(Last updated July 18, 2003)
" By a treaty of March 24, 1832, the Creek Indians ceded to the United States all of their land east of the Mississippi River. Heads of families were entitled to tracts of land, which, if possible, were to include their improvements. In 1833 Benjamin S. Parsons and Thomas J. Abbott prepared a census of Creek Indian heads of families, which gave their names and the number of males, females, and slaves in each family. The entries were arranged by town and numbered; these numbers were used for identification in later records. "
Reproduced on microfilm T275, roll 1.
The first part (upper Creek towns) was taken by Benjamin S. Parsons and the second part (lower Creek towns) was taken by Thomas J. Abbott. They were certified on May 1st and May 13th, 1833.
This transcription is taken from Senate document 512, 23rd Congress, 1st Session, and corrected against images of the original records on microfilm. Many errors were made in the transcription of the Senate document which were subsequently repeated in a published transcription. In the original record the syllables in the names were separated by a space or comma and the division of individual words was usually done with a dash. These spaces are necessary to determine correct pronunciation of the Creek names. In the Senate document and subsequent published transcription the syllables were combined and thus this information was lost.
In this transcription the original syllable spacing was preserved and separate words are started with a capital letter. Where the interpretation of certain syllables are unsure there is a question mark added. Where the interpretation of several syllables or a whole word are unsure two question marks are added. Common words such as "E marth lar, Fix i co, Har go, Har jo, Mic co, and Yo ho lo" were collapsed to "Emarthlar, Fixico, Hargo, Harjo, Micco, and Yoholo" for the sake of clarity and recognition.
The names are index by "first" name only because "last names" don't apply. Persons with surnames were culled and are most likely non-Indians or mixed Indians.
Name Index: A B
C-Cho Chu-Cus D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S-Sc Se-Sn So-Sy
T-Te Th-To Tu-Ty U V W X Y Z Persons with surnames Download text database (342k)
Upper Creek Towns
The tribal town and the number
Lower Creek Towns
The tribal town and the number
|Original index, image 1 2|||||Original Index, image 1|
|Principal Chiefs|||||Principal Chiefs|
|Autauga||54|||||Broken Arrow (Thlakatchka 1)||122|
|Chearhaw||80|||||Cholockoninne (Thlakatchka 4)||108|
|Chockolocko||109|||||Coweta 1 (Koochkalecha Town)||88|
|Clewalla||101|||||Coweta 2 (on Toosilkstorkoo Hatchee)||28|
|Conchartetie||55|||||Coweta 3 (on Warkooche Hatchee)||11|
|Coosawda||32|||||Coweta 4 (on Hallewokke Yoaxar Hatchee)||68|
|Corn House||33|||||Coweta 5 (at Cho lose parp Kar)||94|
|Cubihatcha||36|||||Cowyka (a branch of Sowokcolo)||45|
|Emarhe||58|||||Cussetaw 1 (on Little Euchee Creek)||69|
|Ufaula (aka Eufaula)||145|||||Cussetaw 2 (on Tolarnulkar Hatchee)||144|
|Fish Pond||111|||||Cussetaw 3 (on Opillikee Hatchee, Tallassee Town)||56|
|Hatchchechubba||62|||||Cussetaw 4 (on Chowwokolohatchee)||32|
|Hatchet Creek||81|||||Cussetaw 5 (at Secharlitcha)||76|
|Hickory Ground||67|||||Cussetaw 6 (on Osenubba Hatchee)||96|
|Hillabee||123|||||Cussetaw 7 (near West Point)||147|
|Kialege||166|||||Euche (on the waters of the Chattahooche)||103|
|Luchipoga||165|||||Eufaula 2 (on Chowokolo Hatchee)||49|
|Oselarneby||45|||||High Log (Euchee)||17|
|Ottise||90|||||Hihagee (a branch of the Hitchetee)||95|
|Pockentallehasse||76|||||Horse Path Town (or Thlakatchka 4)||27|
|Sockopartoy||64|||||Oswichee (on the Chattahooche River)|
|Sowgahatchcha||60|||||Oswitchee (on the waters of Opillike Hatchee)||86|
|Tallipsehogy||19|||||Talowarthlocko (a branch of Paklochokolo)||47|
|Talmachussa||48|||||Thlakatchka 1 (or Broken Arrow) & Wetumka||122|
|Thlobthlocco 1||81|||||Thlakatchka 3 (Koteofar)||28|
|Thlobthlocco 2||66|||||Thlakatchka 4 (Cholockoninne, or Horse Path Town)||108|
|Toakpafkar||126||||| Thlakatchka 5
(and Okefuska Echee Se Hogee|
Town, on the waters of the Tallapoosa.)
|Tuskeega||68|||||Wetumka (and Thlakatchka 1)||122|