1814 - British and Americans on Canadian lakes


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1814 British and Americans on Canadian lakes 331

248 picked seamen, chiefly masters and mates of merchantmen. The Adams, therefore, was one of the most formidable " corvettes " that cruised on the ocean. While in the Irish channel, towards the end of July, she was chased by the 18-pounder 36-gun frigate Tigris, Captain Robert Henderson, and would probably have been caught, had not Captain Morris thrown overboard his quarter guns and a portion of his stores. Captain Brenton confounds the Adams with the " John-Adams, " and gives the ship only " 20 guns. " *

As at the close of the preceding year, the military and naval commanders-in-chief, upon the Canadian frontier of the United States, were Lieutenant-general Sir George Prevost and Commodore Sir James Lucas Yeo. On the 15th of April were launched at Kingston, Lake Ontario, the British ships Prince-Regent and Princess-Charlotte. The first measured 1310 tons, and mounted 28 long 24-pounders on the main deck, four long 24-pounders, four carronades, 68-pounders, and 22 carronades, 32-pounders, on the upper or spar deck, total 58 guns, with a complement of 485 men and boys. The last-named ship measured 815 tons, and mounted 24 long 24s on the main deck, and two more, along with fourteen 32 and two 68 pounder carronades on the quarterdeck and forecastle, total 42 guns, with a complement of 315 men and boys. The six 68-pounder carronades were the same mounted in the preceding year on board the Wolfe and Royal-George. The latter, now named the Niagara, had replaced the two 68s with two long 18-pounders ; the former, now the Montreal, her four, with the same number of 32-pounder carronades. The schooners Moira and Sidney-Smith had been altered into brigs, and their names changed to the Charwell and Magnet; as had been the names of the Melville and Beresford to the Star and Netley ; but, it is believed, no alterations, beyond those already mentioned, were made in the armaments of any of the British vessels.

Before the end of March, Commodore Chauncey had succeeded in equipping two large brig-sloops, the Jones and Jefferson, each, as acknowledged, of 500 tons American, and therefore of at least 530 tons English. It has been stated, that these brigs carried 42-pounder carronades, and mounted 24 guns each ; but they will be considered as having mounted the same as the ships Frolic and Peacock, with the addition of a long 24-pounder upon a traversing carriage. The Sylph, now a brig, mounted, in lieu of her former armament, 14 carronades, 24-pounders, and two long 12s. On the 1st of May, was launched at Sackett's-Harbour, the Superior, of about 1580 tons, mounting 30 columbiad or medium 32-pounders on the lower or main deck, two long 24s, and 30 carronades, 42-pounders, on the upper or spar deck, total 62 guns, with a complement of 550 men.

* Brenton, vol. v., p. 171. Doubtful if not medium,

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