1832 Creek Nation, Alabama census

1832 Creek Nation, Alabama census

(Last updated July 18, 2003)

" By a treaty of March 24, 1832, the Creek Indians ceded to the United States all of their land east of the Mississippi River. Heads of families were entitled to tracts of land, which, if possible, were to include their improvements. In 1833 Benjamin S. Parsons and Thomas J. Abbott prepared a census of Creek Indian heads of families, which gave their names and the number of males, females, and slaves in each family. The entries were arranged by town and numbered; these numbers were used for identification in later records. "

Reproduced on microfilm T275, roll 1.

The first part (upper Creek towns) was taken by Benjamin S. Parsons and the second part (lower Creek towns) was taken by Thomas J. Abbott. They were certified on May 1st and May 13th, 1833.

This transcription is taken from Senate document 512, 23rd Congress, 1st Session, and corrected against images of the original records on microfilm. Many errors were made in the transcription of the Senate document which were subsequently repeated in a published transcription. In the original record the syllables in the names were separated by a space or comma and the division of individual words was usually done with a dash. These spaces are necessary to determine correct pronunciation of the Creek names. In the Senate document and subsequent published transcription the syllables were combined and thus this information was lost.

In this transcription the original syllable spacing was preserved and separate words are started with a capital letter. Where the interpretation of certain syllables are unsure there is a question mark added. Where the interpretation of several syllables or a whole word are unsure two question marks are added. Common words such as "E marth lar, Fix i co, Har go, Har jo, Mic co, and Yo ho lo" were collapsed to "Emarthlar, Fixico, Hargo, Harjo, Micco, and Yoholo" for the sake of clarity and recognition.

The names are index by "first" name only because "last names" don't apply. Persons with surnames were culled and are most likely non-Indians or mixed Indians.

Name Index:   A   B    C-Cho   Chu-Cus   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q R   S-Sc   Se-Sn   So-Sy

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Upper Creek Towns

The tribal town and the number
of heads of families therein:

• Original index, image 1   2
Principal Chiefs
Arbiccooche 107
Autauga 54
Chattoksofke 143
Chearhaw 80
Chehaw 29
Chockolocko 109
Clewalla 101
Conchartetie 55
Coosawda 32
Corn House 33
Cubihatcha 36
Ekundutskie 47
Emarhe 58
Ufaula (aka Eufaula) 145
Fish Pond 111
Hatchchechubba 62
Hatchet Creek 81
Hickory Ground 67
Hillabee 123
Hitchopartarga 48
Kialege 166
Kiamulga 54
Luchipoga 165
Oakchoy 39
Oaktawsarsey 34
Oselarneby 45
Ottise 90
Pochishachcha 31
Pockentallehasse 76
Rabbit 75
Sockopartoy 64
Sowgahatchcha 60
Tallasse Hatche 79
Talledega 92
Tallipsehogy 19
Tallisee 190
Talmachussa 48
Tawwarsa 30
Thlobthlocco 1 81
Thlobthlocco 2 66
Toakpafkar 126
Tuckabatcha 386
Tuskeega 68
Weogufka 103
Wewoakkar 100

[Summary of Upper Towns population.]

Lower Creek Towns

The tribal town and the number
of heads of families therein:

• Original Index, image 1
Principal Chiefs
Broken Arrow (Thlakatchka 1)122
Chehawah 92
Cholockoninne (Thlakatchka 4)108
Coweta 1 (Koochkalecha Town)88
Coweta 2 (on Toosilkstorkoo Hatchee)28
Coweta 3 (on Warkooche Hatchee)11
Coweta 4 (on Hallewokke Yoaxar Hatchee)68
Coweta 5 (at Cho lose parp Kar)94
Cowyka (a branch of Sowokcolo)45
Cussetaw 1 (on Little Euchee Creek)69
Cussetaw 2 (on Tolarnulkar Hatchee)144
Cussetaw 3 (on Opillikee Hatchee, Tallassee Town)56
Cussetaw 4 (on Chowwokolohatchee)32
Cussetaw 5 (at Secharlitcha)76
Cussetaw 6 (on Osenubba Hatchee)96
Cussetaw 7 (near West Point)147
Euche (on the waters of the Chattahooche)103
Eufaula 1 229
Eufaula 2 (on Chowokolo Hatchee)49
Hatcheechubba 30
High Log (Euchee)187
Hihagee (a branch of the Hitchetee)17
Hitchetee 95
Horse Path Town (or Thlakatchka 4)108
Hotallehoyarnar 27
Oswichee (on the Chattahooche River)82
Oswitchee (on the waters of Opillike Hatchee)86
Pahlochokolo 21
Sowoccolo 56
Talowarthlocko (a branch of Paklochokolo)47
Thlakatchka 1 (or Broken Arrow) & Wetumka122
Thlakatchka 2 17
Thlakatchka 3 (Koteofar)28
Thlakatchka 4 (Cholockoninne, or Horse Path Town)108
Thlakatchka 5 (and Okefuska Echee Se Hogee Town, on the waters of the Tallapoosa.)56
Wetumka (and Thlakatchka 1)122

[Summary of Lower Towns population.]

Letters regarding the taking of the census: