91st PA: Gustavus J Bernstein

Gustavus J Bernstein

Before the war

He was born in 1842/43, in Saxon, Germany, to Julius Gustavus Bernstein and Johanna [unknown family name]. [source: date: 4 (18 in 1861), 5 (17 in 1860), 6 (19 at death in 1862), 7 (20 at death), 8 (1843), 9 (7 in 1850). place: 4, 5 (Prussia), 6 (Philadelphia), 8 (Prussia), 9 (Germany). parents: 5, 8]

On 6 November 1848, he arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on the Atlas. He arrived with his (presumed) parents Gustav and Johanna Bernstine, and (presumed) siblings Louis and Wilhelmina Bernstein; they brought four cases. [sources: 8, 10]

In 1850, he was living in Penn District, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was living with his (presumed) parents Augustus and Johanna Burnstone, and (presumed) siblings Louis and Williamina Burnstone. He had attended school within the year. [source: 9]

In 1860, he was living with his family, in the 20th ward of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was a coach apprentice, perhaps with his father, who was a coachmaker. He was living with his (presumed) parents Gustavus and Johanah Bernstein, and with his (presumed) siblings Lewis, Wilamina, Herman, William, Emma, and George. [source: 5]

When he was enlisted, he was a coachma[ker]. [source: 4]

Description

When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 5 inches tall, and had a light complexion, grey eyes, and light hair. [source: 4]

During the war

He enlisted and was mustered into service on 9 September 1861. He was emlisted for three years, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by Captain McArthur [?]. He was a private in company A. [sources: 1, 4, 15, 16]

He died, of typhoid fever, on 13 April 1862, in Indianna [sic] Hospital, Washington DC. He was a private, in company A. [sources: 1 (13), 3 (14), 4 (13), 6, 7 (13), 15, 16]

On 13 April 1862, company A passed resolutions mourning his death and expressing condolences to his parents and friends, which were published several days later. [source: 13]

He is probably the person Walter refers to as dying of a fever in a hospital, whose family was poor. Walter describes an attempt to start a club to send back the bodies of soldiers who died, which he effectively argued against; he is probably referring to Bernstein's death. [source: 2]

However, on 15 April 1862, he was buried in Monument Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The funeral was held from his father's house, 942 North 6th Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Members of the Twentieth Ward Home Guard were invited to attend the funeral. [sources: 6, 7, 11, 12]

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster) (GJ Bernstein)

2 Thomas F Walter. 'Personal recollections and experiences of an obscure soldier'. Grand Army Scout and Soldiers' Mail volume 3 number 35 page 2. (not named)

3 company A register of deaths (Gustavis J Bernstine)

4 company A descriptive roll, entry 5 (Gustavus J Bernstine)

5 1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 20 division 1, page 4 = 4 handwritten (Gustavus Bernstein)

6 death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, buried 15 April 1862 (Gustavus Bernstein)

7 death notice, Public Ledger 15 April 1862 page 2 (Gustavus J Bernstein)

8 'Valerie Bernstein family tree', owner vjc3752, accessed 13 Nov 13 (Gustavus J Bernstein)

9 1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Penn District, microfilm series M432, film 820, FamilySearch (Augustus Burnstone [sic])

10 Passenger lists of vessels arriving in Philadelphia, 1800-1882, National Archives and Records Administration, microfilm series M425, film 67, Atlas, arriving in Philadelphia in 1848FamilySearch (Gustav Bernstein)

11 headstones provided for deceased Union Civil War veterans, 1879-1903 (Gustave Bernstein)

12 lot card, Monument cemetery, Julius G. Bernstein, lawn Broad sec 35, graves 25-26-27-28 (Gustave Bernstein)

13 [resolutions], Public Ledger 16 April 1862, page 2 (advertisement) (Gustavus J Bernstein)

14 [not transcribed] Philadelphia marriage license index, 1888, Sybilla A Burnstein and August G Flammer (license 22802) (available on FamilySearch here and here (accessed 21 Nov 13))

15 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Gustavus J Bernstein)

16 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Gustavus J Bernstine)

Sources checked unsuccessfully

1870 US census
Ancestry, LDS pilot, HeritageQuest indices (accessed Nov 2005, June 2009)
for his parents see Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 20, district 67, microfilm series M593, film 1407, page 534 verso = 38 handwritten (FamilySearch), which includes Gustavus (52, b. Prussia, works in carriage manf), Joanna (51, b. Baden), Herman (20, b. PA, upholsterer), William (b. 17, PA, works in upholster facty), George (11, b. PA), Sevilla (female, 8, b. PA), Harry (5, b. PA), and Mena (female, 22, b. PA) Bernstine
1880 US census
Ancestry, LDS pilot, HeritageQuest indices (accessed Nov 2005, June 2009)
for his parents see Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, enumeration district 406, microfilm series T9, film 1180, page 308 = 20 D handwritten (FamilySearch), which includes Gustav Bernstein (63, b. Germany, coachmaker), his wife Joanna (61, Germany), and their children Herman (29, PA, salesman), George (21, PA, salesman), and Sybilla (18, PA, in store) Bernstein, at 1630 Warnock St
1890 US census, veterans schedules
Ancestry index (accessed Nov 2005)
1900 US census
Ancestry, LDS pilot, HeritageQuest indices (accessed Nov 2005, June 2009)
1910 US census
Ancestry index (accessed Nov 2005)
1920 US census
Ancestry, LDS pilot, HeritageQuest indices (accessed Nov 2005, June 2009)
1930 US census
Ancestry index (accessed Nov 2005)
1940 US census
FamilySearch index (accessed 20 Nov 13)
pension index, by name
Ancestry index (accessed April 2006)

Display


Gustavus Bernstein in the 91st PA gedcom on RootsWeb WorldConnect

Gustavus Bernstein in the 91st PA database

1850 census

[1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Penn District, microfilm series M432, film 820, FamilySearch]
[identification is probable, given (1) the match between his apparent parents and the apparent parents buried in the cemetery lot card, (2) the match between his apparent father's occupation and his occupation at enlistment (and see his occupation in the 1860 census entry transcribed below)]
line394041421
Dwellings visited976"""976
Families visited1161"""1161
NameAugustus Burnstone [sic]Johanna "Augustus "Louis "Williamina [sic] Burnstone [sic]
Age3331763
SexMFMMF
Color     
Occupation of males over 15 yearsCoach Maker    
Real estate owned     
BirthplaceGermanyGermany""Germany
Married within year     
Attended school within year  11 
Over 20 & can't read/write     
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.     

1860 census

[1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 20, division 1, microfilm series M653, film 1171, pages 4 = 4 handwritten to 5 = 5 handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is probable; see the note on the 1850 census entry transcribed above]
line353637383940123
Dwelling number34        
Family number34        
NameGustavus Bernstein [?]Johanah "Gustavus "Lewis "Wilamina "Herman "William BernsteinEmma "George "
Age424017151396311/12
Sexmfmmfmmfm
Color         
OccupationCoach maker Coach apprentice      
Value of real estate owned         
Value of personal estate         
Place of birthPrussiaBavariaPrussia""PennaPenna""
Married within year         
Attended school within year    111  
Cannot read & write         
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.         

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 12 Mar 2014, from Fold3]


Bernstein Gustavus J.
Co. A, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Pvt
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.


[card 2, transcribed 13 March 2014]

Bernstine Gustavus J.
Co. A, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Pvt
REFERENCE CARD.
Original filed under
Bernstein Gustavus J.

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

passenger list

[Passenger lists of vessels arriving in Philadelphia, 1800-1882, National Archives and Records Administration, microfilm series M425, film 67, Atlas, arriving in Philadelphia in 1848FamilySearch]
[transcribed 20 November 2013, from FamilySearch]

Report or Manifest of all the Passengers taken on board the Bremen Ship Atlas whereof H. Gaerdes is Master, from Bremen burthen 446 94/95 Tons and owned by -- of [blank] and bound to Philadelphia.
NAMES.AGE.SEX.OCCUPATION.To what Country belonging.Country of which it is their intention to become Inhabitants.Number and Names of Passengers who have died on the Voyage
[...]
Steerage Passengers
[...]
[illegible] Gustav Bernstein31malewheel wright" [sc. Zeitz]" [sc. United States]four Cases
Johanna Bernstein29female ""
Gustav Bernstein5male ""
Louis Bernstein3" ""
Wilhelmine Bernstein2female ""

death certificate

[death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, buried 15 April 1862, Gustavus Bernstein]
[transcribed from FamilySearch]
[thanks to Ed McLaughlin for finding this!]

RETURN OF A DEATH,
IN THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA.
PHYSICIAN'S CERTIFICATE.
1. Name of Deceased, Gustavus Bernstein
2. Colour, White
3. Sex, --
4. Age, 19 years
5. Married or Single -
6. Date of Death, -
7. Cause of Death, Typhoid Fever
Corporal Saml C Austin M.D.
Residence, Co A 91st Regt P.V.

UNDERTAKER'S CERTIFICATE, IN RELATION TO DECEASED.
8. Occupation, Volunteer
9. Place of Birth, Phil
10. When a Minor, Name of Father, Gustavus Bernstein
Name of Mother, Johanna [Bernstein]
11. Ward, 20th
12. Street and Number, 942 North 6th St
13. Date of Burial, Apl 15th 1862
14. Place of Burial, Monument Cemetery
H Helverson [?] UNDERTAKER.
[presumably 'Helverson Horatio, undertaker, 225 Coates' in the 1862 Biddle's/McElroy's directory, page 290 (accessed 9 Mar 14 on Fold3)]
Residence, 221 Coates St
Date of Certificate, Apl 15th 1862

death notice

[death notice, Public Ledger 15 April 1862 page 2, Gustavus J Bernstein]
[the date is definitely not '14']

BERNSTEIN--At Washington, on the 13th inst., GUSTAVUS J BERNSTEIN, Company A, Col. E. M. Gregory's 91st Regiment, P.V., in the 20th year of his age.

The relatives and friends of the family, also the Twentieth Ward Home Guards, are respectfully invited to attend the funeral, from the residence of his father, Sixth street, above Poplar, west side, on Wednesday afternoon, at 2 o'clock. To proceed to Monument Cemetery.

headstone

[headstones provided for deceased Union Civil War veterans, 1879-1903]
[transcribed from FamilySearch, 20 November 2013]

Bernstein, Gustave [sic]
Pvt. Co. A, Regt. 91" Pa. Inf.
Cemetery Monument
City or Town Philadelphia
County and State Phila. Pa.
Grave Sec. F. Lot. 40
died April 13" 1862.
Headstone supplied [blank] by D. W. Whitney.
Contract dated Nov. 29" 1879.

cemetery lot card

[lot card, Monument cemetery, Julius G. Bernstein, lawn Broad sec 35, graves 25-26-27-28]
[from Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania Church and Town Records, film 1217, available on Ancestry in Pennsylvania, Church and Town Records 1708-1985]

1983 [?]
Francis F. Flammer
7716 Cedarbrook Ave.
W. Oak Lane Pa
June 15 /91

Mrs. Bernstein

Julius G. Bernstein Residence 2356 Park Ave. Executor [??]

5/17/43

Flammer [?] 1802 N. Camac St.

Deed held by (son) Francis Flammer 7716 Cedarbrook Lane 12/6/20
Registry No.NAMEAgeDate of IntermentLocation of Grave in LotDate of RemovalRemoved toREMARKS
20231Johanna Bernstein70 yrsJune 6 /893 North   
22004Julius G. Bernstein80 yrsFeby 2 /972 "   
 Gustave Bernstein19 yApr 15 /624 " Soldier 
 Emma "11 yOct 3 /674 "   
 Henry "9 yMay 3 /744 "   
24024Herman B. Weber23Jan. 12 -101 "1920 Dec. 6West Laurel Hill 
24352Irene C. Weber37Aug 1 -19121 "1920 Dec. 6West Laurel Hill 
26521Sybilla Flammer821943 May 14"1 "   
 Robert E. Powell7410-27-58Gr 27   
 August G Flammer874-30-59Gr 25   
961
BROAD

REMOVED TO LAWNVIEW
LAWN Broad
SEC 35
GRAVES 25-26-27-28
DATE REMOVED 8-11-56
[crossed out] 9-18-56

Mr. Flammer

resolution

[Public Ledger 16 April 1862, page 2 (advertisement)]
[transcribed 21 November 2013, from GenealogyBank]

CARROLLTON BARRACKS, WASHINGTON, D.C. April 13th, 1862--At a MEETING of the LESLEY GUARDS, COMPANY "A," 91st Regiment, P.V., the following preamble and resolutions were unanimously adopted:

Whereas, it has pleased Him, who is by right the disposer of our destinies, and the supporter of our lives, to remove by death from among us, our late companion, friend and fellow soldier, GUSTAVUS J. BERNSTEIN.

Resolved, That by his death we have been bereft of one who was dear to us, and that we have lost a friend of whom the best of us alone were worthy, and that he had a place among us which will not soon again be filled.

Resolved, That we would hereby express our sincere sympathy with the parents and friends of the deceased, and as the Lord tempereth the wind to the shorn lamb, so may He temper by his Almighty power, this, their time of deep affliction to them

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be forwarded to the parents of the deceased, and that they be published in the Sunday Dispatch and Public Ledger, of Philadelphia.

Attest,
O. Sergeant R M SMITH, Chairman.
Sergeant J. G. BRASS, Secretary.

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revised 13 Mar 14
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