The Usher Family of Scotland General John CARNAC E.I.C.S.
Capt. Peter CARNAC
Andrienne LELONTE
(-Cir 1762)
General John CARNAC E.I.C.S.


Family Links

1. Elizabeth WOOLLASTON
2. Elizabeth Catherine RIVETT

General John CARNAC E.I.C.S. 2 3 4 5

  • Born: 1716
  • Christened: 12 Apr 1721, London 6
  • Marriage (1): Elizabeth WOOLLASTON in 1765
  • Marriage (2): Elizabeth Catherine RIVETT on 24 Jul 1769 1
  • Died: 29 Nov 1800, Mangalore, , , India aged 84 2 6

bullet  General Notes:

One time Commander-in-Chief in India, the General, of a noble French family of émigrés had sat in Pariliament with his future father-in-law.

There is also a picture of him in the National Portrait Gallery collection.

NPG 6284
John Carnac by Ozias Humphry watercolour on ivory, oval, 1786 On display at the National Portrait Gallery/ 7


bullet  Noted events in his life were:

• University: entering, May 1736, Trinity College, Dublin. 6

• Degree: B.A, 1740. 6

• Military Service. John embarked upon a military career in the marines as a second lieutenant, rising to lieutenant in 1745. In 1754 he went to India as a lieutenant in the 39th foot and served at Madras as secretary and aide-de-camp to the colonel of the regiment, John Adlercron. When, in 1758, the regiment returned to England, he entered the service of the East India Company's army with the rank of captain and accompanied Francis Forde, who had also served with the 39th foot, to Bengal as his secretary.

• Employment. 8 East India Co Service

• Military Service: C-in-C Bengal. 2

• Societies / Clubs: the "Society of Antiquaries of London", 21 Mar 1776. 8

• of, 1776, Cams, Hampshire. 8

• Member of Parliament: M.P.: Leominster, England. 1 2

• Biography.


John married Elizabeth WOOLLASTON in 1765. (Elizabeth WOOLLASTON died in 1767 6.)


John next married Elizabeth Catherine RIVETT, daughter of Thomas RIVETT M.P. and Anna Maria SIBLEY, on 24 Jul 1769.1 (Elizabeth Catherine RIVETT was christened on 8 Apr 1751 in All Saints, Derby, Derbyshire and died on 18 Jan 1780 2.)



1 Gentlemans Magazine, 1769. Aug. p.445.
Marriages - Gen. Carnack, [sic] member of parliament for Leominster, to Miss Elizabeth Catherine Rivett, daughter of Thomas Rivett, Esq; deceased, late member for Derby.

2 Charles Mosley, editor, <i>Burke's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage, Clan Chiefs, Scottish Feudal Barons</i>, 3 vols. (Wilmington, Delaware: Burke's Peerage & Gentry LLC, 2003), vol. III: p. 3353.

3 C. E. Buckland C.I.E., <i>Dictionary of Indian Biography </i> (London: Swan Sonnenschein & Co., LIM, 1906), p. 73;
CARNAC, JOHN (1716-1800)
Entered the E. I. Co.'s service in 1758, as Captain, from H.M.'s 39th regt. : in 1760 commanded at Patna, and in 1761 defeated the Delhi Emperor near Bihar, and took prisoner M. Law with his men : beat off Shuja-ud-daula's attack on Patna, April,
1764 : was Brig-General in 1764, and defeated the Mahrattas in the Doab in
1765 : received the Emperor Shah Alam and the Wazir Shuja-ud-daula, and closed the war : M.P. for Leominster, 1767 : in 1776-9, was Member of Council, Bombay : Member of the Superintending Committee on the expedition against Poona, 1778: and was dismissed the E. I. Co.'s service for his share in the convention of War-gaum, Jan. 14, 1779 : died at Mangalore on a sea voyage, Nov. 9, 1800.

4 John F. Riddick, <i>Who Was Who in British India </i> (Westport, Connecticut, London: Greenwood Press, 1998), p. 65;
Colonel; b c. 1716; s of Peter Carnac; m 1765, Elizabeth Woolaston (d 1767); 1769, Elizabeth Rivett (d 1780). Educ: Trinity Coll., Dublin. 1739 commissioned as Lieut. and posted to 4th Marines; 1754-58 served with the 39th Regt. of Foot then transferred as a Capt. into HEIC Army; 1760 succeeded Col. John Caillaud [q.v.] in command of Company Army at Patna; 1761 defeated Emperor of Delhi and a French contingent; 1765 drove Mahrattas across the Jumna; returned to England; 1767-71 elected MP for Leominster; in Parliament strongly supported Clive's actions and policies in India; 1771 returned to India putting down a mutiny of English officers in Bengal; 1776-78 appointed Member, Council of Bombay; dismissed by the Company for his support of expedition against Poona and subsequent Convention of Wargaum. d 29 Nov. 1800 at Bangalore.

5 John Bernard Burke Esq., <i>A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire, 15th Ed. </i> (London: Henry Colburn, 1853), p. 169.

6 <i>Oxford Dictionary of National Biography</i>, 60 vols (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004),

7 J. H. Rivett-Carnac, <i>Many Memories of Life in India, at Home, and Abroad </i> (Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood and Sons, 1910), p. 3.

8 <i>A list of the members of the Society of Antiquaries of London, from their revival in 1717, to June 19, 1796. </i> (Fleet-street, London: John Nichols, MDCCXCVIII [1798]).

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