91st PA: Joshua Wood

Joshua Wood

Before the war

He was born in 1845/46, in Marcus Hook, Delaware County, Pennsylvania, perhaps to George and Margaret Wood, or to John Wood. [sources: date: 3 (20 in 1864), 10 (4 in 1850), 11 (13 in 1860). place: 3, 9, 10, 11. parents: 10 (living with Geo and Margaret in 1850), 11 (living with John)]

In 1850, he was living in Marcus Hook Borough, Delaware County, Pennsylvania. He was living with George and Margaret Wood (perhaps his parents), and with Ellen Marretta, Benjamin, and Penrose Wood (perhaps siblings). [source: 10]

In 1860, he was living in Lower Chichester, Delaware County, Pennsylvania. He was living with John Wood, and with Mary, Margetta, Benjamin, Penrose, and William Wood (perhaps siblings). [source: 11]

When he enlisted, he was a waterman. [source: 3]

Description

When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 8 inches tall, and had a dark complexion, blue eyes, and dark hair. [source: 3]

During the war

He enlisted and was mustered into service as a private at Philadelphia Pennsylvania for three years as a recruit [i.e. a volunteer?] in company E on 22 January 1864. He was enlisted by Lieutenant Shipley and mustered into service by Lieutenant Hilderburn. [sources: 1, 3, 15]

On 24 February 1864, he married Sarah Ann Malcom. She was born in 1845/46, in Pennsylvania. They were both from Linwood, Pennsylvania. They were married by Reverend Alexander W Sproull, of Chester, Pennsylvania. They had no children. [source: 9]

He was killed on 27 October 1864 at Hatcher's Run, Virginia, while charging the enemy's works, by being shot through the throat. He was a private in company E. [sources: 1, 2, 3, 5, 9, 15]

After the war

His widow, Sarah A Wood, successfully applied for a pension, application 75,797 on 14 December 1864, under the act of 14 July 1862. She was 19 years old, and living in Linwood, Delaware County, Pennsylvania. Her application was accepted on 1 March 1865, retroactive to 27 October 1864. She received $8 per month. [sources: 4, 8, 9]

On 26 January 1865, company E published resolutions mourning his death (and fifteen others), and sympathizing with their families. [source: 6]

On 1 November 1866, his widow, Sarah A Wood, married Daniel Green Truett, of Marcus Hook, Delaware County, Pennsylvania. They were married by JA Stone, at the Rectory, St Martin's Protestant Episcopal Church, Marcus Hook. Daniel was born in 1836, in Pennsylvania. They apparently had at least these four children:

[source: 9, 12, 13, 14]

In 1870, Sarah A Truitt was living in Lower Chicester Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania. She was living with Daniel (her husband), and Joseph and John (their children). Daniel was a fisherman, and owned $200 in personal property. [source: 12]

In 1880, Sarah A Truitt was living in Lower Chichester, Delaware County, Pennsylvania. She was living with her husband Daniel, and their children Joseph A, John, Maggie, and Sallie. Daniel was a laborer, and had been out of work 6 months in the previous year. [source: 13]

On 27 February 1890, Daniel G Truitt died, at Marcus Hook, Delaware County, Pennsylvania, of tuberculosis. [source: 9]

In 1890, his widow, Sarah A Truitt, was living in Lower Chichester, Delaware County, Pennsylvania. [source: 7]

On 16 October 1902, she applied for a renewal of her pension, under the act of 3 March 1901. She was 56 years old, and lived in Marcus Hook, Delaware County, Pennsylvania. Her application was accepted on 3 January 1903, retroactive to 16 October 1902, at a rate of $12 per month. [source: 9]

On 2 June 1905, Sarah Ann (Wood) Truett died. [source: 9]

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster)

2 list of deaths, company E

3 descriptive roll, company E, entry 120 (Joshua Wood)

4 Pension index, by name. Searched 3 February 2001, on Ancestry.

5 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 30 October 1864 (Privt Wood)

6 'Headquarters company E', Philadelphia Inquirer 26 January 1865 page 5 (Joshua Wood)

7 1890 US census, veterans' schedule, Pennsylvania, Delaware County, Lower Chichester, supervisor's district 2, enumeration district 25 (Sarah Seum [?])

8 pension index, by regiment, 91st PA Infantry, company E (Joshua Wood)

9 widow's pension certificate file, National Archives and Records Administration, record group 15, widow's certificate WC 42,135 (Sarah Ann Malcom Wood, widow of Joshua Wood)

10 1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Delaware County, Marcus Hook Borough, microfilm series M432, film 776, page 21 recto = 41 handwritten (Joshua Wood)

11 1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Delaware County, Lower Chichester, microfilm series M653, film 1105, page 256 = 15 handwritten (Joshua Wood)

12 1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Delaware County, Lower Chichester Township, post office Village Green, microfilm series M593, film 1337, page 298 recto = 9 handwritten (Sarah A Truitt)

13 1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Delaware County, Lower Chichester, supervisor's district 2, enumeration district 34, microfilm series T9, film 1126, page 598 verso = 26 B handwritten (Sarah A Truitt)

14 'Family vines', a gedcom available on RootsWeb WorldConnect (last updated 1 December 2011; contact Dottie Townsend Kahhan; accessed 30 December 2011) (Daniel B Truitt)

15 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Joshua Wood)

Sources checked unsuccessfully

RootsWeb WorldConnect
no Joshua Wood (searched d. 1864, OR born 1845 +/- 5 in PA, OR married Sarah Malcom), accessed 29 Dec 11
Find a grave
searched Joshua Wood died 1864, Truitt in Delaware County, Daniel Truitt in US, Sarah/Sara Truitt in US died 1905) (accessed 29 Dec 11)
1900 US census
HeritageQuest index (searched (a) Truitt, Delaware County, Pennsylvania, 1900, (b) Sarah OR Sarah OR S, 50's Delaware County, Pennsylvania, 1900) (accessed 30 December 2011)
FamilySearch index (Sarah Truitt, Pennsylvania, 1900)
not with John Truitt (43) or Jos A Truitt (32) in Marcus Hook Township, supervisor's district 2, enumeration district 172, microfilm series T623, film 1405, page 282 = 2 B handwritten]
she is not the Sarah A Truitt (born January 1845), in ward 25, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 613, microfilm series T623, film 1467, page 272 = 2 A handwritten), because that Sarah A Truitt is single, died on 15 September 1907, and was born to Joshua Truitt and Mary Mills (see her death certificate, available on FamilySearch)
1910 US census
FamilySearch and HeritageQuest indices (accessed 30 December 2011)
1920 US census
FamilySearch and HeritageQuest indices (accessed 30 December 2011)
1930 US census
FamilySearch index (accessed 30 December 2011)

1850 census

[1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Delaware County, Marcus Hook Borough, microfilm series M432, film 776, page 21 recto = 41 handwritten]
[identification is uncertain, based solely on the place and the absence of other candidates]
line567891011
Dwellings visited35      
Families visited36      
NameGeo WoodMargaret WoodEllen WoodMarretta WoodJoshua WoodBenj WoodPenrose Wood
Age342986421/12
SexMFFFMMM
Color       
Occupation of males over 15 yearsLaborer      
Real estate owned       
BirthplacePenna""""""
Married within year       
Attended school within year       
Over 20 & can't read/write       
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.       

1860 census

[1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Delaware County, Lower Chichester, microfilm series M653, film 1105, page 256 = 15 handwritten]
[identification is uncertain, based solely on the location and absence of other candidates]
[note that despite the difference in the parents' names, the children's names and ages clearly match the family in the 1850 census transcribed above]
line1234567
Dwelling number106      
Family number106      
NameJohn WoodMary "Margetta "Joshua "Benj "Penrose "William "
Age442516131296/12
Sexmffmmmm
Color       
OccupationFarmer      
Value of real estate owned       
Value of personal estate100      
Place of birthPaIrelandPa""""
Married within year       
Attended school within year       
Cannot read & write       
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.       

1870 census

[1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Delaware County, Lower Chichester Township, post office Village Green, microfilm series M593, film 1337, page 298 recto = 9 handwritten]
[identification is confirmed by the widow's pension certificate file abstracted below]
line37383940
Dwelling-house number73   
Family number75   
NameTruitt Daniel" Sarah A" Joseph" John
Age3024211/12
SexMFMM
ColorWWWW
OccupationFishermanKeeping HouseAt home" "
Real estate value    
Personal estate value200   
BirthplacePennaPennaPennaPenna
Father foreign born 1  
Mother foreign born 1  
Birth month if born within year   July
Marriage month if married within year    
Attended school past year    
Can't read    
Can't write    
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.    
Male US citizen at least 21 years old1   
Male US citizen at least 21 years old who can't vote ...    

1880 census

[1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Delaware County, Lower Chichester, supervisor's district 2, enumeration district 34, microfilm series T9, film 1126, page 598 verso = 26 B handwritten]
[identification is confirmed by the widow's pension certificate file abstracted below]
line456789
street name      
house number      
dwelling visit #221     
family visit #227     
nameTruitt, Daniel- Sarah A.- Joseph A- John- Maggie- Sallie
colorWWWWWW
sexMFMMFF
age4534121182
month born if born in year      
relationship WifeSon"Daughter"
single  1111
married11    
widowed/divorced      
married during year      
occupationLaborerKeeps houseWorks in hosieryWorks in hosieryAt home 
months unemployed6     
currently ill?      
blind      
deaf/dumb      
idiotic      
insane      
disabled      
school this year  111 
can't read      
can't write      
birthplacePennPennPennPennPennPenn
father's birthplaceVirScotlandPenn"""
mother's birthplacePennEngPenn"""

1890 census, veterans schedule

[1890 US census, veterans' schedule, Pennsylvania, Delaware County, Lower Chichester, supervisor's district 2, enumeration district 25]
[line] 46
[house] [blank]
[family] [blank]
[name] Sarah A Truitt [?] widow of Joshua Wood
[rank] Private
[company] E
[unit] 91 Pa Vol
[enlistment date] 26 Jan 1864
[discharge date] killed
[length of service] [blank]
[post office address] Linwood Station Del Co Pa
[disability incurred] Killed on 27" Oct 1864 in action
[remarks] [blank]

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 3 Mar 2014, from Fold3]


Wood, Joshua
Co. E, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Pvt.
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

widow's pension certificate file

[widow's pension certificate file, National Archives and Records Administration, record group 15, widow's certificate WC 42,135, Sarah Ann Malcom Wood, widow of Joshua Wood]
[abstracted from 43 pages on Fold3, December 2011]
25 Jan 1864 OR 24 Feb 1864
married Sarah Ann Malcom, by Rev Alexander W Sproull (pp.3 [25 Jan 1864] (widow's declaration), 5 [24 Feb 1864] (transcription of church record))
both Joshua A Wood and Sarah Ann Malcom were 'of Linwood Pa' (p.5)
witness: Mrs Annie M Sproull (p.5)
no children (pp.2, 3)
27 October 1864
Joshua Wood killed in action (p.2)
14 Dec 1864
Sarah Ann Wood, 19 years old, applied for a pension (application 75,797) under the act of 14 July 1862 (pp.2, 3)
post office address Linwood, Delaware County, Pennsylvania (pp.2, 3)
dated 23 Nov 1864
John Malcolm and Margaret Jane Malcolm, residents of Chester, Delaware County, Pennsylvania, swore to her identity and the relevant facts (p.3)
admitted 1 March 1865 (certificate dated 3 March 1865), retroactive to 27 October 1864; initial pension $8 / month (pp.2, 16)
agent: William Ward Esq, Chester PA (pp.2, 3)
15 Feb 1865
Adjutant General's Office replied to the Pension Office, with no information about enrollment or muster in, but with evidence from the Sept-Oct 1864 muster roll that he was killed in action on 27 Oct 1864 (p.9)
4 Sep 1866
Sarah Ann Wood was last paid at $8 per month to 4 September 1866 (p.28)
1 Nov 1866
Sarah Wood married Daniel Green Truett of Marcus Hook, at the Rectory, St Martin's Protestant Episcopal Church, Marcus Hook, Delaware County, PA (p.10)
married by J A Stone (rector of the church) (p.11)
16 Oct 1902
she applied for a renewal of her pension under the act of 3 March 1901 (p.10)
she was 56 years old and lived in Marcus Hook PA (p.35)
she was married to Joshua A Wood, who enrolled in the 91st PA in February 1864, and died on 27 October 1864 near Poplar Grove Church, under the name Sarah Ann Malcom, on 25 Feb 1864, by Rev Alexander W Sproull, Chester PA, that her second husband Daniel G Truitt died on 27 Feb 1890, that she received a pension under certificate number 42135 (p.35)
John Wainwright (Wilmington Delaware) attorney (p.35)
James T Martin and Anna E Parcells (both residing at Marcus Hook PA) swore to her identity (p.36)
her application was accepted, submitted for approval 9 December 1902, reviewed 15 Dec 1902, issued 3 Jan 1903, retroactive to 16 October 1902, at a rate of $12 per month (pp.40, 42)
30 Oct 1902
Sarah A Truitt swore that she knew Daniel G Truitt from the time he was about 20-21, that he was never in the military, that his marriage to her was his first marriage, that she had been married only to Joshua Wood and to Daniel G Truitt, that she and Truitt were never separated, that she owned no real or personal property, and the only income she had was from her daily labor. dated 28 Oct 1902, Wilmington Delaware. (pp.31-32)
31 Oct 1902
the Pension Bureau told Sarah Truitt that she needed to provide certain evidence and to execute and return a declaration they sent here (p.33)
31 Oct 1902
the record and pension office of the War Department replied to the Pensions Bureau's request for information, noting that Joshua Wood was enrolled on 22 January 1864, and died on 27 October 1864 from wounds received in action on 27 October (p.18)
he was 20 years old, 5 feet 8 inches tall, dark complexion, blue eyes, dark hair, born Marcus Hook PA, and by occupation a waterman (p.18)
17 November 1902
J S [?] M Cardeza (of Claymont, New Castle County, Delaware) swore that Daniel G Truitt died at Marcus Hook, PA, on 27 February 1890, of tuberculosis. he had treated Truitt for about five years (p.20)
Anna E Parcells (61) and James T Martin (65) residents of Marcus Hook PA swore that Sarah Truitt was married only to Joshua Wood and Daniel G Truitt, that she and Truitt were never divorced, that she had no source of income except her own daily labor, and that Daniel G Truitt wasn't married before his marriage to Sarah Wood. dated 29 Oct 1902. (p.22)
the custodian of Delaware County's tax records certified that Daniel G Truitt and Sarah Ann Truitt had no taxable property in 1902. dated 20 Oct 1902 (p.24)
Sarah A Truitt swore that she was pensioned as Joshua Wood's widow, paid at Philadelphia, certificate 42,135, that she married 1 November 1866 at Marcus Hook Del Co PA Daniel G Truitt, who died 27 Feb 1890 (52 years) at Marcus Hook Delaware Cty PA, that he did not serve in the Army or Navy, and that she had no means of support except her daily labor. dated 5 Nov 11. Anna E Parcells and James T Martin swore to her identity (pp.37-38)
Sarah A Truitt swore that she had only applied for pension based on Joshua Wood's service, and that Joshua Wood hadn't been married before he married her. her address: Marcus Hook, Delaware Co., Pa. dated 13 Nov 1902. (pp.29-30)
attorney John Wainwright (p.30)
14 January 1903
the Pension Office sent 'to P.A. to make payment from date to which last paid to date of remarriage' (p.17)
2 June 1905
Sarah Ann (Wood) Truett died (p.12)
dropped 12 August 1905 from pension rolls (pp.12, 43)
last paid at $12 to 4 May 1905

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revised 3 Mar 14
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