Wed. Jan. 1, 1936 "Pleasant, mild." William and family were with us for dinner for the birthday of the New Year and we enjoyed it. Bessie was here last evening.

Sun., Jan. 5 Rainy weather. Bert, Elaine and I went to church and S.S. Communion service -- fine. Candle light service tonight. Subject: "Let your light shine." Subject this morning, Facing the New Year. Moffatt translates Psalm 119.32 as, I will obey Thee eagerly as Thou dost open up my life. In reference to the following news article from the archives of the Watertown Daily Times, the diarist writes: Carl is now Ass't District Attorney.

10 Years Ago Today

Carl J. Hynes of 426 Arsenal street, who has been employed
in the law office of Cobb, Cosgrove, Ford & Wright, passed
the October bar examination, which was held in Albany.

Jan. 8 Wed. Bert and Wm. went to Dexter this A.M. and bought a large black team of Wm. Allison, price $375.00 cash down.

Sat. Jan. 11 Have had rain that turned to snow. The men have been making larger stalls and putting in new floors getting ready for the new horses. They attended a Kilborne & Vogt lawsuit at Brownville today. Carl Hynes was the Vogt attorney. Verdict, no cause for action.

Sunday, Jan. 12 - 1936 Bert, Elaine and I attended church. "Paddy Hill night" in the evening. We were at Wm's for an oyster supper last evening. Mr. and Mrs. Walter Patrick were there.

Monday, 13. Rain and wind. Rolla started in school after having the whopping cough.

Tuesday, 14. Cold. Cut out my birthday light blue house dress.

Wed. 15 The church has a father and son banquet at Masonic Hall tonight and Bert and William have gone. I had supper with Doris and have been writing a letter to Mrs. Witt. 110 fathers and sons at the banquet, fine supper, roast pork, etc.

Friday, 17. Zero morning. Men went to buy army hara blankets. Miss. (missionary) meeting at Mrs. Lingenfelter's -- 8 present. Mrs. Smith gave study chapter on South America. Did not go on acc't of the cold. Bessie went and was at William's in the evening.

Sat., Jan. 18, 1936 Cold, blustery. Wm. and Doris went with the Cozy Corner S.S. class to the Peters' home to a farewell party for Mr. and Mrs. Cecil Barrett who are removing to Tupper Lake. The class presented them with an oval mirror.

Sunday, Jan. 19 10 below zero, -- windy. At home.

Friday, Jan. 24 A zero storm has been raging since yesterday morning. No school bus. Milk truck came today. Snow plow goes through. Mail came. Storm universal. King George of England passed away Monday night.

Sunday, Jan. 25 A zero morning but pleasant. Too cold to go to church. William will be 33 yrs. old February 4th and they came over for a 4 o'clock birthday dinner today. They roasted turkey and made ice cream. A day to be remembered. Wm. & D. went to Mrs. Sennot's -- paid the taxes, $89.69.

Mon. Jan. 27, 1936 Still cold. Children went to school. Mr. Allison brought the new team. Doris did our washing with hers in her new washing machine. Wm. put a new clutch in Ed. Evans' car, etc. Earned $5.00, also 5.00 last week on tractor for J. Savage.

Wed. Jan. 29 23 below zero at Brownville. Bert has chill blains. Wm. and family and Ralph Christopher were here for a chicken dinner at 5 o'clock. Wrote a letter to Grandma Gladwyn for her 71st birthday tomorrow.

Sunday, Feb. 2 Cold continues. At home. Wm. and Doris called on Beryl (Buckminster) also Grandma Gladwyn and took her an oilcloth pattern stand spread and Bessie, a turkish towel and wash cloth. I sent them canned field strawberries. The children were with us for supper. Had toast and eggs, strawberries and walnut cake.

Tues. - Feb. 4, 1936 William's birthday. He and Doris are invited to Grandma Gladwyn's for a birthday dinner tomorrow night. A sleet storm has made it very icy. A terrific wind took out William's front window upper sash about 6 o'clock tonight. Bert and I have tied a comfortable for Rosamond for her birthday March 13th.

Feb. 5 Storm and wind. Children home. W. & D. could not go to Grandma Gladwyn's. All with us for dinner. News article follows:

Following a one-night respite from sub-zero weather Friday night, when the mercury only went to two above, the longest January sub-zero cold wave in 35 years re sumed its shiver-producing course into February Saturday night. The mercury also went below zero Sunday night.

Tuesday, Feb. 11 Cold weather continues. Coldest in the century in the midwest. Bus trouble -- have to take the children to school. W. & D. went to Grandma G's Sunday for the birthday supper. Children with us. Yesterday would have been my father's 90th birthday. Had a little poem in The Times -- A humble Prayer -- something that he would have liked. Ex Vice-Pres. Curtis passed away Feb. 8.

Friday, Feb. 14 Wm & D. attended Harry Johnson's funeral at the home.

Friday eve., Feb. 21, 1936 Stormy week but fine today. Tuesday the children arrived from school at 8:30 P.M. via Sackett's. Snow plow came ahead. Roads blocked Wed. and yesterday. Bert saw the first crow yesterday. Tomorrow is Mrs. B. G. Miller's birthday. Sent her a letter & card,

Sunday, Feb. 23 Pleasant - but cold. William went after Brac and Berdi Brady and they came and spent the day. Carl, Rosamond, Jean & Sally came and we were glad to see them.

Tuesday, Feb. 25 Thaw and wind has taken a considerable of the snow. Icy this morning. Seems good to have it warmer. Sowed pansy seed. News article follows:

Oswego, Feb. 21.---Funeral services for Dr. James G. Riggs, 74 retired principal of the Oswego Normal school, native of Dexter and once principal of the Watertown High School, will be held Saturday afternoon at 2:30 at his home, 150 West Fourth street,here.

Sunday, March 8 At home. Having colds. Dr. L. O. Fox speaks at the M. E. church tonight on Life among the Indians. Mr. & Mrs. Jim Gilmore spent an evening here, also Bessie. Changeable weather.

Tuesday, March 10 Mild. Snow has gone gradually. Robins came last night sometime. Painted sink, etc. apple green. Dr. and Mrs. L. O. Fox left for (blank), Md. Monday, 5 P.M., called there by the illness and subsequent death of Mrs. Fox' mother.

Thursday, March 12 Rain turning to snow. Wm. is fixing Wilfred's car. Elaine is home sick with grip. Rosamond & children came to tell us that they cannot come for her birthday dinner tomorrow. Carl has to go to (blank).

Friday, March 13th The children were expectant (sic) so we had an oyster supper, salad, etc. with William's folks for guests. A considerable snow has fallen.

Sunday, Mc'h 15 Mild. Snowplow came through. Floods in some parts of the state. Mrs. Maynard died this morning. J. Lingenfelter and W. Bigwood came for our annual pledge to the church budget. Wrote to Minnie Gladwin.

Mon. 16 Bert went to Watertown and paid insurance on buildings & contents, $31.45. Rec'd check for Feb. milk, $69.02.

March 17, 1936 St. Patrick's. Made out cheese factory reports. Rain at night. The Christopher family went to Rochester to live today. Their address is 107 Brookridge Road.

March 18, Wed. Rec'd a letter from Henrietta Gladwin saying that Minnie had a stroke Sunday, P.M., Jan. 26th. She is slowly improving. Also rec'd word that Watson Cummings had a stroke seven weeks ago. Made out cheese factory reports. Rev. B. Gibbs, Portland, Maine is very ill with pneumonia.

March 20 Friday Bert went to the cheese factory meeting at Brownville. He was re-elected treasurer and I secretary. I went to W.F.M.S. meeting at Mrs. Harrisons and enjoyed it. Doris took us to Glen Park to see old Black River raging. No damage here but the worst floods that we can remember have been taking their toll of life & property during the past week in New England, Ohio, Pennsylvania and the southern part of this state. Two newspaper clippings concerning the flood followed, captioned by the diarist's The flood. March 21, 1936:

Damage in hundreds of millions and mounting.

Fourteen states affected: All of New England and
New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Ohio,
Maryland, West Virginia and Virginia.

The death list stood at 167; but as rescue and
rehabilitation work was rushed in 11 states--after
the worst floods in history in many localitis--
officials feared the toll would mount.

The number of homeless approached 300,000.

Wed. March 25 The flood waters are receding. Fine and warm today. Doris took Bert and I to Chaumont to see Wat Cummings who had a stroke nine weeks ago. One side is paralyzed. Very glad we went to see him. Came back by Dexter and brought the children home from school. Elaine went to Virginia Gilmore's birthday supper, thirteen years old.

Sunday, March 29 Pleasant weather. Wm. has been sick with grip since Wed. night. Doris has sinus trouble. Bert busy. Rosamond and family were here a little while today. Elaine and I are reading Little Women together.

Wed. April 1, 1936 Rain, thunder, snow flakes. Monday. Colder. William sick with grip. Children having tests at school. Richard Bruno Hauptman was not electrocuted as scheduled.

April 3, 1936 Dr. Fox over to see William and is coming again tomorrow. Our pastor, Herbert Harrison, came and enjoyed our little visit. The children passed well in school. All had 100 in arithmetic, and Elaine 100 in silent reading and Rolly 100 in spelling. Weather rough and windy. Bessie came in the evening -- brought me some Easter cards.

April 10 Friday Bert's 67th birthday. William still sick. Had Dr. Hoyt here today. Temperature 103-4/10 --Tom Jumps passed away Apr. 5. Sent a poem to The Times entitled, "Springtime" in honor of Bert's birthday. Letters say Wat is about the same and Minnie Gladwin improving. Martha Getman fell down stairs yesterday at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Edna Allen, Gunns Corners and fractured her spine and wrist. She is in Mercy Hospital.

Easter Sunday. April 12 Shadows and sunshine. The same with life. William's fever down and we are thankful though he is still unable to take much nourishment. Dr. Fox and wife here.

April 13, 1886

Rev. S. B. Stanford delivered his farewell sermon at the
Brownville Methodist Episcopal church last Sunday. He
is retiring because of poor health.

Diarist's Comments -- Our pastor -- Rev. Stanford came to see my

parents and myself at Dexter before going away.

April 14, 1936 William gaining but still in bed. Ethel Sheldon, Depeyster, came with Bessie to spend the evening. Lawyer Kilborne took the children on the Rural Route to see Shirley Temple in the movies, Monday. Hester Gilmore came that afternoon. An electric cross was dedicated at church Sunday. Harry Schweitzer came Monday to help with the work until Wm is better.

Sunday, Apr. 19 Pleasant -- Conference Sunday at First M. E. Church, Watertown. Rev. W. H. Bradley preached at our church. We could not attend either place. William is sitting up some. Mrs. B. G. Miller is at conference with him -- wrote me that they would not come here now on account of William's illness.

What's just ahead, we little know.

Perhaps 'tis well, it is so.

Peter Rabbit

April 21, 1936 School is closed for a couple of days because of measles. Had the annual birthday dinner for Rolly and Grandpa today. Chicken, birthday cake (Elaine made the frosting) and prune pie. In the afternoon Bert, Doris and children went near Theresa to look at an animal. Didn't buy. Wm came for dinner -- first time since his illness. He is still weak.

Wed. April 22 Mr. Fellows, Lowville & Mrs. Irving, Chaumont, antique dealers, were here. Sold a stand & a few pieces of glass.

Mon. April 27 The finest day this spring. Wm went outdoors for the first time. Mr. Webert is sick and Harry had to go. Mr. and Mrs. Roy Congdon here yesterday. Mrs. Harriet Stone & Mrs. Anna Lee both passed away last week. Mr. Walker (cheesemaker) brought returns for first sale of cheese. Price 13-1/2, Net $1.20.

Friday May 1 Fine weather -- for three days it has been around 75. Wm. gaining strength -- helps milk. Carl Hynes went to Ashville, N.C. last week on business. Rolla has first rubber boots.

LAWTON--Philadelphia, May 1, 1936, Jay P. Lawton, Philselphia,

aged 75 years. Funeral services at 2 Monday from the Methodist

Episcopal church, Philadelphia, Rev. Miles Hutchinson, pastor


Burial in Sleeping Hollow cemetery.

Diarist's comments: We could not attend the funeral. A pleasant

quiet man.

Sunday, May 3 Bert, the three children and myself attended church and S.S. Rev. Harrison preached from Gen. 26. Subject: The Ancient Homeland of the Heart.

Tuesday, May 5 All of the family except Leonard and I went to school meeting. We played checkers, read stories and had a lunch. Wm. was unanimously re-elected trustee and pupils continue to go to Dexter.

Sunday, May 10 Unusually warm for a few days. Mother's Day and also was my Mother's birthday. Wm & D gave me a box of chocolates and nice card. Bert, Elaine and I went to church and S.S. A fine service. Sermon by H. H.

Thursday, May 14 Rev. & Mrs. Smith here today. Bessie began work in Bigwood's store Mon. Hiram Fulton has been pretty sick but is improving. C. K. Parker & Fred here to get Wm to do tractor work but he isn't well enough to do it. Helen Parker is 10 today, weighs 100#. Jessie Hall resigned as church organist on account of health. Gerald Munson plays.

Friday, May 15, 1936 Attended missionary meeting at Mrs. Smith's and furnished the program. Subject: A summary of missions (especially Methodist) in S. America. Chancellor Flint has been elected Bishop at the Gen. Con at Columbus.

Sun. May 17, 1936 Carl, Rosamond and Sally here. Wm. sold Dannie pup to Carl for $10.00.

Wed. May 20 Weather cool, around 50. Milk nets $1.10 due to canadian cheese. Mr. Webber and Mr. Dano here about compensation insurance for Mr. Walker, cost $74.00 a year.

Sunday, May 24 Instead of going to church, we all went to Chaumont to see Wat and Jennie. It is pitifully hard for both of them with him helpless and her tired out caring for him. Stopped at Mabel Stockforth's, Limerick. Our milk goes to the cheese factory instead of the Hygienic tomorrow. Getting about 500# milk daily.

Monday, May 25 Received a letter from Henrietta Gladwin saying that Minnie is in bed from another stroke. Wrote to her tonight.

Decoration Day 1936 Bert, Elaine and I went to the cemetery at Dexter Thursday evening with Carl and Rosamond. Services are at Brownville this P.M. with Rev. C. M. Smith speaker. He was here yesterday -- came for a little rich soil for cucumbers, etc. Mr. Garrett also here for information about the cheese factory for the compensation insurance company. Wm has worked on the brooder house today. Bert sowed grain. Am making a dress for myself -- navy blue cheap french crepe with white pin dots. Elaine is busy making waffles for supper. 4:30 P.M.

Sunday, May 31 William's dog, Curly, carried away her newborn puppies and only two were found. Bert's turkeys became chilled in the night and some of them had to be warmed in the kitchen and altogether we were too late to go to church on the new time. All at home -- had a good day of needed rest. But we like to attend church and enjoy Mr. Harrison's good sermons. Miss Hall has resigned as organist and Gerald Munson is playing now.

Tuesday, June 2, 1936 Our 39th anniversary. Had a poem entitled, "The Flag," printed in The Times. Rec'd a letter of appreciation from the editor Harold B. Johnson. Bert went to cemetery meeting. Mrs. Sydney Kellar visited Doris and called here. Curly dog died tonight -- poor Curly. Mr. Walker brought cheese returns for tomorrow's work. (Net 1.27) W. & D. had 300 white leghorn chicks arrive and they are a pretty active bunch. Last Monday, June 1, Carl anounced his candidacy for Dist. Attorney in The Times. June 4, Howard Donaldson, present D.A., who had announced his candidacy, withdrew his name from the contest.

Friday, June 5 Mr. Fulton brought Mabel over in the evening to talk over plans for the foreign missionary society. Bessie also here.

Sunday, June 7 Doris took Bert, Elaine and I over to church and S.S. It was a Communion Service. Rev. Mr. Harrison read a part of John 1 chap. and spoke on Ways of finding God.

Friday, June 12 Cheese work day. Net 1.26 - price 24-3/4. Received word that Wat is failing. At the Rep Con. at Cleveland yesterday, Gov. Landon, Kensas, was unanimously nominated for President on first ballot. Today, Knox of Chicago, was nominated for Vice President. Ex-Pres. Hoover spoke Wed. eve and received a thrilling ovation.

Sun. June 14 Fine Children's Day. Elaine marched with the S.S. headed by Kibbey's Band from the village hall to the church. Splendid service. Subject of Mr. H's sermon, A runaway world.

Mon. June 25 Bert, Doris and I went to Watertown. Bought a nice spring coat for myself, only fault, rather too light gray. Wrote to my sick friend, Minnie G. Rev. C. J. Sargent called at William's to plan for the Muscalonge school reunion. With him were his wife, her sister from Carthage and Mrs. Will Thompson, the wife of an old acquaintance. We were glad to meet her. Mr. Thompson, then a boy of 17 -- worked here the summer this house was built. The school picnic will be June 20 at Selkirks. Reunion June 30 at the school house.

Friday, June 19, 1936 The children finished school yesterday. All had a years average of better than 90%. Elaine's grade, Mr. Lamon, teacher, went to City Park for a picnic. Leonard's grade, Miss Wiley, teacher, had a picnic on the school grounds. Rolly's teacher, Miss Sills, served ice cream cones & little cakes. Attended missionary meeting today at Nettie Brown's. Howard Harrison, 15 mos., was present with his father, Rev. H. Harrison.

Sat. June 20 Wm and family attended the District school picnic at Selkirk's. Rec'd a letter from Henrietta Gladwin. Minnie is failing -- wrote to her.

Sunday, June 21 Bert, the three children & myself attended the baccalaureate service at our church. Sermon by Rev. Herb. Harrison, "The Summons of a New Day." A fine address, fine music, etc. Taught out (Philathea) class. William, Doris and ourselves went to Grandma Gladwyn's for dinner. Weather cool. Rev. and Mrs. A. T. Cart (?) of Boonille (unclear), also Gertrude Bury, 120 S. Rutland St., Watertown, teaches in Senior High S.--will spend their vacations in Europe. News article pasted in:

Among the graduates of Syracuse University was Charles Bradley,

son of the Rev. and Mrs. W. H. Bradley, of Vernon, the third of

his family to receive the Bachelor's degree from that institution.

A fourth, Lois, expects to graduate in 1937. Two other chil-

dren--a son and a daughter--in the Vernon High School, hope to

later join the ranks of Syracuse alumni.

Sunday, June 28. A busy week for all. Elaine went to Grandma G's and stayed through the commencement exercises. Went to church today. Rev. Harrison taught Cozy Corner, Happy Thought and Philathea classes. Fine rain at night.

Tuesday, June 30 All attended a reunion at Muscalonge school house -- 120 present -- fine dinner and program. Wrote a little song for the young folks to sing. Elaine played two piano solos, Consolation and Haven of Rest, and received much commendation. Rev. C. J. Sargent was re-elected president and Doris, secretary. Rev. & Mrs. C. M. Smith came in the early evening. Had brought his picture to Doris. Had a little poem entitled, "June," in The Times today.

Friday, July 3 Ida May Walrath and Niles L. Horton were married yesterday. Will reside at Chaumont. Mrs. Dr. Jones, Evans M. passed away yesterday from an infection. My dear mother passed away 35 years ago today but her memory remains yet dearer with the years.

Sunday, July 5, 1936 Bert, Elaine and I went to church and S.S. Rev. Harrison preached a fine sermon on The Abundant Life. Taught our class. Subject, Pentecost. Wm. took us to see Wat & Jennie. He is still helpless but not worse than he has been since Jan. 25th. William's folks went to Washington Park for a picnic and dinner yesterday.

July 9 We are having a shortage of water and feed for stock. Have been recovering piano bench with rose brown mohair, also repairing chairs with the same. Elaine is re-enameling our bed. She has commenced studying harmony. At Mr. Harrison's request have written a song for the E.L. Don't know how they will like it.

Sun. July 12 Heat and dry weather continues. There is a shortage of feed and water for the stock. Busy haying -- men tired. Bert, Elaine and I went to church and S.S. Doris Gonseth and Margaret Ball gave a report of the Epworth Institute at Trenton. Dr. Cadman died from ruptured appendix. Bishop McConnell conducted funeral. Cooler here but not much rain yet. Wm and family went to open air vaudeville at Chaumont Wed eve (15th) and we went to Wat's.

Sunday, July 19 At home. Read this little poem today:

How Old Are You?

"Age is a quality of the mind.

If you have left your dreams behind and hope is cold;

If you no longer look ahead

And your ambitious fires are dead,

Then you are old

"But if, from life you seek the best,

And if in life you keep the jest

and love you hold;

No matter how the years go by,

No matter how the birthdays fly,

You are not old."

(continued, Sunday, July 19) Martin (Hasner) took our children to his cottage yesterday. W. & D. have gone there today. This is Sally Hynes' 4th birthday. I sent card and gift and wrote to Minnie Gladwin. July 17 "milestone" for Elaine.

Friday eve. July 24 Have had a nice rain. Bessie here tonight. All went to open air entertainment at B-. Tuesday evening. Flora Mead Mahon's husband died last Sunday at Rosiere. An obit follows for a Mrs. Huff:

HUFF--Near Copenhagen, July 24, 1936, Mrs. Belle Hursley Huff,

widow of William D. Huff, Dexter, aged 67 years. Prayer service

from home of daughter, Mrs. W. H. Vary, Copenhagen-Lowville

road, Monday at 1 p.m. (E.S.T.) and from the Dexter Presbyterian

church at 2:30 p.m.

Sunday, July 26 Cool after the nice rain. Doris took Bert, Elaine and me to church & S.S. Mr. Harrison preached from the subject "Whipped Spirits." A fine service throughout.

Wed. July 29 The rest of the family went to the open air vaudeville at Brownville last evening and Rolla and I spent the evening at Grandma Gladwyn's and enjoyed it. Leonard is taking music lessons of me. Walter Patrick was hurt last Saturday when his team became frightened in a sudden wind storm and ran away. He was taken to the hospital this morning for ex-rays, we hear.

Sunday, Aug. 2 The S.S. picnic that was to have been held yesterday at Sand Bay was postponed because of the sudden death Friday of C. K. Parker, an old and esteemed member of our church. Miss Sheldon came over Friday eve with Wilfred, Bessie and Anna. She stayed until last evening. Doris took Bert, Elaine and I to church to hear Mary Sing-gien Carlton of Foochow, China speak. Nice service. Afterward Wm and family took their lunch to Southwick Beach.

Mon., Aug. 3 Doris, Bert and I attended Mr. Parker's funeral and went to the cemetery at B- Figured a double sale of cheese, Net, 1.425. Obit for Mr. Parker:

PARKER--In the town of Hounsfield, near Brownville, July 31, 1936,

Charles K. Parker, aged 78 years. Funeral services Monday at 2:30

p.m. at the home, Rev. Herbert Harrison, pastor of Brownville Meth-

odist Episcopal church, and Rev. C. M. Smith, Brownville, retired

Methodist Episcopal clergyman, officiating.

Burial in Brownville cemetery.

Pasted into the diary was an article entitled, Stories of the 1000 Islands." Sub-titled, A Bit of History, V, written by Mrs. James A. Common. It follows:

"Cartier discovered a mighty river on the east coast of North American in 1534, and named it the Saint Laurens. The next year he explored it as far as the rapids by the Indian village of Hochelaga, now Montreal.

"Champlain followed his trail, then explored northward and westward and was the first white man to see Lake Ontario. There is no record that he even saw the Thousand Islands, though he fished and hunted one winter at Catarageoi, now Kingston.

"Frontenac and his voyagers were the first white people to pass through the Indians' Garden of the Great Spirit." When the marvelous panorama of the Thousand Islands came into view view they exclaimed, "Les Mille Isles--Les Mille Isles." and such they have remained to this day. At Cataraquoi he built a fort which he called Fort Frontenac.

"In 1678 Rene Cavelier de La Salle built the first vessel to sail on Lake Frontenac now Lake Ontario, and in it explored most of the coast to Niagara.

"During the French and English war the Thousand Islands were disputed territory. The title to the Islands starts with a treaty with England at the close of the War of Independence.

"In 1845 all the Islands from Round Island, near Clayton, to Morristown, were purchased at public auction on the steps of the city hall, New York city, by Colonel Elisha Camp for $3,000. Seven years later the firm of Cornwall and Parsons became sole owners. Lumbering was carried on extensively, the logs being fastened into rafts and floated to markets. White pine was the most abundant tree, (torn out) huge were the stumps that (torn out) years later many of them are still to be seen.

"The first cottage in the Thousand Island region was built about 1870 on Manhattan Island near Alexandria Bay by Seth Green, fish commissioner of New York state. George Pullman, Hon. E. K. Hart, Rev. George Rockwell had the next three and Samuel Grennell purchased eight islands and on the principal one built a "Tavern." Fishing was the sole reason then for anyone's coming to the Islands.

"However, George Pullman entertained General Grant and General Sheridan at his cottage, and almost at once the four great hotels were built at Alexandria Bay and Clayton; camp meeting grounds were established on Wellesley Island and named Thousand Island Park. The Rome, Watertown and Ogdensburg railroad extended its lines to Clayton, and Capt. Sweet of Carthage brought a large steamer, the James H. Kelly, to make train connections from Cape Vincent to Alexandria Bay. The heyday of the Thousand Islands was on its way."

The diarist, an avid newspaper reader, pasted into her diary, the following article which if of local, historical interest:


"To the Times:

"I note that the 150th anniversary of the federal constitution is to be observed this year. Is there anything to show how the news was received in Northern New York if indeed there were settlements in this section at that time? Who owned the land here then and what county comprised the present Northern New York counties which, as I recall it, were not established until early in the 18th century? Signed Interested, Adams, N. Y. Sept. 8, 1937.

"There was not a single permanent white settler in Northern New York in 1787, the year of the constitution. From the ruins of Father Picque's mission on the site of the present Ogdensburg to the crumbled walls of the old Fort Oswego, all was primeval forest. It was a wild tract and an almost unknown one dispite the fact that the coast line had been familiar to adventurous whites for well over a century. During the Revolution there had been a British post on Carleton Island and for a time there were British garrisons at both Fort Oswego and Fort Oswegatchie but these had long since gone. Excepting for the little Mohawk settlement at St. Regis no one lived in Northern New York in 1787. Even the Indians had abandoned it.

"Three years prior to 1787 Judge Zephanial Platt and a few associates had pushed Northward along the Champlain trail to found the village of Plattsburg. That same year Hugh White and his sons penetrated the wilderness North of Fort Stanwix to found the settlement of Whittestown. Probably Oliver Stevens had already built his log tavern near the ruins of old Fort Brewerton. The tide of settlement was moving closer to the North Country but it had not reached here. One reason, probably, was because of uncertainty as to the title. The Oneidas claimed it and it was not until 1788 that their claim was satisfied and the whole territory reverted to the state of New York.

"It was just 150 years ago, however, that the state laid out the ten towns, so called, along the St. Lawrence river. These were named Louisville, Stockholm, Potsdam, Madrid, Lisbon, Canton, Dekalb, Oswegatchie, Hague and Cambray. The names of the last two towns were later changed to Morristown and Gouverneur respectively. No settlement was made in these town until a number of years later, however, Alexandrer Macomb, who had been a partner of John Jacob Aster in the fur trade, bought them for a few pence an acre. Four years later this same Macomb purchased 4,000,000 acres of land, comprising most of Northern New York, from the state for eight pence an acre, and soon after that the first settlement started.

"All Northern New York was a part of Montgomery county in 1787. Later, when Oneida county was set up, this section was a part of Oneida. None of the Northern New York counties, was established until after the turn of the century. Oswego was the first of the North Country counties to be settled. Next came St. Lawrence, settled in 1792; third Lewis, settled in 1794; fourth Franklin, settled in 1796; and finally Jefferson, settled in 1799."

Several newspaper clippings were pasted into the diary. Items included those about Dewey's victory at Manila Bay, 7 articles about Lincoln, one a picture, the "Ann Rutledge" poem, a Big Ben article, flag history, a Stratford-on-Avon poem, a World's Fair (1939) article, many articles about Hitler and the starting of World War II and one article about the discovery of chloroform of local interest, which follows:

"The discussion is not over either. What of Dr. Samuel Gutherie of Sackets Harbor,

the enterprising chemist and physician who brought forward in 1831 a solution

of chloric ether or as it was known later chloroform? Dr. Gutherie's composition

of chloride of lime and alcohol with which he experimented antedates even the

similar work of Souberiran in France and Leibig in Germany. Dr. Gutherie died in

1848 at the age of 66 after 30 years of residence in Sackets Harbor. If there is

going to be any national debate over who first introduced a practical anesthetic

Northern New York proudly brings forward the name of Dr. Gutherie."

The diarist writes, My father said he thought I was born in the house where Dr. Gutherie experimented.

Sunday, Aug. 16, 1936 We attended a special meeting at the district school house last evening to settle the school bus question. The contract was given to Kilborne & Vogt. Have a water shortage. Bert & Wm drew water from (blank) for the cows. Doris took Elaine and I to church & S.S. Rev. C. M. Smith preached from Isa. 40,31. The word "wait" he defined as union, oneness, communion & service. Fine. Rosamond, Mrs. Cosio and their children came in the afternoon. Elaine taught her S.S. class today and played for S.S.

Mon., Aug. 17 Leonard's 8th birthday. The family were here for dinner. Had chicken and watermelon for a special. He is progressing finely with his music.

NOTE: Typist believes a page has been removed from this diary and believes it to be at this point. Typist recalls seeing a 4-leaf clover, found by Leonard, and pasted into this diary along with a written entry. If found, the entries will appear on the last page of this compilation.

Thursday, Aug. 20 No rain yet. Have to draw some water for stock. Men harvesting. They helped thresh at Lou Buckminster's yesterday. Put up nine quart cans of pickles, watermelon & cucumbers, sliced, etc.

Friday, Aug. 21 Wilfred came after eggs and said that Martha Getman, who had her back broken last spring in a fall, is at Grandma G's and also attended the Getman reunion.

Sunday, Aug. 23 Had a nice rain. Wm took Bert to see Dr. Hoyt about a sore spot on his ankle. Rec'd a letter from Rosamond Sharpstein telling us that her father is very sick and also that Carrie Ackerman's son was hurt in an auto collision and her grandson killed. Wrote to them -- Rosamond and Carrie A. this afternoon.

Monday, Aug. 24 Bert finished reaping and Wm. finished setting up the grain today. Doris and Elaine went to W- for school clothes for the three children. Elaine bought a dress with the money she has earned helping us. The sore on Bert's ankle is a little better.

Wednesday, Aug. 26 Bert went to see Dr. Hoyt. 50% better. Doris and I looked for hats and she got one. Got a blue sweater for Bert, $2.99. Mrs. Corp & Ina came with grandson while we were gone -- sorry I was not here.

August 28 Wrote a card to Mrs. Corp, a birthday card to Jennie Thomas and birthday letter to Minnie and Henrietta Gladwin. Grace Savell is Jennie's niece. Grandma Gladwyn came in the evening with Bessie & Wilfred. News clippings:

Arthur G. Calkins of Watertown, formerly of Dexter

and Miss Grace M. Savell of 164 Winthrop street,

Watertown were united in marriage Saturday at

Schenectady. They will reside at 359 Keyes avenue.

The two-weeks old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Lewis

Conklin, Alexandria Bay, born Aug. 13, died at

4:30 this morning at the House of the Good


Sunday, Aug. 30, 1936 Considerably cooler today. Doris took Bert, Elaine and I to church and S.S. Rev. Wilmhurst preached. Sub: Love. Elaine's teacher Elwin Munson had the class learn the probation (?) manual. J. Lingenfelter has moved to Watertown but was at church. S.S. picnic yesterday at Sand Bay. Rather bad weather -- 40 attended.

Tuesday, Sept. 1 Children started school yesterday. Elaine 11 in 7th grade; Leonard 8 in 3rd and Rolla 6 in 2nd grade. Go via Kilbourn's Bus, Richard Buckminster driver. Rev. and Mrs. B. G. Miller called today on the way home to Lyons from their cottage at Grenadier Island. We were delighted to see them. Figured cheese today, Net 1.59. Gov. Landon is making some good campaign speeches in his race against Pres. Roosevelt for the Presidency. The children and I went to Grandma Gladwyn's in the evening while the rest went to the weekly open air entertainment at Brownville.

Sunday, Sept. 6 Bert & I went to church & S.S. Mr. Harrison was back in the pulpit and preached an excellent Labor Day sermon. Subject -- Stabbed Awake.

Monday, Sept. 7 Rainy Labor Day. All at home. Wm. and Doris getting ready to go to the State Fair to-morrow. Mr. & Mrs. Leon Kellar and month old baby were at William's for supper yesterday. The unexpected happens. Another of the family of mother's people has passed away from cerebral hemorrhage. (clipping follows) Bert, Doris and I attended the services at the house and called on cousin Wat. who still lies helpless from a stroke. Wm. shipped about 75 white leghorn roasters to New York receiving about (blank).

WALLACE--At the House of the Good Samaritan,

September 6, 1936, Sherman D. Wallace, Chaumont,

aged 67 years.

Funeral services Wednesday afternoon at 1 from home

of son, Ralph, in Chaumont, and at 2 from the Methodist

Episcopal church, Rev. Roger Williams officiating.

Burial in Chaumont cemetery.

Friday, Sept. 11 Wm. & Doris attended the State Fair in company with Mr. & Mrs. Walter Farmer and yesterday Mr. & Mrs. Lathrop went with them. They came home tired. Brought me a safety grater Tuesday and honeycomb candlesticks yesterday, also gifts to the children. Cheese netted 1.55-1/2 today. Bessie here this morning. Miss Sheldon is at Anna's. Warm today.

Sunday, Sept. 13, '36 A rainy day for the Mardi Gras yesterday so was held in the hall. Robbie Farrington and Ellen Robinson were the kind and queen. Large attendance. Wm & D went to Watertown, bought peaches and pears & cauliflower. Bert, Elaine and I went to church today. Old-timers Sunday. Mr. Harrison preached a fine sermon from Matt. 6.33.

Thursday, Sept. 17 Canned peaches Monday. Had threshers, the Gilmore machine, Tuesday. 110 bags of grain. Gladys Campbell, Farmington, Conn., spent the afternoon here Wednesday. Had a fine visit. Harry Baker died last Sat. from an auto accident.

Sunday, Sept. 20 While ironing Thursday received an airmail letter from Henrietta Gladwin saying that Minnie had another stroke Saturday. Was unable to enjoy the birthday dinner and cake bought with my gift -- Sept. 13 and was failing fast. Missionary meeting Friday P.M. at Martha Parker's but was upset from work and knew about Minnie and unable to attend or go to church today. Yet, as old friends pass away, hope for the future life grows brighter. Will write to Henrietta today and also to Miss Sheldon. Wm., Doris, Elaine and Leonard have gone to church and that is better than going ourselves. Rolla here for dinner with us.

Tuesday, Sept. 22 Mabel Fulton wrote inviting me to spend this evening with her while the rest of our family went to the open air entertainment and I did so. We talked over missionary matters. 10 at the meeting at Martha's. Two new members. Voted to sell "thread." Last Friday the Town of Brownville filed a petition with 482 signatures with C. C. Bloom, clerk, to vote on local option. George Foster passed away from a stroke. Warmest day of the month Wednesday, 86 deg. Fine, much needed rain Thurs. Cooler Sat. Field Day at B-. Open air entertainment in the evening. The rest of our family attended. I went to Grandma Gladwyn's. The children and I were there for supper.

Sunday, Sept. 27, 1936 Cool. Rainy afternoon and evening. Doris took Bert, Elaine and I to church and S.S. Rev. W. J. Hart spoke on Great Hymns. The ones he used were No's 2, 481, 348, 301 and Harry Webb Farrington's hymn, "know not how." Also, a hymn from the new hymnal. All of these were sung. A fine service, much enjoyed.

Oct. 1 Cool, cloudy. Bert has been cutting buckwheat with the team but on account of a lame horse, Wm used the tractor yesterday. Rec'd card saying that Minnie Gladwin rallied from her recent serious illness, though not able to sit up yet. This is Elaine's class (referring to a newspaper clipping) and she attended the class meeting last evening and stayed all night at Grandma's. Elaine played a waltz for the amateur program and won first prize, receiving a Shirley Temple book.

A new Sunday school class is being organized at the Brownville Methodist

Episcopal church under the leadership of Elson Munson. This will make

six organized classes within the Sunday school which meet regularly each

month for social and other purposes. The name of the class is "The Will-

ing Workers." The next meeting of the class will be held at the home of

Arlene Skinner.

Sat. Oct. 3 People of the school district and friends held a supper party at the school house last eve. The two boys stayed with me -- rest went.

Sunday, Oct. 4, 1936 Doris took Bert, Elaine and I to church and S.S. Elaine's S.S. class, 10 of them, sat together and went to the altar to the communion service. They sang their class song, "I will be true" in S.S. Ella Giles was at church. Cool, but fine. Will and Carrie (Conklin) were married 43 years ago today at J. Hamburg's.

Sat. Oct. 10 Hear Gov. Landon Mon. Eve from Cleveland. Wm is fixing our radio. Have new batteries. Had a poem in The Times today, "The Day of Life." Men's rally tomorrow eve. Bert attended (also E. & Leonard).

Sun., Oct. 11 Bert, Elaine and I went to church and S.S. Played for S.S. Elaine's S.S. class attended prayer meeting last Thursday eve and sang their class song. Elaine playing it for them. Mon. 12, Columbus Day. No school. Leonard has his first long pants. Thurs. 15 Had buckwheat threshers yesterday P.M. and this A.M. The Gilmore's. Had 154 bags. Wilfred and Bessie here in the evening.

Friday, Oct. 16, 1936 Doris took me to the W.F.M.S. meeting at Mrs. C. M. Smith's. Gave the 1st Chap. of "Congo Crises." Took a map of Africa made by my father and myself 31 years ago. Wm. and family and Donald Hasner, also Gilbert Lamon & family, went to the schoolhouse party. Rolla stayed all night with us.

Sunday, Oct. 18 At home. Have a cold. Heard Dr. Chas. Bedell (Dr. Cadman's successor). Sub: Words of Eternal Life. Also many other good things later.

Oct. 19 Pheasant season opened. Wm gave us one for supper.

Tuesday, Oct. 20 Elaine's 12th birthday. She went to school. Flora Hill sent perfume. Gilbert Lamon brought "Drifting Away," a navy song. Mother & Daddy gave her shoes. Grandma and Bessie, a green wool dress. We gave her money for a hat and a violin case which Mr. Lamon selected for her. She weighs 91#. Is a fine, beautiful girl and we all love her dearly. Mr. Walker is sick--Potter makes cheese.

Thursday, Oct. 23, '36 Rec'd a nice printed letter from little Jean Hynes, Tuesday (age 7) and am going to keep it. Also rec'd air mail letter from Mrs. Mullen, Los Angeles, telling me of the passing of my friend, Minnie Gladwin, Sun. eve, Oct. 18th, funeral yesterday. Wrote to Henrietta G. -- also to Jean H. Bessie -- here in the evening. Heard Col. Knox and Al. Smith on the radio.

Oct. 24 Rev. C. M. Smith came to have me teach his wife's S.S. class Sunday but cannot on account of my cold.

Oct. 29 Glen Conklin came yesterday and stayed over night with us. He is looking well. Glad to see him. B. Rathburn gave Wm a brown pup. Bert is trying him out for a cow dog. We have named him David.

Sat. Oct. 31 Elaine attended a halloween costume masked party at the home of her S.S. Teacher, El. Munson. Leonard, Virginia G. & Donald H. went, too. Wm & Doris attended a party at the district school house. Rolla stayed all night with us.

Sunday, Nov. 1, 1936 Rainy, but Bert, Elaine and I went to church and S.S. Wm and Doris went to a patriotic service at the church in the evening.

Monday, Nov. 2 Rainy. Jennie Cummings and her granddaughter, Beda Rendel, came today to tell us that Cousin Wat passed away yesterday. Bert, Doris and I went to the funeral and then to vote. Rained all day. Wat's text was Rom. 6, 23. (Mr. Cummings' obit notice was pasted on the same page.)

CUMMINGS--In Chaumont, Nov. 1, 1936, Watson S. Cummings,

retired farmer, aged 81 years.

Funeral Tuesday morning at 10 from the Clark Funeral home in

Chaumont. Rev. Roger Williams, pastor of the Methodist Epis-

copal church, officiating. Interment in Cedar Grove cemetery

in Chaumont.

Wed. Nov. 4 Rainy. We lost our vote. Landon losing to Rooseveldt (sic) and Bleakley to Lehman, state and nation going democratic. But won on Carl Hynes for Dist. Atty. The "drys" lost the town of Brownville by 700.

Thursday, Nov. 5 Ground & trees white with snow. Erma Lota Wiley came home with Elaine to stay over night. H. R. Elkins, flying reporter, made the 24720 mile trip around the world in less than 18-1/2 days. The Tebo Gospel Trio come to Dexter next Sunday for two weeks service.

Sunday, Nov. 8 Mild and cloudy. At home. Bert has a lame back. Letters to write -- Poems to copy for Mrs. Vogt who has missed some of my humble printed poems and wants them for a scrap book. (Election results pasted in this area)

Tuesday, Armistice Day Eighteen years ago today the world rejoiced that the war was over. Wm, George Hart and two friends went to Watertown with us in the evening. Three children went to Watertown in the evening (parade).

Sunday, Nov. 15 Went to church and S.S. Elaine's class has been promoted to the main room. William went to Mrs. Walker's who is selling out and bought her radio for us.

Nov. 18 My father and mother's 70th anniversary. Cold today - cold then. Rec'd a letter from Rosamond Hynes saying she had been in bed 5 wks. with sciatic rheumatism. Wrote to her. Madam Shuman Heink is dead.

Nov. 20, 1936 Attended W.F.M.S. meeting at Grandma Gladwyn's. Fine meeting. Mabel presided. Mrs. Bentley gave a review of Chap. 12, Congo crises. Had a poem entitled The Landing of the Pilgrims in The Times. It was also used in prayer meeting last evening.

Sunday, Nov. 22 Bert, Elaine and I went to church and S. S. Tues., Nov. 24, Rec'd a letter and a box from Henrietta Gladwin containing a dress, sweater, blouse and jacket of Minnie's. And an indian (sic) Biddy bank and picture of Tennyson's, Elaine, for our Elaine. These gifts were for my birthday.

Thursday, Thanksgiving William and family with us for dinner. Doris roasted the turkey and made pumpkin pie. Dexter bridge finished -- Nov. 27. Friday, My 69th birthday. Fine quiet day. Zero weather. Cold 69 yrs. ago at Sackett Harbor. Bert gave me overshoes and Wm & Doris a mop wringer. Gilbert Lamon came to go with them to a party. His uncle, Mr. Warnick, died in the evening.

Sunday, Nov. 29 Cold, pleasant. Bert, Elaine, Rolla and I went to church and S.S. Mr. Harrison preached about "Vestibule Christians." Fifth sermon on the 23rd Psalm, "He leadeth me in the paths of rightousness."

Wed. Dec. 2 Zero. Mon. and yesterday Doris went to Evans Mills with Beryl and Lou to attend Joe Walrath's funeral. Mild today. Bert and I went to Watertown with W. & D. to see Rosamond. She is still in bed with sciatic rheumatism but is improving. It began storming early in the P.M. and was a blizzard coming home. Was car sick. School bus late home. Saw in The Times of the death of Frank Rice at Canton, age 82. Heard Pres. Roosevelt's address at the peace conference at Buenos Aires, Tues. Enjoying the new radio. An obit notice appeared here:

STOWELL--Funeral services for Mrs. Alice E. Foster

Stowell, 78, former resident of Dexter, will be held

Sunday at 1:30 p.m. in the Eastern Star home at

Oriskany. Burial at Oriskany.

Sunday (6th ?) Snowing and blowing. Heard Dr. Sackman on the radio--many other good things. He spoke on The Sentinels of Life.

Tuesday, Dec. 8 Finishing up the cheese factory work for the year and mailing dividends. Thomas Dwyer was buried Saturday. Received among other mail a card, etc. from Ethel Sheldon, Wed., Dec. 9.

Thursday, Dec. 10, 1936 Rainy. King Edward VIII of England abdicated his throne today to marry Mrs. Wallis Simpson formerly of Baltimore. Heard the news from London by radio. Christmas gifts and lunch at J. Bigwood's today for our S.S. class. We are not going.

Sunday, Dec. 13 Bert, Elaine and I went to church and S.S. Mr. Harrison's subject was Soul Security. Psalm 23.5 Was grieved to hear at church of the sudden death of Ethel Sheldon, age 65. A noble woman -- of such is the kingdom of heaven. Miss Sheldon's obit follows:

Depeyster, Dec. 12--Miss Ethel Sheldon, 65, died about noon Thursday at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Emery Smithers with whom she resided.

She went to her room at 10 in the morning and was found dead, lying on the floor, when Mrs. Smithers went to the room to call her at noon. A stroke was the cause of death.

Miss Sheldon was born March 3, 1871, at Hermon. Eighteen years ago she moved to
Brownville where she resided until Nov. 14, 1935, when she came to this place to make
her home with Mr. and Mrs. Smithers.

A prayer service was held at the Smithers home at 11 this morning followed by funeral
services at the Baptist church in Hermon at 1 p.m., Rev. L. W. Wakeman, pastor of
the Depeyster Methodist Episcopal church officiated at both services. Burial was made
at the Porter Hill cemetery in Hermon

Tuesday, Dec. 15 Had a poem entitled, "Thoughts at Christmas," in The Times. It was written more especially for Jean and Sally Hynes and for our children here. Supposed Rosamond was better, but The Times has this today:

Mrs. Carl J. Hynes, 129 Ward street, wife of the assistant

district attorney, entered the House of theGood Samaritan

this afternoon for treatment. She has been suffering from

sciatica since about Oct. 1. Dr. M. M. Gardner is attending


Sunday, Dec. 20 Rain and wind. At home. Christmas pageant at the church tonight -- Bert is sick in bed with grip. Wm. & D. gave us a new kitchen pump, their Christmas gift.

Friday, Dec. 25 Cold morning, rainy evening. Not much snow. Bert is better but doesn't do much outside yet. William's folks with us for dinner. Had turkey and a pleasant time. Wilfred came with gifts and to let us know that Grandma G. is sick, threatened with pneumonia. Rec'd and sent cards and letters.

Sunday, Dec. 27 This was Aunt Lottie's (Prame)birthday. She passed away 5 yrs. ago yesterday. Mild today, 58 deg. above zero. At home. Have a poem, "A Thought for the New Year" for The Times.

December 31st, 1936 Bert has had another relapse of grip and intestinal trouble. Dr. Hoyt was here last evening and today. Watch night service at our church tonight conducted by the Cozy Corner Class.