91st PA--Thomas Crozier

Thomas Crozier

Before the war

He was born on 1 June 1836 or January 1833 (13 (Jan 33), 15 (1 June 36); 9 (29 in 1861), 11 [37 in 1870], 12 [47 in 1880], 13 [67 in 1900], 14 [76 in 1910], 16 [79 at death]). He was born in Ireland (9, 11 [PA], 12 [PA], 13 [PA], 14 [PA], 15 [Philadelphia PA]). He was born to Robert Crozier and [unknown] (15).

When he enlisted, he was a leather[worker] (9).

Description

When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 6 inches tall, and had a light complexion, blue eyes, and light hair (9).

During the war

He enlisted and was mustered into service on 28 December 1861 (1, 3, 5, 9). He was enlisted for three years, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by C L Zinn (9). He was mustered in as a private, in company H (1, 3, 5, 19).

He was present as a private on the January/February and March/April 1862 muster rolls (3).

He was promoted on 20 May 1862 to fifth corporal, replacing John Wood (3, 7). He was present on the May/June and July/August 1862 muster rolls (3).

On 12 September 1862, he was "Absent left sick at Camp Whipple" (3).

He was promoted on 11 October 1862, when Brown [Charles S Brown?] was promoted (3). He was present on the September/October and November/December 1862, and January/February and March/April 1863 muster rolls (3).

He was severely wounded on 3 May 1863 in his arm, at the Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia (3). The 91st Pennsylvania muster rolls have him in hospital, in Germantown Pennsylvania, from May 1863 to May 1865 (3, 5, 17, 18 [arm]). According to the Cuyler Hospital (Germantown, Philadelphia, PA) muster rolls, he was attached to the hospital on 2 October 1863 (owed pay for May-August), and transferred to the 1st Battalion of the Veterans' Reserve Corps on 28 January 1864 (3).

Colonel Gregory ordered him dropped from the rolls on 14 January 1864 (3). On 9 February 1864, he was discharged from the military as disabled because of a gunshot wound, fracture of radius and ulna, left forearm, and loss of use of hand, received at the battle of Chancellorsville (3, 5 [17 Feb 64]). But Lieutenant Colonel Sinex ordered him returned to the rolls in March or April 1864 (3).

He was discharged at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by general order, War Department, on 23 May 1865 (1, 3, 8). He was a corporal in company H (19). According to the detachment muster-out roll, he had last been paid to 30 April 1863, and a descriptive list including him had been sent to the hospital on 21 Nov 1863 muster rolls (3).

After the war

In 1864/65, he married Maria [unknown family name] (13, 14). In 1900, she had had 12 children, 6 of whom were alive (13). In 1910, she had had 13 children, 5 of whom were alive (14).

He applied successfully for a pension on 17 March 1864 (4, 10).

In 1870, he was living in ward 1, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (11). He was living with his wife Maria and children Ulysses, Elizabeth, and Annie (11). He was a morocco finisher (11).

In 1880, he was living at 925 Mountain Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (12). He was living with his wife Maria, and children Ulysses, Elizabeth, Maria, Martha, and Margaret (12). He was a laborer (12).

He attended the 1884 meeting of the 91st's Survivors' Association (2).

In 1890, he was living at 822 Mountain, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (5, 6). Ulysses S G Crozier was also living there (6).

In 1900, he was living at 922 Mountain Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (13). He was living with his wife Maria, and children Ulysses, Maria, Margaret, and Gertrude (13). He was a capitalist (13).

In 1910, he was living at 1072 Tasker Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (14). He was living with his wife Maria, children Ulysses and Gertrude, and daughter Elizabeth Thomass and her family (14). He was living on his own income (14).

He died on 14 April 1913, of cerebral apoplexy, with arteriosclerosis contributing, at 1438 Wolf Street, ward 26, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (10, 15, 16). He was married to Maria Crozier (15, 16). He was a gentleman (that is, not working) (15). On 20 April 1913, he was buried, at Mount Moriah Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (15, 16). He was buried from 1438 Wolf Street (his residence) (16). Members of Post Number 2 of the Grand Army of the Republic were invited to attend the funeral (16).

His widow, Maria Crozier, applied successfully from Pennsylvania for a pension on 19 April 1913 (4, 10).

Researcher

Albert Filemyr is researching Thomas Crozier; contact him at afilemyr@comcast.net.

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster)

2 'The Ninety-first [account of 1884 Suvivors' Association meeting]. Grand Army Scout and Soldiers' Mail, 20 December 1884, page 6 column 2.

3 Albert Filemyr.

4 Veterans' administration. Pension index, by name (searched 11 Mar 01, at Ancestry)

5 1890 United States census, veterans schedule, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Philadelphia, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 22 [?], page 1 (image 108 on Ancestry), line 8 (Thomas C Crozier)

6 1890 Gopsill's Philadelphia directory (transcription at Ancestry)

7 company H, list of non-commissioned officers (Thomas Crozier)

8 company H, register of men discharged, #50 (Thomas Crozier)

9 company H, descriptive roll, [between 91 and 92] (Thomas Crozier)

10 pension index, by regiment, 91st PA Infantry, company H (Thomas Crozier)

11 1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 1, microfilm series M593, film 1387, page 358 = 30 handwritten (Thomas Crozier)

12 1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 17, microfilm series T9, film 1166, page 244 = 11 C handwritten (Thos Crozier)

13 1900 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 1, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 23, microfilm series T623, film 1451, page 292 = 10 B handwritten (Thomas Crozier)

14 1910 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 1, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 24, microfilm series T624, film 1386, page 102 = 3 A handwritten (Thomas Crozier)

15 death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 14 April 1913, #5598 (Thomas Crozier)

16 death notice, Philadelphia Inquirer 17 April 1913, page 14 (Thomas Crozier)

17 'The ninety-first Pennsylvania volunteers', Philadelphia Press, Wednesday 13 May 1863, page 2 (Thos Crozier)

18 'The Ninety-first Pennsylvania at Chancellorville', Philadelphia Inquirer 13 May 1863, page 8 (Thomas Crozier)

19 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Thomas Crozier)

Sources checked unsuccessfully

RootsWeb WorldConnect
accessed 23 May 2009

1870 census

[1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 1, microfilm series M593, film 1387, page 358 = 30 handwritten]
line3637383940
Dwelling-house number252    
Family number250    
NameCrozier Thomas- Maria- Ulysses- Elizabeth- Annie
Age3724521
SexMFMFF
ColorWWWWW
OccupationMorocco FinisherKeeping House   
Real estate value     
Personal estate value     
BirthplacePennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
Father foreign born     
Mother foreign born     
Birth month if born within year     
Marriage month if married within year     
Attended school past year     
Can't read     
Can't write     
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.     
Male US citizen at least 21 years old1    
Male US citizen at least 21 years old who can't vote ...     

1880 census

[1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 17, microfilm series T9, film 1166, page 244 = 11 C handwritten]
line45678910
street nameMountain Street
house number925      
dwelling visit #89      
family visit #94      
nameCrozier Thos- Maria- Ulysus- Elizabeth- Maria- Martha- Margaret
colorWWWWWWW
sexMFMFFFF
age47341412844/12
month born if born in year      Jan
relationship WifeSonDaughterDaughterDaughterDaughter
single  11111
married11     
widowed/divorced       
married during year       
occupationLaborerKeeping HouseIn Segar storeAt SchoolAt SchoolAt HomeAt Home
months unemployed       
currently ill?       
blind       
deaf/dumb       
idiotic       
insane       
disabled       
school this year   11  
can't read       
can't write       
birthplacePennaIrelandPennaPennaPennaPennaPenna
father's birthplaceIrelandIrelandPennaPennaPennaPennaPenna
mother's birthplaceIrelandIrelandIrelandIrelandIrelandIrelandIreland

1890 census, veterans schedule

[1890 United States census, veterans schedule, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Philadelphia, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 22 [?], page 1 (image 108 on Ancestry), line 8]
[line] 8
[house] 142
[family] 124
[name] Crozier Thomas C
[rank] Corp
[company] H
[unit] 91 Pa V. Inf
[enlistment date] 28 Dec 1861
[discharge date] 17 Feb 1864
[length of service] 2 years, 1 month, 19 days
[post office address] 922 Mountain do [sc. Phila]
[disability incurred] Badly crippled in the left arm at Chancellorsville
[remarks] [blank]

1890 Gopsill's Philadelphia directory

[transcription from Ancestry, searched Jan 2005]
Thomas Crozier, h 922 Mountain
Ulysses S G Crozier, h 922 Mountain

1900 census

[1900 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 1, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 23, microfilm series T623, film 1451, page 292 = 10 B handwritten]
line697071727374
streetMountain St
house number922     
dwelling number188     
family number199     
nameCrozier Thomas- Maria- Ulyssus S. S. - Maria- Margaret- Gertrude
relationshipHeadWifeSonDaughterDaughterDaughter
colorWWWWWW
sexMFMFFF
birth dateJan 1833Jan 1844Aug 1865Jul 1869Jan 1879Mch 1886
age675634302114
married?MMSSSS
# years married3535    
mother of how many children? 12    
# of children living 6    
birthplacePennsylvaniaIrelandPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
father's birthplaceIrelandIrelandPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
mother's birthplaceIrelandIrelandIrelandIrelandIrelandIreland
immigration year [illegible]    
# years in USA 49 [??]    
naturalized citizen? Na [?]    
occupationCapitalist HatterBook SewerFalse Teeth MakerFalse Teeth Maker
# months not employed0 0000
# months in school      
can readyesyesyesyesyesyes
can writeyesyesyesyesyesyes
speaks Englishyesyesyesyesyesyes
owned/rentedR     
free or mortgaged      
farm/houseH     
# of farm schedule      

1910 census

[1910 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 1, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 24, microfilm series T624, film 1386, page 102 = 3 A handwritten]
line343536373839404142
streetTasker Street
house nr1072        
dwelling nr37        
family nr44   45    
nameCrozier Thomas- Mariah- Ulysses S. S.- GertrudeThomass [?] Elizabeth- Mary- William W- MargaretMcCully Agnes
relationshipHeadWifeSondaughterdaughtergranddaughtergrandsongranddaughterboarder
sexMFMFFFMFF
colorWWWWWWWWW
age766344244218151448
marital statusM1M1SSM1SSSS
#years present marriage4646  19    
mother of # children 13  5    
mother of # living children 5  4    
birthplacePennsylvaniaIre - EnglishPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
father's birthplaceIre - EnglishIre - EnglishPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
mother's birthplaceIre - EnglishIre - EnglishIre - EnglishIre - EnglishIre - EnglishPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania[illegible; possibly Pennsylvania written over England?]
immigrated         
naturalized/alien         
speaks EnglishEnglishEnglishEnglishEnglishEnglishEnglishEnglishEnglishEnglish
occupationOwn IncomeHousekeeperTile SetterTooth makerAt HomeTooth MakerMessenger BoyBook makingNumberer [??]
nature of industry etc.  Tile WorkersDental Factory Dental FactoryTelegraphBook BindersPrinting House
employer etc.  WW WWWW
out of work 15 Apr 1910?  No [?]No [?] No [?]No [?]No [?]No [?]
# weeks out of work 1909  200 016 [?]00
can readyesyesyesyesyesyesyesyesyes
can writeyesyesyesyesyesyesyesyesyes
school since 1 Sep 09      yesyes 
owned/rentedR        
owned free or mortagaged         
farm/houseH        
nr on farm schedule         
civil war vetUA        
blind         
deaf & dumb         

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 25 Mar 2014, from Fold3]


Crozier Thomas
Co. H, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Corp'l
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

death certificate

[death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 14 April 1913, #5598, Thomas Crozier]
[thanks to Ed McLaughlin for finding this!]

CERTIFICATE OF DEATH.
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA.
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH
BUREAU OF VITAL STATISTICS.
File No. [blank]
Registered No. 5598
Registration District No. 1.
Primary Registration District No. [blank]
1. PLACE OF DEATH.
County of PHILADELPHIA,
City of PHILADELPHIA.
(No. 1438 Wolf St.; 26 Ward.)
2. FULL NAME Thomas Crozier
PERSONAL AND STATISTICAL PARTICULARS
3. SEX M
4. COLOR OR RACE White
5. Married
6. DATE OF BIRTH June 1 1836
7. AGE 79 yrs. 10 mos. 14 ds.
8. OCCUPATION Gent
9. BIRTHPLACE Phila
10. NAME OF FATHER Robert Crozier
11. BIRTHPLACE OF FATHER Ireland
12. MAIDEN NAME OF MOTHER Unknown
13. BIRTHPLACE OF MOTHER Ireland
14. THE ABOVE IS TRUE TO THE BEST OF MY KNOWLEDGE.
(Informant) Maria [?] Crozier
Address 1438 Wolf St
15. Filed [illegible] [blank] Local Registrar.

MEDICAL CERTIFICATE OF DEATH.
16. DATE OF DEATH April 14 1913
17. I HEREBY CERTIFY, That I attended deceased from Feb 23 1913, to April 14 1913, that I last saw him alive on April 13 1913, and that death occurred, on the date stated above, at 3 [?] P.M. The CAUSE OF DEATH was as follows:
Cerebral apoplexy (Duration) [blank]
Contributory Arterio-sclerosis (Duration) [blank]
Signed G H Buckley
4/16 1913. Address 1429 S Broad
18. LENGTH OF RESIDENCE (FOR TRANSIENTS OR RECENT RESIDENTS). [blank]
19. PLACE OF BURIAL OR REMOVAL Mount Moriah
DATE OF BURIAL April 20th 1913
20. UNDERTAKER W B Rulow [?]
ADDRESS 1546 S 8th

death notice

[death notice, Philadelphia Inquirer 17 April 1913, page 14, Thomas Crozier]

CROZIER--14th inst. THOMAS, husband of Maria Crozier, aged 79. Relatives and friends, also Post No 2, GAR, and surviving members 91st Regiment, Pennsylvania, invited to services, Fri. 2 PM, residence, 1438 Wolf st. Interment private, Mt Moriah. Friends may view remains Thurs 7 to 10 PM


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revised 25 Mar 14
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