Flight to S
 Flight  to S.W. Iowa
Flight across Iowa - leaving Nauvoo

The Saints moved in a mass migration across the Mississippi River into Iowa. Staging areas and stations were set up
as they moved across the waving grasses of the state of Iowa to their next destination in Council Bluffs.

James arrived there sometime in 1847 on the heels of the first influx of Mormons.  Why it took him as long as it did
to get there was  probably because of Elizabeth's pregnancy.  Her next child was born in 1848 at Trader's Point, which
was a town set up by the French trappers, and served as an Indian reserve and trading post.  Later he moved across
the river to Winter Quarter's which was situated on Indian lands.  The Indians and their agents, finally demanded that
the Saints move back across the river to Kanesville.

James lived in Kanesville until around 1853 when he sold his land and moved southeast to Wheeler's Grove.  While there
He probably hooked up with the various families who had become disenfranchised with the Brigham Young.  Some stood
alone in their faith and others forms smaller groups such as the Cutlerites.  Evidence that we have points to James and
Elizabeth joining alliances with Alpheus Cutler and his group.  However, Alpheus Culter's records do not show his name.

Evidences that show his affiliation to the Cutlerites are many. One of the most obvious was the marriage of  James'
daughter Esther the son of a prominent Cutlerite, Edward O. Beebe, son of Calvin Beebe who was Cutler's right hand
man.  Many other theological and geographical reasons add up to this conclusion.

By the time James moved to the area around Wheeler's Grove, it appears that Nancy had abandoned her marriage to
James. She went to Utah with her brother and sister.  She remarried later in life.  James still had Elizabeth and Sybil
to keep him company, but by the time they are found in Wheeler's Grove, James appears to have put aside Sybil in
following the rules of Cutlerism.  No polygamy was practiced by the sect.  However, Elizabeth dies shortly after
childbirth in 1856 and Sybil moves into the household to take her place in raising the children.  Sybil  apparently lived in
a separate domicile, but she was never far away.  The children grew up calling her mother.  Especially the small ones.

Sybil and James also lived in Indian Creek.  Not much is known about the area which is now a mere ghost town. 
However, they were farmers in all locations as near as can be told via the census'.  Sybil died in 1870 and is presumed
to be buried either where the old farm was in Indian Creek, or in a near by cemetery that was begun as an Indian

After the death of Sybil, James was to marry one more time before his journey on the earth was finished.  Little is known
about his wives, and even less is known about the fifth wife. All we know is that she was a very young girl, and they
weren't married for very long.  Her name is found on a deed when he sells a piece of land in Wheeler's Grove where
he maintained property.  Her name was Amanda.  She was also thought to be of Native American descent.  The family
stories bear this out.  Cloda Gunn, at the age of 102 - with a very sharp mind remembered the stories about Amanda.
She was only barely out of her teenage years when she married a man old enough to be her great grandfather. In a
mug book James' son Alma Maroni, remembered to mention her as well.  However, her name is not mentioned, and
he believed she was a second wife, not a fifth.  The only other clue he gave regarding her was that when she left
his father she retired to Harrison County, Iowa.  Extensive research, has failed to turn up more on this wraith of a
girl. However, there is a photo from an old family album that shows a young girl with Indian features, who also appears
pregnant.  Is this Amanda?  Only James knows for sure.

On to James' final days

Other Topics and Destinations:

Newberry Researcher's Corner - BRICK WALLS  This page is dedicated to the continuing research of the family and the
 researchers who continue with me to sift through the ancient records of the New England and New York.

All pages
Stage 1
/Connecticut / New York / More Newberry's in New York Samuel Smith / Smith Farm / Revolution /
Old School Baptists
/Native people in New England / Stage 2 / Ohio / Missouri / Illinois & Iowa / Nauvoo /
Flight to SW Iowa
/ The Half Breed Tract / Cutlerite membership / dissidence in NauvooDeath of James Newberry /
Wives and Family
/ Children who Went west /Stage 3 /Exodus to Utah / Utah Morrisites / Hannah's Children /
Hannah's Necklace
/ genealogy table / Addenda /Newberry Brick WallsWhispers - beginning the search /
/ Family Album / Jonathan Newberry Bible /