thought circle of the Methodist Sunday school for the best decorated car and $2 to two boys dressed as clowns on bicycle. The judges were Rev. Paul Roy, pastor of the Dexter Methodist Episcopal church, and Earl Couch of Watertown. A large crowd witnessed the sports at the high school ball ground in the afternoon. A crowded house was in attendance at the Masonic hall to see "All Girls' Minstrels." One of the main attractions was a live pig on the stage that held the audience amazed for ten to 15 minutes. The church services on Sunday were largely attended. Music was rendered by the senior choir and the church orchestra of nine pieces. Mrs. Henry Woodworth of Watertown and Mr. Sheezsby of the Madison Barracks were guest soloists.

Minnie wrote her comments about the occasion in the Sept. 8th entry, thusly:

Sunday, Sept. 8 We saw the parade from Grandma Gladwyn's. It was very good. Bert, Elaine & Rolla stayed for dinner and went to see the sports. Elaine attended the Minstrels -- a crowd. Bert, Elaine & I went to church and S. S. Rev. C. M. Smith was the guest speaker. Subject: The power of an ideal home. Mrs. Woodworth sang Goin' Home. The text was Genesis 18.19. Dist. Supt. E. C. Love preached in the evening but (I) did not attend.

Tuesday, Sept. 10 Grandma & Wilfred and Bessie came to plan a trip to Lowville. They were at William's for supper. Figured cheese.

Newspaper clipping about Huey Long introduced the comments on the next page:

Baton Rouge, La., Sept. 10 (AP) -- Senator Huey P. Long, 42, builder of a political empire unique in American history, died today. An assassin's bullet, fired Sunday night, ended his "dictatorship" in Louisana at 4:06 a.m. (central standard time). Five blood transfusions failed to save his life.

The diarist's comments:

Sen. Long was shot by Dr. Carl Weiss (?) in the Louisana State house at Baton Rouge. Reason unknown -- only just a difference in political opinion and Sen. Long's dictatorial methods were not in favor.

Thursday, Sept. 12 Wm., Doris, Grandma Gladwyn, Bessie, Wilfred, Bert and I went to West Lowville cemetery to Michael's, Grandpa and Grandma's graves, to Lowville cemetery, to Aunt Lottie & Uncle Martin's graves. Ate our lunch at Aunt Lottie's old home, called on Jennie Thomas -- came home via Croghan. Saw the Catholic church and the Basslin & Rochelle homes.

Friday, Sept. 13 Went to Sackets to see a dentist. Made an appointment for Sept. 23.

Sunday, Sept. 15 Doris took Bert, Elaine and I (sic) to the cemetery and to Dexter to church. Rev. Paul Roy preached on the subject Why go to church? Text: Psalms 84.1.2. Enjoyed it very much at my old home church. Saw Nellie Thurston's ascension (refers to a clipping from the 50 Years Ago Today column), but I think it was 49 yrs. ago instead of 50 years that I saw her.

September 13, 1885, Professor Squire arrived here last night to make arrangements for the balloon ascension of Miss Nellie Thurston at the county fair grounds Monday.

Mon., Sept. 16 Mabel Fulton and Hi came to see us yesterday P. M. Mabel came more especially to see me about the missionary meeting Friday next -- election of officers.

Tues., Sept. 17 Figured a sale of cheese. Price 14-3/4 net $1.28. The rest went to the primaries in the evening. Elaine and I went to Hester Gilmore's then all came there and stayed awhile.

News clippings from the "50 Years Ago Today" column for September 17, 1885:

Cape Vincent reports a boom in real estate and fishing. Last summer visitors are catching many fine fish -- Copenhagen is negotiating for telephone connections with the outside world. ----------

The village of Brownville is growing so rapidly that here is a house shortage and all available carpenters are in use.

---------- A muscallonge was caught by Fred Wood, Dexter, yesterday. It is on exhibition at the Woodruff Hotel.

----------

Three carloads of hay a day are being loaded at Brownville as the hay crop was very good this year.

----------

Governor Hill spoke at the Lowville fair yesterday.

----------

The mercury registered at 66 degrees above zero today, a drop of five degrees since yesterday.

The diarist, who lived near Brownville, commented on the 1935 growth of Brownville:

Brownville isn't growing much now. Sold our eggs for .33 cents. Has been cold for several days but Sept. 18 registered 80 degrees. Wm. & Doris went to Watertown for a bank draft for Bert's life insurance $81.80.

Thursday, September 19, 1935 Wm. saw Dr. Fox. He puts out his sign tomorrow. He is tired & has a cold.

A newspaper clipping regarding family friend and doctor followed:

Dr. L. Otis Fox, head of the department of interior's Standing Rock agency at Fort Yates, N. D., since Oct. 1931, has moved to Brownville, his former residence, and began the practice of medicine in the John Warren residence there today.

Friday, Sept. 20 Attended W. F. M. S. meeting at Martha Parker's. Led the devotions. Subject -- Love. Election of officers. Pres. Mabel Fulton; 1st, myself; Sec., Nellie Ford; Treas., Martha Parker.

Sat. - Sept. 21 Wm. & D went to Watertown, bought nice peaches at $1.19 per bushel. Doris had 1-1/2 bu. and we had 1/2 bushel. Bert is reaping buckwheat. Received a nice letter from Rev. B. G. Miller in answer to a birthday card. Bessie here last evening.

Sunday, Sept. 22 Bert, Elaine and I attended church & S. S. Rev. Harrison's subject was Shearing and Sharing. Jer. 18. Old Choir night tonight. Subject of sermon, Facing the Music. Taught Mrs. Merriam's & Mrs. Robinson's S. S. classes in the absence of the teachers. Wm. sold "Puppie Prince" for $8.00.

Sept. 23 - 1935 First day of autumn. Pleasant. Doris took me to Sackets Harbor to an appointment with Dr. Hodge. Had teeth cleaned and a front tooth filled. This is Mr. & Mrs. Chas. Gilmore's 60th wedding anniversary. She was my first school teacher and I liked her very much. (pictures followed, but are not included here) Mr. & Mrs. Gilmore had an anniversary dinner at their farm house near Sackets Harbor. 46 relatives present. A sister, Kate Dakin Snook, was my teacher.

Sept. 25 First frost. (a picture of Dr. Fox was pasted on the top left of this page) This isn't a very good picture of Dr. Fox but will save it. He is having a considerable practice. Set a broken arm for Hugh O'Conner's boy. Wm. thought he had something in his eye and went in the office. Saw in the paper that Jean Hynes is in the House of the Good Samaritan. Had an operation on her eye.

Wed., Sept. 28 Bert and William attended the funeral of J. Kitto, 75, at Muscalonge. They went to Rosamond's. Jean came home from the hospital today.

Sun., Sept. 29 Wm., Doris & Elaine started for Lake Placid at A. M. in company with the Buckminster's. Weather windy and rainy. The boys stayed with us. Ethel Williamson here. Had a good time with the boys. Had beef and vegetable soup for dinner. Pumpkin pie that Doris made, etc. Sold a pup to Potsdam people, price $8.00.

No date -- but it was the next day -- Elaine enjoyed her first view of the Mts. yesterday. Rev. W. Hart, Utica, spoke in our church morning and evening.

Tuesday, Oct. 1 Rainy, dark. Bert & I both sick with stomach trouble.

Wed., Oct. 2 Feeling better. Figured cheese price 14-3/4 net $1.30. Sent to Watertown by Wm. and Doris and bought an oil heater, price $9.85. The Christophers here in the evening.

Thursday, Oct. 3 Will and Carrie were married 41 yrs. ago. Bert attended Mr. Haller's funeral.

Mr. Haller's obituary notice followed:

HALLER -- At the House of the Good Samaritan, Oct. 1, 1935, Albert Philip Haller, East Houns- field, 68 years...Burial at Brownville.

The diary continues:

Elaine stayed at Dexter at Mrs. Adams to attend Dorothy's 10th birthday party tonight. Leonard ate with us tonight in Elaine's absence. Weather cold, windy -- short hailstorm.

Oct. 5 Doris was sick this morning. The boy's ate breakfast & dinner with us. Mrs. A. brought Elaine home. She and Virginia Gilmore ate supper with us.

Sunday, Oct. 6, 1935 Mr. Smith preached the old home day sermon at Turin (picture was pasted on the top of the page) Harvest Sunday with gifts for Salvation Army. Rev. Alex. Mack, Watertown S. Army, evening speaker. Morning subject was Deferred Payment -- Text: Romans 11, 33-36. Fine. S. S. missionary program. Elaine gave recitation. Carl & Rosamond came in the evening, brought grapes & apples.

Mon., Oct. 7 Doris and I made grape jelly & she made grape juice.

Tuesday, Oct. 8 Doris' 31st birthday. (No, Doris' birthday was Oct. 7th) Figured cheese. Received letter from Mabel saying she had secured Mrs. Sharing for speaker for a public missionary meeting Nov. 3. Mrs. Brewster, missionary to China, speaks Friday evening but (I) cannot attend.

Thursday, Oct. 10 A time for memories. We ordered a rose cup cloth for dress for Elaine and and red felt hat. Doris & Wm. ordered a red cloth coat for her. The dress material came today and she is pleased. Mrs. Frank Smith came with Mr. Smith to talk about a centralized school at B. Had a nice visit with her about Dexter and our old home. Mrs. Brasie's mother died yesterday.

Sat., Oct. 12 Anna, Wilfred & Bessie came last evening and brought Jennie Thomas who stayed until this P. M. Wilfred took her to Adams (evening.). Mr. Smith called this afternoon.

Oct. 13 Bert, Elaine & I attended S. S. The Woman's Bible Class and Philathea Class have been united. Nellie Ford, teacher. J. W. Bigwood, asst. "Men's Night." Chaplain C. C. Merrill, speaker, Friday. She is with her daughter at Watertown, Mrs. Alice Edwards.

Friday, Oct. 17 Figured cheese Monday, net 1.32. Wm. went to Harrisville hunting Tuesday. Took Allan Ball, Lawrence LaPointe. Paid school tax at W. Patrick's, Wed., $34.80. Boys were here all night Thursday. Elaine stayed at Dexter after school to play in a piano and violin duet at an entertainment at Grange Hall for the benefit of the Episcopal Church. They planted Araminta and for an encore, The Isle of Capri. Ethel Williamson's father buried today. Was invited to Grandma Gladwyn's for dinner. Had a headache and could not go to dinner but went there to the missionary meeting in the afternoon and gave a synopsis of the first chapter in the study book, "Under the Southern Cross." 10 present. They, Anna, etc., came here in the evening.

An death notice followed:

SAVAGE--At Dexter, Oct. 13, 1935, Mrs. Helen Casler Savage, widow of George A. Savage, of Limerick, aged 84 years.

Sunday, Oct. 20 Fine weather. Elaine went to church with Gilmores. Wm. & family, Rosamond & family and Virginia Gilmore here for dinner. Earl Hall, Eva & Helen, Henry Giles, Ella & Mary came in the afternoon. This is Elaine's 11th birthday and think it has been a happy one.

Sat., Oct. 26 Mild. Figured cheese Monday, at $1.36. Rain & snow flurries middle of the week. Wm. has been fixing tractor for Mr. Webert. Bert digging potatoes, chores, etc. Grandma Gladwyn here and spent the day Friday, also Wilfred, Bessie, Elaine and Leonard here for sup- per. Had a little poem, My Best, printed in the Times today. Wm., Doris attended a meeting and banquet at B'ville High school Thursday eve. Held to discuss centralization of schools.

Sun., Oct. 27 Missionary Sunday. Installation of officers, home and foreign societies. Bert and I and the children attended. Taught Mrs. Merriam's S. S. class. Mr. Harrison goes to West Point to the Ministers' Retreat this week. Last Sunday the Holder family brought me some books & pictures from E. Allison's, gifts from my old and now departed friend, Ida Randall. Donald Hasner was here for supper.

Thursday, Oct. 31 -- Slight earthquake shock. Fine weather. Temperature 70 degrees mid-day. Pheasant season this week and next. Martin Hasner, George Hasner, Timmermans, Buckminsters and others here hunting. Cheese net $1.40. Wm. gets several pheasant. An Indian woman came selling plant stands. Didn't buy one and am sorry.

Friday, Nov. 1 -- 70 degrees at noon. Beautiful and mild. Quiet Halloween. Virginia Gilmore was here for supper. Ralph Christopher at Wm.'s today. He is drawing wood and Wm. plowing.

Sunday, Nov. 3 -- 60 degrees at noon. Bert, the three children and myself attended church and S. S. Sermon by Rev. Harrison, The Good Life. Taught Mrs. Merriam's class. 13 present. Cousin Addie Hartman, who had an operation for goitre (sic) is improving. Wilfred and Bessie went to Rochester for the weekend. Special meetings and guest preachers every evening this week except Sat.

A clipping followed:

Monday evening the speaker is Rev. Dr. James A. Leach, pastor of the Asbury Methodist Episcopal church, Watertown. Rev. Roger Williams, Chaumont, will speak tonight; Rev. Roberts Mallabar, Cape Vincent, Wednesday; Rev. Charles Bollinger, First Church, Watertown, Thursday; and Rev. Dr. F. A. Miller, field secretary, Northern New York conference, Friday.

Tuesday, Nov. 5 - 60 degrees. Rainy day. Mr. Webert here helping William partition off a room in the horse barn upstairs for a hen house. Bert, Doris & I went to E. Hounsfield to vote. There was a Republican majority in the Assembly and town offices. Democrat Kinne defeated Harris for mayor of Watertown. $55,000,000 for state welfare.

Then, two death notices:

SHIMMEL -- At Dexter, Nov. 2, 1935, Mrs. Victorine Shimmel, widow of Burt A. Shimmel, aged 88 years. Funeral services held from the home of her daughter, Mrs. Maude Jones, Dexter.


Also,

OSTERHOUT -- Funeral services for Wilbur D. Osterhout, 90, of 348 High street, will be held Tuesday at 2 p.m. at the Wilcox & Van Ness parlors, Rev. Dr. H. W. Reed, minister of All Souls Universalist church, officiating.


On an undated page was displayed a clipping from the Watertown Daily Times. It was an advertisement involving Sears & Roebuck and the Conklin farm. At the bottom of the page, the diarist wrote her commentary.



FREE DEMONSTRATION



H A M M E R      K I N G
F E E D      M I L L


W. B. CONKLIN FARM, PADDY HILL
                                                            1-1/2 Miles from Brownville

                            FRIDAY, NOV. 8th ---


10:30 A.M. TO 4:00 P.M.                  


LIGHT REFRESHMENTS AT NOON


YOU ARE INVITED TO BRING IN    
YOUR SAMPLES OF GRAIN AND 
ROUGHAGE FOR GRINDING        


The Hammer King Feed Mill will show you how coarse Roughage can be Converted Into Edible Food -- FEED every fifth horse, cow, or pig free of cost.

Sears, Roebuck and Co.


Store Hours:                                                       Phone

8:45 to 5:30 DAILY                      40 Public Square                 415      
                                   8:45 to 9:00 SATURDAY







Diarist's commentary:

About 30 men and several ladies came. Sears & Rosebuck furnished the lunch and Doris and Beryl prepared it. Quite an enjoyable time.





An undated newspaper clipping followed:

The famed baseball evangelist, the Rev. William Ashley "Billy" Sunday, died last night at the home of relatives here. He was 72 years old.

(handwritten: Chicago, Nov. 7, 1935)

The diary continued:

We heard Billy Sunday at a tent meeting at Syracuse about 20 years ago this month. Fine morning -- blizzard at night.

A marriage notice followed:

CONKLIN-HOWARD -- At Colton, Nov. 5, 1935, at Zion Episcopal church, Louis Conklin, Alexandria Bay, and Miss Bessie Howard, Colton.

The diarist commented: Louis is our cousin's son.

Sunday, Nov. 10 Mild, windy. Bert, Elaine, Leonard, Rolla and I went to church & S. S. Taught Mrs. Merriam's class of girls. Presented Miss Sheldon, who is going to Depeyster to live, with gold shears and letter opener from the Philathea Class. Ladies' Aid gave her an umbrella. A candle light communion service this evening.

11th Quiet -- Armistice Day Parade at City.

Another marriage notice followed:

SMITH-BRASIE -- At Brownville, Nov. 9, 1935, at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Merriam by Rev. Earnest C. Love, superintendent of the Black River district of the Northern New York conference of the Methodist Episcopal church, Rev. Charles Meredith Smith of Brownville, retired Methodist Episcopal pastor, and Mrs. Nettie Lee Brasie, of Brownville.

12th Cold rain, wind.

13th Rain continues. About freezing. Leonard's estimate at school was 94-3/5 -- music, 80. test average 95-2/5. Elaine's tests average 92.

15th Attended W. F. M. S. meeting at Mrs. Bentley's. 10 present. Mrs. Smith was presented with a chromium bread and butter plate at the Philathea class meeting at Mrs. Graham's yester- day, but (I) did not go.

Sunday, Nov. 17, 1935 20 degrees above zero. At home. Cloudy. Some children at B- have mumps and whooping cough and our children could not go. A phone call came to LaPointe's store yesterday for Bert and Wm. to come to Watertown to see Byron Corp, who is ill. They went but he was too ill to recognize them.

Mon., Nov. 18 My father's and mother's 69th wedding anniversary. Warmer at night. Mailed letter to Mrs. Miller and card to Miss Sheldon. Mr. Walker brought cheese returns.

Tuesday, Nov. 19 Beautiful day. Cheese net $1.45. Wm. & Doris attended a banquet & meeting to consider centralization of schools at Dexter High School.

Wed., Nov. 20 Wm. bought 72 pullets of Mr. Jerome, 80c each, mostly barrel rocks. Bert & Wm. went to an auction at Perch River.

Friday, Nov. 22 Doris took Bert and I to Mr. Corp's funeral. Rev. James Leach spoke from Ps. 27-13. Brief but fine.

Death notice followed:

CORP -- In this city, Nov. 19, 1935, Byron Eugene Corp, 328 Academy street, aged 79 years. Interment at Clayton.

And a marriage notice:

KELLAR-GARDNER - In this city, Nov. 18, 1935, at Stone Street Presbyterian Church by Rev. Dr. Paul E. Boller, Leon Brisco Kellar, 547 Morrison street, and Miss Betty Jane Gardner, 430 Davis street.

Sunday, Nov. 24, 1935 20 degrees above zero. Bert and I attended church & S. S. Mr. Harrison preached a fine sermon. Subject: One Increasing Purpose. Text: Take up thy bed and walk. Children stayed at home on account of mumps, etc. at B- Elaine had dinner ready for us.

Wed. Nov. 27 My 68th birthday. Wm. & D gave me a dozen vegetable dishes. Bert, a box of stationary (sic), Elaine, percale and trimmings for an apron, but am going to make a dress instead. Bessie, a handkerchief, Beryl, a plant (Baby's tears) also rec'd cards -- a letter from Minnie Gladwin, Los Angeles. Mailed a poem to the Times: Beside A Cozy Fire.

Thursday, Nov. 28 We were at Wm.'s for a Thanksgiving and birthday dinner all in one. Beryl and family were there. Grandma Gladwyn, Bessie and Wilfred were here for a 5 o'clock dinner. Had turkey. A rainy day. Rev. Smith preached a Thanksgiving sermon at the Presby terian church last evening. Mr. Harrison has the grip.

Sunday, Dec. 1 Bert, Wm. and I went to Fred Knapp's funeral. A tribute to a good man. Doris had a chicken dinner ready for us when we came home. Weather mild.

A death notice followed:

KNAPP -- In this city, Nov. 29, 1935, Fred E. Knapp, 154 Haley street, aged 64 years. Burial North Watertown cemetery.

Rolla has whopping cough.

Monday, Dec. 2 Ground white with snow.

Dec. 3 Rolla coughing badly. Leonard commenced taking music lessons of me. Bert Gilmore here. Have begun writing Christmas letters.

Dec. 4 A zero morning. A sunny day.

Dec. 5 Snowstorm last night. School bus didn't come today. Mail came.

Dec. 6 A zero day. Road open. Children went to school. Have a little cold.

Dec. 7 Wm., Doris and Elaine went to Watertown to do Christmas shopping.

Sunday, Dec. 8 35 degrees above zero, a little rainy. In bed most of the day with broken lung tissue. Bert and Elaine got the meals, etc.

Mon., Dec. 9 Mild. Mr. Walker came. Figured the last sale of cheese. Net, $1.54.

Tues., Dec. 10 41 degrees above zero at noon. Cloudy.

Wed., Dec. 11 Still mild, cloudy. Made out stockholders' dividends. 10%.

Friday, Dec. 13 Leon Kellar and bride called to see us. Bessie brought over a meat board and brush and I bought them for Rosamond -- also cards. Still writing Christmas letters, one of them to Mrs. Corp.

Sun., Dec. 15 Rev. Harrison's baby was to be baptized today by Rev. C. M. Smith. Rainy, the rest thought I ought not to go to church. Disappointed.

Mon., Dec. 16 Colder, a little snow. Bert Gilmore came to spend the evening once more be- fore going to Alabama. Hester Gilmore has been to Michigan to visit Maybelle.

Thurs., Dec. 19 Bert and William went to Watertown to sell turkeys but decided to sell to Joe Thompson, 24c alive.

Friday, Dec. 20 Cold, stormy. Missionary meeting at Mabel Fulton's, but couldn't go. Doris went to school exercises at Dexter, heard Elaine & Leonard speak. Elaine gave "Before And After Christmas."

Sunday, Dec. 22 At home. 20 degrees below zero this morning.

Tues., Dec. 24 Wm. & Doris went to Watertown, took Rosamond presents and she gave them ours and the children's. Jean has flu - temperature 105.

Wed., Dec. 25 Fine sunny day. Had the presents from the tree after breakfast at Wm's. Children happy. Their family were with us for dinner. Lighted a white candle for our Saviour's birth.

Thurs., Dec. 26 Wm. phoned to Rosamond and Jean has pneumonia - 2 viruses. Col. Lind- bergh and family left for England, Sat., to make their home.

Friday, Dec. 27 Wm. phoned again today and Jean is better and we are very glad. This was Aunt Lottie's birthday, 1851. Died December 26, 1931. A fine woman.

Sunday, Dec. 29, '35 The last Sunday of the year. At home. All fairly well. 15 degrees below zero this morning and a keen wind. Comfortable in the house and good meals. Elaine with us as usual.

Tuesday, Dec. 31 The subzero weather of the past 10 days broke today. Fine day. Our gray horse, Nell, died this A. M. Wm. & D. went to Watertown. Sold 14-1/2 doz. eggs at 25c per dozen. The children were with us. Bert dressed chickens for tomorrow. Sent a poem to the Times entitled, The Land of Used To Be. A pretty good year is just closing and we are thankful for many things. Among the things for which we are thankful are our usual health and our family circle. Also prosperity enough to meet our needs, many pleasant memories and present associations -- our church and a hope that doesn't grow old with the years. Some friends have passed to the Great Beyond and we miss them but expect to one day join them.

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