He was born on 22 March 1840 (7; 3 (24 in 1864), 10 (30 in 1870), 11 (40 in 1870), 12 (60 in 1900), 13 (70 in 1910), 14 (79 in 1920), 18 (16 in 1850)). He was born in Bedford County, Pennsylvania (3, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 18). He was born to Joshua Pennell and Susan Diehl (7).
In 1850, he was living in Southampton Township, Bedford County, Pennsylvania (18). He was living with James and Elizabeth Pennel, and others (18). He was a farmer [sic], and had attended school within the year (18).
On 27 October 1863, he married Sophia A Stuckey, in East Providence Township, Bedford County, Pennsylvania (7, 12). They had five children, four of whom were alive in 1900 and 1910 (7, 12, 13):
When he enlisted, he was a wagonmaker (3).
When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 8 inches tall, and had a fair complexion, blue eyes, and dark hair (3).
He was drafted from the sixteenth congressional district (1, 3). He enlisted and was mustered into service on 21 September 1864 (1, 3, 4 [27 Sep 64], 5, 16). He enlisted for one year, at Chambersburg, Pennsylvania (3). He was a private in company F (1, 16, 19-20).
He was discharged by general order on 1 June 1865 (1; 2 claims on surgeon's certificate [no date], 7 [7 June 65], 5 [7 June 65], 16 [7 June 65]). He was discharged for "partial anchylosis of right shoulder joint from gunshot wound" (16). He was a private, in company F (19-20).
He successfully applied for a pension on 6 July 1865 (8, 15). He was granted a pension of $8 per month, under certificate 58,722 (5, 16).
In 1870, he was living in Rainsburg Borough, Bedford County, Pennsylvania (10). He was living with his wife Sophia, their children Margaret, Ida, Clara, and Simon, along with William Leonard and Elizabeth Pennell (10). He was a coach builder, and owned $2,000 in real estate and $1,000 in personal property (10).
In 1876, his pension was decreased to $3 per month, because of a report of a special agent of the Pension Bureau (5, 16). His pension was later completely dropped, because the Pension Bureau's surgeons claimed that the minie ball in his chest was not causing his heart problems (5, 16 [4 June 1873]).
In 1880, he was living in Rainsburg Borough, Bedford County, Pennsylvania (11). He was living with his wife Sophia, and children Ida, Clara, Simon, and Lillie (11). He was a buggy maker (11).
On 4 February 1881, the House Committee on Invalid Pensions recommended that his pension be restored, because several "eminent physicians" reported that the ball was causing his heart problems (5). On 3 March 1881, the Senate Committee on Pensions agreed (6). An act approving his restoration was approved on 3 March 1881 (9).
On 9 December 1885, his pension increased to $12 per month (16).
On 15 June 1887, his pension increased to $16 per month, for "wound of left chest and resulting atrophy of muscles of left shoulder and arm and irritable heart" (16).
In 1890, he was living in Rainsburg, Bedford County, Pennsylvania (4). He had a gunshot wound in his left clavicle (4).
On 20 October 1896, he applied for an increase in his pension, because of the problems for which he was receiving a pension and because of nervous shock and constipation resulting from those problems (16). This was rejected on 1 February 1900 (16).
In 1900, he was living in Rainsburg, Bedford County, Pennsylvania (12). He was living with his wife Sophia, and his son Simon and Simon's family (12). He was a government [?] employee, and had not been out of work in the previous year (12).
In 1903, the House and Senate Committees on Pensions reported favorably on a bill raising his pension from $16 to $24 per month (16, 17).
In 1910, he was living in Rainsburg Borough, Bedford County, Pennsylvania (13). He was living with his wife Sophia and daughter Lillie (13). He was living on his own income (13).
In 1920, he was living in Rainsburg, Bedford County, Pennsylvania (14). He was living with his wife Sophia and a servant Rosalie Wertz (14). He had no occupation (14).
He died on 22 September 1928, at Rainsburg, [Bedford County,] Pennsylvania (7, 15 [29 Sep 1928]).
1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster) (Andrew J Pennell)
2 company F, register of men discharged (Andrew J Pennell)
3 company F, second descriptive roll, #40 (Andrew G [?] Purnell [could be 'Parnell'])
4 1890 US census, veterans' schedule, Pennsylvania, Bedford County, Rainsburg, supervisor's district 7, enumeration district 86, page 1 (Andrew J Pennel)
5 'Andrew J Pennel', Serial Set volume 1982, 46th Congress, 3rd session, session volume 1, House Report 172 (Andrew J Pennel)
6 'Report', Serial Set volume 1948, 46th Congress, 3d session, session volume 1, Senate Report number 932 (Andrew J Pennel)
7 "David E Helsel's Genealogy Database", a gedcom at Rootsweb WorldConnect, last revised 29 October 2005, viewed 26 March 2006 (Andrew Jackson Pennel)
8 pension index, by name (Andrew J Pennel)
9 'An act restoring the name of Andrew J Pennel to the pension-roll', Statutes at Large volume 21, page 654 (Andrew J Pennel)
10 1870 US census Pennsylvania, Bedford County, Rainsburg Borough (post office Cumberland Valley), microfilm series M593, film 1304, page 423 = 4 [?] handwritten (Andrew J Pennell)
11 1880 US census Pennsylvania, Bedford County, Rainsburg, supervisor's district 8, enumeration district 219 [?], microfilm series T9, film 1098, page 98 = page 3 C handwritten (Andrew J Pennel)
12 1900 US census Pennsylvania, Bedford County, Rainburg Boro, supervisor's district 13, enumeration district 8, microfilm series T623, film 1375, page 105 = sheet 10 B handwritten (Andrew J Pennell)
13 1910 US census Pennsylvania, Bedford County, Colerain Township, Rainsburg Borough, supervisor's district 16, enumeration district 7, microfilm series T624, film 1311, page 260 = sheet 11 A handwritten (A J Pennell)
14 1920 US census Pennsylvania, Bedford County, Cobrain Township, Rainsburg, supervisor's district 20, enumeration district 8, microfilm series T625, film 1533, page 119 = sheet 9 B handwritten (Jackson Pennel)
15 pension index, by regiment, 91st PA Infantry, company F (Andrew J Pennel)
16 'Andrew J Pennel', Serial set, volume 4410, session volume 1, 57th congress, 2nd session, senate report 2515 (Andrew J Pennel)
17 'Andrew J Pennel', Serial set, volume 4414, session volume 3, 57th congress, 2nd session, House Report 3493 (Andrew J Pennel)
18 1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Bedford County, Southampton Township, microfilm series M432, film 751, page 146 = 292 handwritten (Andrew Pennel)
19 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Andrew J Pennell)
20 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Andrew G Pennell)
|Name||James Pennel||Elizabeth "||Rosilla "||Andrew "||Samuel "||Susanna Holsinger|
|Occupation of males over 15 years||Farmer||"|
|Real estate owned||500|
|Birthplace||" [sc. Pa]||"||"||"||"||"|
|Married within year|
|Attended school within year||1||1||1|
|Over 20 & can't read/write|
|Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.|
|Name||Pennell Andrew J||- Suffiah A||- Margaret E||- Ida M||- Clara B||- Simon G||Leonard William||Pennel Elizabeth|
|Occupation||Coach Builder||Keeping House||Apprentice to Coach Building|
|Real estate value||2000|
|Personal estate value||1000|
|Father foreign born|
|Mother foreign born|
|Birth month if born within year|
|Marriage month if married within year|
|Attended school past year|
|Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.|
|Male US citizen at least 21 years old||1|
|Male US citizen at least 21 years old who can't vote ...|
|street name||Main Street|
|dwelling visit #||28|
|family visit #||28|
|name||Pennel Andrew J||- Sophia||- Ida M||- Clara B||- Simon G||- Lillie B|
|month born if born in year|
|married during year|
|occupation||Buggy Maker||Keeping house|
|school this year||1||1||1||1|
|name||Pennell, Simon||- Bertha W||- Mildred L||- Sophia A||- Andrew J|
|birth date||Aug 1868||[illegible] 1878||Feb 1900||Nov 1843||Mar 1840|
|# years married||1 [?]||1||37||37|
|mother of how many children?||1||5|
|# of children living||1||4|
|# years in USA|
|occupation||Farmer||Government [?] Employee|
|# months not employed||4||0|
|# months in school|
|free or mortgaged|
|# of farm schedule||143|
|name||Pennell, A J||- Sophia||- Lillie B|
|#years present marriage||46||46|
|mother of # children||5|
|mother of # living children||4|
|occupation||Own Income||None||Music Teacher|
|nature of industry etc.||Instrument Co|
|out of work 15 Apr 1910?|
|# weeks out of work 1909|
|school since 1 Sep 09|
|owned free or mortagaged||F|
|nr on farm schedule|
|civil war vet||UA|
|deaf & dumb|
|dwelling visit number||24|
|family visit number||30|
|name||Pennel Jackson||- Sofia [?]||Wertz Rosalie|
|relationship||Head||Wife||[illegible; perhaps 'servant']|
|free/mortgaged (if owned)||F|
|age at last birthday||79||76 [?]||40|
|year of immigration|
|year of naturalization|
|attended school since Sept 1919||No|
|father's native language|
|mother's native language|
|can speak English||yes||yes||yes|
|industry, business||Private family|
|employment status||W [?]|
|number of farm schedule|
FEBRUARY 4, 1881.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House and ordered to be printed.
Mr. COFFROTH, from the Committee on Invalid Pensions, submitted the following REPORT:
[To accompany bill H. R. 7111.]
The Committee on Invalid Pensions, to whom the subject was referred, submit the following report:
Andrew J. Pennel enlisted as a private in Company F, Ninety-first Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, in September, 1864, and was discharged therefrom June 7, 1865.
It appears that the soldier was wounded by a minie ball entering his left chest while engaged with the enemy at Stony Creek, Va., October 27, 1864.
Pennel applied for pension, alleging disability occasioned by said wound, and certificate No. 58722 was awarded him and he was paid a pension at the rate of $8 per month under said certificate until 1876, when, upon the report of a special agent of the Pension Bureau, his pension was decreased to $3 per month, and he was afterward dropped from the roll entirely.
The case develops the fact that there is a conflict of opinion among the surgeons who have examined claimaint. The examining surgeons of the Pension Office maintain that the heart trouble for which claimant was pensioned is not produced by the presence of the ball in his chest, while other surgeons as strongly declare that claimant's heart is affected by the ball in his chest.
Dr. Agnew, an eminent physician of Philadelphia, states that the disease of the heart, from which claimant is suffering, is directly attributable to the presence of the ball in the chest.
Dr. Frank M. Marburg states that claimant is suffering from atrophy of the left arm and irregularity of the heart's action, produced by the ball in the chest.
Dr. J. G. Hughes states that claimant's disability is the result of the wound in the chest.
In view of the fact that claimant was wounded in battle, and the further fact that several eminent physicians testify that his disability is the result of said wound, we report the accompanying substitute for the bill, and recommend that it do pass.[Serial Set volume 1948, 46th Congress, 3d session, session volume 1, Senate Report number 932]
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES.
MARCH 3, 1881.--Ordered to be printed.
Mr. BLAIR, from the Committee on Pensions, submitted the following REPORT:
[To accompany bill H.R. 5483.]
The Committee on Pensions, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. 5483) granting a pension to Andrew J. Pennel, have examined the same, and report that the facts in the case are stated in the House report, as follows:[Here they quote the text of the House report transcribed above]
We think, upon a careful examination of the medical evidence, that the increasing disabilities of the soldier cannot be accounted for except upon the assumption that the ball received remains still within the person of the claimant.
We recommend the passage of the bill.
Chap. 201.--An act restoring the name of Andrew J Pennel to the pension-roll.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of the Interior be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed to restore to the pension-roll the name of Andrew J. Pennel, late of Company F, Fifty Seventh [sic] Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, and he shall be paid, on his pension certificate numbered fifty-eight thousand seven hundred and twenty two, the original amount allowed him from the date his name was dropped from said roll.
Approved, March 3, 1881.[Serial set, volume 4410, session volume 1, 57th congress, 2nd session, senate report 2515]
The Committee on Pensions, to whom was referred the bill (S. 2256) granting an increase of pension to Andrew J. Pennel, have examined the same and report:
This bill as amended proposes to increase from $16 to $24 per month the pension of Andrew J. Pennel, late of Company F, Ninety-first Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry.
Andrew J. Pennel enlisted September 21, 1864, as a private in Company F, Ninety-first Pennsylvania Infantry, and was discharged June 7, 1865, for partial anchylosis of right shoulder joint from gunshot wound. He was wounded by a minie ball entering the chest while engaged with the enemy at Stony Creek, Virginia, October 27, 1864, and for such wound he was pensioned February 23, 1866, at $8 per month. His pension was reduced to $3 per month, and later his name was dropped from the pension roll, June 4, 1873, on the ground that the disability from his wound had ceased to exist.
On April 7, 1881, claimant's pension for wound of chest was restored to him by special act of Congress approved March 3, 1881, at the rate of $8 per month from date of dropping--June 4, 1873. His pension was increased to $12 per month December 9, 1885, and to $16 per month June 15, 1887, for wound of left chest and resulting atrophy of muscles of left shoulder and arm and irritable heart. Several subsequent claims for increase were rejected on the ground that the rate was proper for his pensioned disabilities.
Claimant made his last claim for increase October 20, 1896, alleging pensioned disabilities and resulting nervous shock and constipation. Said claim was rejected February 1, 1900, on the ground that the pension of $16 per month was commensurate with the degree of disability from pensioned causes and that nervous shock and constipation could not be accepted as results.
In support of his last claim for increase claimant filed the evidence of physicians and neighbors to the effect that he is totally incapacitated for manual labor by reason of the disabilities for which he is pensioned. [page 2] Claimant is 62 years of age. A medical examination made August 7, 1895, rated him $16 for gunshot wound and results and $8 for hemorrhoids. Another medical examination made November 11, 1896, rated him $24 for the disability caused by gunshot wound of left breast and disease of heart. His last medical examation, made March 22, 1899, is as follow:
A scar 1 1/2 inches by one-half inch at junction of inner and middle third of left clavicle, well healed, not adherent, but is tender; clavicle broken, considerable callus at seat of fracture. The scar claimed to be the point of entrance of bullet which has not been extracted. One-half inch atrophy of arm and 1 inch of forearm; deltoid slightly flattened; grasp weakened one-fourth; ten-eighteenths. No increase in area of cardiac dullness, but has a systolic bruit at apex; pulse regular, but excited, standing 132; after slight exercise, 140. No cyanosis, dyspnoea, or oedema; twelve-eighteenths. Stands with eyes closed and feet together without swaying, reflexes normal, pupils of equal size, and respond to light and shade; no tremor; no evidence of shock of nervous system; no eighteenths. No abdominal tympanitis, no evidence of faecal tumors, but has two piles size of filbert each, congested, and one ulcerated and showing evidence of recent bleeding; four-eighteenths. No disease of lungs and no other disability.
Accompanying the bill is the evidence of Dr. J. F. Graham, who testifies that claimant is wholly incapacitated for hard manual labor by reason of gunshot wound of left chest and disease of heart and disease of digestive organs and rectum.
The evidence and medical examainations appear to show that claimant is disabled by pensioned causes in a degree equivalent to the loss of a hand or foot for purposes of manual labor, and your committee are of opinion that he is entitled to the rate which the general law provides for that degree of disability.
The bill is reported back favorably with a recommendation that it pass when amended as follows:
In line 8 strike out the word "thirty" and insert in lieu thereof the word "twenty-four."[Serial set, volume 4414, session volume 3, 57th congress, 2nd session, House Report 3493]
The Committee on Invalid Pensions, to whom was referred the bill (S. 2256) granting an increase of pension to Andrew J. Pennel, have examined the same and adopt the Senate report thereon and recommend that the bill do pass.[Senate Report No. 2515, Fifty-seventh Congress, second session.]
The Committee on Invalid Pensions, to whom was referred the bill (S. 2256) granting an increase of pension to Andrew J. Pennel, have examined the same and adopt the Senate report thereon and recommend that the bill do pass.[The Senate report follows, with "as private" for "as a private" in the third paragraph, with the quoted medical examination in quotation marks, and with the reference at the end to the required amendment not present.]